Maine

Maine [Context Data]

A. Context Statistics 1

General Child Population (Census Bureau) 2
  2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Total children under 18 years 265,384 262,140 259,416 256,665 254,714
Race/ethnicity (%) 3
Alaska Native / American Indian 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8
Asian 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.5
Black 2.5 2.6 2.6 2.7 2.7
Native Hawaiian / Other Pacific Islander <.1 <.1 <.1 <.1 <.1
Hispanic (of any race) 2.5 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.7
White 89.6 89.3 89.1 88.8 88.6
Two or more races 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.6 3.7
Child population in poverty (%) 20.9 17.7 19.1 17.4 17.2
Child Welfare Summary 4 5
  2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Child maltreatment victims 3,781 3,820 3,823 3,372 3,446
Foster care entry rate 3.4 3.7 3.5 3.5 3.6
Children in foster care on 9/30 1,512 1,787 1,864 1,873 1,837
Children adopted 291 214 295 328 399
Caseworker Visits 6
  2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Children receiving monthly visits (%) 97 97 97 97 97
Numerator 15,719 18,523 20,493 21,210 20,609
Denominator 16,132 19,022 21,020 21,863 21,238
Children receiving visits in the home (%) 89 90 91 90 88
Numerator 14,043 16,736 18,632 19,127 18,096
Denominator 15,719 18,523 20,493 21,210 20,609

1 The source data for each table is indicated in parentheses for each section. A calendar year is the basis for data from the Census Bureau. Most of the other data on these pages are from the National Child Abuse and Neglect Data System (NCANDS) or the Adoption and Foster Care Analysis and Reporting System (AFCARS) and are based on the federal fiscal year, October 1 through September 30.  Back
2 The total child population and data on race/ethnicity represent estimates from the Census Bureau http://www.census.gov/popest/data/datasets.html . Child poverty data are from the Census Bureau's American Community Survey (ACS).  Back
3 For race/ethnicity tables, all races exclude children of Hispanic origin. The Child Welfare Outcomes Report Data Site http://cwoutcomes.acf.hhs.gov/data/overview provides alternative race/ethnicity breakdowns in which race and ethnicity are treated as two separate categories.  Back
4 A child victim is defined as a child for whom the state determined at least one maltreatment was substantiated or indicated. This includes a child who died of child abuse and neglect. This is a change from prior years when children with dispositions of alternative response victim were included as victims. The rate for foster care entry is per 1,000 children in the state population. Data on child maltreatment victims are from NCANDS. Data on foster care entry rate, children in foster care on 9/30, and children adopted are from AFCARS.  Back
5 Data that did not meet the quality standards for inclusion in the report are represented as DQ*. For additional information on the data quality thresholds for the Child Welfare Outcomes Report, please reference the data quality table available in the report and on the Child Welfare Outcomes data site.  Back
6 The reporting population subject to the caseworker visits requirements includes all children under age 18 for at least the first day of the FY (October 1) who have been in foster care for at least one full calendar month during the FY. All states have the option of using an approved sampling procedure for the caseworker visits reporting requirement.  Back

B. Child Maltreatment Data (National Child Abuse and Neglect Data System [NCANDS]) 7 8

Overview Maltreatment Information 9
  2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
  Number Rate Number Rate Number Rate Number Rate Number Rate
Children subject of an investigated report alleging child maltreatment 11,204 42.2 per 1,000 12,295 46.9 per 1,000 13,286 51.2 per 1,000 12,641 49.3 per 1,000 11,613 45.6 per 1,000
Total child maltreatment victims 3,781 14.2 per 1,000 3,820 14.6 per 1,000 3,823 14.7 per 1,000 3,372 13.1 per 1,000 3,446 13.5 per 1,000
Child Fatalities -- -- per 100,000 -- -- per 100,000 -- -- per 100,000 -- -- per 100,000 -- -- per 100,000
Age of Child Victims (%)
  2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Under 1 year 13.6 13.8 13.8 14.8 14.2
1 year 8.1 7.9 7.5 7.1 7.7
2 years 7.0 7.5 7.0 7.0 7.8
3 years 7.3 6.5 7.0 6.5 6.6
4 years 6.4 7.1 6.9 6.9 6.5
5 years 6.8 6.4 6.5 6.5 5.8
6 years 6.0 6.1 6.5 6.8 6.6
7 years 6.2 6.1 5.8 6.3 6.2
8 years 5.1 5.3 5.7 5.8 6.4
9 years 5.1 4.8 5.2 5.1 5.4
10 years 3.8 4.8 4.5 5.5 5.0
11 years 4.9 4.1 4.6 4.4 4.5
12 years 4.3 4.1 4.0 3.6 3.7
13 years 4.2 3.9 3.9 4.1 3.8
14 years 4.1 4.1 3.9 2.9 3.5
15 years 3.2 3.2 3.2 3.1 2.9
16 years 2.5 2.6 2.6 2.5 1.9
17 years 1.1 1.3 1.3 1.1 1.3
18+ years 0.0 0.0 <.1 <.1 <.1
Missing data 0.3 0.4 0.2 0.1 0.2
Number 3,781 3,820 3,823 3,372 3,446
Race/Ethnicity of Child Victims (%)
  2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Alaska Native / American Indian 0.6 0.5 0.8 0.6 0.5
Asian 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.3
Black 1.4 1.6 1.6 2.0 1.5
Native Hawaiian / Other Pacific Islander 0.1 <.1 0.1 0.0 <.1
Hispanic (of any race) 4.4 3.8 4.4 5.3 5.5
White 61.0 61.4 59.8 58.6 60.8
Two or more races 2.9 2.4 3.1 2.6 3.1
Missing data 29.4 30.0 29.9 30.5 28.3
Number 3,781 3,820 3,823 3,372 3,446
Maltreatment Types of Child Victims (%) 10
  2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Emotional abuse 37.6 36.6 36.8 32.7 34.5
Medical neglect -- -- -- -- --
Neglect 77.0 75.7 70.5 69.7 65.1
Physical abuse 19.3 21.1 25.2 29.6 31.5
Sexual abuse 6.8 6.5 7.3 7.0 8.1
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Other 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Number 3,781 3,820 3,823 3,372 3,446
Time to Investigation (in hours) 11
  2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Mean 66.2 73.3 70.8 69.6 70.5
Median >48 but<72 >48 but<72 >48 but<72 >48 but<72 >48 but<72

7 The unique count of child victims counts a child only once regardless of the number of times he or she was found to be a victim during the reporting year.  Back
8 Data that did not meet the quality standards for inclusion in the report are represented as DQ*. For additional information on the data quality thresholds for the Child Welfare Outcomes Report, please reference the data quality table available in the report and on the Child Welfare Outcomes data site.  Back
9 The rates for Child Protective Services Responses and victims are per 1,000 children under age 18; for fatalities, the rate is per 100,000 children under age 18.  Back
10 These percentages are calculated against the number of unique victims. A child may have been the victim of more than one type of maltreatment, or the same type of maltreatment more than once. As a result, the total percentages both within and across maltreatment categories may exceed 100.  Back
11 Response time is defined as the time between the report of suspected maltreatment and the first face-to-face contact with the alleged victim or with another person who can provide information on the allegation.  Back

C. Characteristics of Children in Foster Care (Adoption and Foster Care Analysis and Reporting System [AFCARS] Foster Care File)

Overview Foster Care Information
  In Foster Care on 10/1 FY Entered Foster Care in FY Exited Foster Care in FY In Foster Care on 9/30 FY
  2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Total number 1,268 1,491 1,736 1,861 1,842 911 962 916 902 916 667 666 788 890 921 1,512 1,787 1,864 1,873 1,837
Median length of stay (months) 16.1 11.2 13.0 14.1 14.6 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 22.3 17.1 19.6 20.9 22.8 11.2 13.2 13.8 14.5 14.3
Age of Children in Foster Care (%)
  In Foster Care on 10/1 FY Entered Foster Care in FY Exited Foster Care in FY In Foster Care on 9/30 FY
  2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Under 1 year 6.5 8.7 9.2 8.0 7.4 23.5 25.1 26.5 24.5 23.3 3.6 6.6 4.9 4.0 2.6 8.7 9.1 8.1 7.6 7.7
1 year 11.0 11.3 11.1 12.1 11.9 12.0 10.4 9.4 10.9 8.0 9.9 7.7 10.3 8.9 9.0 11.4 10.9 12.1 11.8 10.5
2 years 8.0 10.5 10.3 8.4 10.7 9.0 7.4 8.1 9.2 9.1 9.7 12.9 12.8 10.0 13.1 10.3 10.5 8.6 10.7 10.0
3 years 7.5 7.2 8.8 9.3 8.9 8.7 6.8 7.2 7.8 8.1 10.3 9.5 9.8 11.5 9.6 7.4 8.6 9.4 8.9 9.4
4 years 6.7 7.1 6.1 7.5 6.8 5.8 7.7 6.3 6.4 6.3 8.1 7.5 7.1 8.4 8.6 7.1 6.2 7.5 6.9 7.7
5 years 5.5 5.3 6.9 6.4 6.5 5.7 6.2 7.3 5.4 6.2 6.7 5.3 7.6 7.6 8.5 5.3 6.9 6.4 6.5 5.7
6 years 5.8 5.3 5.4 6.5 5.6 4.9 5.3 5.9 4.5 4.8 5.5 6.3 5.7 6.1 7.2 5.2 5.5 6.5 5.6 5.4
7 years 4.3 5.4 5.5 5.1 4.9 4.7 4.8 3.6 4.3 6.2 5.4 4.7 4.4 7.0 4.9 5.4 5.6 5.0 5.1 5.6
8 years 3.4 4.4 4.7 5.1 4.9 3.1 4.5 4.3 4.1 5.5 2.5 4.5 5.3 5.3 5.0 4.4 4.9 5.2 4.9 5.4
9 years 2.6 3.4 4.3 4.8 4.0 3.4 2.7 3.8 4.2 4.5 3.1 2.6 4.2 4.7 4.1 3.3 4.3 4.8 4.0 5.0
10 years 2.3 2.7 2.8 3.7 4.6 2.1 3.6 2.0 2.9 2.7 2.2 3.5 3.4 4.5 2.8 2.6 3.0 3.6 4.5 3.9
11 years 3.7 2.6 3.2 2.1 3.5 2.9 2.6 2.3 3.4 3.6 3.4 2.6 3.0 1.6 3.5 2.6 3.1 2.2 3.5 4.6
12 years 4.6 3.1 2.8 2.7 2.9 2.2 2.4 1.7 1.8 3.2 2.5 2.4 2.5 2.0 3.3 3.0 2.9 2.6 2.9 3.4
13 years 5.0 4.4 3.3 2.8 2.7 2.9 3.0 2.5 2.3 2.6 3.3 3.5 2.5 1.7 2.1 4.2 3.3 2.8 2.7 3.1
14 years 4.5 4.2 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.1 2.5 2.7 2.9 2.0 2.8 2.7 2.4 2.6 2.8 4.2 3.2 3.3 3.3 2.6
15 years 5.4 4.8 4.5 3.5 3.4 2.9 2.3 2.3 2.5 1.5 2.4 2.0 2.2 1.6 1.6 4.8 4.4 3.6 3.4 3.4
16 years 6.7 4.2 4.0 3.8 3.5 2.6 2.1 3.1 1.9 1.6 3.4 2.9 2.9 2.5 2.1 4.2 3.9 3.8 3.5 3.1
17 years 6.6 5.1 3.6 4.2 3.6 0.7 0.7 1.0 0.9 0.9 3.4 2.3 1.1 1.8 2.0 5.5 3.5 4.2 3.7 3.2
18 years 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.7 0.7 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 11.1 11.0 7.4 7.4 6.0 0.2 <.1 0.2 0.5 0.4
19 years 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 <.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.3 0.9 1.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
20+ years 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Race/Ethnicity of Children in Foster Care (%) 12
  In Foster Care on 10/1 FY Entered Foster Care in FY Exited Foster Care in FY In Foster Care on 9/30 FY
  2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Alaska Native / American Indian 1.5 1.4 0.9 0.9 0.8 1.2 0.8 0.5 0.2 1.1 1.3 1.7 0.5 0.6 0.5 1.4 1.0 0.9 0.7 1.0
Asian 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.3 0.2 0.0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.5 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Black 1.1 1.5 2.0 1.5 1.4 2.0 2.8 1.9 1.8 1.6 1.6 2.1 2.8 1.9 1.2 1.4 2.0 1.6 1.4 1.6
Native Hawaiian / Other Pacific Islander 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.0 <.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.1 0.0 <.1 <.1
Hispanic (of any race) 11.6 17.6 19.1 20.0 21.2 17.9 18.8 15.6 22.9 22.1 10.9 17.6 19.2 22.1 21.7 15.7 18.2 17.3 20.4 21.4
White 69.7 62.6 62.7 62.7 64.1 61.4 60.9 62.6 61.8 61.4 71.7 60.2 61.7 59.2 63.2 63.8 62.6 63.1 63.9 63.2
Two or more races 6.5 7.0 5.5 5.7 5.5 6.7 3.3 4.7 4.7 3.4 5.4 6.3 4.7 6.7 5.2 7.1 5.3 5.4 4.8 4.6
Unknown 9.1 9.5 9.5 8.9 6.8 10.0 12.1 10.5 7.8 9.4 7.9 11.0 10.3 9.0 7.6 10.1 10.3 9.7 8.3 7.7
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.5 1.0 4.3 0.7 0.9 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.3 0.4 <.1 0.3 1.9 0.3 0.2

12 All races exclude children of Hispanic origin. The Child Welfare Outcomes Report Data Site http://cwoutcomes.acf.hhs.gov/data/overview provides alternative race/ethnicity breakdowns in which race and ethnicity are treated as two separate categories.  Back

D. Characteristics of Children "Waiting for Adoption" 13 14 (AFCARS Foster Care File) (AFCARS Foster Care File)

Children Waiting for Adoption
  2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Total waiting children 480 564 590 666 647
Number of waiting children whose parents' rights have been terminated 404 501 510 567 557

13 There is no federal definition for a child waiting to be adopted. The definition used in the tables on this page includes children and youth through age 17 who have a goal of adoption and/or whose parents' parental rights have been terminated. It excludes children 16 years old and older whose parents' parental rights have been terminated and who have a goal of emancipation. A state's own definition may differ from that used here.  Back
14 Data that did not meet the quality standards for inclusion in the report are represented as DQ*. For additional information on the data quality thresholds for the Child Welfare Outcomes Report, please reference the data quality table available in the report and on the Child Welfare Outcomes data site.  Back

Age of Children Waiting for Adoption (%) 15
  2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Under 1 year 1.7 2.1 0.7 0.9 2.2
1 year 7.7 9.9 9.0 8.7 9.6
2 years 12.7 12.4 10.5 12.5 10.7
3 years 8.1 9.8 11.5 8.7 8.3
4 years 6.9 5.9 9.0 8.0 9.3
5 years 5.2 6.9 5.4 7.4 5.3
6 years 5.4 5.1 6.4 5.1 5.6
7 years 6.5 5.0 6.8 5.7 4.8
8 years 5.2 5.7 6.1 5.3 5.7
9 years 2.9 4.1 4.9 5.7 6.0
10 years 2.7 3.9 3.9 5.7 5.1
11 years 2.5 3.7 2.7 4.5 5.6
12 years 5.0 3.2 3.2 3.3 4.8
13 years 6.3 4.4 3.6 4.1 3.6
14 years 5.2 4.3 4.7 3.9 3.4
15 years 6.0 5.3 4.2 4.1 4.0
16 years 4.6 4.4 4.6 3.3 2.8
17 years 5.4 3.9 2.7 3.3 3.4

15 Children older than 17 years fall outside of the definition used to identify waiting children and are therefore excluded from this table.  Back

Race/Ethnicity of Children Waiting for Adoption (%) 16
  2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Alaska Native / American Indian 1.9 1.6 1.0 0.8 0.9
Asian 0.2 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.5
Black 1.0 1.4 1.0 1.4 1.7
Native Hawaiian / Other Pacific Islander 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Hispanic (of any race) 10.8 16.5 16.6 18.9 17.6
White 68.1 63.7 65.9 64.7 67.1
Two or more races 7.5 6.7 5.6 6.0 5.7
Unknown 10.4 9.8 9.5 7.8 6.5
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.0

16 For race/ethnicity tables, all races exclude children of Hispanic origin. The Child Welfare Outcomes Report Data Site http://cwoutcomes.acf.hhs.gov/data/overview provides alternative race/ethnicity breakdowns in which race and ethnicity are treated as two separate categories.  Back

E. Characteristics of Children Adopted (AFCARS Adoption File) 17

Children Adopted
  2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Total children adopted 291 214 295 328 399
Age of Children Adopted (%)
  2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Under 1 year 0.0 0.5 1.7 0.3 0.3
1 year 12.4 9.3 12.2 9.5 7.0
2 years 15.1 17.3 21.0 14.3 20.6
3 years 12.4 14.5 13.6 18.3 14.3
4 years 11.3 9.8 10.2 11.9 8.5
5 years 7.9 8.4 8.1 7.6 11.3
6 years 5.5 9.3 7.1 7.6 6.8
7 years 7.2 7.5 5.1 8.8 6.0
8 years 2.4 5.6 6.4 6.4 5.3
9 years 3.1 2.8 4.4 4.6 4.5
10 years 2.7 3.3 3.1 3.0 2.5
11 years 3.1 1.4 3.1 1.2 3.5
12 years 2.7 1.9 1.4 0.6 2.8
13 years 3.1 4.2 1.0 0.9 0.8
14 years 2.7 3.3 0.7 1.2 2.8
15 years 2.7 0.0 0.7 0.9 1.0
16 years 2.7 0.5 0.0 2.1 0.5
17 years 1.7 0.5 0.3 0.3 1.8
18 years 1.0 0.0 0.0 0.3 0.0
19 years 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
20+ years 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Race/Ethnicity of Children Adopted (%)
  2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Alaska Native / American Indian 1.7 1.9 0.7 0.3 0.3
Asian 0.0 0.5 0.0 0.0 0.3
Black 2.1 0.5 1.7 1.2 1.0
Native Hawaiian / Other Pacific Islander 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Hispanic (of any race) 7.6 19.2 23.1 26.2 26.8
White 74.2 58.4 59.3 55.5 60.7
Two or more races 5.2 7.5 4.1 4.9 5.0
Unknown 9.3 12.1 11.2 11.9 6.0
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

17 Data that did not meet the quality standards for inclusion in the report are represented as DQ*. For additional information on the data quality thresholds for the Child Welfare Outcomes Report, please reference the data quality table available in the report and on the Child Welfare Outcomes data site.  Back

Maine [Outcomes Data] 18

Reduce Recurrence of Child Abuse and/or Neglect (NCANDS)

Recurrence of Maltreatment Within 6 Months (%)
  2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Children without a recurrence 93.7 93.7 93.9 95.3 95.5
Children with one or more recurrences 6.3 6.3 6.1 4.7 4.5
Number 1,908 1,934 1,974 1,886 1,791

Reduce the Incidence of Child Abuse and/or Neglect in Foster Care (NCANDS and AFCARS Foster Care File)

2.1 Maltreatment in Foster Care (%)
  2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Children maltreated while in foster care 0.14 0.49 0.30 0.40 0.69
Children not maltreated while in foster care 99.86 99.51 99.70 99.60 99.31
Number 2,179 2,453 2,652 2,763 2,758

Increase Permanency for Children in Foster Care (AFCARS Foster Care File)

3.1 Exits of Children From Foster Care (%)
  2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Adoption 43.6 27.8 36.7 36.5 43.4
Guardianship 7.8 8.1 8.8 7.9 7.3
Reunification 36.6 52.3 46.2 46.9 41.4
Other 12.0 11.4 8.4 8.8 7.8
Missing data 0.0 0.5 0.0 0.0 0.1
Number 667 666 788 890 921
Exits of Children With a Diagnosed Disability (%)
  2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Adoption 43.2 31.5 34.6 36.5 35.1
Guardianship 6.8 9.4 7.2 10.2 9.7
Reunification 23.2 28.7 29.4 26.3 30.5
Other 26.8 29.8 28.8 26.9 24.0
Missing data 0.0 0.6 0.0 0.0 0.6
Number 220 181 153 167 154
Exits of Children Older than Age 12 at Entry Into Foster Care (%)
  2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Adoption 10.2 1.9 1.0 8.7 6.5
Guardianship 5.1 14.3 18.4 11.3 12.9
Reunification 38.8 34.3 38.8 33.9 32.3
Other 45.9 49.5 41.8 46.1 48.4
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Number 98 105 98 115 93
Exits to Emancipation (%)
  2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Children age 12 or younger at entry 41.6 29.7 35.5 30.3 34.8
Children older than 12 at entry 58.4 70.3 64.5 69.7 65.2
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Number 77 74 62 76 69
Exits by Race/Ethnicity (%)
  Alaska Native / American Indian Asian Black (non-Hispanic)
  2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Adoption 66.7 18.2 50.0 20.0 0.0 0.0 33.3 0.0 0.0 100.0 54.5 7.1 22.7 23.5 27.3
Guardianship 0.0 18.2 50.0 20.0 40.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Reunification 22.2 54.5 0.0 60.0 40.0 100.0 33.3 0.0 100.0 0.0 27.3 85.7 59.1 70.6 54.5
Other 11.1 9.1 0.0 0.0 20.0 0.0 33.3 100.0 0.0 0.0 18.2 7.1 18.2 5.9 18.2
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Number 9 11 4 5 5 2 3 1 1 1 11 14 22 17 11
Exits by Race/Ethnicity (%) 19
  Native Hawaiian/Other Pac. Is. Hispanic (of any race) White (non-Hispanic)
  2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Adoption 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 28.8 28.2 42.4 43.1 53.0 44.8 28.2 35.6 34.3 42.6
Guardianship 0.0 0.0 100.0 0.0 0.0 11.0 10.3 6.0 5.6 7.0 7.9 7.7 9.5 9.3 7.2
Reunification 0.0 100.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 47.9 51.3 47.0 47.2 37.0 34.5 50.4 45.5 45.5 41.6
Other 100.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 12.3 9.4 4.6 4.1 3.0 12.8 13.2 9.5 10.8 8.6
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.9 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.5 0.0 0.0 0.0
Number 1 1 2 0 0 73 117 151 197 200 478 401 486 527 582
Exits by Race/Ethnicity (%)
  Unable to Determine Two or More Races Missing Data
  2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Adoption 54.7 30.1 40.7 48.8 34.3 41.7 31.0 32.4 25.0 37.5 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Guardianship 1.9 9.6 6.2 7.5 7.1 13.9 4.8 13.5 5.0 6.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 25.0
Reunification 39.6 56.2 48.1 38.8 51.4 36.1 50.0 48.6 56.7 37.5 75.0 100.0 50.0 100.0 75.0
Other 3.8 4.1 4.9 5.0 7.1 8.3 14.3 5.4 13.3 16.7 25.0 0.0 50.0 0.0 0.0
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Number 53 73 81 80 70 36 42 37 60 48 4 4 4 3 4

19 All races exclude children of Hispanic origin. The Child Welfare Outcomes Report Data Site http://cwoutcomes.acf.hhs.gov/data/overview provides alternative race/ethnicity breakdowns in which race and ethnicity are treated as two separate categories.  Back

Reduce Time to Reunification Without Increasing Reentry (AFCARS Foster Care File)

Time to Reunification (%)
  2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Less than 12 mos. 51.2 60.9 53.0 47.0 40.2
At least 12 mos., but less than 24 mos. 34.8 32.8 38.7 41.7 45.9
At least 24 mos., but less than 36 mos. 11.5 4.0 7.1 8.9 11.5
At least 36 mos., but less than 48 mos. 0.8 1.4 0.5 2.4 1.6
48 or more mos. 1.6 0.9 0.5 0.0 0.8
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Number 244 348 364 417 381
Children Reentering Foster Care (%)
  2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Children entering care for the first time 85.7 89.6 88.4 89.5 86.7
Children reentering care within 12 mos. of a prior episode 4.7 2.6 4.8 3.8 3.8
Children reentering care more than 12 mos. after a prior episode 9.4 7.3 6.4 6.4 9.4
Missing data 0.1 0.5 0.3 0.3 0.1
Number 911 962 916 902 916

Reduce Time in Foster Care to Adoption (AFCARS Foster Care File)

Time to Adoption (%)
  2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Less than 12 mos. 1.0 0.5 4.2 1.2 1.0
At least 12 mos., but less than 24 mos. 30.2 36.2 34.3 25.2 21.8
At least 24 mos., but less than 36 mos. 41.6 31.9 43.6 46.2 46.0
At least 36 mos., but less than 48 mos. 15.8 22.7 12.1 23.1 21.8
48 or more mos. 11.3 8.6 5.9 4.3 9.5
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Number 291 185 289 325 400

Increase Placement Stability (AFCARS Foster Care File)

Number of Placements by Time in Care (%)
  In Care Less Than 12 Months In Care at Least 12 months but Less Than 24 months In Care for 24 Months or Longer Time in Care Missing or Out of Range
  2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Children with 2 or fewer placements 87.9 87.5 89.2 89.9 89.9 64.9 74.8 76.9 79.6 80.0 35.6 36.2 44.2 52.4 52.8 100.0 0.0 83.3 100.0 100.0
Children with 3 or more placements 11.3 11.5 10.6 9.4 8.8 35.1 25.2 23.0 20.4 20.0 64.4 63.8 55.8 47.6 47.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Missing Placement setting counts 0.8 0.9 0.2 0.8 1.3 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 16.7 0.0 0.0
Total number 951 1,068 1,015 1,005 982 562 783 875 857 872 665 602 756 899 899 1 0 6 2 5

Reduce Placement of Young Children in Group Homes or Institutions (AFCARS Foster Care File)

Most Recent Placement Settings of Children Who Entered Care During the Fiscal Year and Were Age 12 or Younger at the Time of This Placement (%)
  2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Group homes 4.3 0.5 1.1 0.5 0.7
Institution 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.2 0.4
Other settings 95.3 98.9 98.3 99.0 97.5
Missing data 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 1.4
Number 794 852 809 802 831

18 Data that did not meet the quality standards for inclusion in the report are represented as DQ*. For additional information on the data quality thresholds for the Child Welfare Outcomes Report, please reference the data quality table available in the report and on the Child Welfare Outcomes data site.  Back