Michigan

Michigan [Context Data]

A. Context Statistics 1 2

General Child Population (Census Bureau) 3
  2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Total children under 18 years 2,245,718 2,226,211 2,205,616 2,189,505 2,176,649
Race/ethnicity (%) 4
Alaska Native / American Indian 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6
Asian 2.9 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3
Black 16.2 16.1 16.1 16.1 16.0
Native Hawaiian / Other Pacific Islander <.1 <.1 <.1 <.1 <.1
Hispanic (of any race) 7.9 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3
White 68.1 67.8 67.6 67.4 67.1
Two or more races 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 4.7
Child population in poverty (%) 23.8 22.6 22.4 20.7 19.7
Child Welfare Summary 5
  2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Child maltreatment victims 33,938 30,705 34,729 37,293 38,064
Foster care entry rate 3.4 3.5 2.8 3.0 3.1
Children in foster care on 9/30 14,615 13,511 11,977 11,599 11,918
Children adopted 2,374 2,184 1,772 2,078 1,970
Caseworker Visits 6
  2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Children receiving monthly visits (%) 95 96 97 97 96
Numerator 3,115 3,314 3,015 2,854 135,062
Denominator 3,290 3,440 3,117 2,940 140,103
Children receiving visits in the home (%) 88 84 73 98 98
Numerator 2,747 2,777 2,214 2,793 132,421
Denominator 3,115 3,314 3,015 2,854 135,062

1 The source data for each table is indicated in parentheses for each section. A calendar year is the basis for data from the Census Bureau. Most of the other data on these pages are from the National Child Abuse and Neglect Data System (NCANDS) or the Adoption and Foster Care Analysis and Reporting System (AFCARS) and are based on the federal fiscal year, October 1 through September 30.  Back
2 Data that did not meet the quality standards for inclusion in the report are represented as DQ*. Incomplete data excluded from inclusion in the report are represented as --. For additional information on the data quality thresholds for the Child Welfare Outcomes Report, please reference the full report or the Child Welfare Outcomes data site.  Back
3 The total child population and data on race/ethnicity represent estimates from the Census Bureau https://www.census.gov/data/tables.html . Child poverty data are from the Census Bureau's American Community Survey (ACS).  Back
4 For race/ethnicity tables, all races exclude children of Hispanic origin. The Child Welfare Outcomes Report data site http://cwoutcomes.acf.hhs.gov/cwodatasite provides alternative race/ethnicity breakdowns in which race and ethnicity are treated as two separate categories.  Back
5 A child victim is defined as a child for whom the state determined at least one maltreatment was substantiated or indicated. This includes a child who died of child abuse and neglect. This is a change from prior years when children with dispositions of alternative response victim were included as victims. The rate for foster care entry is per 1,000 children in the state population. Data on child maltreatment victims are from NCANDS. Data on foster care entry rate, children in foster care on 9/30, and children adopted are from AFCARS.  Back
6 The reporting population subject to the caseworker visits requirements includes all children under age 18 for at least the first day of the FY (October 1) who have been in foster care for at least one full calendar month during the FY. All states have the option of using an approved sampling procedure for the caseworker visits reporting requirement.  Back

B. Child Maltreatment Data (National Child Abuse and Neglect Data System [NCANDS]) 7

Overview Maltreatment Information 8
  2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
  Number Rate Number Rate Number Rate Number Rate Number Rate
Children subject of an investigated report alleging child maltreatment 170,290 75.8 per 1,000 152,411 68.5 per 1,000 147,431 66.8 per 1,000 149,936 68.5 per 1,000 150,909 69.3 per 1,000
Total child maltreatment victims 33,938 15.1 per 1,000 30,705 13.8 per 1,000 34,729 15.7 per 1,000 37,293 17.0 per 1,000 38,064 17.5 per 1,000
Child Fatalities 59 2.6 per 100,000 76 3.4 per 100,000 83 3.8 per 100,000 85 3.9 per 100,000 51 2.3 per 100,000
Age of Child Victims (%)
  2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Under 1 year 17.9 19.3 20.4 20.7 21.5
1 year 6.4 6.9 6.7 6.7 6.7
2 years 6.6 6.4 6.5 6.7 6.2
3 years 6.1 5.8 6.1 6.0 6.2
4 years 6.3 5.9 5.7 5.6 5.5
5 years 6.2 5.9 5.7 5.5 5.7
6 years 5.6 5.8 5.6 5.4 5.3
7 years 5.3 5.4 5.2 5.1 5.1
8 years 5.0 4.8 5.1 5.0 5.0
9 years 4.7 4.6 4.4 4.7 4.5
10 years 4.3 4.3 4.1 4.2 4.3
11 years 4.2 3.8 3.8 3.9 3.9
12 years 4.0 3.9 3.9 3.9 3.9
13 years 4.0 4.0 3.8 3.9 3.9
14 years 4.3 3.9 3.9 3.9 3.7
15 years 3.9 3.8 3.9 3.7 3.6
16 years 3.2 3.2 3.2 3.1 3.1
17 years 1.9 1.9 1.9 2.1 2.0
18+ years 0.0 <.1 0.0 0.0 0.0
Missing data 0.1 0.4 0.2 0.2 0.3
Number 33,938 30,705 34,729 37,293 38,064
Race/Ethnicity of Child Victims (%)
  2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Alaska Native / American Indian 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.4
Asian 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.3 0.3
Black 24.5 22.0 17.6 25.2 27.4
Native Hawaiian / Other Pacific Islander 0.0 <.1 <.1 <.1 <.1
Hispanic (of any race) 5.0 4.7 4.7 7.2 7.3
White 59.7 54.5 42.5 52.2 54.0
Two or more races 8.6 7.9 7.1 8.4 9.3
Missing data 1.5 10.2 27.6 6.3 1.4
Number 33,938 30,705 34,729 37,293 38,064
Maltreatment Types of Child Victims (%) 9
  2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Emotional abuse 46.4 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4
Medical neglect 2.8 2.3 1.8 2.1 1.9
Neglect 90.9 89.1 86.1 85.5 85.2
Physical abuse 26.2 25.0 23.9 23.8 25.2
Sexual abuse 4.0 3.2 3.2 3.1 3.7
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Other 42.7 <.1 0.2 <.1 0.0
Number 33,938 30,705 34,729 37,293 38,064
Time to Investigation (in hours) 10
  2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Mean 36.5 41.7 41.4 41.3 32.2
Median >24 but<48 <24 <24 <24 <24

7 The unique count of child victims counts a child only once regardless of the number of times he or she was found to be a victim during the reporting year.  Back
8 The rates for Child Protective Services responses and victims are per 1,000 children under age 18; for fatalities, the rate is per 100,000 children under age 18.  Back
9 These percentages are calculated against the number of unique victims. A child may have been the victim of more than one type of maltreatment, or the same type of maltreatment more than once. As a result, the total percentages both within and across maltreatment categories may exceed 100.  Back
10 Response time is defined as the time between the report of suspected maltreatment and the first face-to-face contact with the alleged victim or with another person who can provide information on the allegation.  Back

C. Characteristics of Children in Foster Care (Adoption and Foster Care Analysis and Reporting System [AFCARS] Foster Care File)

Overview Foster Care Information
  In Foster Care on 10/1 FY Entered Foster Care in FY Exited Foster Care in FY In Foster Care on 9/30 FY
  2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Total number 14,545 13,381 13,184 11,682 11,376 7,716 7,793 6,217 6,512 6,854 7,646 7,666 7,427 6,595 6,312 14,615 13,511 11,977 11,599 11,918
Median length of stay (months) 13.9 12.2 12.9 13.4 12.8 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 18.6 17.9 18.7 19.5 18.2 13.1 11.5 13.6 12.5 12.2
Age of Children in Foster Care (%)
  In Foster Care on 10/1 FY Entered Foster Care in FY Exited Foster Care in FY In Foster Care on 9/30 FY
  2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Under 1 year 6.2 7.2 7.7 8.0 8.2 18.9 19.4 22.2 20.8 19.9 3.5 3.0 2.9 3.5 3.7 6.9 8.2 8.0 8.2 7.8
1 year 7.3 8.0 8.4 10.0 9.5 7.2 7.3 7.6 7.7 7.2 7.9 8.6 8.0 9.3 8.9 7.5 8.4 9.9 9.4 9.5
2 years 6.8 6.9 7.1 8.1 8.5 6.5 6.0 6.8 6.9 7.3 7.7 7.6 7.3 9.3 9.0 6.6 6.9 8.1 8.5 8.3
3 years 5.9 6.7 6.4 7.2 7.1 6.0 5.8 6.2 5.6 5.8 7.1 7.0 6.2 7.5 8.2 6.4 6.2 7.1 7.1 7.3
4 years 5.3 5.8 5.8 6.2 6.4 5.7 5.1 5.4 5.6 5.4 6.3 6.4 5.6 6.2 6.7 5.5 5.6 6.2 6.4 6.0
5 years 4.7 5.3 5.5 5.9 5.6 5.4 4.8 5.3 4.8 5.3 5.2 5.4 5.5 5.8 6.2 5.1 5.3 5.8 5.6 5.9
6 years 4.3 5.0 5.1 5.5 5.3 4.7 4.2 4.9 4.9 4.9 5.2 5.2 5.3 6.1 5.4 4.7 4.9 5.4 5.4 5.1
7 years 3.9 4.3 4.7 5.0 4.9 4.1 3.9 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.3 4.9 4.6 5.4 4.6 4.0 4.5 4.9 4.9 4.9
8 years 3.7 4.1 4.2 4.8 4.4 4.1 3.6 3.9 3.9 4.4 3.9 3.9 4.1 4.7 4.8 3.8 4.0 4.8 4.5 4.8
9 years 3.2 3.8 3.9 4.2 4.4 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.7 3.9 4.1 3.9 3.8 4.4 4.2 3.6 3.7 4.2 4.4 4.5
10 years 3.1 3.1 3.7 3.6 3.9 3.1 3.2 3.1 3.3 3.7 3.3 3.0 3.6 3.7 3.9 2.9 3.6 3.5 3.8 3.8
11 years 3.2 3.2 3.3 3.5 3.5 3.0 2.7 3.3 3.3 3.4 3.3 3.0 3.5 3.1 3.4 3.0 3.2 3.5 3.5 3.9
12 years 3.1 3.1 3.2 3.2 3.5 2.9 2.9 2.9 3.2 3.6 3.3 2.8 3.2 3.2 3.3 2.9 3.0 3.1 3.5 3.7
13 years 3.6 3.2 3.6 3.4 3.4 3.7 3.9 3.4 3.5 3.3 3.3 2.6 3.2 2.5 3.1 3.1 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.6
14 years 4.4 4.2 4.3 4.0 4.2 5.0 4.9 4.2 4.4 3.8 3.1 2.8 3.8 3.1 2.7 4.1 4.3 4.0 4.2 3.8
15 years 5.9 5.7 5.4 4.4 4.7 5.5 5.9 4.3 4.3 4.0 3.8 4.0 4.9 3.0 3.0 5.4 5.4 4.3 4.7 4.6
16 years 7.6 7.2 6.9 5.0 4.9 6.2 6.4 4.2 4.3 4.2 4.8 5.0 6.4 3.0 2.8 6.8 6.8 5.0 5.0 5.4
17 years 9.0 6.9 7.0 5.7 5.6 2.7 3.5 3.3 3.4 3.5 6.6 6.9 4.8 2.8 2.8 7.0 6.5 5.8 5.6 5.5
18 years 6.3 4.8 1.8 0.7 0.7 0.4 0.9 0.3 0.6 0.6 6.1 6.0 10.3 10.4 10.8 6.0 3.8 1.0 0.5 0.4
19 years 1.4 1.1 1.1 0.6 0.8 0.7 1.3 0.4 0.8 0.7 5.6 6.2 1.0 0.9 0.6 2.5 0.8 1.0 0.6 0.6
20+ years 0.9 0.7 0.9 0.9 0.6 0.8 1.1 0.3 0.6 0.4 0.5 1.0 1.1 1.3 1.3 1.6 1.2 0.8 0.6 0.7
Missing data 0.2 <.1 <.1 <.1 <.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.0 0.8 1.0 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.3 <.1 <.1 0.0
Race/Ethnicity of Children in Foster Care (%)
  In Foster Care on 10/1 FY Entered Foster Care in FY Exited Foster Care in FY In Foster Care on 9/30 FY
  2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Alaska Native / American Indian 0.8 1.0 0.8 0.5 0.6 1.0 0.9 0.3 0.8 0.4 0.8 0.9 0.9 0.6 0.7 0.9 1.0 0.5 0.7 0.5
Asian 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.2 0.4 0.5 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.3
Black 38.0 34.0 32.7 28.5 28.7 30.0 30.8 26.4 26.7 29.1 33.5 32.3 34.1 26.2 26.5 36.1 33.1 28.6 28.8 30.0
Native Hawaiian / Other Pacific Islander <.1 <.1 0.0 0.0 <.1 0.0 <.1 0.0 <.1 <.1 <.1 <.1 0.0 0.0 <.1 0.0 <.1 0.0 <.1 <.1
Hispanic (of any race) 5.7 6.5 8.1 7.6 7.8 6.8 7.8 7.7 8.1 8.9 6.1 6.5 8.4 8.5 8.6 6.0 7.3 7.6 7.4 8.0
White 45.5 47.0 45.9 49.4 49.7 50.4 47.6 51.1 51.7 48.5 49.8 48.4 44.8 51.0 50.8 45.8 46.5 49.4 49.8 48.4
Two or more races 9.6 11.1 11.8 13.5 12.9 11.4 10.5 13.5 11.9 12.5 9.5 11.3 10.5 13.0 12.8 10.6 10.7 13.5 12.9 12.7
Unknown 0.3 0.1 0.1 <.1 <.1 0.2 1.9 0.1 0.2 <.1 0.1 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.3 1.1 <.1 0.1 <.1
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.3 0.1 <.1 0.0 0.2 0.7 0.1 <.1 0.0 <.1 0.9 0.2 <.1 0.0 <.1 0.1 <.1 <.1

D. Characteristics of Children "Waiting for Adoption" 11 (AFCARS Foster Care File)

Children Waiting for Adoption
  2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Total waiting children 3,337 4,814 5,515 3,594 3,755
Number of waiting children whose parents' rights have been terminated 2,827 4,622 5,302 3,298 3,383

11 There is no federal definition for a child waiting to be adopted. The definition used in the tables on this page includes children and youth through age 17 who have a goal of adoption and/or whose parents' parental rights have been terminated. It excludes children 16 years old and older whose parents' parental rights have been terminated and who have a goal of emancipation. A state's own definition may differ from that used here.  Back

Age of Children Waiting for Adoption (%) 12
  2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Under 1 year 5.9 9.2 8.5 4.5 3.8
1 year 9.6 10.9 12.3 9.6 10.4
2 years 8.9 8.5 9.7 10.1 8.6
3 years 7.4 7.6 8.3 8.0 7.9
4 years 6.8 7.4 6.9 7.6 6.8
5 years 6.4 6.3 7.1 6.5 6.5
6 years 5.3 5.9 6.0 5.8 5.7
7 years 4.8 5.1 5.9 5.7 5.8
8 years 4.7 4.7 5.2 5.1 5.5
9 years 4.5 4.4 4.5 5.3 4.9
10 years 3.8 4.5 3.5 4.5 4.3
11 years 4.0 3.7 3.8 3.6 4.5
12 years 4.3 3.4 3.4 4.1 4.5
13 years 3.8 4.1 3.5 4.0 4.5
14 years 4.9 3.4 3.8 4.4 4.2
15 years 5.0 4.2 3.4 5.2 5.0
16 years 5.5 3.4 2.8 3.9 4.6
17 years 4.5 3.2 1.5 2.0 2.4

12 Children older than 17 years fall outside of the definition used to identify waiting children and are therefore excluded from this table.  Back

Race/Ethnicity of Children Waiting for Adoption (%)
  2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Alaska Native / American Indian 0.8 0.9 0.3 0.4 0.3
Asian 0.2 0.2 <.1 <.1 <.1
Black 32.8 27.0 25.2 27.7 28.4
Native Hawaiian / Other Pacific Islander 0.0 <.1 0.0 0.0 0.0
Hispanic (of any race) 7.0 7.5 7.2 6.6 7.8
White 46.2 52.5 52.6 50.7 50.9
Two or more races 12.9 11.5 14.5 14.4 12.4
Unknown <.1 0.3 0.0 <.1 <.1
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.1 <.1 0.0

E. Characteristics of Children Adopted (AFCARS Adoption File)

Children Adopted
  2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Total children adopted 2,374 2,184 1,772 2,078 1,970
Age of Children Adopted (%)
  2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Under 1 year 3.6 3.1 2.8 2.8 2.2
1 year 12.5 13.4 13.6 13.2 12.2
2 years 11.5 13.3 13.9 14.5 15.3
3 years 11.6 11.0 9.8 11.2 12.4
4 years 9.4 10.0 8.9 8.2 9.2
5 years 7.8 8.3 9.0 8.4 7.3
6 years 6.6 7.9 7.1 6.9 7.1
7 years 5.1 6.3 5.6 6.7 5.3
8 years 5.1 4.6 4.7 5.7 4.9
9 years 5.0 4.3 5.1 4.9 5.1
10 years 4.0 3.3 4.1 3.4 4.2
11 years 3.6 3.7 4.1 3.3 3.3
12 years 3.8 2.6 2.8 3.1 2.8
13 years 3.0 2.0 2.7 2.0 2.6
14 years 2.1 2.2 2.1 2.0 1.7
15 years 2.4 1.5 1.1 1.5 1.6
16 years 1.6 1.1 1.5 1.1 1.5
17 years 1.1 1.2 1.0 1.0 1.0
18 years 0.2 0.3 0.1 0.1 0.4
19 years 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
20+ years 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Race/Ethnicity of Children Adopted (%)
  2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Alaska Native / American Indian 0.6 0.4 0.9 0.3 0.1
Asian <.1 0.0 0.7 <.1 0.2
Black 27.9 24.1 23.0 20.2 20.6
Native Hawaiian / Other Pacific Islander 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Hispanic (of any race) 6.2 7.0 9.5 7.8 7.6
White 53.2 53.1 54.5 57.8 54.6
Two or more races 11.9 15.1 11.0 13.2 16.3
Unknown <.1 0.3 <.1 <.1 0.6
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.3 0.5 0.1

Michigan [Outcomes Data]

Reduce Recurrence of Child Abuse and/or Neglect (NCANDS)

Recurrence of Maltreatment Within 6 Months (%)
  2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Children without a recurrence 93.3 93.5 94.3 94.3 93.3
Children with one or more recurrences 6.7 6.5 5.7 5.7 6.7
Number 16,531 17,129 16,651 18,008 19,161

Reduce the Incidence of Child Abuse and/or Neglect in Foster Care (NCANDS and AFCARS Foster Care File)

2.1 Maltreatment in Foster Care (%)
  2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Children maltreated while in foster care 0.68 0.52 0.54 0.42 0.86
Children not maltreated while in foster care 99.32 99.48 99.46 99.58 99.14
Number 22,261 21,176 19,402 18,194 18,230

Increase Permanency for Children in Foster Care (AFCARS Foster Care File)

3.1 Exits of Children From Foster Care (%)
  2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Adoption 30.9 27.1 23.9 31.5 30.7
Guardianship 6.0 5.7 6.1 6.9 5.7
Reunification 50.2 52.5 51.0 48.2 49.4
Other 12.6 11.5 17.7 10.9 11.8
Missing data 0.3 3.2 1.3 2.5 2.4
Number 7,646 7,666 7,427 6,595 6,312
Exits of Children With a Diagnosed Disability (%)
  2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Adoption 37.4 25.1 37.4 82.0 86.4
Guardianship 5.3 4.7 0.9 1.4 0.5
Reunification 36.9 45.1 12.6 8.6 7.0
Other 20.0 21.9 48.1 6.8 5.1
Missing data 0.4 3.1 0.9 1.2 1.0
Number 1,352 1,185 540 488 602
Exits of Children Older than Age 12 at Entry Into Foster Care (%)
  2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Adoption 3.4 2.6 2.5 3.2 2.9
Guardianship 5.9 4.8 4.5 7.7 6.1
Reunification 52.7 56.0 42.0 45.1 43.0
Other 37.5 31.8 49.7 41.8 45.5
Missing data 0.5 4.8 1.4 2.2 2.5
Number 2,010 2,119 2,073 1,392 1,287
Exits to Emancipation (%)
  2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Children age 12 or younger at entry 21.5 22.7 22.3 16.9 17.0
Children older than 12 at entry 78.5 77.3 77.7 83.1 83.0
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Number 825 695 610 668 690
Exits by Race/Ethnicity (%)
  Alaska Native / American Indian Asian Black (non-Hispanic)
  2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Adoption 24.6 13.4 21.2 14.6 4.4 14.3 0.0 52.2 4.3 11.1 25.9 20.0 16.2 24.6 24.1
Guardianship 3.3 9.0 27.3 19.5 22.2 0.0 10.0 0.0 4.3 3.7 5.4 3.6 3.2 5.4 5.0
Reunification 63.9 58.2 43.9 48.8 48.9 85.7 55.0 21.7 30.4 33.3 49.6 57.1 47.6 51.1 49.7
Other 8.2 14.9 6.1 17.1 15.6 0.0 10.0 26.1 60.9 51.9 18.8 16.2 31.8 16.3 18.9
Missing data 0.0 4.5 1.5 0.0 8.9 0.0 25.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.3 3.1 1.1 2.6 2.2
Number 61 67 66 41 45 14 20 23 23 27 2,560 2,477 2,531 1,731 1,673
Exits by Race/Ethnicity (%)
  Native Hawaiian/Other Pac. Is. Hispanic (of any race) White (non-Hispanic)
  2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Adoption 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 32.1 29.5 27.4 29.5 26.9 33.0 29.9 29.2 35.8 33.2
Guardianship 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 5.2 5.6 4.7 7.2 4.2 6.5 7.1 8.2 7.3 6.1
Reunification 50.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 50.0 50.9 49.6 54.1 42.8 47.3 50.9 50.3 51.2 47.4 51.4
Other 50.0 100.0 0.0 0.0 50.0 11.9 9.8 12.0 18.1 20.6 9.3 9.9 9.9 7.2 6.9
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 5.4 1.8 2.5 0.9 0.3 2.8 1.5 2.3 2.4
Number 2 1 0 0 2 464 498 623 559 543 3,804 3,714 3,324 3,363 3,206
Exits by Race/Ethnicity (%)
  Unable to Determine Two or More Races Missing Data
  2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Adoption 9.1 4.2 7.1 0.0 28.6 38.4 36.2 24.6 31.5 39.2 0.0 0.0 6.1 42.9 0.0
Guardianship 0.0 0.0 7.1 14.3 0.0 6.6 5.3 6.8 7.2 5.7 0.0 0.0 3.0 0.0 0.0
Reunification 72.7 58.3 14.3 57.1 28.6 45.9 50.0 59.2 49.2 43.3 0.0 0.0 69.7 57.1 0.0
Other 18.2 16.7 71.4 28.6 42.9 8.9 5.4 8.6 8.8 8.4 0.0 100.0 19.7 0.0 100.0
Missing data 0.0 20.8 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.3 3.0 0.8 3.3 3.3 0.0 0.0 1.5 0.0 0.0
Number 11 24 14 7 7 730 864 780 857 808 0 1 66 14 1

Reduce Time to Reunification Without Increasing Reentry (AFCARS Foster Care File)

Time to Reunification (%)
  2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Less than 12 mos. 44.3 41.6 35.3 43.7 44.9
At least 12 mos., but less than 24 mos. 41.5 41.8 47.4 38.3 41.6
At least 24 mos., but less than 36 mos. 9.5 10.5 11.6 13.0 9.1
At least 36 mos., but less than 48 mos. 2.8 3.0 3.2 2.8 2.4
48 or more mos. 1.8 3.0 2.5 2.2 2.0
Missing data <.1 <.1 0.0 0.0 <.1
Number 3,837 4,025 3,788 3,179 3,121
Children Reentering Foster Care (%)
  2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Children entering care for the first time 91.0 86.7 86.8 83.1 82.6
Children reentering care within 12 mos. of a prior episode 2.9 4.9 3.7 5.8 5.9
Children reentering care more than 12 mos. after a prior episode 4.0 5.0 9.3 11.1 11.5
Missing data 2.0 3.4 0.2 <.1 0.0
Number 7,716 7,793 6,217 6,512 6,854

Reduce Time in Foster Care to Adoption (AFCARS Foster Care File)

Time to Adoption (%)
  2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Less than 12 mos. 7.1 6.8 5.5 5.5 4.4
At least 12 mos., but less than 24 mos. 34.2 39.9 33.8 29.9 31.7
At least 24 mos., but less than 36 mos. 33.5 35.1 40.1 40.8 38.1
At least 36 mos., but less than 48 mos. 14.2 10.7 12.7 15.3 18.8
48 or more mos. 10.8 7.5 7.8 8.5 7.0
Missing data <.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Number 2,364 2,078 1,774 2,078 1,939

Increase Placement Stability (AFCARS Foster Care File)

Number of Placements by Time in Care (%)
  In Care Less Than 12 Months In Care at Least 12 months but Less Than 24 months In Care for 24 Months or Longer Time in Care Missing or Out of Range
  2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Children with 2 or fewer placements 88.0 88.4 88.1 87.7 87.2 73.6 71.6 72.2 73.3 73.7 48.3 43.8 42.5 44.1 46.6 95.6 96.4 100.0 100.0 100.0
Children with 3 or more placements 12.0 11.6 11.8 12.2 12.6 26.4 28.4 27.8 26.7 26.3 51.7 56.2 57.5 55.9 53.4 4.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Missing Placement setting counts 0.0 <.1 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 <.1 <.1 0.0 0.0 <.1 0.0 <.1 0.0 3.6 0.0 0.0 0.0
Total number 9,021 9,167 7,344 7,472 7,758 6,336 6,561 6,361 5,468 5,575 6,859 5,420 5,590 5,225 4,891 45 28 107 29 6

Reduce Placement of Young Children in Group Homes or Institutions (AFCARS Foster Care File)

Most Recent Placement Settings of Children Who Entered Care During the Fiscal Year and Were Age 12 or Younger at the Time of This Placement (%)
  2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Group homes 0.4 <.1 0.1 0.1 0.2
Institution 1.1 1.5 1.0 1.8 2.2
Other settings 98.4 98.3 98.9 98.0 97.6
Missing data 0.2 0.2 <.1 <.1 0.0
Number 5,730 5,582 4,912 5,057 5,400