New York

New York [Context Data]

A. Context Statistics 1 2

General Child Population (Census Bureau) 3
  2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Total children under 18 years 4,181,910 4,150,467 4,113,612 4,070,693 4,028,299
Race/ethnicity (%) 4
Alaska Native / American Indian 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
Asian 7.7 7.8 7.9 8.0 8.0
Black 15.4 15.3 15.1 15.0 15.0
Native Hawaiian / Other Pacific Islander <.1 <.1 <.1 <.1 <.1
Hispanic (of any race) 24.1 24.4 24.6 24.8 25.0
White 49.0 48.7 48.4 48.2 47.9
Two or more races 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.7 3.7
Child population in poverty (%) 22.0 20.7 19.7 18.6 18.1
Child Welfare Summary 5
  2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Child maltreatment victims 66,676 65,123 71,226 68,785 67,269
Foster care entry rate 2.2 2.1 2.3 2.1 2.1
Children in foster care on 9/30 19,152 17,590 17,345 16,591 16,086
Children adopted 1,933 1,949 1,762 1,697 1,648
Caseworker Visits 6
  2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Children receiving monthly visits (%) 95 95 95 96 96
Numerator 203,136 189,852 179,891 176,158 170,596
Denominator 212,725 198,858 188,742 183,978 177,272
Children receiving visits in the home (%) 93 93 93 93 93
Numerator 189,903 177,183 167,636 164,516 158,800
Denominator 203,136 189,852 179,891 176,158 170,596

1 The source data for each table is indicated in parentheses for each section. A calendar year is the basis for data from the Census Bureau. Most of the other data on these pages are from the National Child Abuse and Neglect Data System (NCANDS) or the Adoption and Foster Care Analysis and Reporting System (AFCARS) and are based on the federal fiscal year, October 1 through September 30.  Back
2 Data that did not meet the quality standards for inclusion in the report are represented as DQ*. Incomplete data excluded from inclusion in the report are represented as --. For additional information on the data quality thresholds for the Child Welfare Outcomes Report, please reference the full report or the Child Welfare Outcomes data site.  Back
3 The total child population and data on race/ethnicity represent estimates from the Census Bureau https://www.census.gov/data/tables.html . Child poverty data are from the Census Bureau's American Community Survey (ACS).  Back
4 For race/ethnicity tables, all races exclude children of Hispanic origin. The Child Welfare Outcomes Report data site http://cwoutcomes.acf.hhs.gov/cwodatasite provides alternative race/ethnicity breakdowns in which race and ethnicity are treated as two separate categories.  Back
5 A child victim is defined as a child for whom the state determined at least one maltreatment was substantiated or indicated. This includes a child who died of child abuse and neglect. This is a change from prior years when children with dispositions of alternative response victim were included as victims. The rate for foster care entry is per 1,000 children in the state population. Data on child maltreatment victims are from NCANDS. Data on foster care entry rate, children in foster care on 9/30, and children adopted are from AFCARS.  Back
6 The reporting population subject to the caseworker visits requirements includes all children under age 18 for at least the first day of the FY (October 1) who have been in foster care for at least one full calendar month during the FY. All states have the option of using an approved sampling procedure for the caseworker visits reporting requirement.  Back

B. Child Maltreatment Data (National Child Abuse and Neglect Data System [NCANDS]) 7

Overview Maltreatment Information 8
  2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
  Number Rate Number Rate Number Rate Number Rate Number Rate
Children subject of an investigated report alleging child maltreatment 206,453 49.4 per 1,000 209,331 50.4 per 1,000 218,147 53.0 per 1,000 218,684 53.7 per 1,000 216,016 53.6 per 1,000
Total child maltreatment victims 66,676 15.9 per 1,000 65,123 15.7 per 1,000 71,226 17.3 per 1,000 68,785 16.9 per 1,000 67,269 16.7 per 1,000
Child Fatalities 108 2.6 per 100,000 95 2.3 per 100,000 127 3.1 per 100,000 118 2.9 per 100,000 69 1.7 per 100,000
Age of Child Victims (%)
  2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Under 1 year 9.9 9.8 9.3 9.6 9.6
1 year 6.2 6.2 6.1 6.1 5.9
2 years 5.8 5.9 5.8 5.9 5.7
3 years 5.5 5.7 5.6 5.5 5.6
4 years 5.6 5.5 5.6 5.5 5.4
5 years 6.1 5.8 6.0 5.9 5.8
6 years 6.5 6.1 6.1 6.0 6.1
7 years 6.0 6.2 6.2 6.0 5.9
8 years 5.6 5.6 6.0 5.9 5.7
9 years 5.2 5.4 5.3 5.5 5.5
10 years 4.7 4.7 5.0 5.3 5.5
11 years 4.7 4.8 4.8 5.1 5.3
12 years 4.7 4.6 4.9 4.9 5.1
13 years 4.9 5.0 4.9 4.9 5.0
14 years 5.3 5.2 5.0 4.9 5.1
15 years 5.5 5.5 5.3 5.1 5.2
16 years 4.9 5.1 4.9 4.8 4.6
17 years 2.6 2.8 2.9 2.8 2.6
18+ years <.1 <.1 <.1 <.1 <.1
Missing data 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Number 66,676 65,123 71,226 68,785 67,269
Race/Ethnicity of Child Victims (%)
  2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Alaska Native / American Indian 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.3
Asian 1.8 1.8 2.2 2.3 2.6
Black 27.7 26.6 27.5 27.0 28.5
Native Hawaiian / Other Pacific Islander <.1 <.1 <.1 <.1 <.1
Hispanic (of any race) 24.2 24.4 25.6 26.1 29.0
White 31.4 32.0 29.7 31.0 33.2
Two or more races 3.3 3.7 3.8 3.6 4.5
Missing data 11.1 11.0 10.9 9.6 1.9
Number 66,676 65,123 71,226 68,785 67,269
Maltreatment Types of Child Victims (%) 9
  2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Emotional abuse 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.8
Medical neglect 6.7 6.4 7.0 6.9 7.0
Neglect 109.3 109.6 109.8 110.1 110.5
Physical abuse 10.3 10.1 10.2 10.0 9.5
Sexual abuse 3.1 3.4 3.2 3.7 3.6
Sex trafficking 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Other 29.4 30.5 31.1 31.3 29.9
Number 66,676 65,123 71,226 68,785 67,269
Time to Investigation (in hours) 10
  2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Mean 9.6 10.7 12.0 12.3 12.2
Median <24 <24 <24 <24 <24

7 The unique count of child victims counts a child only once regardless of the number of times he or she was found to be a victim during the reporting year.  Back
8 The rates for Child Protective Services responses and victims are per 1,000 children under age 18; for fatalities, the rate is per 100,000 children under age 18.  Back
9 These percentages are calculated against the number of unique victims. A child may have been the victim of more than one type of maltreatment, or the same type of maltreatment more than once. As a result, the total percentages both within and across maltreatment categories may exceed 100.  Back
10 Response time is defined as the time between the report of suspected maltreatment and the first face-to-face contact with the alleged victim or with another person who can provide information on the allegation.  Back

C. Characteristics of Children in Foster Care (Adoption and Foster Care Analysis and Reporting System [AFCARS] Foster Care File)

Overview Foster Care Information
  In Foster Care on 10/1 FY Entered Foster Care in FY Exited Foster Care in FY In Foster Care on 9/30 FY
  2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Total number 18,615 18,483 16,887 16,391 15,717 9,273 8,829 9,428 8,600 8,337 8,736 9,723 8,970 8,400 7,968 19,152 17,590 17,345 16,591 16,086
Median length of stay (months) 18.9 18.7 19.1 17.1 16.9 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 16.4 16.7 16.1 15.7 16.6 18.8 19.0 17.0 16.9 17.0
Age of Children in Foster Care (%)
  In Foster Care on 10/1 FY Entered Foster Care in FY Exited Foster Care in FY In Foster Care on 9/30 FY
  2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Under 1 year 5.3 5.1 5.0 5.9 5.8 17.0 15.9 16.4 18.1 18.1 5.0 4.0 4.0 4.7 4.5 5.0 4.9 5.8 5.8 5.7
1 year 7.0 6.7 6.8 6.7 7.8 6.0 5.8 6.2 6.8 6.5 5.1 4.5 4.8 5.4 5.1 6.6 6.6 6.6 7.6 7.8
2 years 6.7 7.1 7.0 7.0 7.1 5.2 5.3 5.5 5.7 6.1 6.0 6.7 6.2 6.5 7.2 6.9 6.8 6.8 6.9 7.7
3 years 6.9 6.2 6.3 6.5 6.3 4.2 4.3 4.9 4.6 4.6 6.2 5.7 6.3 6.1 6.1 6.1 6.2 6.4 6.2 6.3
4 years 5.9 6.0 5.8 6.0 6.1 4.1 4.3 4.9 4.4 4.2 5.7 5.5 5.6 5.7 5.7 5.8 5.6 5.8 5.9 5.5
5 years 5.6 5.3 5.5 5.5 5.3 4.1 4.1 4.2 4.0 4.3 5.4 5.2 5.0 5.0 5.4 5.1 5.4 5.3 5.2 5.4
6 years 5.3 5.2 5.0 5.2 5.2 3.7 3.7 4.1 3.7 4.0 4.8 4.7 4.8 4.7 4.8 5.1 4.9 5.1 5.1 4.8
7 years 4.8 4.9 4.9 4.9 4.8 3.3 3.6 4.1 3.8 3.9 4.7 4.6 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.7 4.7 4.8 4.7 4.8
8 years 4.7 4.3 4.6 4.6 4.5 3.2 3.5 3.5 3.1 3.7 4.1 4.2 4.1 4.0 4.4 4.2 4.5 4.5 4.4 4.4
9 years 4.0 4.4 4.0 4.4 4.4 2.9 2.9 3.6 3.6 3.5 3.8 4.0 4.1 4.5 3.9 4.2 3.8 4.3 4.3 4.2
10 years 3.7 3.7 4.1 3.8 4.0 3.0 2.5 3.0 3.4 3.5 3.5 3.3 3.6 4.0 3.9 3.6 4.0 3.7 4.0 4.2
11 years 3.7 3.6 3.6 4.1 3.7 2.8 2.8 2.8 3.4 3.7 3.0 3.2 3.1 3.5 3.2 3.5 3.5 3.9 3.6 4.1
12 years 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.6 4.0 3.3 3.1 3.5 3.4 3.4 3.1 3.0 2.9 3.1 3.2 3.6 3.5 3.6 4.0 3.9
13 years 4.4 4.3 4.2 4.3 4.1 4.8 4.8 4.2 4.3 4.4 3.2 3.5 3.2 3.1 3.3 4.2 4.2 4.2 4.0 4.3
14 years 5.5 5.3 5.3 5.1 5.2 6.4 6.5 5.9 5.8 5.0 4.3 3.8 3.9 3.9 3.9 5.2 5.2 5.0 5.1 4.6
15 years 7.2 7.0 7.1 6.2 5.9 9.4 8.9 7.3 6.6 6.2 5.7 5.3 5.5 5.3 4.7 7.0 7.0 6.1 5.8 5.7
16 years 8.0 8.2 7.9 7.6 6.9 7.2 7.4 6.7 6.3 6.8 7.6 7.7 7.1 5.4 5.6 8.1 7.8 7.6 6.8 6.9
17 years 4.7 6.5 7.0 6.4 6.7 4.4 4.8 4.5 4.3 4.2 5.9 5.6 5.5 4.9 4.7 7.4 7.8 7.3 7.3 6.7
18 years 1.0 0.9 0.8 0.9 0.9 2.0 2.1 1.8 2.0 1.4 8.1 11.4 11.8 12.1 12.1 1.6 1.5 1.6 1.5 1.4
19 years 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.8 1.6 2.0 1.6 1.5 1.4 1.5 1.3 1.3 1.0 1.5 1.2 1.2 0.9 1.1 0.8
20+ years 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.5 1.3 1.7 1.5 1.2 1.0 2.3 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.2 1.0 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.8
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.9 <.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Race/Ethnicity of Children in Foster Care (%)
  In Foster Care on 10/1 FY Entered Foster Care in FY Exited Foster Care in FY In Foster Care on 9/30 FY
  2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Alaska Native / American Indian 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.3 <.1 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.3
Asian 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.1 1.0 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.4 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.4 1.2 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.1
Black 44.8 43.3 42.7 41.8 41.3 39.4 39.9 38.8 38.7 38.2 41.7 40.9 40.1 39.6 39.4 43.6 42.9 42.0 41.3 40.6
Native Hawaiian / Other Pacific Islander <.1 <.1 <.1 <.1 <.1 <.1 0.0 <.1 <.1 <.1 <.1 <.1 0.0 <.1 <.1 <.1 <.1 <.1 <.1 <.1
Hispanic (of any race) 22.9 25.3 24.7 25.3 25.7 23.4 22.8 25.3 25.7 24.1 18.1 24.0 24.4 25.1 24.5 25.3 24.7 25.2 25.6 25.4
White 22.5 22.4 23.6 23.6 24.3 27.0 27.3 26.1 26.8 28.4 28.0 25.0 26.1 25.4 27.1 22.1 23.4 23.6 24.4 25.0
Two or more races 4.4 5.5 5.8 6.5 6.9 5.6 6.7 7.0 6.7 7.3 3.4 6.1 5.7 6.1 6.6 5.5 5.8 6.5 6.8 7.2
Unknown 4.0 2.1 1.8 1.4 0.4 3.4 1.9 1.4 0.5 0.3 7.4 2.6 2.2 2.3 0.8 2.1 1.8 1.3 0.5 0.2
Missing data 0.1 0.1 0.1 <.1 <.1 <.1 <.1 0.0 <.1 <.1 <.1 <.1 <.1 <.1 <.1 0.1 0.1 <.1 <.1 <.1

D. Characteristics of Children "Waiting for Adoption" 11 (AFCARS Foster Care File)

Children Waiting for Adoption
  2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Total waiting children 5,271 4,832 4,578 4,233 3,806
Number of waiting children whose parents' rights have been terminated 2,605 2,386 2,243 2,134 1,756

11 There is no federal definition for a child waiting to be adopted. The definition used in the tables on this page includes children and youth through age 17 who have a goal of adoption and/or whose parents' parental rights have been terminated. It excludes children 16 years old and older whose parents' parental rights have been terminated and who have a goal of emancipation. A state's own definition may differ from that used here.  Back

Age of Children Waiting for Adoption (%) 12
  2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Under 1 year 0.6 0.7 0.9 0.9 0.9
1 year 6.1 6.3 5.7 7.0 6.6
2 years 9.4 9.0 9.2 9.1 10.0
3 years 8.3 8.9 8.6 8.6 8.4
4 years 8.9 7.8 7.7 8.2 7.4
5 years 7.3 7.9 7.2 6.7 7.4
6 years 7.0 6.6 7.1 7.2 5.8
7 years 6.8 6.6 6.5 6.5 6.1
8 years 6.0 6.2 5.7 5.7 6.0
9 years 6.0 5.5 5.9 5.5 5.1
10 years 4.7 5.9 5.0 5.3 5.0
11 years 4.2 4.3 5.6 4.4 5.0
12 years 4.6 4.1 4.3 5.2 4.3
13 years 4.4 4.5 4.3 4.0 5.1
14 years 4.4 4.1 4.5 4.2 4.3
15 years 4.2 4.4 4.1 4.7 4.8
16 years 4.0 3.9 4.5 3.8 4.8
17 years 3.1 3.2 2.9 3.2 3.2

12 Children older than 17 years fall outside of the definition used to identify waiting children and are therefore excluded from this table.  Back

Race/Ethnicity of Children Waiting for Adoption (%)
  2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Alaska Native / American Indian 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Asian 0.6 0.8 0.6 0.7 0.8
Black 45.1 43.8 42.4 42.3 41.0
Native Hawaiian / Other Pacific Islander 0.0 0.0 <.1 0.0 0.0
Hispanic (of any race) 24.8 24.6 24.1 23.6 23.6
White 20.9 21.8 23.8 25.6 26.1
Two or more races 5.5 6.3 6.6 6.8 8.0
Unknown 2.8 2.5 2.2 0.7 0.2
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

E. Characteristics of Children Adopted (AFCARS Adoption File)

Children Adopted
  2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Total children adopted 1,933 1,949 1,762 1,697 1,648
Age of Children Adopted (%)
  2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Under 1 year 4.1 0.5 0.7 0.5 0.5
1 year 5.0 4.1 4.3 5.2 5.6
2 years 10.2 12.5 12.6 11.4 12.7
3 years 10.6 10.7 11.9 11.4 12.0
4 years 10.8 11.0 10.3 10.0 9.9
5 years 8.6 9.6 8.1 7.5 8.9
6 years 8.0 7.4 7.9 8.5 7.9
7 years 7.2 6.6 5.7 7.3 6.6
8 years 5.5 5.9 6.2 5.5 6.1
9 years 4.7 5.3 5.6 6.8 5.8
10 years 5.2 4.6 5.2 4.9 5.1
11 years 3.9 3.8 4.3 4.8 4.1
12 years 3.3 3.2 3.6 4.0 3.8
13 years 3.1 3.5 3.5 3.1 3.1
14 years 2.7 2.9 2.3 2.7 2.4
15 years 2.5 2.2 2.6 2.8 1.9
16 years 1.9 2.3 2.1 1.4 1.9
17 years 1.3 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.3
18 years 0.8 1.1 0.4 0.1 0.4
19 years 0.3 0.6 0.2 0.0 0.0
20+ years 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.0 0.0
Race/Ethnicity of Children Adopted (%)
  2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Alaska Native / American Indian 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.1 0.2
Asian 0.6 0.4 0.7 0.8 0.5
Black 41.0 44.7 42.2 35.6 36.0
Native Hawaiian / Other Pacific Islander 0.0 0.0 0.0 <.1 0.0
Hispanic (of any race) 14.2 5.5 11.4 21.7 18.3
White 31.9 34.6 33.8 31.2 37.3
Two or more races 0.5 3.7 6.4 6.0 6.6
Unknown 11.7 10.9 5.2 4.5 1.2
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

New York [Outcomes Data]

Reduce Recurrence of Child Abuse and/or Neglect (NCANDS)

Recurrence of Maltreatment Within 6 Months (%)
  2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Children without a recurrence 88.1 87.6 87.2 87.8 87.7
Children with one or more recurrences 11.9 12.4 12.8 12.2 12.3
Number 35,498 34,806 39,066 37,589 36,258

Reduce the Incidence of Child Abuse and/or Neglect in Foster Care (NCANDS and AFCARS Foster Care File)

2.1 Maltreatment in Foster Care (%)
  2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Children maltreated while in foster care 0.76 3.13 3.28 1.68 1.50
Children not maltreated while in foster care 99.24 96.87 96.72 98.32 98.50
Number 27,890 27,314 26,316 24,991 24,054

Increase Permanency for Children in Foster Care (AFCARS Foster Care File)

3.1 Exits of Children From Foster Care (%)
  2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Adoption 21.4 20.7 19.9 20.2 20.7
Guardianship 3.4 4.8 5.4 5.1 6.0
Reunification 60.6 55.7 55.8 56.5 54.9
Other 14.2 18.5 18.8 18.0 18.1
Missing data 0.4 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.3
Number 8,736 9,723 8,971 8,400 7,968
Exits of Children With a Diagnosed Disability (%)
  2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Adoption 24.5 23.7 23.5 24.9 24.6
Guardianship 4.1 4.3 4.4 4.6 4.7
Reunification 47.8 42.7 41.5 39.8 38.6
Other 23.4 29.2 30.5 30.6 31.8
Missing data 0.2 <.1 0.1 0.1 0.2
Number 3,577 4,428 3,872 3,248 2,893
Exits of Children Older than Age 12 at Entry Into Foster Care (%)
  2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Adoption 1.0 1.0 1.1 1.3 1.7
Guardianship 0.9 0.8 1.5 1.3 1.7
Reunification 58.4 48.7 46.8 45.3 43.9
Other 39.3 49.2 50.5 52.0 52.4
Missing data 0.4 0.3 <.1 <.1 0.2
Number 2,826 3,268 3,021 2,620 2,462
Exits to Emancipation (%)
  2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Children age 12 or younger at entry 10.3 10.2 9.3 9.7 10.1
Children older than 12 at entry 89.7 89.8 90.7 90.3 89.9
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Number 1,088 1,621 1,498 1,378 1,306
Exits by Race/Ethnicity (%)
  Alaska Native / American Indian Asian Black (non-Hispanic)
  2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Adoption 33.3 22.7 16.0 11.8 12.0 9.5 4.8 13.1 12.1 8.2 20.3 19.5 19.0 18.2 18.9
Guardianship 0.0 13.6 20.0 11.8 20.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 2.6 8.2 5.0 5.3 6.4 5.9 7.1
Reunification 50.0 50.0 52.0 52.9 48.0 72.4 70.5 63.6 62.1 54.6 58.2 53.3 52.1 55.4 52.8
Other 16.7 13.6 12.0 23.5 20.0 17.1 22.9 22.2 23.3 28.9 16.3 21.8 22.4 20.4 21.1
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.1 <.1 <.1 0.2
Number 12 22 25 17 25 105 105 99 116 97 3,639 3,978 3,593 3,324 3,142
Exits by Race/Ethnicity (%)
  Native Hawaiian/Other Pac. Is. Hispanic (of any race) White (non-Hispanic)
  2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Adoption 0.0 0.0 0.0 50.0 0.0 21.9 18.2 16.7 17.5 15.4 22.5 24.7 23.5 24.9 28.5
Guardianship 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 3.1 5.0 6.8 5.4 6.7 1.7 4.2 3.0 3.8 4.2
Reunification 100.0 0.0 0.0 50.0 100.0 57.0 56.1 56.6 57.9 57.8 64.7 58.1 59.3 56.1 54.5
Other 0.0 100.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 17.9 20.6 19.9 19.2 20.0 10.5 12.6 14.0 14.6 12.2
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 <.1 <.1 <.1 0.1 0.6 0.4 0.2 0.7 0.6
Number 2 2 0 2 2 1,581 2,334 2,192 2,107 1,956 2,447 2,432 2,343 2,130 2,157
Exits by Race/Ethnicity (%)
  Unable to Determine Two or More Races Missing Data
  2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Adoption 26.8 34.6 30.3 39.8 31.7 17.3 20.1 21.8 20.0 20.7 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Guardianship 2.5 5.1 4.0 6.8 9.5 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.9 3.8 20.0 33.3 12.5 33.3 0.0
Reunification 62.8 46.5 51.7 45.0 46.0 67.1 63.1 61.4 62.5 60.0 40.0 33.3 87.5 33.3 100.0
Other 7.4 13.4 13.9 8.4 12.7 12.2 13.3 13.3 13.5 15.5 0.0 33.3 0.0 0.0 0.0
Missing data 0.6 0.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.0 0.0 40.0 0.0 0.0 33.3 0.0
Number 650 254 201 191 63 295 593 510 510 523 5 3 8 3 3

Reduce Time to Reunification Without Increasing Reentry (AFCARS Foster Care File)

Time to Reunification (%)
  2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Less than 12 mos. 60.2 58.9 61.3 61.1 60.3
At least 12 mos., but less than 24 mos. 21.6 22.6 21.1 21.2 23.1
At least 24 mos., but less than 36 mos. 8.8 9.0 8.7 8.7 8.5
At least 36 mos., but less than 48 mos. 4.4 4.1 3.8 4.4 3.3
48 or more mos. 5.0 5.3 5.2 4.4 4.8
Missing data <.1 <.1 0.0 <.1 0.0
Number 5,292 5,420 5,003 4,745 4,377
Children Reentering Foster Care (%)
  2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Children entering care for the first time 77.0 76.5 77.8 78.0 77.9
Children reentering care within 12 mos. of a prior episode 9.4 9.6 9.4 6.9 9.1
Children reentering care more than 12 mos. after a prior episode 12.2 12.1 11.3 11.1 11.9
Missing data 1.5 1.8 1.5 4.0 1.2
Number 9,273 8,829 9,428 8,600 8,337

Reduce Time in Foster Care to Adoption (AFCARS Foster Care File)

Time to Adoption (%)
  2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Less than 12 mos. 2.2 1.6 2.0 1.6 2.2
At least 12 mos., but less than 24 mos. 12.5 11.9 11.2 11.4 14.2
At least 24 mos., but less than 36 mos. 20.8 23.5 24.0 24.7 27.1
At least 36 mos., but less than 48 mos. 19.8 19.7 22.8 21.4 20.6
48 or more mos. 44.7 43.1 40.0 40.9 35.9
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Number 1,873 2,017 1,788 1,698 1,648

Increase Placement Stability (AFCARS Foster Care File)

Number of Placements by Time in Care (%)
  In Care Less Than 12 Months In Care at Least 12 months but Less Than 24 months In Care for 24 Months or Longer Time in Care Missing or Out of Range
  2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Children with 2 or fewer placements 85.6 85.0 85.0 84.0 83.0 71.2 71.0 70.8 71.5 68.7 48.4 48.2 47.8 46.9 47.3 79.5 68.4 58.2 48.4 73.5
Children with 3 or more placements 14.4 15.0 15.0 16.0 17.0 28.8 29.0 29.2 28.5 31.3 51.6 51.8 52.2 53.1 52.7 20.5 31.6 41.8 51.6 26.5
Missing Placement setting counts 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Total number 10,449 10,172 10,708 9,838 9,459 6,199 6,051 5,414 5,989 5,657 11,154 11,012 10,139 9,133 8,904 88 79 55 31 34

Reduce Placement of Young Children in Group Homes or Institutions (AFCARS Foster Care File)

Most Recent Placement Settings of Children Who Entered Care During the Fiscal Year and Were Age 12 or Younger at the Time of This Placement (%)
  2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Group homes 0.8 1.4 1.2 0.9 1.4
Institution 4.3 6.0 7.5 7.4 7.1
Other settings 93.2 91.3 90.2 90.9 91.4
Missing data 1.7 1.2 1.1 0.8 0.1
Number 5,776 5,421 6,239 5,799 5,756