Washington

Washington [Context Data]

A. Context Statistics 1

General Child Population (Census Bureau) 2
  2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Total children under 18 years 1,587,984 1,593,463 1,600,083 1,611,782 1,629,498
Race/ethnicity (%) 3
Alaska Native / American Indian 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.4
Asian 6.8 6.9 7.1 7.2 7.4
Black 4.1 4.1 4.2 4.2 4.3
Native Hawaiian / Other Pacific Islander 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.9
Hispanic (of any race) 19.9 20.2 20.6 20.8 21.0
White 59.5 58.9 58.3 57.7 57.2
Two or more races 7.5 7.5 7.6 7.7 7.9
Child population in poverty (%) 18.5 18.8 17.5 15.5 13.7
Child Welfare Summary 4 5
  2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Child maltreatment victims 6,546 7,132 7,341 5,894 4,725
Foster care entry rate 3.3 3.6 3.8 3.5 3.5
Children in foster care on 9/30 9,606 10,208 10,630 10,665 10,959
Children adopted 1,227 1,328 1,362 1,484 1,387
Caseworker Visits 6
  2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Children receiving monthly visits (%) 96 94 95 96 95
Numerator 84,107 104,149 110,674 111,036 111,555
Denominator 87,640 110,859 116,109 116,043 117,329
Children receiving visits in the home (%) 89 88 88 88 88
Numerator 74,854 92,072 97,410 97,683 98,402
Denominator 84,107 104,149 110,674 111,036 111,555

1 The source data for each table is indicated in parentheses for each section. A calendar year is the basis for data from the Census Bureau. Most of the other data on these pages are from the National Child Abuse and Neglect Data System (NCANDS) or the Adoption and Foster Care Analysis and Reporting System (AFCARS) and are based on the federal fiscal year, October 1 through September 30.  Back
2 The total child population and data on race/ethnicity represent estimates from the Census Bureau http://www.census.gov/popest/data/datasets.html . Child poverty data are from the Census Bureau's American Community Survey (ACS).  Back
3 For race/ethnicity tables, all races exclude children of Hispanic origin. The Child Welfare Outcomes Report Data Site http://cwoutcomes.acf.hhs.gov/data/overview provides alternative race/ethnicity breakdowns in which race and ethnicity are treated as two separate categories.  Back
4 A child victim is defined as a child for whom the state determined at least one maltreatment was substantiated or indicated. This includes a child who died of child abuse and neglect. This is a change from prior years when children with dispositions of alternative response victim were included as victims. The rate for foster care entry is per 1,000 children in the state population. Data on child maltreatment victims are from NCANDS. Data on foster care entry rate, children in foster care on 9/30, and children adopted are from AFCARS.  Back
5 Data that did not meet the quality standards for inclusion in the report are represented as DQ*. For additional information on the data quality thresholds for the Child Welfare Outcomes Report, please reference the data quality table available in the report and on the Child Welfare Outcomes data site.  Back
6 The reporting population subject to the caseworker visits requirements includes all children under age 18 for at least the first day of the FY (October 1) who have been in foster care for at least one full calendar month during the FY. All states have the option of using an approved sampling procedure for the caseworker visits reporting requirement.  Back

B. Child Maltreatment Data (National Child Abuse and Neglect Data System [NCANDS]) 7 8

Overview Maltreatment Information 9
  2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
  Number Rate Number Rate Number Rate Number Rate Number Rate
Children subject of an investigated report alleging child maltreatment 43,730 27.5 per 1,000 43,494 27.3 per 1,000 42,572 26.6 per 1,000 45,338 28.1 per 1,000 40,793 25.0 per 1,000
Total child maltreatment victims 6,546 4.1 per 1,000 7,132 4.5 per 1,000 7,341 4.6 per 1,000 5,894 3.7 per 1,000 4,725 2.9 per 1,000
Child Fatalities 21 1.3 per 100,000 27 1.7 per 100,000 19 1.2 per 100,000 27 1.7 per 100,000 15 0.9 per 100,000
Age of Child Victims (%)
  2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Under 1 year 10.0 9.6 9.4 9.3 9.4
1 year 7.6 7.4 7.2 7.8 7.8
2 years 7.8 7.6 7.2 7.5 7.6
3 years 7.8 7.1 7.2 7.0 7.1
4 years 7.3 7.1 6.7 6.8 6.9
5 years 7.1 7.2 7.1 6.5 6.1
6 years 6.2 6.5 7.0 6.8 6.5
7 years 5.4 6.1 6.3 6.2 6.2
8 years 5.7 5.7 5.9 5.6 5.9
9 years 4.9 4.9 4.8 4.9 4.8
10 years 4.4 4.7 5.0 4.8 4.7
11 years 4.1 4.3 4.2 4.0 4.4
12 years 4.0 4.5 4.4 4.0 4.3
13 years 4.2 4.3 4.3 4.5 3.9
14 years 4.0 4.3 4.0 4.5 4.2
15 years 3.9 3.6 4.1 3.7 3.9
16 years 3.6 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.8
17 years 1.8 1.8 1.9 2.6 2.5
18+ years <.1 <.1 <.1 0.0 <.1
Missing data 0.1 <.1 <.1 0.2 0.1
Number 6,546 7,132 7,341 5,894 4,725
Race/Ethnicity of Child Victims (%)
  2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Alaska Native / American Indian 5.7 5.7 5.7 6.5 5.7
Asian 1.5 1.8 1.5 1.6 1.2
Black 6.9 6.8 7.2 6.1 7.9
Native Hawaiian / Other Pacific Islander 0.8 0.8 1.3 1.3 1.2
Hispanic (of any race) 15.0 15.3 15.2 17.3 15.7
White 55.8 53.9 53.2 51.3 52.6
Two or more races 9.0 9.5 9.7 9.6 10.5
Missing data 5.4 6.1 6.2 6.3 5.3
Number 6,546 7,132 7,341 5,894 4,725
Maltreatment Types of Child Victims (%) 10
  2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Emotional abuse N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Medical neglect N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Neglect 87.6 89.0 92.5 88.3 87.7
Physical abuse 21.3 21.0 19.9 21.3 22.7
Sexual abuse 6.4 7.0 6.4 9.5 10.4
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Other 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Number 6,546 7,132 7,341 5,894 4,725
Time to Investigation (in hours) 11
  2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Mean 44.1 45.2 41.7 50.8 39.6
Median >24 but<48 >24 but<48 >24 but<48 >24 but<48 >24 but<48

7 The unique count of child victims counts a child only once regardless of the number of times he or she was found to be a victim during the reporting year.  Back
8 Data that did not meet the quality standards for inclusion in the report are represented as DQ*. For additional information on the data quality thresholds for the Child Welfare Outcomes Report, please reference the data quality table available in the report and on the Child Welfare Outcomes data site.  Back
9 The rates for Child Protective Services Responses and victims are per 1,000 children under age 18; for fatalities, the rate is per 100,000 children under age 18.  Back
10 These percentages are calculated against the number of unique victims. A child may have been the victim of more than one type of maltreatment, or the same type of maltreatment more than once. As a result, the total percentages both within and across maltreatment categories may exceed 100.  Back
11 Response time is defined as the time between the report of suspected maltreatment and the first face-to-face contact with the alleged victim or with another person who can provide information on the allegation.  Back

C. Characteristics of Children in Foster Care (Adoption and Foster Care Analysis and Reporting System [AFCARS] Foster Care File)

Overview Foster Care Information
  In Foster Care on 10/1 FY Entered Foster Care in FY Exited Foster Care in FY In Foster Care on 9/30 FY
  2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Total number 9,386 9,466 10,084 10,466 10,516 5,299 5,756 6,070 5,704 5,736 5,079 5,014 5,524 5,505 5,293 9,606 10,208 10,630 10,665 10,959
Median length of stay (months) 14.8 15.3 14.8 15.4 16.0 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 17.2 18.1 16.8 18.2 18.9 15.3 14.7 15.3 15.9 16.4
Age of Children in Foster Care (%)
  In Foster Care on 10/1 FY Entered Foster Care in FY Exited Foster Care in FY In Foster Care on 9/30 FY
  2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Under 1 year 8.7 8.2 9.2 8.6 8.6 21.9 23.7 22.7 23.3 24.0 4.7 4.5 5.2 4.5 4.8 8.1 9.3 8.7 8.6 8.9
1 year 9.6 10.4 9.6 10.3 9.9 8.4 7.5 8.3 7.9 8.0 9.3 9.6 9.2 9.1 8.4 10.4 9.6 10.5 9.9 9.9
2 years 9.1 8.5 8.8 8.5 8.8 6.8 7.5 6.9 7.0 7.5 9.4 10.0 9.6 10.2 10.3 8.5 8.8 8.4 8.9 8.7
3 years 8.2 7.7 7.1 7.3 7.2 7.3 6.5 5.9 6.2 6.1 9.0 9.2 8.5 8.7 8.3 7.7 7.1 7.3 7.2 7.7
4 years 6.7 7.5 6.7 5.9 6.2 6.1 6.2 5.7 5.7 5.4 7.0 6.8 7.4 6.8 6.6 7.5 6.7 5.9 6.2 6.1
5 years 5.6 5.8 6.6 5.8 5.4 5.8 5.2 5.5 4.9 5.0 7.5 6.9 6.9 5.9 6.0 5.8 6.6 5.9 5.4 5.5
6 years 4.9 5.3 5.4 5.9 5.6 5.0 5.1 5.3 5.1 4.4 5.3 5.5 5.9 5.8 5.4 5.3 5.5 5.9 5.5 5.2
7 years 4.4 4.6 5.0 5.3 5.2 4.2 4.7 5.3 5.1 4.9 4.7 5.2 5.4 5.7 5.8 4.5 5.0 5.3 5.3 4.9
8 years 4.3 4.2 4.2 4.8 5.1 3.9 4.1 4.3 4.6 4.1 4.3 4.5 4.9 5.5 5.4 4.2 4.2 4.8 5.0 4.9
9 years 4.0 4.3 3.9 4.3 4.5 3.6 3.8 4.0 3.9 3.9 3.8 4.6 4.1 4.2 4.8 4.3 3.9 4.3 4.5 4.5
10 years 3.6 3.7 3.9 3.8 3.8 3.1 3.2 3.6 3.1 3.7 3.6 3.9 3.9 4.1 4.0 3.7 4.0 3.8 3.9 4.1
11 years 3.6 3.4 3.1 3.7 3.4 3.3 3.1 3.3 2.9 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.3 3.8 4.2 3.4 3.1 3.7 3.4 3.5
12 years 3.5 3.3 3.5 3.3 3.3 2.6 3.2 3.2 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.1 2.7 3.5 3.2 3.3 3.5 3.2 3.3 3.3
13 years 3.7 3.2 3.4 3.8 3.5 3.9 3.3 3.6 3.6 2.6 3.7 3.1 3.4 3.3 3.4 3.2 3.4 3.8 3.5 3.3
14 years 4.2 3.9 3.4 3.4 3.7 4.1 3.4 3.4 3.7 3.6 3.6 3.2 3.3 3.5 3.8 3.9 3.4 3.4 3.6 3.1
15 years 4.8 4.6 3.9 3.5 3.5 3.9 3.7 4.0 3.8 3.9 3.4 3.6 3.7 3.3 3.4 4.6 3.9 3.5 3.5 3.8
16 years 4.7 4.9 4.5 4.0 3.7 4.1 3.5 3.1 3.3 3.3 3.9 3.5 3.4 3.5 3.3 4.9 4.5 4.0 3.7 3.6
17 years 4.9 4.6 4.6 4.1 3.8 2.1 2.3 2.0 2.3 2.1 2.7 3.3 2.9 2.7 2.8 4.6 4.6 4.2 3.9 3.6
18 years 0.9 1.4 1.9 2.0 2.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.4 0.5 6.6 5.4 5.0 4.3 3.5 1.5 1.9 2.0 2.2 2.2
19 years 0.2 0.5 0.7 1.1 1.6 0.0 0.0 0.0 <.1 <.1 0.3 0.4 0.7 0.6 0.8 0.5 0.7 1.0 1.6 1.7
20+ years <.1 <.1 0.3 0.5 0.8 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 <.1 <.1 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.1 0.3 0.5 0.8 1.3
Missing data 0.0 <.1 <.1 <.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 <.1 0.2 0.6 1.4 <.1 <.1 <.1 0.1 0.1
Race/Ethnicity of Children in Foster Care (%) 12
  In Foster Care on 10/1 FY Entered Foster Care in FY Exited Foster Care in FY In Foster Care on 9/30 FY
  2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Alaska Native / American Indian 7.1 6.3 6.0 5.8 5.5 5.4 5.4 5.4 5.4 4.5 6.3 4.6 4.7 4.6 4.4 6.6 6.7 6.3 6.3 5.5
Asian 0.8 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.9 1.4 1.2 1.3 1.2 1.3 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.0 1.2 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.9
Black 8.7 8.3 8.1 8.2 7.8 7.7 8.4 8.9 7.3 8.3 8.6 9.1 8.5 7.7 7.5 8.2 7.9 8.4 8.0 8.2
Native Hawaiian / Other Pacific Islander 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.6 0.9 1.1 1.3 1.4 0.8 1.0 0.8 0.9 1.2 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.9 0.9
Hispanic (of any race) 17.4 17.2 17.4 18.0 19.5 16.7 16.6 18.0 17.8 18.6 17.4 17.3 17.5 16.7 19.9 17.0 16.8 17.7 18.6 18.9
White 52.2 53.3 53.4 52.0 50.7 56.8 54.0 52.0 52.9 50.8 54.7 53.9 54.4 55.3 51.8 53.4 53.4 52.1 50.8 50.2
Two or more races 12.8 13.4 13.6 13.9 14.6 10.7 11.5 11.7 12.1 13.2 10.5 12.2 12.3 13.2 13.4 12.9 12.9 13.2 13.4 14.5
Unknown 0.3 <.1 <.1 <.1 <.1 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.4 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2 <.1 0.2 0.1 <.1
Missing data <.1 0.0 <.1 0.3 <.1 0.5 1.6 1.3 1.8 1.8 <.1 0.2 0.3 0.5 0.4 0.2 0.8 0.7 1.0 0.8

12 All races exclude children of Hispanic origin. The Child Welfare Outcomes Report Data Site http://cwoutcomes.acf.hhs.gov/data/overview provides alternative race/ethnicity breakdowns in which race and ethnicity are treated as two separate categories.  Back

D. Characteristics of Children "Waiting for Adoption" 13 14 (AFCARS Foster Care File) (AFCARS Foster Care File)

Children Waiting for Adoption
  2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Total waiting children 2,861 3,101 3,213 3,075 3,278
Number of waiting children whose parents' rights have been terminated 1,325 1,489 1,625 1,567 1,575

13 There is no federal definition for a child waiting to be adopted. The definition used in the tables on this page includes children and youth through age 17 who have a goal of adoption and/or whose parents' parental rights have been terminated. It excludes children 16 years old and older whose parents' parental rights have been terminated and who have a goal of emancipation. A state's own definition may differ from that used here.  Back
14 Data that did not meet the quality standards for inclusion in the report are represented as DQ*. For additional information on the data quality thresholds for the Child Welfare Outcomes Report, please reference the data quality table available in the report and on the Child Welfare Outcomes data site.  Back

Age of Children Waiting for Adoption (%) 15
  2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Under 1 year 2.7 3.2 2.7 2.9 2.0
1 year 12.0 11.6 12.7 11.1 12.0
2 years 10.5 11.6 10.4 10.6 10.6
3 years 9.4 8.0 8.2 8.9 8.6
4 years 8.1 7.1 6.8 6.9 7.4
5 years 6.3 7.9 6.4 5.7 6.5
6 years 5.6 5.9 7.0 6.8 5.9
7 years 4.6 5.4 6.3 5.9 6.4
8 years 4.8 4.7 5.5 6.3 5.6
9 years 4.9 4.6 4.4 4.9 5.5
10 years 5.0 4.5 4.3 4.2 4.7
11 years 3.8 4.0 4.1 4.4 3.7
12 years 3.9 3.9 3.6 4.2 4.2
13 years 3.7 3.6 4.4 3.9 4.0
14 years 4.4 3.6 3.7 4.0 3.8
15 years 4.8 3.9 3.5 4.1 4.1
16 years 3.3 4.0 3.1 2.8 3.0
17 years 2.2 2.6 2.8 2.6 1.9

15 Children older than 17 years fall outside of the definition used to identify waiting children and are therefore excluded from this table.  Back

Race/Ethnicity of Children Waiting for Adoption (%) 16
  2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Alaska Native / American Indian 4.4 3.4 3.8 4.2 3.5
Asian 0.8 1.0 0.5 0.7 0.6
Black 8.0 7.4 7.3 7.7 8.1
Native Hawaiian / Other Pacific Islander 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.4
Hispanic (of any race) 18.5 18.7 18.1 20.1 20.9
White 55.6 56.1 56.6 53.3 51.6
Two or more races 12.0 12.9 13.2 13.3 14.8
Unknown 0.2 <.1 <.1 0.2 <.1
Missing data 0.1 <.1 <.1 0.3 <.1

16 For race/ethnicity tables, all races exclude children of Hispanic origin. The Child Welfare Outcomes Report Data Site http://cwoutcomes.acf.hhs.gov/data/overview provides alternative race/ethnicity breakdowns in which race and ethnicity are treated as two separate categories.  Back

E. Characteristics of Children Adopted (AFCARS Adoption File) 17

Children Adopted
  2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Total children adopted 1,227 1,328 1,362 1,484 1,387
Age of Children Adopted (%)
  2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Under 1 year 1.3 1.4 0.9 1.3 1.0
1 year 17.1 15.4 13.4 14.7 12.2
2 years 15.8 15.7 17.7 16.6 16.7
3 years 14.2 13.7 12.0 10.7 12.3
4 years 9.8 8.2 9.8 9.2 9.1
5 years 8.1 7.8 8.9 6.4 7.5
6 years 5.9 6.9 5.8 6.5 6.4
7 years 3.7 5.1 4.8 5.9 6.7
8 years 3.8 4.4 4.4 6.1 5.9
9 years 3.7 4.7 4.0 4.2 4.3
10 years 2.9 3.8 3.9 3.8 4.0
11 years 3.1 3.5 3.0 3.6 3.7
12 years 2.6 1.7 2.0 2.5 2.4
13 years 2.1 2.6 2.1 2.5 1.9
14 years 1.5 1.6 1.9 2.0 1.9
15 years 1.5 1.4 2.0 1.2 1.3
16 years 1.5 1.3 1.7 1.6 1.5
17 years 1.1 0.7 1.5 0.9 1.0
18 years <.1 <.1 0.3 0.1 0.2
19 years 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
20+ years 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Race/Ethnicity of Children Adopted (%)
  2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Alaska Native / American Indian 3.5 3.1 2.4 2.8 3.3
Asian 0.2 1.0 1.3 0.7 0.7
Black 8.1 6.9 5.4 6.2 5.7
Native Hawaiian / Other Pacific Islander 0.5 0.2 0.3 0.7 0.5
Hispanic (of any race) 18.2 15.4 17.8 16.9 16.4
White 56.2 57.4 59.0 57.1 59.8
Two or more races 13.0 16.0 13.7 15.6 13.2
Unknown 0.2 <.1 0.0 0.0 0.3
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

17 Data that did not meet the quality standards for inclusion in the report are represented as DQ*. For additional information on the data quality thresholds for the Child Welfare Outcomes Report, please reference the data quality table available in the report and on the Child Welfare Outcomes data site.  Back

Washington [Outcomes Data] 18

Reduce Recurrence of Child Abuse and/or Neglect (NCANDS)

Recurrence of Maltreatment Within 6 Months (%)
  2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Children without a recurrence 92.5 92.1 90.3 91.8 91.1
Children with one or more recurrences 7.5 7.9 9.7 8.2 8.9
Number 3,022 3,418 3,759 2,834 2,551

Reduce the Incidence of Child Abuse and/or Neglect in Foster Care (NCANDS and AFCARS Foster Care File)

2.1 Maltreatment in Foster Care (%)
  2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Children maltreated while in foster care 0.33 0.32 0.16 0.11 0.11
Children not maltreated while in foster care 99.67 99.68 99.84 99.89 99.89
Number 14,685 15,222 16,154 16,170 16,252

Increase Permanency for Children in Foster Care (AFCARS Foster Care File)

3.1 Exits of Children From Foster Care (%)
  2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Adoption 24.0 26.7 24.6 26.9 26.3
Guardianship 8.2 7.3 7.4 7.6 7.5
Reunification 60.0 58.9 61.1 60.0 61.8
Other 7.3 6.4 5.8 4.3 4.3
Missing data 0.5 0.7 1.1 1.1 0.2
Number 5,079 5,014 5,524 5,505 5,293
Exits of Children With a Diagnosed Disability (%)
  2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Adoption 30.4 48.8 55.0 56.3 58.8
Guardianship 7.7 6.0 5.6 5.5 5.7
Reunification 46.0 36.3 31.3 32.8 31.1
Other 15.3 8.9 7.3 4.7 4.4
Missing data 0.6 0.1 0.8 0.7 0.0
Number 530 720 1,175 1,431 1,499
Exits of Children Older than Age 12 at Entry Into Foster Care (%)
  2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Adoption 1.9 2.5 3.7 3.6 3.1
Guardianship 6.4 4.9 7.3 7.3 5.9
Reunification 62.7 66.0 62.4 67.9 73.3
Other 28.3 26.1 24.0 17.8 17.5
Missing data 0.8 0.6 2.6 3.4 0.1
Number 911 852 928 881 844
Exits to Emancipation (%)
  2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Children age 12 or younger at entry 24.7 25.8 27.2 24.6 23.2
Children older than 12 at entry 75.3 74.2 72.8 75.4 76.8
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Number 336 299 298 203 181
Exits by Race/Ethnicity (%)
  Alaska Native / American Indian Asian Black (non-Hispanic)
  2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Adoption 16.5 21.6 11.6 21.3 20.9 3.2 20.9 19.7 21.1 15.4 22.5 19.7 15.6 23.6 19.6
Guardianship 19.3 14.7 18.6 18.6 14.5 1.6 7.5 6.6 0.0 3.1 9.7 10.3 6.4 4.0 6.3
Reunification 51.9 46.1 60.1 44.7 56.0 85.7 68.7 67.1 75.4 76.9 58.4 61.3 68.2 67.1 68.8
Other 9.0 8.6 5.0 10.7 7.3 9.5 3.0 6.6 3.5 4.6 9.2 8.3 8.5 4.0 5.3
Missing data 3.4 9.1 4.7 4.7 1.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.4 1.3 1.2 0.0
Number 322 232 258 253 234 63 67 76 57 65 435 457 469 423 397
Exits by Race/Ethnicity (%) 19
  Native Hawaiian/Other Pac. Is. Hispanic (of any race) White (non-Hispanic)
  2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Adoption 12.8 10.2 13.3 17.3 10.8 25.0 23.7 25.2 27.0 21.7 25.0 29.2 26.6 28.1 30.3
Guardianship 5.1 4.1 2.2 1.9 7.7 7.7 6.9 6.7 7.1 5.5 7.1 6.4 6.4 7.6 7.0
Reunification 74.4 81.6 73.3 76.9 76.9 60.3 64.2 61.8 62.1 66.5 61.0 57.2 60.6 59.5 59.1
Other 7.7 2.0 11.1 1.9 4.6 6.4 4.6 5.3 2.7 5.8 6.7 7.1 5.6 4.1 3.5
Missing data 0.0 2.0 0.0 1.9 0.0 0.6 0.6 0.9 1.1 0.5 0.2 0.1 0.7 0.8 <.1
Number 39 49 45 52 65 885 869 967 917 1,051 2,779 2,705 3,005 3,047 2,742
Exits by Race/Ethnicity (%)
  Unable to Determine Two or More Races Missing Data
  2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Adoption 27.8 18.2 0.0 0.0 36.4 26.0 29.3 28.1 28.3 26.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Guardianship 5.6 0.0 0.0 0.0 9.1 8.2 7.2 9.4 8.1 10.7 0.0 0.0 18.8 0.0 9.5
Reunification 55.6 81.8 100.0 85.7 54.5 56.4 58.5 55.6 56.9 59.8 100.0 90.0 81.3 96.0 85.7
Other 11.1 0.0 0.0 14.3 0.0 8.4 4.4 5.4 5.4 3.3 0.0 10.0 0.0 4.0 0.0
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.9 0.7 1.5 1.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 4.8
Number 18 11 8 7 11 534 614 680 724 707 4 10 16 25 21

19 All races exclude children of Hispanic origin. The Child Welfare Outcomes Report Data Site http://cwoutcomes.acf.hhs.gov/data/overview provides alternative race/ethnicity breakdowns in which race and ethnicity are treated as two separate categories.  Back

Reduce Time to Reunification Without Increasing Reentry (AFCARS Foster Care File)

Time to Reunification (%)
  2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Less than 12 mos. 57.0 56.6 58.2 54.5 54.8
At least 12 mos., but less than 24 mos. 28.1 25.1 25.4 26.1 23.8
At least 24 mos., but less than 36 mos. 10.5 13.2 11.3 13.0 12.8
At least 36 mos., but less than 48 mos. 2.6 3.8 3.8 3.9 4.1
48 or more mos. 1.8 1.4 1.3 2.5 4.5
Missing data <.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Number 3,048 2,955 3,377 3,303 3,271
Children Reentering Foster Care (%)
  2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Children entering care for the first time 83.8 83.8 84.0 83.4 84.7
Children reentering care within 12 mos. of a prior episode 6.0 6.8 5.9 7.4 5.8
Children reentering care more than 12 mos. after a prior episode 10.0 9.2 9.7 8.6 9.1
Missing data 0.3 0.2 0.4 0.5 0.3
Number 5,299 5,756 6,070 5,704 5,736

Reduce Time in Foster Care to Adoption (AFCARS Foster Care File)

Time to Adoption (%)
  2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Less than 12 mos. 2.7 2.2 1.7 2.2 1.4
At least 12 mos., but less than 24 mos. 35.1 28.3 27.4 28.9 25.6
At least 24 mos., but less than 36 mos. 30.4 42.7 39.5 34.9 38.4
At least 36 mos., but less than 48 mos. 16.6 15.1 19.5 20.3 21.8
48 or more mos. 15.2 11.6 11.9 13.8 12.8
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Number 1,218 1,337 1,359 1,483 1,391

Increase Placement Stability (AFCARS Foster Care File)

Number of Placements by Time in Care (%)
  In Care Less Than 12 Months In Care at Least 12 months but Less Than 24 months In Care for 24 Months or Longer Time in Care Missing or Out of Range
  2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Children with 2 or fewer placements 86.9 84.6 83.3 81.0 80.8 67.9 67.6 66.3 65.6 62.7 39.4 40.8 41.3 41.0 40.4 100.0 100.0 100.0 91.3 90.5
Children with 3 or more placements 13.0 15.3 16.5 18.8 19.0 32.1 32.3 33.7 34.3 37.3 60.6 59.2 58.7 59.0 59.6 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Missing Placement setting counts 0.1 <.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.0 <.1 <.1 <.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 8.7 9.5
Total number 5,771 6,180 6,537 6,223 6,165 4,262 4,080 4,451 4,514 4,393 4,647 4,953 5,149 5,410 5,673 5 9 17 23 21

Reduce Placement of Young Children in Group Homes or Institutions (AFCARS Foster Care File)

Most Recent Placement Settings of Children Who Entered Care During the Fiscal Year and Were Age 12 or Younger at the Time of This Placement (%)
  2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Group homes 2.1 1.6 1.4 2.0 2.2
Institution <.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.3
Other settings 97.8 98.3 98.4 97.7 97.5
Missing data 0.1 <.1 <.1 <.1 0.0
Number 4,325 4,808 5,069 4,708 4,790

18 Data that did not meet the quality standards for inclusion in the report are represented as DQ*. For additional information on the data quality thresholds for the Child Welfare Outcomes Report, please reference the data quality table available in the report and on the Child Welfare Outcomes data site.  Back