Utah

Utah [Context Data]

A. Context Statistics 1 2

General Child Population (Census Bureau) 3
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Total children under 18 years 921,281 928,062 930,162 929,940 929,276
Race/ethnicity (%) 4
Alaska Native / American Indian 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.9
Asian 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.8 1.9
Black 1.1 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2
Native Hawaiian / Other Pacific Islander 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.2
Hispanic (of any race) 17.2 17.5 17.7 17.9 18.1
White 74.7 74.3 73.9 73.5 73.0
Two or more races 3.4 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.7
Child population in poverty (%) 11.1 10.7 9.5 9.9 7.3
Child Welfare Summary 5
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Child maltreatment victims 9,614 9,947 10,122 10,579 9,694
Foster care entry rate 2.6 2.5 2.1 2.2 1.7
Children in foster care on 9/30 2,838 2,954 2,611 2,488 2,373
Children adopted 632 665 818 639 518
Caseworker Visits 6
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Children receiving monthly visits (%) 96 97 96 97 97
Numerator 27,248 30,757 29,292 26,525 25,881
Denominator 28,268 31,838 30,376 27,420 26,735
Children receiving visits in the home (%) 100 100 100 100 100
Numerator 27,248 30,682 29,249 26,499 25,869
Denominator 27,248 30,757 29,292 26,525 25,881

1 The source data for each table is indicated in parentheses for each section. A calendar year is the basis for data from the Census Bureau. Most of the other data on these pages are from the National Child Abuse and Neglect Data System (NCANDS) or the Adoption and Foster Care Analysis and Reporting System (AFCARS) and are based on the federal fiscal year, October 1 through September 30.  Back
2 Data that did not meet the quality standards for inclusion in the report are represented as DQ*. Incomplete data excluded from inclusion in the report are represented as --. For additional information on the data quality thresholds for the Child Welfare Outcomes Report, please reference the full report or the Child Welfare Outcomes data site.  Back
3 The total child population and data on race/ethnicity represent estimates from the Census Bureau https://www.census.gov/data/tables.html . Child poverty data are from the Census Bureau's American Community Survey (ACS). Due to the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, the 2020 poverty estimates are not available on data.census.gov. The 2020 poverty estimates are considered experimental and can be found on the ACS Experimental Data webpage: https://www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/data/experimental-data.html.  Back
4 For race/ethnicity tables, all races exclude children of Hispanic origin. The Child Welfare Outcomes Report data site http://cwoutcomes.acf.hhs.gov/cwodatasite provides alternative race/ethnicity breakdowns in which race and ethnicity are treated as two separate categories.  Back
5 A child victim is defined as a child for whom the state determined at least one maltreatment was substantiated or indicated. This includes a child who died of child abuse and neglect. This is a change from prior years when children with dispositions of alternative response victim were included as victims. The rate for foster care entry is per 1,000 children in the state population. Data on child maltreatment victims are from NCANDS. Data on foster care entry rate, children in foster care on 9/30, and children adopted are from AFCARS.  Back
6 The reporting population subject to the caseworker visits requirements includes all children under age 18 for at least the first day of the FY (October 1) who have been in foster care for at least one full calendar month during the FY. All states have the option of using an approved sampling procedure for the caseworker visits reporting requirement.  Back

B. Child Maltreatment Data (National Child Abuse and Neglect Data System [NCANDS]) 7

Overview Maltreatment Information 8
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
  Number Rate Number Rate Number Rate Number Rate Number Rate
Children subject of an investigated report alleging child maltreatment 24,985 27.1 per 1,000 25,773 27.8 per 1,000 26,076 28.0 per 1,000 26,926 29.0 per 1,000 25,860 27.8 per 1,000
Total child maltreatment victims 9,614 10.4 per 1,000 9,947 10.7 per 1,000 10,122 10.9 per 1,000 10,579 11.4 per 1,000 9,694 10.4 per 1,000
Child Fatalities 12 1.3 per 100,000 13 1.4 per 100,000 10 1.1 per 100,000 11 1.2 per 100,000 6 0.6 per 100,000
Age of Child Victims (%)
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Under 1 year 10.5 11.4 11.5 11.4 10.0
1 year 5.9 5.4 5.2 5.2 5.1
2 years 5.4 5.5 5.3 5.7 5.4
3 years 5.7 5.2 5.7 4.9 5.0
4 years 5.4 5.3 5.4 5.2 5.0
5 years 6.0 5.3 4.8 5.1 5.1
6 years 5.3 5.3 5.3 5.4 5.2
7 years 6.2 5.8 4.9 5.0 5.2
8 years 5.4 5.2 5.5 4.9 4.9
9 years 5.2 5.2 5.3 4.9 5.1
10 years 4.9 5.2 5.5 5.0 5.0
11 years 4.6 4.6 5.0 5.3 4.8
12 years 4.7 4.5 5.3 5.2 5.6
13 years 5.2 5.4 5.3 5.3 6.3
14 years 5.3 5.8 5.2 5.9 6.1
15 years 5.2 5.5 5.7 6.1 5.9
16 years 5.1 5.1 5.1 5.2 5.8
17 years 3.9 4.1 3.8 4.0 4.4
18+ years 0.0 <.1 <.1 <.1 <.1
Missing data 0.2 0.2 <.1 0.2 0.1
Number 9,614 9,947 10,122 10,579 9,694
Race/Ethnicity of Child Victims (%)
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Alaska Native / American Indian 2.0 2.1 1.7 1.8 2.1
Asian 0.7 0.7 0.4 0.6 0.8
Black 3.2 2.7 2.6 3.1 3.5
Native Hawaiian / Other Pacific Islander 1.2 1.8 1.6 2.1 1.9
Hispanic (of any race) 18.9 20.6 21.0 22.8 24.1
White 71.4 69.3 69.4 65.8 63.5
Two or more races 1.8 2.0 2.4 3.0 3.1
Missing data 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.7 1.1
Number 9,614 9,947 10,122 10,579 9,694
Maltreatment Types of Child Victims (%) 9
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Emotional abuse 30.4 29.1 29.0 31.2 37.5
Medical neglect 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.6
Neglect 29.9 30.6 29.8 29.1 27.3
Physical abuse 47.0 46.6 46.9 44.8 39.5
Sexual abuse 18.1 17.8 17.4 17.7 17.2
Sex trafficking 0.0 0.0 0.0 <.1 0.1
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Other 1.7 1.5 1.9 1.3 1.5
Number 9,614 9,947 10,122 10,579 9,694
Time to Investigation (in hours) 10
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Mean 88.2 98.6 93.1 88.5 89.0
Median >48 but <72 >72 but <96 >72 but <96 >48 but <72 >48 but <72

7 The unique count of child victims counts a child only once regardless of the number of times he or she was found to be a victim during the reporting year.  Back
8 The rates for Child Protective Services responses and victims are per 1,000 children under age 18; for fatalities, the rate is per 100,000 children under age 18.  Back
9 These percentages are calculated against the number of unique victims. A child may have been the victim of more than one type of maltreatment, or the same type of maltreatment more than once. As a result, the total percentages both within and across maltreatment categories may exceed 100.  Back
10 Response time is defined as the time between the report of suspected maltreatment and the first face-to-face contact with the alleged victim or with another person who can provide information on the allegation.  Back

C. Characteristics of Children in Foster Care (Adoption and Foster Care Analysis and Reporting System [AFCARS] Foster Care File)

Overview Foster Care Information
  In Foster Care on 10/1 FY Entered Foster Care in FY Exited Foster Care in FY In Foster Care on 9/30 FY
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Total number 2,632 2,778 2,895 2,552 2,469 2,365 2,284 1,979 2,020 1,625 2,159 2,108 2,263 2,084 1,721 2,838 2,954 2,611 2,488 2,373
Median length of stay (months) 9.5 8.6 9.2 10.0 8.8 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 11.8 12.0 13.3 13.1 13.5 8.5 9.2 10.0 8.7 11.3
Age of Children in Foster Care (%)
  In Foster Care on 10/1 FY Entered Foster Care in FY Exited Foster Care in FY In Foster Care on 9/30 FY
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Under 1 year 6.9 7.7 8.8 8.5 8.7 16.4 18.3 18.9 17.5 18.2 7.1 6.3 6.4 6.2 5.9 7.8 8.9 8.3 8.8 8.0
1 year 6.3 6.5 7.1 7.1 7.3 7.1 7.4 7.0 7.0 8.4 8.6 9.7 11.3 10.3 10.6 6.5 7.1 7.2 7.2 8.1
2 years 5.5 6.4 6.2 6.0 5.8 6.8 6.6 7.1 6.6 7.4 6.9 6.8 6.7 7.1 7.6 6.4 6.3 5.9 5.9 6.2
3 years 5.4 5.3 5.7 6.5 4.9 5.6 6.5 6.9 5.5 6.3 5.7 7.3 7.7 7.4 5.8 5.3 5.7 6.5 4.9 5.9
4 years 4.1 4.9 4.8 5.0 6.5 5.9 5.9 5.1 6.7 4.7 6.0 5.9 5.9 5.8 6.4 5.0 4.8 4.9 6.5 5.3
5 years 3.7 4.5 5.2 4.2 4.9 5.2 4.8 4.5 5.7 5.1 5.2 5.8 5.4 5.5 6.2 4.4 5.2 4.3 5.0 4.9
6 years 4.2 3.7 4.1 4.6 4.4 4.1 4.6 4.7 5.0 4.5 4.3 4.3 4.2 5.2 4.4 3.6 4.1 4.6 4.5 4.6
7 years 3.9 4.2 3.4 3.7 4.3 4.4 4.1 4.3 4.3 4.7 4.7 4.7 4.4 4.6 4.2 4.2 3.4 3.6 4.3 4.9
8 years 4.6 3.9 3.9 3.8 3.6 4.7 4.4 4.3 4.6 3.9 4.7 4.3 3.9 4.4 4.1 3.9 3.9 4.0 3.6 4.1
9 years 3.0 4.4 4.2 4.5 4.2 4.7 3.7 3.5 3.9 4.6 4.4 4.2 3.5 4.3 3.8 4.4 4.2 4.6 4.2 4.3
10 years 3.3 3.6 4.0 4.3 3.7 3.7 4.3 3.9 3.7 3.0 3.2 3.7 3.9 3.9 3.7 3.6 4.0 4.4 3.8 3.8
11 years 3.1 2.9 3.9 4.3 4.1 3.3 3.0 4.3 3.9 3.8 3.1 3.2 3.6 4.4 3.6 2.9 3.9 4.3 4.1 3.4
12 years 3.0 3.2 3.5 3.9 3.9 3.2 3.6 3.7 3.5 4.4 3.5 2.9 2.8 3.8 3.3 3.2 3.5 3.9 3.9 4.3
13 years 4.3 3.7 3.8 4.8 4.1 3.9 3.8 4.9 4.7 4.6 2.5 2.3 3.0 3.6 4.3 3.7 3.8 4.9 4.1 4.4
14 years 6.0 5.3 4.9 4.4 5.5 5.3 5.0 3.6 4.9 3.8 3.9 3.1 3.7 4.4 4.3 5.5 4.9 4.6 5.5 4.6
15 years 7.8 7.1 6.1 5.6 5.5 5.9 5.4 5.2 4.6 4.7 4.3 4.3 3.8 2.9 3.6 7.1 6.3 5.6 5.4 5.6
16 years 8.7 7.9 7.0 6.5 6.2 5.5 4.7 4.3 4.4 4.2 5.9 5.7 5.4 4.4 4.2 8.0 6.9 6.5 6.1 6.2
17 years 9.0 8.7 7.3 6.5 6.3 4.2 3.8 3.7 3.5 3.6 4.5 4.6 4.0 3.8 4.0 8.6 7.2 6.3 6.2 5.8
18 years 4.9 4.4 4.6 4.3 4.2 <.1 <.1 0.0 <.1 <.1 8.2 7.7 7.3 5.4 7.3 4.4 4.5 4.2 4.1 3.4
19 years 1.7 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.6 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.4 2.1 2.3 2.2 1.8 1.1 1.2 1.1 1.6 1.6
20+ years 0.6 0.6 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.8 0.9 0.7 0.2 0.7 0.6 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.8
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 <.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2 <.1 <.1 0.2 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 <.1 0.0
Race/Ethnicity of Children in Foster Care (%)
  In Foster Care on 10/1 FY Entered Foster Care in FY Exited Foster Care in FY In Foster Care on 9/30 FY
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Alaska Native / American Indian 2.6 2.5 3.3 2.8 2.5 3.0 3.1 3.1 2.8 3.4 3.2 2.2 3.8 3.4 2.8 2.4 3.2 2.7 2.3 2.9
Asian 0.6 0.2 0.4 0.2 0.3 0.5 0.5 0.2 0.3 0.8 0.9 0.3 0.4 0.2 0.5 0.2 0.4 0.2 0.3 0.5
Black 4.1 5.0 4.2 2.7 3.3 5.3 4.2 2.4 3.5 4.5 4.1 5.0 4.4 2.8 2.8 5.1 4.4 2.6 3.3 4.4
Native Hawaiian / Other Pacific Islander 0.5 0.6 0.9 1.0 0.7 1.0 0.8 1.3 1.3 1.0 0.8 0.5 1.1 1.6 0.5 0.6 0.9 1.0 0.8 1.1
Hispanic (of any race) 22.0 22.4 21.1 24.0 24.3 21.7 20.4 22.9 22.9 23.6 21.4 22.5 20.0 22.7 23.4 22.3 20.8 23.4 24.2 24.5
White 67.8 66.5 66.5 64.7 63.1 65.9 67.6 65.6 63.4 61.4 66.7 66.6 66.5 64.7 64.7 67.0 67.3 65.8 63.7 60.7
Two or more races 2.5 2.4 3.4 4.3 5.4 2.5 3.2 4.2 5.2 5.0 2.7 2.4 3.4 4.1 4.7 2.3 3.0 4.1 5.2 5.6
Unknown <.1 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.5 0.2 0.1 0.3 0.6 0.2 <.1 0.5 0.4 0.6 0.6 0.1 <.1 0.2 0.2 0.3
Missing data 0.0 0.0 <.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 <.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 <.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 <.1 0.0 0.0 0.0

D. Characteristics of Children "Waiting for Adoption" 11 (AFCARS Foster Care File)

Children Waiting for Adoption
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Total waiting children 630 802 728 684 686
Number of waiting children whose parents' rights have been terminated 304 386 387 361 296

11 There is no federal definition for a child waiting to be adopted. The definition used in the tables on this page includes children and youth through age 17 who have a goal of adoption and/or whose parents' parental rights have been terminated. It excludes children 16 years old and older whose parents' parental rights have been terminated and who have a goal of emancipation. A state's own definition may differ from that used here.  Back

Age of Children Waiting for Adoption (%) 12
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Under 1 year 7.0 8.2 7.1 8.2 7.3
1 year 8.9 8.7 6.7 8.5 8.9
2 years 6.5 6.2 5.4 6.7 5.5
3 years 6.2 8.0 7.6 5.0 6.6
4 years 4.9 5.7 3.6 7.5 6.0
5 years 4.3 5.1 4.9 5.4 4.8
6 years 3.8 4.9 6.7 4.1 5.5
7 years 6.7 3.0 4.4 5.1 4.7
8 years 5.2 5.0 4.4 3.4 5.1
9 years 6.7 5.6 7.3 4.8 4.5
10 years 4.8 6.4 5.8 5.4 4.7
11 years 4.6 4.9 6.5 5.3 4.7
12 years 5.1 3.7 5.8 5.7 5.4
13 years 4.0 5.0 4.5 5.1 7.1
14 years 5.4 4.9 5.2 4.5 5.2
15 years 5.7 5.0 4.9 5.1 4.5
16 years 6.0 5.4 4.7 6.0 4.7
17 years 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.2 4.8

12 Children older than 17 years fall outside of the definition used to identify waiting children and are therefore excluded from this table.  Back

Race/Ethnicity of Children Waiting for Adoption (%)
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Alaska Native / American Indian 1.9 5.7 3.8 4.1 4.1
Asian 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.0 0.1
Black 4.6 4.7 2.5 2.2 4.2
Native Hawaiian / Other Pacific Islander 0.3 0.1 0.8 0.4 0.7
Hispanic (of any race) 24.3 17.7 24.2 25.9 25.2
White 66.5 67.5 64.3 61.0 58.7
Two or more races 2.1 4.0 4.3 6.1 6.7
Unknown 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.3 0.1
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

E. Characteristics of Children Adopted (AFCARS Adoption File)

Children Adopted
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Total children adopted 632 665 818 639 518
Age of Children Adopted (%)
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Under 1 year 11.1 8.9 8.6 7.4 9.7
1 year 17.1 17.7 17.4 17.1 15.1
2 years 9.0 10.8 9.5 8.5 11.6
3 years 7.1 8.6 10.5 8.3 6.6
4 years 8.9 8.4 7.6 5.9 9.7
5 years 6.8 7.7 6.6 5.2 6.9
6 years 4.3 4.4 4.4 5.5 5.2
7 years 5.7 6.2 5.4 4.9 3.9
8 years 5.5 5.3 3.8 5.6 3.9
9 years 4.4 4.7 3.8 5.3 2.1
10 years 3.3 3.3 4.5 4.9 5.6
11 years 2.7 3.2 4.2 5.3 4.1
12 years 3.6 2.6 2.2 4.4 3.1
13 years 2.2 2.0 2.2 3.6 2.9
14 years 1.6 1.5 2.9 2.7 3.3
15 years 1.9 1.1 1.8 1.4 1.9
16 years 2.8 2.6 2.7 1.6 2.7
17 years 0.9 1.2 1.3 1.1 1.2
18 years 0.5 0.2 0.6 1.4 0.6
19 years 0.5 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.2
20+ years 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Race/Ethnicity of Children Adopted (%)
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Alaska Native / American Indian 2.7 0.5 3.3 2.8 2.7
Asian 0.3 0.0 0.1 0.2 0.0
Black 2.8 3.3 3.7 2.2 1.2
Native Hawaiian / Other Pacific Islander 0.3 0.5 0.1 0.6 0.0
Hispanic (of any race) 18.8 20.6 16.5 20.5 25.7
White 71.4 72.6 71.9 69.6 64.1
Two or more races 3.6 1.5 3.3 3.0 4.6
Unknown 0.0 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.7
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Utah [Outcomes Data]

Reduce Recurrence of Child Abuse and/or Neglect (NCANDS)

Recurrence of Maltreatment Within 12 Months (%)
  2015-2016 2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019 2019-2020
Children without a recurrence 89.9 89.7 89.6 89.6 90.6
Children with one or more recurrences 10.1 10.3 10.4 10.4 9.4
Number 9,698 9,604 9,881 10,101 10,583

Reduce the Incidence of Child Abuse and/or Neglect in Foster Care (NCANDS and AFCARS Foster Care File)

2.1 Maltreatment in Foster Care (%)
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Children maltreated while in foster care 0.14 0.43 0.43 0.20 0.42
Children not maltreated while in foster care 99.86 99.57 99.57 99.80 99.58
Number 4,997 5,062 4,874 4,572 4,094

Increase Permanency for Children in Foster Care (AFCARS Foster Care File)

3.1 Exits of Children From Foster Care (%)
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Adoption 27.7 29.6 34.3 29.3 28.4
Guardianship 7.8 8.6 7.6 9.8 8.6
Reunification 50.6 49.9 47.0 52.0 52.4
Other 13.3 11.2 10.6 8.8 10.3
Missing data 0.6 0.6 0.4 0.1 0.3
Number 2,159 2,108 2,263 2,084 1,721
Exits of Children With a Diagnosed Disability (%)
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Adoption 29.5 15.0 21.1 27.1 29.3
Guardianship 8.8 6.6 5.4 12.2 9.2
Reunification 23.6 23.0 25.3 43.8 38.9
Other 38.1 55.4 46.4 16.7 22.5
Missing data 0.0 0.0 1.8 0.2 0.2
Number 454 213 166 580 512
Exits of Children Older than Age 12 at Entry Into Foster Care (%)
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Adoption 5.6 5.0 7.7 7.2 4.6
Guardianship 9.6 10.4 14.6 15.9 12.5
Reunification 44.6 46.9 40.4 43.7 44.7
Other 40.1 36.5 36.0 32.5 36.9
Missing data 0.2 1.3 1.3 0.7 1.2
Number 606 559 555 446 409
Exits to Emancipation (%)
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Children age 12 or younger at entry 11.4 10.5 12.4 13.0 9.4
Children older than 12 at entry 88.6 89.5 87.6 87.0 90.6
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Number 193 171 170 123 139
Exits by Race/Ethnicity (%)
  Alaska Native / American Indian Asian Black (non-Hispanic)
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Adoption 22.9 6.5 31.0 25.4 27.1 5.0 0.0 11.1 25.0 0.0 20.2 20.0 28.0 24.1 12.2
Guardianship 7.1 8.7 3.4 22.5 18.8 10.0 14.3 11.1 0.0 0.0 4.5 10.5 6.0 12.1 16.3
Reunification 38.6 63.0 46.0 36.6 37.5 50.0 57.1 77.8 50.0 66.7 57.3 51.4 41.0 50.0 59.2
Other 31.4 15.2 19.5 15.5 14.6 35.0 14.3 0.0 25.0 33.3 16.9 18.1 24.0 13.8 12.2
Missing data 0.0 6.5 0.0 0.0 2.1 0.0 14.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.1 0.0 1.0 0.0 0.0
Number 70 46 87 71 48 20 7 9 4 9 89 105 100 58 49
Exits by Race/Ethnicity (%)
  Native Hawaiian/Other Pac. Is. Hispanic (of any race) White (non-Hispanic)
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Adoption 11.1 30.0 4.2 12.1 0.0 24.7 27.6 27.8 26.4 31.1 29.4 32.1 36.8 31.2 27.8
Guardianship 16.7 20.0 4.2 3.0 25.0 7.4 7.8 10.6 11.4 9.2 7.9 8.5 7.3 8.7 7.5
Reunification 61.1 30.0 83.3 81.8 62.5 52.3 51.2 49.4 53.5 48.0 50.2 49.1 46.4 51.3 55.2
Other 11.1 20.0 8.3 3.0 12.5 14.1 12.6 11.7 8.7 11.4 12.1 9.8 9.0 8.5 9.2
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.5 0.8 0.4 0.0 0.2 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.2 0.2
Number 18 10 24 33 8 461 475 453 473 402 1,440 1,404 1,505 1,348 1,114
Exits by Race/Ethnicity (%)
  Unable to Determine Two or More Races Missing Data
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Adoption 0.0 70.0 100.0 41.7 90.0 39.0 17.6 40.8 25.9 32.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Guardianship 0.0 0.0 0.0 8.3 0.0 10.2 13.7 5.3 9.4 9.9 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Reunification 100.0 30.0 0.0 50.0 10.0 45.8 51.0 43.4 57.6 43.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Other 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 5.1 17.6 10.5 7.1 13.6 0.0 0.0 100.0 0.0 0.0
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Number 2 10 8 12 10 59 51 76 85 81 0 0 1 0 0

Reduce Time to Reunification Without Increasing Reentry (AFCARS Foster Care File)

Time to Reunification (%)
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Less than 12 mos. 67.6 70.2 63.8 63.8 60.9
At least 12 mos., but less than 24 mos. 28.4 25.2 32.0 33.3 36.5
At least 24 mos., but less than 36 mos. 2.3 2.9 2.5 1.6 1.4
At least 36 mos., but less than 48 mos. 0.5 0.5 0.8 0.3 0.9
48 or more mos. 0.9 0.6 0.7 0.5 0.2
Missing data 0.3 0.8 0.3 0.6 0.1
Number 1,092 1,052 1,064 1,084 902
Children Reentering Foster Care (%)
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Children entering care for the first time 84.5 85.9 83.8 85.1 82.5
Children reentering care within 12 mos. of a prior episode 6.3 4.6 6.3 5.6 6.2
Children reentering care more than 12 mos. after a prior episode 7.9 8.4 8.7 8.3 10.9
Missing data 1.2 1.1 1.2 1.0 0.4
Number 2,365 2,284 1,979 2,020 1,625

Reduce Time in Foster Care to Adoption (AFCARS Foster Care File)

Time to Adoption (%)
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Less than 12 mos. 28.0 27.0 24.1 23.1 22.9
At least 12 mos., but less than 24 mos. 53.1 58.6 56.2 52.5 47.6
At least 24 mos., but less than 36 mos. 11.2 9.1 13.0 17.9 17.0
At least 36 mos., but less than 48 mos. 5.2 4.0 4.5 3.9 6.7
48 or more mos. 2.5 1.3 2.2 2.6 5.7
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Number 597 625 776 610 489

Increase Placement Stability (AFCARS Foster Care File)

Number of Placements by Time in Care (%)
  In Care Less Than 12 Months In Care at Least 12 months but Less Than 24 months In Care for 24 Months or Longer Time in Care Missing or Out of Range
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Children with 2 or fewer placements 77.5 78.3 79.7 79.6 78.9 52.6 53.3 56.2 55.4 58.1 13.0 15.5 16.7 19.6 18.8 76.9 100.0 100.0 54.5 66.7
Children with 3 or more placements 21.5 20.0 19.1 18.8 20.0 47.2 46.1 42.7 44.1 40.9 86.9 84.4 83.1 80.0 81.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Missing Placement setting counts 1.0 1.7 1.3 1.6 1.1 0.1 0.6 1.1 0.5 1.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.4 0.1 23.1 0.0 0.0 45.5 33.3
Total number 2,856 2,838 2,533 2,510 2,025 1,334 1,452 1,529 1,331 1,384 794 762 807 720 682 13 10 5 11 3

Reduce Placement of Young Children in Group Homes or Institutions (AFCARS Foster Care File)

Most Recent Placement Settings of Children Who Entered Care During the Fiscal Year and Were Age 12 or Younger at the Time of This Placement (%)
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Group homes 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.3 0.6
Institution 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.5
Other settings 99.0 99.1 99.2 99.5 98.9
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Number 1,761 1,758 1,537 1,565 1,274