New Mexico

New Mexico [Context Data]

A. Context Statistics 1 2

General Child Population (Census Bureau) 3
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Total children under 18 years 495,036 489,049 482,442 477,209 472,491
Race/ethnicity (%) 4
Alaska Native / American Indian 10.2 10.2 9.9 9.8 9.7
Asian 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.3
Black 1.6 1.6 1.7 1.8 1.8
Native Hawaiian / Other Pacific Islander <.1 <.1 <.1 <.1 <.1
Hispanic (of any race) 60.5 60.8 61.6 61.7 61.6
White 24.0 23.7 23.1 22.9 22.9
Two or more races 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.6 2.7
Child population in poverty (%) 30.1 27.2 26.3 24.9 23.1
Child Welfare Summary 5
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Child maltreatment victims 7,526 8,577 8,024 8,025 7,050
Foster care entry rate 3.8 3.9 3.5 3.0 2.5
Children in foster care on 9/30 2,610 2,657 2,508 2,326 2,120
Children adopted 306 311 297 336 281
Caseworker Visits 6
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Children receiving monthly visits (%) 98 96 96 93 96
Numerator 27,222 28,660 27,679 25,512 23,663
Denominator 27,871 29,780 28,922 27,409 24,696
Children receiving visits in the home (%) 98 97 98 98 98
Numerator 26,634 27,928 27,012 24,878 23,256
Denominator 27,222 28,660 27,679 25,512 23,663

1 The source data for each table is indicated in parentheses for each section. A calendar year is the basis for data from the Census Bureau. Most of the other data on these pages are from the National Child Abuse and Neglect Data System (NCANDS) or the Adoption and Foster Care Analysis and Reporting System (AFCARS) and are based on the federal fiscal year, October 1 through September 30.  Back
2 Data that did not meet the quality standards for inclusion in the report are represented as DQ*. Incomplete data excluded from inclusion in the report are represented as --. For additional information on the data quality thresholds for the Child Welfare Outcomes Report, please reference the full report or the Child Welfare Outcomes data site.  Back
3 The total child population and data on race/ethnicity represent estimates from the Census Bureau https://www.census.gov/data/tables.html . Child poverty data are from the Census Bureau's American Community Survey (ACS). Due to the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, the 2020 poverty estimates are not available on data.census.gov. The 2020 poverty estimates are considered experimental and can be found on the ACS Experimental Data webpage: https://www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/data/experimental-data.html.  Back
4 For race/ethnicity tables, all races exclude children of Hispanic origin. The Child Welfare Outcomes Report data site http://cwoutcomes.acf.hhs.gov/cwodatasite provides alternative race/ethnicity breakdowns in which race and ethnicity are treated as two separate categories.  Back
5 A child victim is defined as a child for whom the state determined at least one maltreatment was substantiated or indicated. This includes a child who died of child abuse and neglect. This is a change from prior years when children with dispositions of alternative response victim were included as victims. The rate for foster care entry is per 1,000 children in the state population. Data on child maltreatment victims are from NCANDS. Data on foster care entry rate, children in foster care on 9/30, and children adopted are from AFCARS.  Back
6 The reporting population subject to the caseworker visits requirements includes all children under age 18 for at least the first day of the FY (October 1) who have been in foster care for at least one full calendar month during the FY. All states have the option of using an approved sampling procedure for the caseworker visits reporting requirement.  Back

B. Child Maltreatment Data (National Child Abuse and Neglect Data System [NCANDS]) 7

Overview Maltreatment Information 8
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
  Number Rate Number Rate Number Rate Number Rate Number Rate
Children subject of an investigated report alleging child maltreatment 23,656 47.8 per 1,000 26,597 54.4 per 1,000 25,774 53.4 per 1,000 26,040 54.6 per 1,000 25,980 55.0 per 1,000
Total child maltreatment victims 7,526 15.2 per 1,000 8,577 17.5 per 1,000 8,024 16.6 per 1,000 8,025 16.8 per 1,000 7,050 14.9 per 1,000
Child Fatalities 11 2.2 per 100,000 16 3.3 per 100,000 12 2.5 per 100,000 11 2.3 per 100,000 13 2.8 per 100,000
Age of Child Victims (%)
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Under 1 year 14.2 14.3 13.9 13.9 13.0
1 year 6.6 6.5 6.0 6.1 5.8
2 years 6.4 6.0 6.0 5.6 5.7
3 years 5.6 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.7
4 years 5.4 5.4 5.4 5.6 5.8
5 years 5.6 6.1 5.7 5.8 5.8
6 years 6.8 6.1 5.9 6.1 6.2
7 years 6.3 5.9 5.7 5.9 5.6
8 years 6.3 6.4 6.2 5.8 6.0
9 years 5.4 6.1 5.7 6.0 5.0
10 years 5.3 5.1 5.7 5.9 5.4
11 years 4.6 5.1 5.7 5.1 5.0
12 years 4.3 4.3 4.7 4.3 5.0
13 years 4.0 4.1 4.4 4.5 4.8
14 years 4.0 3.6 3.9 4.2 4.3
15 years 3.3 3.7 4.1 3.4 4.0
16 years 3.4 3.0 2.8 3.2 3.3
17 years 1.8 2.2 2.1 2.3 2.4
18+ years 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Missing data 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.8 1.2
Number 7,526 8,577 8,024 8,025 7,050
Race/Ethnicity of Child Victims (%)
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Alaska Native / American Indian 7.9 8.6 9.0 9.8 10.5
Asian <.1 0.0 0.1 0.2 0.1
Black 2.1 2.7 3.1 3.0 2.9
Native Hawaiian / Other Pacific Islander <.1 0.0 <.1 <.1 <.1
Hispanic (of any race) 63.0 61.3 59.8 59.1 57.6
White 21.6 21.5 20.7 19.0 18.1
Two or more races 1.8 1.4 1.8 1.8 1.9
Missing data 3.6 4.4 5.4 7.2 8.9
Number 7,526 8,577 8,024 8,025 7,050
Maltreatment Types of Child Victims (%) 9
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Emotional abuse 24.9 29.5 30.0 29.0 30.2
Medical neglect 3.9 3.6 3.4 3.4 3.3
Neglect 92.9 92.0 90.2 95.5 94.9
Physical abuse 12.7 12.7 12.6 12.6 14.2
Sexual abuse 2.6 2.6 3.8 2.8 3.8
Sex trafficking 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Other 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Number 7,526 8,577 8,024 8,025 7,050
Time to Investigation (in hours) 10
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Mean 77.7 90.3 72.6 100.3 123.1
Median >24 but <48 >24 but <48 >24 but <48 >24 but <48 >24 but <48

7 The unique count of child victims counts a child only once regardless of the number of times he or she was found to be a victim during the reporting year.  Back
8 The rates for Child Protective Services responses and victims are per 1,000 children under age 18; for fatalities, the rate is per 100,000 children under age 18.  Back
9 These percentages are calculated against the number of unique victims. A child may have been the victim of more than one type of maltreatment, or the same type of maltreatment more than once. As a result, the total percentages both within and across maltreatment categories may exceed 100.  Back
10 Response time is defined as the time between the report of suspected maltreatment and the first face-to-face contact with the alleged victim or with another person who can provide information on the allegation.  Back

C. Characteristics of Children in Foster Care (Adoption and Foster Care Analysis and Reporting System [AFCARS] Foster Care File)

Overview Foster Care Information
  In Foster Care on 10/1 FY Entered Foster Care in FY Exited Foster Care in FY In Foster Care on 9/30 FY
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Total number 2,453 2,577 2,620 2,486 2,305 1,872 1,902 1,679 1,447 1,184 1,715 1,824 1,793 1,609 1,372 2,610 2,657 2,508 2,326 2,120
Median length of stay (months) 14.2 15.5 16.7 18.1 19.3 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 6.5 5.6 10.5 12.2 16.8 15.5 16.7 18.0 19.2 18.9
Age of Children in Foster Care (%)
  In Foster Care on 10/1 FY Entered Foster Care in FY Exited Foster Care in FY In Foster Care on 9/30 FY
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Under 1 year 6.1 5.5 4.9 5.4 5.2 15.9 14.8 15.1 16.2 17.1 5.0 6.0 4.7 5.0 3.4 5.5 5.0 5.5 5.2 6.2
1 year 8.7 9.2 7.4 7.6 6.8 8.2 8.1 7.6 7.5 7.5 7.8 7.8 5.5 7.5 6.1 9.3 7.3 7.7 6.8 7.2
2 years 7.4 8.6 8.5 7.2 7.3 8.4 7.3 7.1 7.4 7.6 7.9 8.6 8.5 7.3 7.7 8.5 8.5 7.3 7.4 6.9
3 years 7.9 7.7 8.0 7.0 7.1 6.7 6.0 5.8 6.4 6.2 7.0 7.2 8.3 7.8 7.1 7.8 7.9 7.1 7.1 7.2
4 years 7.2 7.0 6.7 6.4 6.2 6.4 5.9 5.9 6.5 7.3 7.4 6.6 7.5 6.8 7.2 7.0 6.7 6.3 6.2 6.8
5 years 6.4 6.2 6.4 5.8 6.4 5.3 5.9 6.2 5.4 5.6 7.9 6.3 7.0 6.3 5.3 6.2 6.4 5.9 6.4 6.1
6 years 6.7 4.9 5.9 6.2 5.2 5.1 6.8 6.3 5.4 5.8 5.7 6.4 6.5 6.0 6.3 4.9 6.1 6.1 5.1 6.4
7 years 7.1 6.6 5.3 5.5 5.7 6.0 5.7 4.4 5.3 4.4 7.2 6.3 5.5 5.8 5.2 6.7 5.3 5.6 5.8 4.9
8 years 5.5 6.6 6.1 5.5 5.3 5.3 5.6 5.4 4.4 4.9 5.4 6.9 4.9 4.6 5.3 6.6 6.1 5.4 5.3 5.2
9 years 5.7 5.0 5.6 5.8 5.7 5.0 5.7 5.4 5.3 3.8 6.0 5.9 5.7 5.0 3.9 5.1 5.7 5.8 5.6 5.6
10 years 5.2 5.0 5.1 5.3 6.1 5.0 4.5 4.3 4.8 3.2 5.2 5.0 5.1 4.9 4.7 5.1 5.0 5.3 6.1 5.3
11 years 4.4 4.8 5.1 5.3 5.2 3.8 4.6 4.7 4.2 4.3 3.7 4.1 4.3 4.1 5.2 4.7 5.2 5.3 5.2 5.1
12 years 4.0 4.7 5.0 5.4 5.4 3.8 3.4 3.6 4.1 4.1 3.9 3.3 3.4 4.5 4.2 4.8 4.9 5.4 5.3 5.1
13 years 4.4 3.7 4.4 5.0 4.9 3.2 3.2 3.9 3.9 3.9 3.6 3.6 3.8 4.8 4.9 3.7 4.4 5.0 4.9 5.0
14 years 3.5 4.1 3.6 4.5 4.9 3.2 3.7 3.7 4.0 4.6 2.7 3.9 3.6 4.0 5.4 4.1 3.7 4.5 5.0 4.8
15 years 4.0 3.7 4.2 3.9 4.2 3.1 2.8 4.6 3.5 4.6 3.4 2.9 4.0 4.4 4.5 3.7 4.1 3.9 4.1 4.6
16 years 3.0 3.5 3.7 4.3 3.6 3.8 3.5 3.2 3.0 3.2 4.3 2.9 3.3 3.0 3.8 3.5 3.8 4.3 3.7 3.9
17 years 2.8 3.0 3.9 3.7 4.6 1.8 2.4 2.9 2.8 2.0 4.7 4.6 6.6 6.2 7.4 3.0 3.8 3.6 4.5 3.4
18 years 0.0 0.0 0.0 <.1 <.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.2 1.8 1.7 2.2 2.1 0.0 <.1 <.1 <.1 0.3
19 years 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 <.1 <.1
20+ years 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Race/Ethnicity of Children in Foster Care (%)
  In Foster Care on 10/1 FY Entered Foster Care in FY Exited Foster Care in FY In Foster Care on 9/30 FY
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Alaska Native / American Indian 9.1 8.9 7.4 6.0 5.9 8.0 9.3 8.0 8.6 9.2 8.5 11.3 9.6 8.5 6.3 8.7 7.5 6.2 5.9 7.5
Asian 0.1 <.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 <.1 0.0 0.2 0.0 <.1 0.2 <.1 0.2 0.0 <.1 <.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Black 4.0 4.1 4.6 5.1 5.1 3.5 4.2 4.8 4.5 4.2 3.5 3.4 3.9 4.5 4.8 4.0 4.6 5.3 5.2 4.8
Native Hawaiian / Other Pacific Islander 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 <.1 0.0 <.1 0.3 0.0 <.1 0.0 <.1 <.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 <.1
Hispanic (of any race) 60.1 60.8 60.8 62.3 63.7 62.1 57.3 59.0 58.7 59.4 61.0 57.8 58.8 57.7 60.0 61.0 60.3 61.1 63.2 63.8
White 22.8 22.9 23.7 23.3 21.9 22.1 23.2 21.3 22.5 20.0 21.8 21.9 21.9 24.6 23.6 23.0 23.9 23.4 21.9 19.7
Two or more races 3.7 3.1 2.8 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.3 2.4 1.6 3.1 3.5 2.8 2.7 1.9 2.9 3.0 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.7
Unknown <.1 0.2 0.6 0.4 0.7 1.5 2.1 2.8 3.0 2.9 1.4 1.5 1.7 1.9 1.7 0.2 0.7 1.3 1.0 1.2
Missing data <.1 0.0 <.1 <.1 0.0 0.1 1.6 1.4 1.1 0.8 0.1 1.2 1.2 0.9 0.5 <.1 0.4 0.2 0.1 0.1

D. Characteristics of Children "Waiting for Adoption" 11 (AFCARS Foster Care File)

Children Waiting for Adoption
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Total waiting children 1,263 1,424 1,205 1,194 1,040
Number of waiting children whose parents' rights have been terminated 531 812 597 621 629

11 There is no federal definition for a child waiting to be adopted. The definition used in the tables on this page includes children and youth through age 17 who have a goal of adoption and/or whose parents' parental rights have been terminated. It excludes children 16 years old and older whose parents' parental rights have been terminated and who have a goal of emancipation. A state's own definition may differ from that used here.  Back

Age of Children Waiting for Adoption (%) 12
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Under 1 year 1.0 1.5 1.6 0.8 1.5
1 year 6.9 6.0 6.1 5.0 6.3
2 years 9.2 9.4 7.4 7.9 6.7
3 years 7.9 8.3 7.4 7.0 6.9
4 years 8.0 7.0 7.4 6.3 6.7
5 years 6.7 7.4 6.3 6.8 5.9
6 years 6.0 5.8 5.3 5.4 6.8
7 years 7.0 5.1 5.9 5.9 4.9
8 years 7.2 6.6 5.6 6.1 5.4
9 years 5.5 6.0 6.3 6.5 6.3
10 years 5.3 5.5 5.1 6.2 6.8
11 years 5.9 5.6 7.0 6.3 6.0
12 years 4.7 5.8 5.9 6.8 6.2
13 years 4.7 4.9 6.3 6.4 6.6
14 years 4.9 4.5 5.6 5.6 5.8
15 years 4.3 4.9 4.4 5.0 5.2
16 years 3.5 3.2 4.0 3.4 3.7
17 years 1.3 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.2

12 Children older than 17 years fall outside of the definition used to identify waiting children and are therefore excluded from this table.  Back

Race/Ethnicity of Children Waiting for Adoption (%)
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Alaska Native / American Indian 8.7 8.7 6.8 6.0 7.5
Asian 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Black 5.0 5.0 5.6 5.8 6.1
Native Hawaiian / Other Pacific Islander 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Hispanic (of any race) 58.7 61.0 62.2 63.5 62.3
White 24.2 21.7 21.9 21.0 20.5
Two or more races 3.2 3.2 2.7 3.2 2.9
Unknown 0.0 0.1 0.7 0.5 0.8
Missing data <.1 0.2 <.1 0.0 0.0

E. Characteristics of Children Adopted (AFCARS Adoption File)

Children Adopted
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Total children adopted 306 311 297 336 281
Age of Children Adopted (%)
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Under 1 year 0.0 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.0
1 year 8.2 5.8 5.7 8.0 5.7
2 years 8.5 12.2 11.1 10.4 14.6
3 years 9.2 11.3 10.1 10.1 9.6
4 years 6.9 10.3 8.4 11.6 7.5
5 years 10.8 10.0 7.7 8.6 5.3
6 years 4.2 5.5 8.1 5.4 6.8
7 years 6.9 6.4 8.4 6.0 6.8
8 years 7.5 8.7 5.1 4.8 5.0
9 years 8.2 7.1 7.1 4.5 3.6
10 years 4.2 4.5 4.7 6.3 6.4
11 years 4.9 4.5 4.4 3.3 5.3
12 years 4.2 1.9 4.7 4.8 5.0
13 years 5.2 4.5 2.7 4.5 4.3
14 years 2.6 2.3 3.7 2.4 6.8
15 years 3.9 3.5 3.7 3.6 2.5
16 years 3.9 0.6 1.3 3.0 2.8
17 years 0.3 0.3 2.4 1.8 1.4
18 years 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.6 0.7
19 years 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
20+ years 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Race/Ethnicity of Children Adopted (%)
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Alaska Native / American Indian 7.8 5.8 6.1 6.3 3.2
Asian 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Black 5.9 2.6 4.4 5.4 7.1
Native Hawaiian / Other Pacific Islander 1.0 0.3 1.0 0.0 0.0
Hispanic (of any race) 53.9 53.7 56.2 67.6 64.1
White 29.1 37.6 30.6 20.5 22.8
Two or more races 2.3 0.0 1.3 0.3 2.8
Unknown 0.0 0.0 0.3 0.0 0.0
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

New Mexico [Outcomes Data]

Reduce Recurrence of Child Abuse and/or Neglect (NCANDS)

Recurrence of Maltreatment Within 12 Months (%)
  2015-2016 2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019 2019-2020
Children without a recurrence 85.1 84.9 85.9 85.5 86.2
Children with one or more recurrences 14.9 15.1 14.1 14.5 13.8
Number 8,051 7,851 8,618 8,311 7,377

Reduce the Incidence of Child Abuse and/or Neglect in Foster Care (NCANDS and AFCARS Foster Care File)

2.1 Maltreatment in Foster Care (%)
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Children maltreated while in foster care 0.09 0.11 0.19 0.03 0.26
Children not maltreated while in foster care 99.91 99.89 99.81 99.97 99.74
Number 4,325 4,479 4,299 3,933 3,489

Increase Permanency for Children in Foster Care (AFCARS Foster Care File)

3.1 Exits of Children From Foster Care (%)
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Adoption 19.6 21.2 23.0 23.2 25.4
Guardianship 1.8 2.6 4.5 3.9 8.2
Reunification 73.2 69.5 65.1 66.8 57.9
Other 5.4 6.7 7.4 6.1 8.4
Missing data 0.0 <.1 0.0 0.0 <.1
Number 1,715 1,824 1,793 1,609 1,372
Exits of Children With a Diagnosed Disability (%)
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Adoption 43.5 41.1 46.8 45.2 35.0
Guardianship 1.2 2.8 6.6 3.5 7.6
Reunification 44.6 40.4 33.9 38.2 39.4
Other 10.7 15.7 12.7 13.1 17.8
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.3
Number 428 394 395 343 383
Exits of Children Older than Age 12 at Entry Into Foster Care (%)
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Adoption 5.5 3.6 5.1 4.3 4.9
Guardianship 1.5 2.2 3.2 1.8 5.7
Reunification 70.5 64.9 64.6 66.7 59.4
Other 22.5 29.0 27.0 27.2 29.5
Missing data 0.0 0.4 0.0 0.0 0.4
Number 271 276 311 276 244
Exits to Emancipation (%)
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Children age 12 or younger at entry 19.7 18.8 21.4 19.8 33.0
Children older than 12 at entry 80.3 81.3 78.6 80.2 67.0
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Number 66 80 98 81 91
Exits by Race/Ethnicity (%)
  Alaska Native / American Indian Asian Black (non-Hispanic)
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Adoption 15.8 11.1 13.3 21.3 10.5 33.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 18.3 17.7 21.4 23.6 19.7
Guardianship 0.7 1.4 5.2 6.6 10.5 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 5.7 1.4 3.0
Reunification 70.5 75.8 61.8 68.4 62.8 66.7 100.0 100.0 0.0 100.0 78.3 75.8 67.1 72.2 59.1
Other 13.0 11.6 19.7 3.7 16.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 3.3 6.5 5.7 2.8 18.2
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Number 146 207 173 136 86 3 1 3 0 1 60 62 70 72 66
Exits by Race/Ethnicity (%)
  Native Hawaiian/Other Pac. Is. Hispanic (of any race) White (non-Hispanic)
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Adoption 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 19.9 24.5 23.6 25.2 28.8 20.9 21.3 28.0 22.2 23.8
Guardianship 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.4 2.3 4.1 3.7 9.6 1.1 5.0 4.8 4.0 6.5
Reunification 0.0 100.0 0.0 100.0 100.0 73.0 68.0 65.8 64.5 54.7 73.8 65.4 61.1 66.9 61.4
Other 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 4.7 5.2 6.5 6.7 6.8 4.3 8.3 6.1 6.8 8.3
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Number 0 1 0 1 1 1,046 1,055 1,054 929 823 374 399 393 396 324
Exits by Race/Ethnicity (%)
  Unable to Determine Two or More Races Missing Data
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Adoption 0.0 0.0 3.3 0.0 8.3 25.0 15.7 28.6 16.7 25.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Guardianship 0.0 0.0 3.3 0.0 4.2 1.7 2.0 8.2 0.0 2.5 0.0 0.0 0.0 20.0 0.0
Reunification 100.0 96.3 93.3 100.0 83.3 63.3 72.5 57.1 80.0 60.0 100.0 95.2 100.0 73.3 100.0
Other 0.0 3.7 0.0 0.0 4.2 10.0 7.8 6.1 3.3 12.5 0.0 4.8 0.0 6.7 0.0
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Number 24 27 30 30 24 60 51 49 30 40 2 21 21 15 7

Reduce Time to Reunification Without Increasing Reentry (AFCARS Foster Care File)

Time to Reunification (%)
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Less than 12 mos. 75.2 77.2 75.1 70.3 65.9
At least 12 mos., but less than 24 mos. 19.3 15.7 14.3 19.8 20.9
At least 24 mos., but less than 36 mos. 4.1 4.8 6.8 6.9 7.9
At least 36 mos., but less than 48 mos. 1.1 1.7 2.5 1.5 3.5
48 or more mos. 0.3 0.2 0.8 1.3 1.8
Missing data <.1 0.4 0.5 0.2 0.0
Number 1,256 1,267 1,168 1,075 795
Children Reentering Foster Care (%)
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Children entering care for the first time 83.4 81.8 79.4 79.8 81.4
Children reentering care within 12 mos. of a prior episode 7.1 8.6 8.7 8.4 6.8
Children reentering care more than 12 mos. after a prior episode 9.2 8.7 11.4 11.3 11.6
Missing data 0.3 0.9 0.5 0.6 0.3
Number 1,872 1,902 1,679 1,447 1,184

Reduce Time in Foster Care to Adoption (AFCARS Foster Care File)

Time to Adoption (%)
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Less than 12 mos. 0.6 1.3 0.7 1.1 0.0
At least 12 mos., but less than 24 mos. 19.3 26.4 21.8 18.0 15.8
At least 24 mos., but less than 36 mos. 36.9 34.5 33.3 32.4 25.3
At least 36 mos., but less than 48 mos. 24.1 17.6 20.4 17.4 29.3
48 or more mos. 19.0 19.7 23.5 31.1 28.7
Missing data 0.0 0.5 0.2 0.0 0.9
Number 336 386 412 373 348

Increase Placement Stability (AFCARS Foster Care File)

Number of Placements by Time in Care (%)
  In Care Less Than 12 Months In Care at Least 12 months but Less Than 24 months In Care for 24 Months or Longer Time in Care Missing or Out of Range
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Children with 2 or fewer placements 82.3 84.4 82.6 81.3 84.2 50.6 51.9 54.4 48.4 52.5 25.9 28.7 29.6 31.4 29.6 93.3 83.3 100.0 100.0 100.0
Children with 3 or more placements 17.6 15.6 17.4 18.7 15.8 49.4 48.1 45.6 51.6 47.5 74.1 71.3 70.4 68.6 70.4 6.7 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Missing Placement setting counts <.1 0.0 <.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 16.7 0.0 0.0 0.0
Total number 2,013 2,026 1,801 1,564 1,306 1,054 1,050 996 902 775 1,243 1,397 1,495 1,464 1,397 15 6 7 3 11

Reduce Placement of Young Children in Group Homes or Institutions (AFCARS Foster Care File)

Most Recent Placement Settings of Children Who Entered Care During the Fiscal Year and Were Age 12 or Younger at the Time of This Placement (%)
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Group homes 4.4 4.3 2.4 2.3 3.9
Institution 1.1 0.6 1.2 0.5 0.5
Other settings 94.6 95.1 96.4 97.2 95.5
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Number 1,586 1,598 1,369 1,196 963