Oregon

Oregon [Context Data]

A. Context Statistics 1 2

General Child Population (Census Bureau) 3
  2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Total children under 18 years 863,265 870,231 872,372 869,075 866,562
Race/ethnicity (%) 4
Alaska Native / American Indian 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2
Asian 3.9 4.0 4.1 4.1 4.1
Black 2.3 2.3 2.4 2.4 2.4
Native Hawaiian / Other Pacific Islander 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
Hispanic (of any race) 21.8 21.8 22.1 22.2 22.3
White 64.6 64.2 63.9 63.6 63.4
Two or more races 5.8 5.8 5.9 6.0 6.2
Child population in poverty (%) 20.3 17.0 16.5 15.7 13.1
Child Welfare Summary 5
  2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Child maltreatment victims 10,428 11,812 11,013 12,581 13,543
Foster care entry rate 4.5 4.4 4.7 4.1 3.8
Children in foster care on 9/30 7,388 7,631 7,972 7,577 6,994
Children adopted 835 768 707 679 792
Caseworker Visits 6
  2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Children receiving monthly visits (%) 89 91 89 90 90
Numerator 73,494 74,761 76,479 78,380 72,927
Denominator 82,295 82,522 85,620 87,350 80,712
Children receiving visits in the home (%) 71 72 73 74 75
Numerator 52,032 53,734 55,771 58,032 54,823
Denominator 73,494 74,761 76,479 78,380 72,927

1 The source data for each table is indicated in parentheses for each section. A calendar year is the basis for data from the Census Bureau. Most of the other data on these pages are from the National Child Abuse and Neglect Data System (NCANDS) or the Adoption and Foster Care Analysis and Reporting System (AFCARS) and are based on the federal fiscal year, October 1 through September 30.  Back
2 Data that did not meet the quality standards for inclusion in the report are represented as DQ*. Incomplete data excluded from inclusion in the report are represented as --. For additional information on the data quality thresholds for the Child Welfare Outcomes Report, please reference the full report or the Child Welfare Outcomes data site.  Back
3 The total child population and data on race/ethnicity represent estimates from the Census Bureau https://www.census.gov/data/tables.html . Child poverty data are from the Census Bureau's American Community Survey (ACS).  Back
4 For race/ethnicity tables, all races exclude children of Hispanic origin. The Child Welfare Outcomes Report data site http://cwoutcomes.acf.hhs.gov/cwodatasite provides alternative race/ethnicity breakdowns in which race and ethnicity are treated as two separate categories.  Back
5 A child victim is defined as a child for whom the state determined at least one maltreatment was substantiated or indicated. This includes a child who died of child abuse and neglect. This is a change from prior years when children with dispositions of alternative response victim were included as victims. The rate for foster care entry is per 1,000 children in the state population. Data on child maltreatment victims are from NCANDS. Data on foster care entry rate, children in foster care on 9/30, and children adopted are from AFCARS.  Back
6 The reporting population subject to the caseworker visits requirements includes all children under age 18 for at least the first day of the FY (October 1) who have been in foster care for at least one full calendar month during the FY. All states have the option of using an approved sampling procedure for the caseworker visits reporting requirement.  Back

B. Child Maltreatment Data (National Child Abuse and Neglect Data System [NCANDS]) 7

Overview Maltreatment Information 8
  2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
  Number Rate Number Rate Number Rate Number Rate Number Rate
Children subject of an investigated report alleging child maltreatment 39,009 45.2 per 1,000 49,964 57.4 per 1,000 44,058 50.5 per 1,000 50,319 57.9 per 1,000 55,063 63.5 per 1,000
Total child maltreatment victims 10,428 12.1 per 1,000 11,812 13.6 per 1,000 11,013 12.6 per 1,000 12,581 14.5 per 1,000 13,543 15.6 per 1,000
Child Fatalities 27 3.1 per 100,000 19 2.2 per 100,000 30 3.4 per 100,000 26 3.0 per 100,000 23 2.7 per 100,000
Age of Child Victims (%)
  2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Under 1 year 12.8 12.1 12.5 11.3 10.4
1 year 7.0 7.3 7.1 7.0 6.6
2 years 7.4 7.3 6.8 6.7 6.4
3 years 6.6 6.4 6.7 6.4 6.4
4 years 6.4 6.6 6.2 6.2 6.0
5 years 6.1 6.2 5.8 5.9 6.4
6 years 6.4 5.5 5.9 5.3 5.9
7 years 6.9 6.2 5.8 5.9 5.6
8 years 5.7 5.6 5.4 5.2 5.5
9 years 5.1 5.3 5.3 5.7 5.6
10 years 4.3 4.5 4.8 5.3 5.6
11 years 4.4 4.6 4.5 4.9 5.0
12 years 3.8 4.7 4.5 4.5 4.9
13 years 4.2 4.3 4.3 4.4 4.7
14 years 3.7 3.9 4.0 4.3 4.2
15 years 3.4 3.7 3.9 3.9 4.0
16 years 3.0 3.0 3.3 3.6 3.7
17 years 2.4 2.3 2.7 2.9 2.5
18+ years <.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2
Missing data 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5
Number 10,428 11,812 11,013 12,581 13,543
Race/Ethnicity of Child Victims (%)
  2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Alaska Native / American Indian 2.8 2.5 2.8 2.5 2.3
Asian 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.6
Black 4.6 3.9 3.9 4.0 3.8
Native Hawaiian / Other Pacific Islander 0.5 0.7 0.5 0.5 0.7
Hispanic (of any race) 13.5 13.9 13.7 12.2 13.8
White 60.4 62.6 61.3 58.4 56.4
Two or more races 4.1 4.2 4.0 3.5 3.2
Missing data 13.4 11.5 13.1 18.2 19.2
Number 10,428 11,812 11,013 12,581 13,543
Maltreatment Types of Child Victims (%) 9
  2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Emotional abuse 2.4 2.0 1.5 2.1 2.0
Medical neglect 1.4 1.2 1.5 1.2 1.4
Neglect 57.6 54.2 58.9 55.3 53.8
Physical abuse 10.2 10.2 10.3 11.8 12.6
Sexual abuse 8.1 8.8 7.7 7.6 8.1
Sex trafficking 0.0 0.0 <.1 0.2 0.3
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Other 48.4 52.0 50.9 51.3 51.4
Number 10,428 11,812 11,013 12,581 13,543
Time to Investigation (in hours) 10
  2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Mean 137.2 137.7 137.0 150.1 164.9
Median >24 but<48 >24 but<48 >24 but<48 <24 <24

7 The unique count of child victims counts a child only once regardless of the number of times he or she was found to be a victim during the reporting year.  Back
8 The rates for Child Protective Services responses and victims are per 1,000 children under age 18; for fatalities, the rate is per 100,000 children under age 18.  Back
9 These percentages are calculated against the number of unique victims. A child may have been the victim of more than one type of maltreatment, or the same type of maltreatment more than once. As a result, the total percentages both within and across maltreatment categories may exceed 100.  Back
10 Response time is defined as the time between the report of suspected maltreatment and the first face-to-face contact with the alleged victim or with another person who can provide information on the allegation.  Back

C. Characteristics of Children in Foster Care (Adoption and Foster Care Analysis and Reporting System [AFCARS] Foster Care File)

Overview Foster Care Information
  In Foster Care on 10/1 FY Entered Foster Care in FY Exited Foster Care in FY In Foster Care on 9/30 FY
  2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Total number 6,985 6,951 7,011 7,346 7,013 3,914 3,865 4,138 3,566 3,329 3,511 3,185 3,177 3,335 3,348 7,388 7,631 7,972 7,577 6,994
Median length of stay (months) 16.4 14.4 14.5 13.8 16.0 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 18.5 18.3 19.1 18.8 20.5 14.4 14.5 13.7 15.8 16.2
Age of Children in Foster Care (%)
  In Foster Care on 10/1 FY Entered Foster Care in FY Exited Foster Care in FY In Foster Care on 9/30 FY
  2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Under 1 year 5.9 5.7 6.4 6.4 6.0 17.4 17.9 18.2 19.2 18.4 3.0 3.4 2.9 3.4 3.0 5.7 6.3 6.6 6.0 6.2
1 year 7.4 8.3 7.2 8.6 8.3 8.3 8.1 9.0 7.7 7.3 6.7 6.3 5.5 5.8 6.3 8.3 7.4 8.6 8.5 7.7
2 years 7.2 7.7 8.2 8.0 8.5 7.3 7.4 7.5 7.8 7.2 8.2 9.7 8.3 8.5 9.5 7.8 8.1 8.0 8.5 7.7
3 years 6.4 6.7 6.9 7.3 7.8 6.9 6.6 6.7 6.1 6.6 7.3 7.0 7.6 7.8 8.7 6.7 7.1 7.3 7.7 7.6
4 years 6.1 6.0 6.3 6.8 6.1 6.0 6.1 6.0 5.5 5.6 6.9 6.7 6.8 7.4 7.0 6.0 6.2 6.7 6.2 6.6
5 years 5.9 5.9 6.2 5.6 6.3 5.7 5.5 5.3 5.5 5.2 6.0 5.9 6.8 6.1 5.9 5.8 6.1 5.7 6.3 5.6
6 years 6.1 5.5 5.5 5.6 5.3 5.6 5.6 5.0 4.8 5.0 6.4 6.0 5.9 6.1 6.5 5.4 5.4 5.5 5.3 5.8
7 years 5.3 5.8 5.2 5.0 5.0 5.9 5.0 5.0 4.9 4.8 5.8 5.9 5.6 5.5 5.1 5.8 5.1 5.0 5.1 5.0
8 years 5.3 5.8 5.3 4.9 4.7 5.0 4.5 4.4 3.7 4.3 4.9 5.8 5.2 5.3 4.6 5.7 5.3 4.9 4.6 4.6
9 years 4.8 5.0 5.2 4.9 4.4 4.1 4.6 4.6 4.6 5.1 4.7 5.3 5.3 4.4 5.2 4.9 5.2 5.0 4.4 4.7
10 years 4.4 4.3 4.8 5.0 4.9 3.2 3.8 3.9 4.8 4.2 4.5 4.3 4.7 5.2 4.3 4.3 4.6 4.9 4.9 4.6
11 years 4.4 4.2 4.4 4.4 4.5 3.8 4.0 3.4 3.9 4.4 3.8 3.8 3.9 4.7 4.8 4.1 4.3 4.3 4.3 4.7
12 years 4.1 4.1 4.0 4.5 4.6 3.3 3.6 3.8 4.3 4.2 3.6 3.5 3.3 4.2 4.2 4.1 4.0 4.4 4.5 4.2
13 years 4.2 4.2 4.5 4.0 4.4 3.5 4.0 4.1 3.8 4.2 3.4 3.5 4.1 3.6 3.7 4.2 4.3 4.0 4.3 4.7
14 years 4.9 4.5 4.4 4.5 4.5 4.7 3.7 3.8 3.8 4.4 4.0 3.5 3.6 3.8 3.7 4.5 4.3 4.4 4.3 4.8
15 years 5.6 5.1 4.4 4.6 4.6 3.6 4.2 4.1 3.6 3.8 4.0 3.6 3.7 3.1 3.2 4.9 4.4 4.6 4.5 4.8
16 years 5.7 5.4 5.2 4.6 4.9 3.3 3.4 3.1 3.6 3.0 4.1 3.7 3.8 3.6 3.3 5.3 5.1 4.5 4.8 4.8
17 years 5.3 5.2 5.3 4.4 4.5 2.5 2.0 2.1 2.5 2.0 2.8 2.5 2.9 2.6 2.4 5.0 5.1 4.3 4.4 4.7
18 years 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.5 0.5 <.1 <.1 <.1 <.1 <.1 9.4 9.1 9.8 8.5 8.4 1.0 1.0 0.9 0.8 0.6
19 years 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.3 0.4
20+ years 0.0 <.1 <.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 <.1 <.1 0.1 <.1 <.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 <.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Race/Ethnicity of Children in Foster Care (%)
  In Foster Care on 10/1 FY Entered Foster Care in FY Exited Foster Care in FY In Foster Care on 9/30 FY
  2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Alaska Native / American Indian 4.7 4.8 4.9 5.1 4.4 4.6 4.5 4.7 3.4 4.0 4.1 4.5 4.5 5.1 4.5 4.9 4.8 5.0 4.3 4.1
Asian 0.5 0.3 0.5 0.4 0.6 0.2 0.7 0.6 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.3 0.6 0.4 0.7 0.3 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6
Black 4.6 4.8 4.3 4.1 4.1 4.0 3.7 3.4 3.9 2.9 4.0 4.0 4.3 3.8 2.7 4.6 4.5 3.9 4.1 4.2
Native Hawaiian / Other Pacific Islander 0.1 0.1 0.4 0.2 0.4 0.2 0.6 0.4 0.7 0.8 0.3 <.1 0.6 0.4 0.4 0.1 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.6
Hispanic (of any race) 16.4 16.3 16.2 16.4 16.7 16.9 15.6 16.0 15.3 19.1 16.3 17.1 16.9 16.0 17.2 16.7 15.6 15.8 16.0 17.6
White 62.4 64.3 64.2 64.2 63.3 65.6 64.8 63.0 59.1 58.6 63.7 64.6 63.6 64.6 64.5 63.5 64.4 63.8 61.6 60.5
Two or more races 11.2 9.0 8.7 8.2 7.8 7.4 5.7 5.7 5.6 5.6 10.1 8.3 7.3 7.0 5.9 9.7 7.6 7.7 7.5 7.7
Unknown <.1 0.3 0.7 1.2 1.6 0.8 2.9 3.4 6.8 5.0 0.6 0.7 1.4 2.0 2.3 0.2 1.5 1.8 3.5 2.9
Missing data 0.0 <.1 0.1 0.3 1.1 0.2 1.6 2.9 4.5 3.5 0.2 0.3 0.8 0.6 1.8 <.1 0.7 1.3 2.1 1.8

D. Characteristics of Children "Waiting for Adoption" 11 (AFCARS Foster Care File)

Children Waiting for Adoption
  2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Total waiting children 1,757 1,666 1,613 1,792 1,657
Number of waiting children whose parents' rights have been terminated 1,394 1,236 1,197 1,256 1,258

11 There is no federal definition for a child waiting to be adopted. The definition used in the tables on this page includes children and youth through age 17 who have a goal of adoption and/or whose parents' parental rights have been terminated. It excludes children 16 years old and older whose parents' parental rights have been terminated and who have a goal of emancipation. A state's own definition may differ from that used here.  Back

Age of Children Waiting for Adoption (%) 12
  2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Under 1 year 1.1 0.8 0.9 0.9 1.4
1 year 8.4 7.2 7.7 7.6 7.7
2 years 9.6 11.1 9.4 11.5 10.7
3 years 7.4 8.0 9.5 9.8 9.8
4 years 6.7 7.4 8.5 7.6 8.1
5 years 7.1 7.8 6.2 8.4 7.6
6 years 6.3 5.7 6.6 7.1 7.3
7 years 6.9 5.5 5.1 6.5 6.4
8 years 5.9 6.1 4.8 4.9 5.5
9 years 5.5 5.5 5.2 4.4 4.7
10 years 5.1 4.9 5.5 4.9 3.9
11 years 4.4 4.7 4.3 4.0 4.2
12 years 4.4 4.0 4.4 3.8 3.5
13 years 4.2 4.7 4.4 4.0 3.5
14 years 3.5 4.7 5.0 3.3 3.8
15 years 4.6 3.5 5.0 3.7 3.6
16 years 4.0 4.1 3.8 4.2 4.1
17 years 4.9 4.1 3.6 3.4 4.0

12 Children older than 17 years fall outside of the definition used to identify waiting children and are therefore excluded from this table.  Back

Race/Ethnicity of Children Waiting for Adoption (%)
  2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Alaska Native / American Indian 1.2 1.4 1.1 1.2 0.9
Asian 0.2 <.1 0.0 0.2 0.2
Black 4.8 4.9 3.8 3.6 4.2
Native Hawaiian / Other Pacific Islander 0.0 0.2 0.2 0.3 <.1
Hispanic (of any race) 17.0 14.9 14.1 16.1 17.1
White 65.1 68.5 71.0 68.1 65.8
Two or more races 11.8 9.8 9.1 9.0 9.4
Unknown 0.0 0.2 0.5 1.3 1.4
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.2 0.9

E. Characteristics of Children Adopted (AFCARS Adoption File)

Children Adopted
  2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Total children adopted 835 768 707 679 792
Age of Children Adopted (%)
  2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Under 1 year 1.6 2.0 3.0 2.7 1.5
1 year 7.5 5.7 5.1 4.7 5.4
2 years 15.0 15.6 14.3 14.3 16.2
3 years 9.6 9.6 12.2 11.6 14.3
4 years 11.3 9.4 9.2 11.5 10.1
5 years 9.0 7.4 9.3 8.4 9.1
6 years 9.6 7.7 7.4 6.8 7.8
7 years 7.5 7.2 7.2 5.9 6.8
8 years 5.6 8.1 7.1 4.9 4.2
9 years 5.1 6.1 6.1 4.6 5.8
10 years 4.8 5.2 4.1 6.5 3.5
11 years 3.7 4.4 4.4 6.0 4.0
12 years 2.6 3.3 3.1 3.1 3.5
13 years 1.8 2.6 2.3 2.8 2.8
14 years 2.4 1.3 2.3 2.2 1.9
15 years 0.6 1.2 1.3 1.8 0.6
16 years 1.7 1.6 0.7 0.9 1.3
17 years 0.6 1.3 1.1 1.5 1.0
18 years 0.0 0.4 0.0 0.0 0.1
19 years 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
20+ years 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Race/Ethnicity of Children Adopted (%)
  2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Alaska Native / American Indian 0.7 1.0 1.6 1.0 1.4
Asian 0.2 0.3 0.1 0.0 0.1
Black 2.5 2.2 5.0 2.9 2.7
Native Hawaiian / Other Pacific Islander 0.6 0.1 0.3 0.1 0.5
Hispanic (of any race) 14.7 16.8 16.4 13.5 16.5
White 69.6 69.5 66.1 74.2 69.4
Two or more races 11.6 10.0 9.8 7.7 8.3
Unknown 0.0 0.0 0.4 0.1 0.9
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.4 0.3 0.1

Oregon [Outcomes Data]

Reduce Recurrence of Child Abuse and/or Neglect (NCANDS)

Recurrence of Maltreatment Within 6 Months (%)
  2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Children without a recurrence 94.9 94.4 94.0 94.5 93.7
Children with one or more recurrences 5.1 5.6 6.0 5.5 6.3
Number 5,267 5,352 6,108 6,004 6,312

Reduce the Incidence of Child Abuse and/or Neglect in Foster Care (NCANDS and AFCARS Foster Care File)

2.1 Maltreatment in Foster Care (%)
  2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Children maltreated while in foster care 0.72 0.83 0.98 0.76 0.88
Children not maltreated while in foster care 99.28 99.17 99.02 99.24 99.12
Number 10,899 10,816 11,149 10,912 10,342

Increase Permanency for Children in Foster Care (AFCARS Foster Care File)

3.1 Exits of Children From Foster Care (%)
  2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Adoption 23.2 23.3 20.7 19.4 22.6
Guardianship 9.1 8.0 13.6 13.7 12.6
Reunification 55.0 56.5 53.1 56.4 54.7
Other 12.8 12.2 12.5 10.5 10.1
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Number 3,511 3,185 3,177 3,335 3,348
Exits of Children With a Diagnosed Disability (%)
  2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Adoption 21.2 22.2 13.1 20.9 16.1
Guardianship 7.0 6.3 12.2 13.1 11.6
Reunification 33.3 32.6 26.6 23.3 23.9
Other 38.6 38.9 48.1 42.7 48.4
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Number 345 270 237 206 155
Exits of Children Older than Age 12 at Entry Into Foster Care (%)
  2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Adoption 0.8 1.9 0.2 1.3 1.1
Guardianship 7.3 7.1 10.0 9.8 11.4
Reunification 48.0 46.4 43.8 45.7 42.1
Other 43.9 44.5 46.0 43.2 45.4
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Number 654 532 578 560 542
Exits to Emancipation (%)
  2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Children age 12 or younger at entry 33.7 35.5 31.7 27.8 23.9
Children older than 12 at entry 66.3 64.5 68.3 72.2 76.1
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Number 344 301 322 295 293
Exits by Race/Ethnicity (%)
  Alaska Native / American Indian Asian Black (non-Hispanic)
  2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Adoption 4.9 6.9 7.7 3.6 6.7 8.7 20.0 5.0 0.0 4.5 14.8 12.5 24.8 15.0 22.5
Guardianship 25.7 20.1 35.0 32.0 39.3 26.1 10.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 6.3 5.5 8.0 15.7 12.4
Reunification 54.9 55.6 43.4 55.6 45.3 60.9 60.0 75.0 73.3 77.3 53.5 49.2 44.5 40.9 50.6
Other 14.6 17.4 14.0 8.9 8.7 4.3 10.0 20.0 26.7 18.2 25.4 32.8 22.6 28.3 14.6
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Number 144 144 143 169 150 23 10 20 15 22 142 128 137 127 89
Exits by Race/Ethnicity (%)
  Native Hawaiian/Other Pac. Is. Hispanic (of any race) White (non-Hispanic)
  2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Adoption 45.5 0.0 10.5 7.7 26.7 20.8 23.1 20.3 16.7 22.2 24.9 24.7 21.3 22.4 24.3
Guardianship 9.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 7.4 7.7 14.0 12.9 13.3 8.0 7.6 12.4 12.8 11.6
Reunification 36.4 100.0 73.7 84.6 60.0 61.6 60.6 56.2 60.9 55.1 54.9 56.4 54.3 55.1 54.7
Other 9.1 0.0 15.8 7.7 13.3 10.2 8.6 9.5 9.6 9.4 12.2 11.3 11.9 9.7 9.4
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Number 11 3 19 13 15 571 546 537 534 577 2,237 2,056 2,020 2,155 2,161
Exits by Race/Ethnicity (%)
  Unable to Determine Two or More Races Missing Data
  2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Adoption 0.0 0.0 6.8 1.5 9.0 28.8 30.2 28.8 20.9 31.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Guardianship 4.5 0.0 9.1 3.0 2.6 13.0 7.2 16.7 14.5 11.7 0.0 0.0 12.5 9.5 1.7
Reunification 86.4 86.4 75.0 89.4 80.8 42.9 48.7 39.1 54.5 41.3 85.7 81.8 54.2 61.9 78.3
Other 9.1 13.6 9.1 6.1 7.7 15.3 14.0 15.5 10.2 15.8 14.3 18.2 33.3 28.6 20.0
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Number 22 22 44 66 78 354 265 233 235 196 7 11 24 21 60

Reduce Time to Reunification Without Increasing Reentry (AFCARS Foster Care File)

Time to Reunification (%)
  2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Less than 12 mos. 56.5 53.4 53.0 52.8 47.3
At least 12 mos., but less than 24 mos. 29.7 34.9 35.0 33.5 35.8
At least 24 mos., but less than 36 mos. 8.9 7.8 8.9 9.7 12.1
At least 36 mos., but less than 48 mos. 2.5 2.4 1.6 2.6 3.5
48 or more mos. 2.3 1.4 1.5 1.4 1.3
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Number 1,930 1,800 1,688 1,880 1,830
Children Reentering Foster Care (%)
  2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Children entering care for the first time 77.9 78.2 80.1 79.3 78.8
Children reentering care within 12 mos. of a prior episode 8.8 8.2 5.9 7.4 7.1
Children reentering care more than 12 mos. after a prior episode 13.3 13.6 14.0 13.3 14.2
Missing data <.1 0.0 <.1 0.0 0.0
Number 3,914 3,865 4,138 3,566 3,329

Reduce Time in Foster Care to Adoption (AFCARS Foster Care File)

Time to Adoption (%)
  2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Less than 12 mos. 0.5 0.3 0.8 0.3 0.3
At least 12 mos., but less than 24 mos. 16.0 12.5 10.5 11.6 12.2
At least 24 mos., but less than 36 mos. 37.6 37.1 38.8 38.6 36.6
At least 36 mos., but less than 48 mos. 26.0 25.7 30.2 30.4 30.4
48 or more mos. 19.9 24.4 19.8 19.1 20.6
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Number 813 742 658 648 757

Increase Placement Stability (AFCARS Foster Care File)

Number of Placements by Time in Care (%)
  In Care Less Than 12 Months In Care at Least 12 months but Less Than 24 months In Care for 24 Months or Longer Time in Care Missing or Out of Range
  2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Children with 2 or fewer placements 84.0 83.3 82.1 80.6 80.8 68.0 65.1 65.9 66.0 65.9 39.6 40.5 41.5 41.5 42.9 100.0 100.0 100.0 66.7 100.0
Children with 3 or more placements 15.8 16.5 17.7 19.1 19.0 32.0 34.9 34.1 34.0 34.1 60.4 59.5 58.5 58.5 57.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 33.3 0.0
Missing Placement setting counts 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 <.1 <.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Total number 4,470 4,390 4,607 4,074 3,778 2,652 2,930 3,015 3,190 2,735 3,765 3,479 3,526 3,645 3,815 12 17 1 3 14

Reduce Placement of Young Children in Group Homes or Institutions (AFCARS Foster Care File)

Most Recent Placement Settings of Children Who Entered Care During the Fiscal Year and Were Age 12 or Younger at the Time of This Placement (%)
  2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Group homes 0.2 0.3 <.1 0.3 0.1
Institution 1.6 1.0 1.6 1.3 1.5
Other settings 98.3 98.7 98.4 98.3 98.4
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Number 3,205 3,172 3,404 2,927 2,726