West Virginia

West Virginia [Context Data]

A. Context Statistics 1 2

General Child Population (Census Bureau) 3
  2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Total children under 18 years 378,115 374,214 369,291 364,436 359,567
Race/ethnicity (%) 4
Alaska Native / American Indian 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Asian 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7
Black 3.7 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.6
Native Hawaiian / Other Pacific Islander <.1 <.1 <.1 <.1 <.1
Hispanic (of any race) 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.8
White 89.2 89.0 88.9 88.7 88.6
Two or more races 3.9 3.9 4.0 4.1 4.2
Child population in poverty (%) 25.2 24.0 25.9 24.5 20.1
Child Welfare Summary 5
  2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Child maltreatment victims 4,857 5,938 6,370 6,946 6,727
Foster care entry rate 10.4 12.4 13.3 13.9 14.0
Children in foster care on 9/30 4,959 5,973 6,632 7,138 7,268
Children adopted 893 940 1,069 1,399 1,675
Caseworker Visits 6
  2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Children receiving monthly visits (%) 95 95 95 94 93
Numerator 48,137 54,011 63,010 70,327 73,049
Denominator 50,571 56,854 66,076 75,000 78,743
Children receiving visits in the home (%) 68 69 67 63 61
Numerator 32,571 37,037 42,464 44,070 44,416
Denominator 48,137 54,011 63,010 70,327 73,049

1 The source data for each table is indicated in parentheses for each section. A calendar year is the basis for data from the Census Bureau. Most of the other data on these pages are from the National Child Abuse and Neglect Data System (NCANDS) or the Adoption and Foster Care Analysis and Reporting System (AFCARS) and are based on the federal fiscal year, October 1 through September 30.  Back
2 Data that did not meet the quality standards for inclusion in the report are represented as DQ*. Incomplete data excluded from inclusion in the report are represented as --. For additional information on the data quality thresholds for the Child Welfare Outcomes Report, please reference the full report or the Child Welfare Outcomes data site.  Back
3 The total child population and data on race/ethnicity represent estimates from the Census Bureau https://www.census.gov/data/tables.html . Child poverty data are from the Census Bureau's American Community Survey (ACS).  Back
4 For race/ethnicity tables, all races exclude children of Hispanic origin. The Child Welfare Outcomes Report data site http://cwoutcomes.acf.hhs.gov/cwodatasite provides alternative race/ethnicity breakdowns in which race and ethnicity are treated as two separate categories.  Back
5 A child victim is defined as a child for whom the state determined at least one maltreatment was substantiated or indicated. This includes a child who died of child abuse and neglect. This is a change from prior years when children with dispositions of alternative response victim were included as victims. The rate for foster care entry is per 1,000 children in the state population. Data on child maltreatment victims are from NCANDS. Data on foster care entry rate, children in foster care on 9/30, and children adopted are from AFCARS.  Back
6 The reporting population subject to the caseworker visits requirements includes all children under age 18 for at least the first day of the FY (October 1) who have been in foster care for at least one full calendar month during the FY. All states have the option of using an approved sampling procedure for the caseworker visits reporting requirement.  Back

B. Child Maltreatment Data (National Child Abuse and Neglect Data System [NCANDS]) 7

Overview Maltreatment Information 8
  2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
  Number Rate Number Rate Number Rate Number Rate Number Rate
Children subject of an investigated report alleging child maltreatment 45,407 120.1 per 1,000 52,442 140.1 per 1,000 52,390 141.9 per 1,000 52,276 143.4 per 1,000 53,491 148.8 per 1,000
Total child maltreatment victims 4,857 12.8 per 1,000 5,938 15.9 per 1,000 6,370 17.2 per 1,000 6,946 19.1 per 1,000 6,727 18.7 per 1,000
Child Fatalities 9 2.4 per 100,000 20 5.3 per 100,000 17 4.6 per 100,000 8 2.2 per 100,000 17 4.7 per 100,000
Age of Child Victims (%)
  2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Under 1 year 14.5 15.3 17.4 19.6 19.6
1 year 6.3 7.4 6.6 6.5 6.0
2 years 6.9 6.8 6.6 5.8 6.1
3 years 6.3 6.4 6.3 5.4 5.3
4 years 6.3 6.3 6.2 6.0 5.8
5 years 6.9 6.7 5.8 6.0 6.0
6 years 6.0 6.3 6.3 6.0 6.1
7 years 5.4 5.8 6.2 5.5 5.6
8 years 5.8 5.1 5.3 5.6 5.8
9 years 4.9 5.2 5.0 5.1 5.1
10 years 5.0 4.4 4.4 5.2 4.3
11 years 3.9 4.1 4.2 3.8 4.5
12 years 4.6 4.1 4.1 3.9 4.2
13 years 4.6 3.7 3.6 3.9 4.2
14 years 3.6 3.8 3.3 3.6 3.4
15 years 3.4 3.2 3.4 3.2 3.0
16 years 3.3 2.9 3.1 2.6 2.6
17 years 1.8 1.8 2.0 1.7 1.8
18+ years <.1 <.1 0.0 <.1 <.1
Missing data 0.5 0.7 0.4 0.5 0.4
Number 4,857 5,938 6,370 6,946 6,727
Race/Ethnicity of Child Victims (%)
  2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Alaska Native / American Indian 0.0 <.1 0.0 0.0 0.0
Asian <.1 0.0 <.1 <.1 0.0
Black 2.9 3.4 2.6 3.0 3.6
Native Hawaiian / Other Pacific Islander <.1 <.1 <.1 <.1 0.0
Hispanic (of any race) 1.1 1.2 0.8 0.7 0.9
White 89.4 88.1 89.1 90.1 87.8
Two or more races 6.0 6.6 7.0 5.8 7.0
Missing data 0.4 0.7 0.4 0.4 0.7
Number 4,857 5,938 6,370 6,946 6,727
Maltreatment Types of Child Victims (%) 9
  2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Emotional abuse 57.4 63.8 65.9 65.4 66.1
Medical neglect 4.9 6.0 4.7 5.1 5.7
Neglect 46.7 43.3 42.2 42.1 42.0
Physical abuse 71.9 79.1 82.4 83.8 84.0
Sexual abuse 4.1 4.4 3.7 3.3 3.7
Sex trafficking 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Other 0.3 <.1 0.0 0.0 0.0
Number 4,857 5,938 6,370 6,946 6,727
Time to Investigation (in hours) 10
  2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Mean 79.3 119.1 182.4 329.1 524.7
Median >24 but<48 >24 but<48 >24 but<48 >48 but<72 >48 but<72

7 The unique count of child victims counts a child only once regardless of the number of times he or she was found to be a victim during the reporting year.  Back
8 The rates for Child Protective Services responses and victims are per 1,000 children under age 18; for fatalities, the rate is per 100,000 children under age 18.  Back
9 These percentages are calculated against the number of unique victims. A child may have been the victim of more than one type of maltreatment, or the same type of maltreatment more than once. As a result, the total percentages both within and across maltreatment categories may exceed 100.  Back
10 Response time is defined as the time between the report of suspected maltreatment and the first face-to-face contact with the alleged victim or with another person who can provide information on the allegation.  Back

C. Characteristics of Children in Foster Care (Adoption and Foster Care Analysis and Reporting System [AFCARS] Foster Care File)

Overview Foster Care Information
  In Foster Care on 10/1 FY Entered Foster Care in FY Exited Foster Care in FY In Foster Care on 9/30 FY
  2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Total number 4,466 4,815 5,518 6,485 6,978 3,950 4,625 4,923 5,081 5,048 3,458 3,467 3,808 4,429 4,757 4,959 5,973 6,632 7,138 7,268
Median length of stay (months) 8.5 8.6 8.6 8.8 9.9 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 11.9 12.6 12.7 13.4 14.6 8.5 8.3 8.6 9.8 9.7
Age of Children in Foster Care (%)
  In Foster Care on 10/1 FY Entered Foster Care in FY Exited Foster Care in FY In Foster Care on 9/30 FY
  2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Under 1 year 8.0 7.1 7.8 8.7 8.5 13.1 15.5 15.8 15.9 15.8 3.9 3.1 3.5 3.4 3.2 6.9 8.5 8.4 8.5 8.1
1 year 7.5 8.2 8.2 8.0 8.1 6.3 6.7 6.3 6.4 5.4 7.7 7.6 7.7 9.1 8.5 8.1 8.2 8.0 8.0 8.1
2 years 6.2 6.7 6.5 7.0 6.5 5.5 5.5 5.6 5.6 5.3 6.5 7.6 6.6 7.1 7.2 6.6 6.5 7.0 6.4 6.3
3 years 5.6 5.7 5.8 6.1 6.3 5.4 5.9 5.4 4.9 4.5 5.7 5.9 5.7 6.1 5.8 5.7 5.9 6.0 6.1 5.2
4 years 5.3 5.7 6.2 5.8 5.6 4.7 5.3 5.4 5.1 5.4 5.0 5.1 5.7 5.8 6.0 5.5 6.1 5.8 5.4 5.6
5 years 4.9 4.7 5.3 5.3 5.5 4.7 5.2 4.4 5.1 4.9 4.6 4.5 5.1 5.6 5.2 4.6 5.3 5.2 5.4 5.2
6 years 4.7 5.2 5.3 5.1 5.2 4.2 4.6 4.9 4.5 5.0 4.1 4.3 5.0 4.3 5.1 5.0 5.2 5.0 5.2 5.3
7 years 4.6 4.8 5.2 5.5 5.1 3.9 4.5 4.6 4.3 4.2 4.5 4.8 5.0 4.8 5.2 4.6 5.2 5.4 5.0 4.9
8 years 4.5 4.2 4.5 4.6 4.9 3.4 3.7 4.0 4.5 4.8 3.6 3.8 4.6 4.6 4.6 4.1 4.4 4.5 4.9 4.8
9 years 3.8 4.5 4.1 4.4 5.0 3.6 3.2 3.7 4.1 4.1 3.2 4.0 3.8 3.6 4.7 4.5 4.0 4.3 4.9 4.8
10 years 3.8 4.2 4.1 3.8 4.4 3.2 3.4 3.3 4.3 4.0 3.2 3.6 3.8 4.0 4.3 4.0 4.0 3.8 4.4 4.8
11 years 3.8 3.6 3.8 3.8 4.1 3.2 3.1 3.3 3.4 3.6 3.4 3.4 3.5 3.3 3.8 3.5 3.8 3.7 4.1 4.1
12 years 3.6 4.0 3.9 4.0 3.6 3.5 3.7 3.7 3.9 4.0 2.7 2.9 2.9 3.4 3.3 3.9 3.9 4.0 3.7 4.3
13 years 4.7 4.4 4.3 4.3 4.6 4.9 4.1 4.3 4.4 5.2 3.7 3.8 3.3 3.7 3.4 4.5 4.1 4.5 4.6 4.6
14 years 5.2 5.3 4.8 4.7 4.8 6.4 5.2 5.1 5.6 5.1 4.5 4.4 4.4 3.9 4.4 5.6 4.7 4.8 4.9 4.9
15 years 7.0 6.7 5.6 5.6 5.5 8.5 6.7 7.0 6.4 6.4 6.6 6.1 5.1 5.2 4.5 7.1 5.8 5.9 5.8 6.1
16 years 8.4 7.1 6.9 6.0 5.7 8.2 7.4 7.1 6.9 6.6 8.8 7.8 7.2 6.7 6.2 7.5 7.0 6.2 5.9 6.3
17 years 7.4 6.8 6.6 6.5 5.9 6.4 5.5 5.6 4.5 5.3 9.2 7.5 7.5 6.9 6.7 6.9 6.6 6.5 5.9 5.8
18 years 0.9 1.0 1.0 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.6 0.4 0.3 9.2 9.8 9.6 8.4 7.8 1.0 1.0 0.9 0.8 0.7
19 years 0.0 <.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 <.1 <.1 <.1 <.1 <.1 <.1 0.1 <.1 0.1 0.1 <.1 0.0 <.1 <.1 <.1
20+ years 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 <.1 <.1 0.0 <.1 0.0 <.1 <.1 0.0 <.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 <.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 <.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Race/Ethnicity of Children in Foster Care (%)
  In Foster Care on 10/1 FY Entered Foster Care in FY Exited Foster Care in FY In Foster Care on 9/30 FY
  2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Alaska Native / American Indian <.1 <.1 <.1 0.0 <.1 <.1 <.1 0.0 <.1 0.0 0.0 0.1 <.1 0.0 0.0 <.1 <.1 0.0 <.1 <.1
Asian <.1 0.1 <.1 <.1 <.1 0.1 <.1 <.1 <.1 <.1 <.1 <.1 0.0 <.1 <.1 0.1 <.1 <.1 <.1 <.1
Black 3.6 3.4 3.6 3.3 3.2 4.2 4.3 3.8 3.7 4.0 4.3 4.2 3.8 4.0 3.5 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.2 3.5
Native Hawaiian / Other Pacific Islander 0.0 0.0 0.0 <.1 <.1 <.1 <.1 <.1 <.1 0.0 <.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 <.1 0.0 <.1 <.1 <.1 0.0
Hispanic (of any race) 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.0 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.1 0.9 1.2 1.4 1.3 1.5 1.1 1.2 1.1 1.2 1.0 0.9 1.0
White 87.0 87.1 86.9 87.7 88.4 86.9 86.2 88.2 88.1 87.0 86.9 86.1 86.4 86.8 87.1 87.0 87.0 88.2 88.5 88.3
Two or more races 7.4 7.5 7.8 7.7 7.0 7.1 7.9 6.7 6.8 7.5 7.1 7.7 7.8 7.9 7.8 7.4 7.7 7.0 6.9 6.8
Unknown 0.5 0.5 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.5 0.4 <.1 0.2 0.5 0.4 0.2 0.3 0.2
Missing data <.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 <.1 <.1 <.1 <.1 <.1 <.1 <.1 <.1 0.0 <.1 0.0 <.1 <.1 <.1

D. Characteristics of Children "Waiting for Adoption" 11 (AFCARS Foster Care File)

Children Waiting for Adoption
  2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Total waiting children 1,456 2,147 2,403 2,376 2,577
Number of waiting children whose parents' rights have been terminated 1,031 1,455 1,711 1,752 1,928

11 There is no federal definition for a child waiting to be adopted. The definition used in the tables on this page includes children and youth through age 17 who have a goal of adoption and/or whose parents' parental rights have been terminated. It excludes children 16 years old and older whose parents' parental rights have been terminated and who have a goal of emancipation. A state's own definition may differ from that used here.  Back

Age of Children Waiting for Adoption (%) 12
  2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Under 1 year 4.5 8.5 7.9 6.1 5.9
1 year 12.1 10.7 10.5 9.8 11.1
2 years 8.4 7.8 8.2 8.1 7.7
3 years 7.3 7.1 7.2 7.1 5.8
4 years 6.2 6.2 6.6 6.2 5.9
5 years 5.2 5.7 6.0 5.6 5.9
6 years 5.8 6.0 5.5 5.6 5.6
7 years 5.2 6.1 5.5 5.5 5.2
8 years 5.2 5.2 4.9 6.2 5.4
9 years 5.8 4.8 5.1 5.7 5.4
10 years 4.2 4.7 4.9 4.8 5.5
11 years 4.5 4.8 4.2 4.9 4.9
12 years 4.1 4.1 4.5 4.8 4.8
13 years 4.3 3.4 4.5 4.6 4.9
14 years 4.9 4.0 3.7 3.9 4.1
15 years 4.9 4.2 4.2 4.2 4.9
16 years 4.0 4.0 3.7 3.9 3.8
17 years 3.6 2.7 2.8 3.2 3.1

12 Children older than 17 years fall outside of the definition used to identify waiting children and are therefore excluded from this table.  Back

Race/Ethnicity of Children Waiting for Adoption (%)
  2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Alaska Native / American Indian <.1 0.0 0.0 <.1 <.1
Asian <.1 0.2 <.1 <.1 <.1
Black 2.5 2.3 3.2 2.6 3.1
Native Hawaiian / Other Pacific Islander 0.0 0.0 0.0 <.1 0.0
Hispanic (of any race) 1.4 1.4 1.2 1.2 0.9
White 88.7 87.7 88.1 88.2 88.7
Two or more races 6.9 8.2 7.3 7.4 6.8
Unknown 0.4 0.2 0.1 0.4 0.4
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

E. Characteristics of Children Adopted (AFCARS Adoption File)

Children Adopted
  2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Total children adopted 893 940 1,069 1,399 1,675
Age of Children Adopted (%)
  2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Under 1 year 2.7 1.9 1.2 2.2 1.7
1 year 17.5 14.9 13.9 15.5 14.9
2 years 10.6 14.3 12.9 12.2 11.3
3 years 10.4 10.0 9.6 9.5 9.1
4 years 9.9 7.9 7.5 8.7 8.4
5 years 6.8 6.8 6.8 7.6 6.6
6 years 6.2 6.5 7.9 6.1 7.0
7 years 6.5 6.3 7.5 5.6 6.3
8 years 6.4 5.0 6.1 5.2 5.6
9 years 4.5 6.2 5.3 4.3 6.1
10 years 3.8 4.0 5.5 4.7 4.5
11 years 3.9 4.7 4.2 3.4 4.5
12 years 2.6 2.7 3.8 3.6 3.0
13 years 2.5 2.4 1.9 3.1 2.8
14 years 2.0 1.7 1.9 2.9 2.3
15 years 0.9 1.7 1.6 1.9 1.7
16 years 1.3 1.5 1.4 1.8 2.2
17 years 1.5 1.1 0.9 1.4 1.5
18 years 0.0 0.3 0.0 0.3 0.3
19 years 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 <.1
20+ years 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0
Race/Ethnicity of Children Adopted (%)
  2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Alaska Native / American Indian 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0
Asian 0.0 0.0 0.0 <.1 0.0
Black 2.8 2.3 2.2 2.8 2.6
Native Hawaiian / Other Pacific Islander 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1
Hispanic (of any race) 2.0 1.5 2.2 1.1 1.2
White 85.6 88.2 85.5 87.8 89.2
Two or more races 9.4 7.6 9.9 8.1 6.9
Unknown 0.2 0.3 0.3 <.1 <.1
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

West Virginia [Outcomes Data]

Reduce Recurrence of Child Abuse and/or Neglect (NCANDS)

Recurrence of Maltreatment Within 6 Months (%)
  2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Children without a recurrence 98.1 98.0 94.5 94.4 95.0
Children with one or more recurrences 1.9 2.0 5.5 5.6 5.0
Number 2,353 2,823 3,254 3,423 3,235

Reduce the Incidence of Child Abuse and/or Neglect in Foster Care (NCANDS and AFCARS Foster Care File)

2.1 Maltreatment in Foster Care (%)
  2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Children maltreated while in foster care 0.32 0.11 0.21 0.11 0.14
Children not maltreated while in foster care 99.68 99.89 99.79 99.89 99.86
Number 8,417 9,440 10,441 11,567 12,026

Increase Permanency for Children in Foster Care (AFCARS Foster Care File)

3.1 Exits of Children From Foster Care (%)
  2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Adoption 25.8 27.0 28.0 31.8 35.6
Guardianship 7.6 8.5 9.0 8.8 8.9
Reunification 62.6 60.5 58.8 56.7 52.3
Other 3.7 3.8 3.9 2.6 3.0
Missing data 0.2 0.2 0.4 0.1 0.2
Number 3,458 3,467 3,808 4,429 4,757
Exits of Children With a Diagnosed Disability (%)
  2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Adoption 13.8 11.1 13.5 16.1 22.5
Guardianship 4.0 6.2 5.1 5.7 4.7
Reunification 73.7 73.7 70.9 71.7 62.4
Other 8.3 9.0 10.2 6.5 10.1
Missing data 0.2 0.0 0.3 0.1 0.4
Number 943 867 763 741 795
Exits of Children Older than Age 12 at Entry Into Foster Care (%)
  2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Adoption 2.0 2.8 2.9 4.4 6.0
Guardianship 5.6 6.0 8.1 7.9 9.5
Reunification 83.0 81.5 77.7 79.9 75.3
Other 9.2 9.6 11.0 7.7 8.9
Missing data 0.2 <.1 0.2 <.1 0.4
Number 1,283 1,191 1,222 1,312 1,309
Exits to Emancipation (%)
  2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Children age 12 or younger at entry 7.0 13.6 6.5 3.3 14.1
Children older than 12 at entry 93.0 86.4 93.5 96.7 85.9
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Number 71 59 93 61 85
Exits by Race/Ethnicity (%)
  Alaska Native / American Indian Asian Black (non-Hispanic)
  2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Adoption 0.0 25.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 100.0 0.0 17.0 15.1 15.9 21.8 25.6
Guardianship 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 3.4 7.5 4.1 7.3 8.9
Reunification 0.0 75.0 100.0 0.0 0.0 100.0 100.0 0.0 0.0 100.0 74.1 71.9 75.2 68.7 61.3
Other 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 5.4 5.5 4.8 2.2 4.2
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Number 0 4 1 0 0 1 2 0 1 4 147 146 145 179 168
Exits by Race/Ethnicity (%)
  Native Hawaiian/Other Pac. Is. Hispanic (of any race) White (non-Hispanic)
  2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Adoption 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 66.7 37.5 31.1 40.4 36.7 36.2 25.4 27.6 27.7 32.2 36.5
Guardianship 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 4.2 13.3 5.3 8.2 1.7 8.0 8.8 9.4 9.2 9.2
Reunification 100.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 33.3 54.2 55.6 50.9 51.0 58.6 62.7 59.7 58.7 56.2 51.1
Other 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 4.2 0.0 3.5 4.1 3.4 3.7 3.7 4.0 2.4 3.0
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.2
Number 1 0 0 0 3 48 45 57 49 58 3,004 2,986 3,290 3,846 4,143
Exits by Race/Ethnicity (%)
  Unable to Determine Two or More Races Missing Data
  2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Adoption 20.0 17.6 18.8 33.3 11.1 34.8 26.7 35.6 32.3 30.6 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Guardianship 0.0 11.8 12.5 0.0 22.2 7.0 4.1 7.4 5.4 6.5 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Reunification 80.0 64.7 50.0 66.7 66.7 54.5 63.2 53.0 56.9 60.2 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 0.0
Other 0.0 0.0 18.8 0.0 0.0 2.9 4.9 2.0 5.1 2.7 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Missing data 0.0 5.9 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.8 1.1 2.0 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Number 10 17 16 3 9 244 266 298 350 372 3 1 1 1 0

Reduce Time to Reunification Without Increasing Reentry (AFCARS Foster Care File)

Time to Reunification (%)
  2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Less than 12 mos. 68.6 66.1 67.7 65.7 62.2
At least 12 mos., but less than 24 mos. 24.5 27.3 25.3 26.9 30.8
At least 24 mos., but less than 36 mos. 3.5 3.1 3.9 4.6 4.3
At least 36 mos., but less than 48 mos. 1.3 1.1 1.0 1.3 1.1
48 or more mos. 2.0 2.0 1.7 1.5 1.5
Missing data 0.1 0.2 0.4 <.1 <.1
Number 2,166 2,099 2,238 2,510 2,488
Children Reentering Foster Care (%)
  2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Children entering care for the first time 82.0 81.9 85.3 84.5 83.8
Children reentering care within 12 mos. of a prior episode 8.8 10.0 7.3 7.4 8.2
Children reentering care more than 12 mos. after a prior episode 8.6 7.8 6.9 7.6 7.5
Missing data 0.6 0.3 0.6 0.5 0.5
Number 3,950 4,625 4,923 5,081 5,048

Reduce Time in Foster Care to Adoption (AFCARS Foster Care File)

Time to Adoption (%)
  2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Less than 12 mos. 8.1 6.3 6.3 7.1 8.1
At least 12 mos., but less than 24 mos. 51.6 54.1 50.3 51.9 54.4
At least 24 mos., but less than 36 mos. 29.3 28.8 31.1 30.3 27.4
At least 36 mos., but less than 48 mos. 8.4 7.9 9.3 7.5 7.1
48 or more mos. 2.7 2.9 3.0 3.3 3.0
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Number 892 935 1,067 1,409 1,694

Increase Placement Stability (AFCARS Foster Care File)

Number of Placements by Time in Care (%)
  In Care Less Than 12 Months In Care at Least 12 months but Less Than 24 months In Care for 24 Months or Longer Time in Care Missing or Out of Range
  2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Children with 2 or fewer placements 89.4 89.3 90.9 89.7 90.5 67.5 70.1 71.4 75.3 74.5 35.7 37.1 41.5 43.0 45.4 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Children with 3 or more placements 10.6 10.7 9.1 10.3 9.5 32.5 29.9 28.6 24.7 25.5 64.3 62.9 58.5 57.0 54.6 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Missing Placement setting counts 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 <.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Total number 4,778 5,396 5,845 6,157 6,046 2,411 2,657 2,987 3,574 3,918 1,202 1,369 1,601 1,833 2,048 26 18 8 3 14

Reduce Placement of Young Children in Group Homes or Institutions (AFCARS Foster Care File)

Most Recent Placement Settings of Children Who Entered Care During the Fiscal Year and Were Age 12 or Younger at the Time of This Placement (%)
  2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Group homes 3.8 2.1 1.8 2.0 1.8
Institution 1.1 1.3 0.9 1.3 1.1
Other settings 95.1 96.3 97.0 96.6 96.8
Missing data <.1 0.3 0.2 <.1 0.3
Number 2,542 3,211 3,418 3,613 3,541