Maine

Maine [Context Data]

A. Context Statistics 1 2

General Child Population (Census Bureau) 3
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Total children under 18 years 254,708 252,859 250,465 249,610 248,168
Race/ethnicity (%) 4
Alaska Native / American Indian 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8
Asian 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.5
Black 2.7 2.8 2.9 3.0 3.0
Native Hawaiian / Other Pacific Islander <.1 <.1 <.1 <.1 <.1
Hispanic (of any race) 2.7 2.8 2.9 3.0 3.1
White 88.8 88.6 88.3 87.9 87.7
Two or more races 3.5 3.6 3.7 3.8 3.8
Child population in poverty (%) 17.2 13.1 14.5 13.8 12.0
Child Welfare Summary 5
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Child maltreatment victims 3,446 3,475 3,481 4,413 4,726
Foster care entry rate 3.6 3.2 4.3 5.0 4.5
Children in foster care on 9/30 1,837 1,584 1,768 2,096 2,291
Children adopted 399 456 395 294 247
Caseworker Visits 6
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Children receiving monthly visits (%) 97 98 97 96 94
Numerator 20,609 19,345 17,795 21,324 23,747
Denominator 21,238 19,781 18,325 22,200 25,271
Children receiving visits in the home (%) 88 86 84 86 89
Numerator 18,096 16,602 15,021 18,397 21,170
Denominator 20,609 19,345 17,795 21,324 23,747

1 The source data for each table is indicated in parentheses for each section. A calendar year is the basis for data from the Census Bureau. Most of the other data on these pages are from the National Child Abuse and Neglect Data System (NCANDS) or the Adoption and Foster Care Analysis and Reporting System (AFCARS) and are based on the federal fiscal year, October 1 through September 30.  Back
2 Data that did not meet the quality standards for inclusion in the report are represented as DQ*. Incomplete data excluded from inclusion in the report are represented as --. For additional information on the data quality thresholds for the Child Welfare Outcomes Report, please reference the full report or the Child Welfare Outcomes data site.  Back
3 The total child population and data on race/ethnicity represent estimates from the Census Bureau https://www.census.gov/data/tables.html . Child poverty data are from the Census Bureau's American Community Survey (ACS). Due to the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, the 2020 poverty estimates are not available on data.census.gov. The 2020 poverty estimates are considered experimental and can be found on the ACS Experimental Data webpage: https://www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/data/experimental-data.html.  Back
4 For race/ethnicity tables, all races exclude children of Hispanic origin. The Child Welfare Outcomes Report data site http://cwoutcomes.acf.hhs.gov/cwodatasite provides alternative race/ethnicity breakdowns in which race and ethnicity are treated as two separate categories.  Back
5 A child victim is defined as a child for whom the state determined at least one maltreatment was substantiated or indicated. This includes a child who died of child abuse and neglect. This is a change from prior years when children with dispositions of alternative response victim were included as victims. The rate for foster care entry is per 1,000 children in the state population. Data on child maltreatment victims are from NCANDS. Data on foster care entry rate, children in foster care on 9/30, and children adopted are from AFCARS.  Back
6 The reporting population subject to the caseworker visits requirements includes all children under age 18 for at least the first day of the FY (October 1) who have been in foster care for at least one full calendar month during the FY. All states have the option of using an approved sampling procedure for the caseworker visits reporting requirement.  Back

B. Child Maltreatment Data (National Child Abuse and Neglect Data System [NCANDS]) 7

Overview Maltreatment Information 8
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
  Number Rate Number Rate Number Rate Number Rate Number Rate
Children subject of an investigated report alleging child maltreatment 11,613 45.6 per 1,000 11,226 44.4 per 1,000 11,031 44.0 per 1,000 16,288 65.3 per 1,000 18,871 76.0 per 1,000
Total child maltreatment victims 3,446 13.5 per 1,000 3,475 13.7 per 1,000 3,481 13.9 per 1,000 4,413 17.7 per 1,000 4,726 19.0 per 1,000
Child Fatalities -- -- per 100,000 -- -- per 100,000 3 1.2 per 100,000 3 1.2 per 100,000 1 0.4 per 100,000
Age of Child Victims (%)
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Under 1 year 14.2 12.9 13.3 11.5 11.2
1 year 7.7 6.8 6.4 6.3 6.3
2 years 7.8 7.3 6.3 6.2 6.0
3 years 6.6 6.7 6.8 6.5 5.8
4 years 6.5 7.3 6.6 6.3 6.4
5 years 5.8 6.9 6.0 6.3 6.5
6 years 6.6 5.8 6.2 6.1 6.5
7 years 6.2 6.7 5.7 5.7 6.1
8 years 6.4 5.8 5.6 5.5 5.9
9 years 5.4 5.5 6.2 5.9 5.0
10 years 5.0 5.5 5.3 5.6 5.9
11 years 4.5 4.8 4.6 6.2 5.4
12 years 3.7 3.9 5.3 5.1 5.0
13 years 3.8 3.9 4.3 4.8 4.4
14 years 3.5 3.6 3.6 4.4 4.6
15 years 2.9 3.2 3.2 3.2 3.9
16 years 1.9 2.2 2.6 2.6 2.9
17 years 1.3 1.0 1.7 1.8 1.8
18+ years <.1 <.1 0.0 <.1 <.1
Missing data 0.2 0.1 0.3 0.2 0.4
Number 3,446 3,475 3,481 4,413 4,726
Race/Ethnicity of Child Victims (%)
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Alaska Native / American Indian 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.8 0.8
Asian 0.3 0.1 0.6 0.2 0.1
Black 1.5 1.9 1.8 1.5 1.7
Native Hawaiian / Other Pacific Islander <.1 0.0 <.1 0.1 <.1
Hispanic (of any race) 5.5 6.2 3.2 2.9 3.2
White 60.8 62.6 65.2 66.6 70.5
Two or more races 3.1 3.2 4.5 4.1 4.0
Missing data 28.3 25.6 24.2 23.6 19.6
Number 3,446 3,475 3,481 4,413 4,726
Maltreatment Types of Child Victims (%) 9
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Emotional abuse 34.5 35.1 35.2 35.0 40.2
Medical neglect -- -- -- -- --
Neglect 65.1 66.5 63.6 66.8 68.0
Physical abuse 31.5 30.3 31.0 30.3 29.0
Sexual abuse 8.1 8.4 8.8 8.2 8.1
Sex trafficking 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 <.1
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Other 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Number 3,446 3,475 3,481 4,413 4,726
Time to Investigation (in hours) 10
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Mean 70.5 61.5 71.1 81.0 68.1
Median >48 but <72 >24 but <48 >24 but <48 >24 but <48 >24 but <48

7 The unique count of child victims counts a child only once regardless of the number of times he or she was found to be a victim during the reporting year.  Back
8 The rates for Child Protective Services responses and victims are per 1,000 children under age 18; for fatalities, the rate is per 100,000 children under age 18.  Back
9 These percentages are calculated against the number of unique victims. A child may have been the victim of more than one type of maltreatment, or the same type of maltreatment more than once. As a result, the total percentages both within and across maltreatment categories may exceed 100.  Back
10 Response time is defined as the time between the report of suspected maltreatment and the first face-to-face contact with the alleged victim or with another person who can provide information on the allegation.  Back

C. Characteristics of Children in Foster Care (Adoption and Foster Care Analysis and Reporting System [AFCARS] Foster Care File)

Overview Foster Care Information
  In Foster Care on 10/1 FY Entered Foster Care in FY Exited Foster Care in FY In Foster Care on 9/30 FY
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Total number 1,842 1,831 1,571 1,751 2,068 916 820 1,080 1,246 1,115 921 1,067 883 901 892 1,837 1,584 1,768 2,096 2,291
Median length of stay (months) 14.6 14.4 13.4 10.4 12.6 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 22.8 20.9 19.9 15.9 17.1 14.3 13.4 10.4 12.3 14.7
Age of Children in Foster Care (%)
  In Foster Care on 10/1 FY Entered Foster Care in FY Exited Foster Care in FY In Foster Care on 9/30 FY
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Under 1 year 7.4 7.7 8.0 9.9 8.5 23.3 23.7 23.1 21.5 24.4 2.6 2.5 4.0 6.1 5.4 7.7 8.1 10.0 8.7 8.0
1 year 11.9 10.4 10.6 10.3 10.8 8.0 9.5 9.1 9.3 8.4 9.0 9.7 9.1 10.8 7.3 10.5 10.7 10.2 10.8 10.1
2 years 10.7 9.9 9.0 9.6 8.0 9.1 8.5 8.9 7.1 7.4 13.1 10.9 12.3 10.8 10.1 10.0 9.0 9.6 8.1 9.8
3 years 8.9 9.3 8.3 7.4 7.6 8.1 8.4 6.5 6.4 6.9 9.6 11.9 8.4 8.3 8.1 9.4 8.6 7.3 7.7 8.0
4 years 6.8 7.5 8.0 6.9 6.8 6.3 6.2 5.7 4.8 5.6 8.6 9.1 9.7 7.4 6.3 7.7 7.8 6.9 6.7 6.4
5 years 6.5 5.7 5.7 6.6 5.9 6.2 6.1 6.6 6.2 5.8 8.5 7.1 6.9 6.4 5.9 5.7 5.7 6.7 6.1 7.0
6 years 5.6 5.5 5.2 5.5 6.7 4.8 4.3 6.3 5.5 5.7 7.2 5.5 6.2 4.2 6.3 5.4 5.2 5.5 6.7 5.7
7 years 4.9 5.6 5.5 5.7 5.2 6.2 5.0 5.2 5.4 3.8 4.9 5.6 4.6 6.4 5.2 5.6 5.5 5.6 5.4 5.8
8 years 4.9 5.5 5.7 5.1 5.1 5.5 6.1 4.7 4.8 5.6 5.0 5.6 4.3 6.0 5.7 5.4 5.7 5.3 5.0 5.2
9 years 4.0 5.0 6.0 5.2 5.4 4.5 4.3 4.2 5.4 3.9 4.1 4.3 4.8 3.4 4.6 5.0 6.0 5.3 5.4 4.9
10 years 4.6 4.0 4.2 5.1 5.3 2.7 3.2 4.4 4.2 4.7 2.8 4.6 5.8 4.8 6.5 3.9 4.2 5.1 5.4 4.8
11 years 3.5 4.6 3.2 4.5 4.2 3.6 2.6 3.7 3.9 3.7 3.5 3.4 2.7 4.9 4.3 4.6 3.2 4.6 4.1 4.7
12 years 2.9 3.5 3.9 3.4 4.8 3.2 1.6 3.4 3.6 3.9 3.3 3.3 3.4 3.4 4.6 3.4 4.0 3.5 4.7 4.1
13 years 2.7 3.1 2.9 3.4 3.0 2.6 1.7 2.6 2.7 3.2 2.1 2.6 2.9 3.6 3.0 3.1 2.9 3.4 3.0 4.2
14 years 3.3 2.6 3.4 3.0 3.3 2.0 2.3 1.9 3.0 2.2 2.8 2.2 2.5 2.0 3.7 2.6 3.4 2.9 3.3 3.0
15 years 3.4 3.4 2.6 2.9 3.4 1.5 2.3 1.7 3.3 2.5 1.6 2.3 1.4 2.8 3.5 3.4 2.7 2.9 3.3 2.7
16 years 3.5 3.1 3.2 2.5 3.3 1.6 2.8 1.3 1.8 1.2 2.1 2.2 2.0 1.4 3.0 3.1 3.3 2.5 3.2 2.7
17 years 3.6 3.1 3.6 2.2 2.0 0.9 1.5 0.6 1.1 0.7 2.0 1.2 1.9 1.2 1.6 3.2 3.7 2.2 2.1 2.6
18 years 0.7 0.6 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.0 0.0 <.1 0.2 0.3 6.0 5.2 6.1 5.0 4.6 0.4 0.4 0.2 0.2 0.2
19 years <.1 0.0 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.0 0.0 <.1 0.0 0.0 1.4 0.6 0.1 0.6 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.2 <.1 0.2
20+ years 0.0 0.0 0.3 0.2 <.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.5 0.1 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.1 <.1 <.1
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.3 0.3 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Race/Ethnicity of Children in Foster Care (%)
  In Foster Care on 10/1 FY Entered Foster Care in FY Exited Foster Care in FY In Foster Care on 9/30 FY
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Alaska Native / American Indian 0.8 1.0 1.3 1.5 1.4 1.1 0.9 1.1 0.8 1.3 0.5 0.7 1.0 1.3 1.6 1.0 1.2 1.4 1.2 1.3
Asian 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.0 0.6 0.4 0.3 0.1 0.0 0.3 0.7 0.9 0.2 0.2 0.4 0.3 <.1
Black 1.4 1.7 2.3 2.7 2.9 1.6 2.9 3.1 2.6 2.8 1.2 1.7 2.3 3.3 2.0 1.6 2.4 2.8 2.4 3.2
Native Hawaiian / Other Pacific Islander <.1 0.1 0.1 0.0 <.1 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.3 0.2 0.0 <.1 0.2 0.0 0.1 <.1 0.1 0.0 0.2 0.1
Hispanic (of any race) 21.2 10.0 6.6 4.8 4.3 22.1 7.9 4.1 3.5 3.4 21.7 13.7 7.4 4.7 4.7 21.4 6.5 4.6 4.1 3.7
White 64.1 73.2 74.9 72.0 80.4 61.4 72.3 69.6 67.7 79.0 63.2 70.2 74.6 71.7 72.9 63.2 74.8 71.8 69.6 82.7
Two or more races 5.5 5.9 7.0 7.4 7.8 3.4 6.0 6.2 5.4 6.9 5.2 5.2 5.7 7.3 8.3 4.6 6.4 7.2 6.3 7.2
Unknown 6.8 7.8 7.6 10.9 2.8 9.4 9.6 14.8 18.5 6.2 7.6 8.3 8.0 9.8 9.5 7.7 8.3 11.8 15.9 1.8
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.3 0.0 0.9 0.2 0.5 0.7 0.0 0.4 <.1 0.5 1.2 0.0 0.2 <.1 <.1 0.1 0.0

D. Characteristics of Children "Waiting for Adoption" 11 (AFCARS Foster Care File)

Children Waiting for Adoption
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Total waiting children 647 576 482 510 610
Number of waiting children whose parents' rights have been terminated 556 502 428 412 509

11 There is no federal definition for a child waiting to be adopted. The definition used in the tables on this page includes children and youth through age 17 who have a goal of adoption and/or whose parents' parental rights have been terminated. It excludes children 16 years old and older whose parents' parental rights have been terminated and who have a goal of emancipation. A state's own definition may differ from that used here.  Back

Age of Children Waiting for Adoption (%) 12
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Under 1 year 2.2 1.4 2.1 2.0 1.0
1 year 9.6 8.0 10.2 9.0 7.5
2 years 10.7 10.1 9.3 8.2 10.5
3 years 8.3 7.3 5.0 8.6 9.7
4 years 9.3 8.0 7.1 5.3 7.4
5 years 5.3 6.6 6.0 6.3 6.1
6 years 5.6 5.7 5.4 7.5 3.6
7 years 4.8 4.5 6.4 4.1 7.4
8 years 5.7 6.3 5.8 4.3 4.8
9 years 6.0 6.1 6.4 7.3 5.7
10 years 5.1 6.6 6.6 5.7 5.7
11 years 5.6 4.5 6.2 6.1 5.7
12 years 4.8 6.3 4.6 6.3 5.4
13 years 3.6 4.3 4.1 4.5 5.7
14 years 3.4 5.2 4.8 3.7 4.6
15 years 4.0 3.3 4.1 4.3 3.1
16 years 2.8 3.6 2.7 3.7 3.6
17 years 3.4 2.3 3.1 3.1 2.5

12 Children older than 17 years fall outside of the definition used to identify waiting children and are therefore excluded from this table.  Back

Race/Ethnicity of Children Waiting for Adoption (%)
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Alaska Native / American Indian 0.9 1.4 1.5 0.6 0.5
Asian 0.5 0.5 0.6 1.2 0.0
Black 1.7 3.1 2.7 2.9 2.8
Native Hawaiian / Other Pacific Islander 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2
Hispanic (of any race) 17.6 6.1 6.0 4.1 4.3
White 67.1 74.3 71.6 72.0 84.8
Two or more races 5.7 6.8 8.3 7.5 7.4
Unknown 6.5 7.8 9.3 11.8 0.2
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

E. Characteristics of Children Adopted (AFCARS Adoption File)

Children Adopted
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Total children adopted 399 456 395 294 247
Age of Children Adopted (%)
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Under 1 year 0.3 0.7 0.8 1.0 0.0
1 year 7.0 11.2 9.4 14.3 7.7
2 years 20.6 17.5 15.9 19.4 18.6
3 years 14.3 16.0 10.6 9.9 10.5
4 years 8.5 10.3 11.9 9.5 8.5
5 years 11.3 9.0 9.1 6.5 6.1
6 years 6.8 5.7 6.3 4.4 9.7
7 years 6.0 5.9 5.1 7.8 6.9
8 years 5.3 5.0 3.5 4.4 3.6
9 years 4.5 2.6 5.8 2.4 5.3
10 years 2.5 5.3 6.1 6.8 6.5
11 years 3.5 2.9 3.0 4.4 2.8
12 years 2.8 2.4 3.3 2.7 3.2
13 years 0.8 2.2 3.0 3.1 4.0
14 years 2.8 0.9 3.5 0.7 2.8
15 years 1.0 0.4 0.8 1.4 1.6
16 years 0.5 0.9 1.3 0.3 1.2
17 years 1.8 0.4 0.5 0.7 0.8
18 years 0.0 0.7 0.0 0.3 0.0
19 years 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
20+ years 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Race/Ethnicity of Children Adopted (%)
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Alaska Native / American Indian 0.3 0.7 0.8 2.0 0.4
Asian 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.3 2.4
Black 1.0 1.1 1.5 2.0 2.4
Native Hawaiian / Other Pacific Islander 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Hispanic (of any race) 26.8 14.7 9.4 9.5 3.6
White 60.7 70.4 74.7 66.7 78.5
Two or more races 5.0 4.6 5.6 8.2 7.3
Unknown 6.0 8.6 8.1 11.2 5.3
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Maine [Outcomes Data]

Reduce Recurrence of Child Abuse and/or Neglect (NCANDS)

Recurrence of Maltreatment Within 12 Months (%)
  2015-2016 2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019 2019-2020
Children without a recurrence 90.2 89.9 89.6 88.2 87.2
Children with one or more recurrences 9.8 10.1 10.4 11.8 12.8
Number 3,335 3,513 3,411 3,854 4,366

Reduce the Incidence of Child Abuse and/or Neglect in Foster Care (NCANDS and AFCARS Foster Care File)

2.1 Maltreatment in Foster Care (%)
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Children maltreated while in foster care 0.69 0.57 0.75 0.70 0.85
Children not maltreated while in foster care 99.31 99.43 99.25 99.30 99.15
Number 2,758 2,651 2,651 2,997 3,183

Increase Permanency for Children in Foster Care (AFCARS Foster Care File)

3.1 Exits of Children From Foster Care (%)
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Adoption 43.4 42.6 44.6 32.4 27.6
Guardianship 7.3 6.7 6.2 5.7 8.9
Reunification 41.4 44.3 41.6 55.7 58.4
Other 7.8 6.3 7.4 6.2 5.2
Missing data 0.1 0.0 0.2 0.0 0.0
Number 921 1,067 883 901 892
Exits of Children With a Diagnosed Disability (%)
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Adoption 35.1 40.3 49.1 56.5 49.7
Guardianship 9.7 10.2 10.7 11.8 19.7
Reunification 30.5 30.6 20.1 15.1 17.2
Other 24.0 18.8 20.1 16.7 13.4
Missing data 0.6 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Number 154 186 169 186 157
Exits of Children Older than Age 12 at Entry Into Foster Care (%)
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Adoption 6.5 5.3 4.5 5.0 5.4
Guardianship 12.9 19.5 15.9 16.0 18.0
Reunification 32.3 38.9 26.1 42.0 51.4
Other 48.4 36.3 52.3 37.0 25.2
Missing data 0.0 0.0 1.1 0.0 0.0
Number 93 113 88 100 111
Exits to Emancipation (%)
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Children age 12 or younger at entry 34.8 33.9 28.6 33.3 40.0
Children older than 12 at entry 65.2 66.1 71.4 66.7 60.0
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Number 69 62 63 54 45
Exits by Race/Ethnicity (%)
  Alaska Native / American Indian Asian Black (non-Hispanic)
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Adoption 0.0 28.6 33.3 33.3 7.1 100.0 0.0 0.0 16.7 75.0 27.3 27.8 30.0 20.0 33.3
Guardianship 40.0 28.6 11.1 8.3 7.1 0.0 0.0 33.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 27.8 5.0 0.0 5.6
Reunification 40.0 42.9 22.2 41.7 71.4 0.0 0.0 66.7 83.3 25.0 54.5 38.9 45.0 70.0 50.0
Other 20.0 0.0 33.3 16.7 14.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 18.2 5.6 20.0 10.0 11.1
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Number 5 7 9 12 14 1 0 3 6 8 11 18 20 30 18
Exits by Race/Ethnicity (%)
  Native Hawaiian/Other Pac. Is. Hispanic (of any race) White (non-Hispanic)
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Adoption 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 53.0 45.2 55.4 66.7 21.4 42.6 42.7 44.8 30.3 29.7
Guardianship 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 7.0 4.1 3.1 7.1 7.1 7.2 6.5 5.8 6.3 8.3
Reunification 0.0 100.0 50.0 0.0 100.0 37.0 46.6 36.9 21.4 69.0 41.6 43.9 41.9 57.0 56.9
Other 0.0 0.0 50.0 0.0 0.0 3.0 4.1 4.6 4.8 2.4 8.6 6.8 7.3 6.3 5.1
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.3 0.0 0.0
Number 0 1 2 0 1 200 146 65 42 42 582 749 659 646 650
Exits by Race/Ethnicity (%)
  Unable to Determine Two or More Races Missing Data
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Adoption 34.3 43.8 45.1 37.5 15.3 37.5 41.1 44.0 36.4 24.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Guardianship 7.1 4.5 7.0 5.7 8.2 6.3 10.7 14.0 1.5 17.6 25.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Reunification 51.4 50.6 45.1 55.7 75.3 37.5 33.9 36.0 51.5 48.6 75.0 100.0 75.0 100.0 0.0
Other 7.1 1.1 2.8 1.1 1.2 16.7 14.3 6.0 10.6 9.5 0.0 0.0 25.0 0.0 0.0
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Number 70 89 71 88 85 48 56 50 66 74 4 1 4 11 0

Reduce Time to Reunification Without Increasing Reentry (AFCARS Foster Care File)

Time to Reunification (%)
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Less than 12 mos. 40.2 43.1 53.4 61.8 53.6
At least 12 mos., but less than 24 mos. 45.9 44.4 36.2 31.7 34.9
At least 24 mos., but less than 36 mos. 11.5 11.0 9.5 5.4 10.4
At least 36 mos., but less than 48 mos. 1.6 0.4 0.8 0.8 0.8
48 or more mos. 0.8 1.1 0.0 0.4 0.4
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Number 381 473 367 502 521
Children Reentering Foster Care (%)
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Children entering care for the first time 86.7 88.4 85.6 85.6 83.2
Children reentering care within 12 mos. of a prior episode 3.8 3.0 5.5 4.7 8.4
Children reentering care more than 12 mos. after a prior episode 9.4 8.2 8.3 9.1 8.0
Missing data 0.1 0.4 0.6 0.5 0.4
Number 916 820 1,080 1,246 1,115

Reduce Time in Foster Care to Adoption (AFCARS Foster Care File)

Time to Adoption (%)
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Less than 12 mos. 1.0 1.8 2.0 1.7 0.8
At least 12 mos., but less than 24 mos. 21.8 28.6 35.8 32.5 32.9
At least 24 mos., but less than 36 mos. 46.0 43.3 37.8 42.1 40.2
At least 36 mos., but less than 48 mos. 21.8 19.1 18.3 14.4 17.1
48 or more mos. 9.5 7.3 6.1 9.2 8.9
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Number 400 455 394 292 246

Increase Placement Stability (AFCARS Foster Care File)

Number of Placements by Time in Care (%)
  In Care Less Than 12 Months In Care at Least 12 months but Less Than 24 months In Care for 24 Months or Longer Time in Care Missing or Out of Range
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Children with 2 or fewer placements 89.9 91.0 87.3 87.2 87.8 80.0 80.0 83.2 77.3 75.7 52.8 52.6 49.3 51.1 53.8 100.0 0.0 0.0 50.0 50.0
Children with 3 or more placements 8.8 8.4 12.2 11.1 11.7 20.0 19.8 16.6 22.7 24.3 47.2 47.4 50.7 48.9 46.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 12.5
Missing Placement setting counts 1.3 0.5 0.6 1.6 0.5 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 50.0 37.5
Total number 982 949 1,201 1,356 1,238 872 862 764 983 1,049 899 840 686 654 888 5 0 0 4 8

Reduce Placement of Young Children in Group Homes or Institutions (AFCARS Foster Care File)

Most Recent Placement Settings of Children Who Entered Care During the Fiscal Year and Were Age 12 or Younger at the Time of This Placement (%)
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Group homes 0.7 0.5 0.5 0.7 0.2
Institution 0.4 0.5 0.3 0.5 0.6
Other settings 97.5 98.4 98.3 97.1 96.5
Missing data 1.4 0.5 0.9 1.7 2.7
Number 831 728 981 1,075 992