Maine

Maine [Context Data]

A. Context Statistics 1 2

General Child Population (Census Bureau) 3
  2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Total children under 18 years 261,825 258,924 256,140 254,211 252,634
Race/ethnicity (%) 4
Alaska Native / American Indian 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8
Asian 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4
Black 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.7 2.8
Native Hawaiian / Other Pacific Islander <.1 <.1 <.1 <.1 <.1
Hispanic (of any race) 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.7 2.8
White 89.3 89.2 88.9 88.7 88.5
Two or more races 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.8
Child population in poverty (%) 17.7 19.1 17.4 17.2 13.1
Child Welfare Summary 5
  2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Child maltreatment victims 3,820 3,823 3,372 3,446 3,475
Foster care entry rate 3.7 3.5 3.5 3.6 3.2
Children in foster care on 9/30 1,787 1,864 1,873 1,837 1,584
Children adopted 214 295 328 399 456
Caseworker Visits 6
  2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Children receiving monthly visits (%) 97 97 97 97 98
Numerator 18,523 20,493 21,210 20,609 19,345
Denominator 19,022 21,020 21,863 21,238 19,781
Children receiving visits in the home (%) 90 91 90 88 86
Numerator 16,736 18,632 19,127 18,096 16,602
Denominator 18,523 20,493 21,210 20,609 19,345

1 The source data for each table is indicated in parentheses for each section. A calendar year is the basis for data from the Census Bureau. Most of the other data on these pages are from the National Child Abuse and Neglect Data System (NCANDS) or the Adoption and Foster Care Analysis and Reporting System (AFCARS) and are based on the federal fiscal year, October 1 through September 30.  Back
2 Data that did not meet the quality standards for inclusion in the report are represented as DQ*. Incomplete data excluded from inclusion in the report are represented as --. For additional information on the data quality thresholds for the Child Welfare Outcomes Report, please reference the full report or the Child Welfare Outcomes data site.  Back
3 The total child population and data on race/ethnicity represent estimates from the Census Bureau https://www.census.gov/data/tables.html . Child poverty data are from the Census Bureau's American Community Survey (ACS).  Back
4 For race/ethnicity tables, all races exclude children of Hispanic origin. The Child Welfare Outcomes Report data site http://cwoutcomes.acf.hhs.gov/cwodatasite provides alternative race/ethnicity breakdowns in which race and ethnicity are treated as two separate categories.  Back
5 A child victim is defined as a child for whom the state determined at least one maltreatment was substantiated or indicated. This includes a child who died of child abuse and neglect. This is a change from prior years when children with dispositions of alternative response victim were included as victims. The rate for foster care entry is per 1,000 children in the state population. Data on child maltreatment victims are from NCANDS. Data on foster care entry rate, children in foster care on 9/30, and children adopted are from AFCARS.  Back
6 The reporting population subject to the caseworker visits requirements includes all children under age 18 for at least the first day of the FY (October 1) who have been in foster care for at least one full calendar month during the FY. All states have the option of using an approved sampling procedure for the caseworker visits reporting requirement.  Back

B. Child Maltreatment Data (National Child Abuse and Neglect Data System [NCANDS]) 7

Overview Maltreatment Information 8
  2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
  Number Rate Number Rate Number Rate Number Rate Number Rate
Children subject of an investigated report alleging child maltreatment 12,295 47.0 per 1,000 13,286 51.3 per 1,000 12,641 49.4 per 1,000 11,613 45.7 per 1,000 11,226 44.4 per 1,000
Total child maltreatment victims 3,820 14.6 per 1,000 3,823 14.8 per 1,000 3,372 13.2 per 1,000 3,446 13.6 per 1,000 3,475 13.8 per 1,000
Child Fatalities -- -- per 100,000 -- -- per 100,000 -- -- per 100,000 -- -- per 100,000 -- -- per 100,000
Age of Child Victims (%)
  2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Under 1 year 13.8 13.8 14.8 14.2 12.9
1 year 7.9 7.5 7.1 7.7 6.8
2 years 7.5 7.0 7.0 7.8 7.3
3 years 6.5 7.0 6.5 6.6 6.7
4 years 7.1 6.9 6.9 6.5 7.3
5 years 6.4 6.5 6.5 5.8 6.9
6 years 6.1 6.5 6.8 6.6 5.8
7 years 6.1 5.8 6.3 6.2 6.7
8 years 5.3 5.7 5.8 6.4 5.8
9 years 4.8 5.2 5.1 5.4 5.5
10 years 4.8 4.5 5.5 5.0 5.5
11 years 4.1 4.6 4.4 4.5 4.8
12 years 4.1 4.0 3.6 3.7 3.9
13 years 3.9 3.9 4.1 3.8 3.9
14 years 4.1 3.9 2.9 3.5 3.6
15 years 3.2 3.2 3.1 2.9 3.2
16 years 2.6 2.6 2.5 1.9 2.2
17 years 1.3 1.3 1.1 1.3 1.0
18+ years 0.0 <.1 <.1 <.1 <.1
Missing data 0.4 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.1
Number 3,820 3,823 3,372 3,446 3,475
Race/Ethnicity of Child Victims (%)
  2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Alaska Native / American Indian 0.5 0.8 0.6 0.5 0.5
Asian 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.3 <.1
Black 1.6 1.6 2.0 1.5 1.9
Native Hawaiian / Other Pacific Islander 0.1 0.1 0.0 <.1 <.1
Hispanic (of any race) 3.8 4.4 5.3 5.5 6.2
White 61.4 59.8 58.6 60.8 62.6
Two or more races 2.4 3.1 2.6 3.1 3.2
Missing data 30.0 29.9 30.5 28.3 25.6
Number 3,820 3,823 3,372 3,446 3,475
Maltreatment Types of Child Victims (%) 9
  2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Emotional abuse 36.6 36.8 32.7 34.5 35.1
Medical neglect -- -- -- -- --
Neglect 75.7 70.5 69.7 65.1 66.5
Physical abuse 21.1 25.2 29.6 31.5 30.3
Sexual abuse 6.5 7.3 7.0 8.1 8.4
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Other 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Number 3,820 3,823 3,372 3,446 3,475
Time to Investigation (in hours) 10
  2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Mean 73.3 70.8 69.6 70.5 61.5
Median >48 but<72 >48 but<72 >48 but<72 >48 but<72 >24 but<48

7 The unique count of child victims counts a child only once regardless of the number of times he or she was found to be a victim during the reporting year.  Back
8 The rates for Child Protective Services responses and victims are per 1,000 children under age 18; for fatalities, the rate is per 100,000 children under age 18.  Back
9 These percentages are calculated against the number of unique victims. A child may have been the victim of more than one type of maltreatment, or the same type of maltreatment more than once. As a result, the total percentages both within and across maltreatment categories may exceed 100.  Back
10 Response time is defined as the time between the report of suspected maltreatment and the first face-to-face contact with the alleged victim or with another person who can provide information on the allegation.  Back

C. Characteristics of Children in Foster Care (Adoption and Foster Care Analysis and Reporting System [AFCARS] Foster Care File)

Overview Foster Care Information
  In Foster Care on 10/1 FY Entered Foster Care in FY Exited Foster Care in FY In Foster Care on 9/30 FY
  2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Total number 1,491 1,736 1,861 1,842 1,831 962 916 902 916 820 666 788 890 921 1,067 1,787 1,864 1,873 1,837 1,584
Median length of stay (months) 11.2 13.0 14.1 14.6 14.4 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 17.1 19.6 20.9 22.8 20.9 13.2 13.8 14.5 14.3 13.4
Age of Children in Foster Care (%)
  In Foster Care on 10/1 FY Entered Foster Care in FY Exited Foster Care in FY In Foster Care on 9/30 FY
  2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Under 1 year 8.7 9.2 8.0 7.4 7.7 25.1 26.5 24.5 23.3 23.7 6.6 4.9 4.0 2.6 2.5 9.1 8.1 7.6 7.7 8.1
1 year 11.3 11.1 12.1 11.9 10.4 10.4 9.4 10.9 8.0 9.5 7.7 10.3 8.9 9.0 9.7 10.9 12.1 11.8 10.5 10.7
2 years 10.5 10.3 8.4 10.7 9.9 7.4 8.1 9.2 9.1 8.5 12.9 12.8 10.0 13.1 10.9 10.5 8.6 10.7 10.0 9.0
3 years 7.2 8.8 9.3 8.9 9.3 6.8 7.2 7.8 8.1 8.4 9.5 9.8 11.5 9.6 11.9 8.6 9.4 8.9 9.4 8.6
4 years 7.1 6.1 7.5 6.8 7.5 7.7 6.3 6.4 6.3 6.2 7.5 7.1 8.4 8.6 9.1 6.2 7.5 6.9 7.7 7.8
5 years 5.3 6.9 6.4 6.5 5.7 6.2 7.3 5.4 6.2 6.1 5.3 7.6 7.6 8.5 7.1 6.9 6.4 6.5 5.7 5.7
6 years 5.3 5.4 6.5 5.6 5.5 5.3 5.9 4.5 4.8 4.3 6.3 5.7 6.1 7.2 5.5 5.5 6.5 5.6 5.4 5.2
7 years 5.4 5.5 5.1 4.9 5.6 4.8 3.6 4.3 6.2 5.0 4.7 4.4 7.0 4.9 5.6 5.6 5.0 5.1 5.6 5.5
8 years 4.4 4.7 5.1 4.9 5.5 4.5 4.3 4.1 5.5 6.1 4.5 5.3 5.3 5.0 5.6 4.9 5.2 4.9 5.4 5.7
9 years 3.4 4.3 4.8 4.0 5.0 2.7 3.8 4.2 4.5 4.3 2.6 4.2 4.7 4.1 4.3 4.3 4.8 4.0 5.0 6.0
10 years 2.7 2.8 3.7 4.6 4.0 3.6 2.0 2.9 2.7 3.2 3.5 3.4 4.5 2.8 4.6 3.0 3.6 4.5 3.9 4.2
11 years 2.6 3.2 2.1 3.5 4.6 2.6 2.3 3.4 3.6 2.6 2.6 3.0 1.6 3.5 3.4 3.1 2.2 3.5 4.6 3.2
12 years 3.1 2.8 2.7 2.9 3.5 2.4 1.7 1.8 3.2 1.6 2.4 2.5 2.0 3.3 3.3 2.9 2.6 2.9 3.4 4.0
13 years 4.4 3.3 2.8 2.7 3.1 3.0 2.5 2.3 2.6 1.7 3.5 2.5 1.7 2.1 2.6 3.3 2.8 2.7 3.1 2.9
14 years 4.2 3.3 3.3 3.3 2.6 2.5 2.7 2.9 2.0 2.3 2.7 2.4 2.6 2.8 2.2 3.2 3.3 3.3 2.6 3.4
15 years 4.8 4.5 3.5 3.4 3.4 2.3 2.3 2.5 1.5 2.3 2.0 2.2 1.6 1.6 2.3 4.4 3.6 3.4 3.4 2.7
16 years 4.2 4.0 3.8 3.5 3.1 2.1 3.1 1.9 1.6 2.8 2.9 2.9 2.5 2.1 2.2 3.9 3.8 3.5 3.1 3.3
17 years 5.1 3.6 4.2 3.6 3.1 0.7 1.0 0.9 0.9 1.5 2.3 1.1 1.8 2.0 1.2 3.5 4.2 3.7 3.2 3.7
18 years 0.2 0.2 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 11.0 7.4 7.4 6.0 5.2 <.1 0.2 0.5 0.4 0.4
19 years 0.0 0.0 0.0 <.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.3 0.9 1.4 0.6 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
20+ years 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Race/Ethnicity of Children in Foster Care (%)
  In Foster Care on 10/1 FY Entered Foster Care in FY Exited Foster Care in FY In Foster Care on 9/30 FY
  2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Alaska Native / American Indian 1.4 0.9 0.9 0.8 1.0 0.8 0.5 0.2 1.1 0.9 1.7 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.7 1.0 0.9 0.7 1.0 1.2
Asian 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.0 0.1 0.2 0.0 0.5 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Black 1.5 2.0 1.5 1.4 1.7 2.8 1.9 1.8 1.6 2.9 2.1 2.8 1.9 1.2 1.7 2.0 1.6 1.4 1.6 2.4
Native Hawaiian / Other Pacific Islander 0.2 0.1 0.0 <.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.0 0.0 <.1 0.1 0.0 <.1 <.1 0.1
Hispanic (of any race) 17.6 19.1 20.0 21.2 10.0 18.8 15.6 22.9 22.1 7.9 17.6 19.2 22.1 21.7 13.7 18.2 17.3 20.4 21.4 6.5
White 62.6 62.7 62.7 64.1 73.2 60.9 62.6 61.8 61.4 72.3 60.2 61.7 59.2 63.2 70.2 62.6 63.1 63.9 63.2 74.8
Two or more races 7.0 5.5 5.7 5.5 5.9 3.3 4.7 4.7 3.4 6.0 6.3 4.7 6.7 5.2 5.2 5.3 5.4 4.8 4.6 6.4
Unknown 9.5 9.5 8.9 6.8 7.8 12.1 10.5 7.8 9.4 9.6 11.0 10.3 9.0 7.6 8.3 10.3 9.7 8.3 7.7 8.3
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 1.0 4.3 0.7 0.9 0.2 0.6 0.5 0.3 0.4 <.1 0.3 1.9 0.3 0.2 <.1

D. Characteristics of Children "Waiting for Adoption" 11 (AFCARS Foster Care File)

Children Waiting for Adoption
  2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Total waiting children 564 590 666 647 576
Number of waiting children whose parents' rights have been terminated 501 510 567 557 502

11 There is no federal definition for a child waiting to be adopted. The definition used in the tables on this page includes children and youth through age 17 who have a goal of adoption and/or whose parents' parental rights have been terminated. It excludes children 16 years old and older whose parents' parental rights have been terminated and who have a goal of emancipation. A state's own definition may differ from that used here.  Back

Age of Children Waiting for Adoption (%) 12
  2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Under 1 year 2.1 0.7 0.9 2.2 1.4
1 year 9.9 9.0 8.7 9.6 8.0
2 years 12.4 10.5 12.5 10.7 10.1
3 years 9.8 11.5 8.7 8.3 7.3
4 years 5.9 9.0 8.0 9.3 8.0
5 years 6.9 5.4 7.4 5.3 6.6
6 years 5.1 6.4 5.1 5.6 5.7
7 years 5.0 6.8 5.7 4.8 4.5
8 years 5.7 6.1 5.3 5.7 6.3
9 years 4.1 4.9 5.7 6.0 6.1
10 years 3.9 3.9 5.7 5.1 6.6
11 years 3.7 2.7 4.5 5.6 4.5
12 years 3.2 3.2 3.3 4.8 6.3
13 years 4.4 3.6 4.1 3.6 4.3
14 years 4.3 4.7 3.9 3.4 5.2
15 years 5.3 4.2 4.1 4.0 3.3
16 years 4.4 4.6 3.3 2.8 3.6
17 years 3.9 2.7 3.3 3.4 2.3

12 Children older than 17 years fall outside of the definition used to identify waiting children and are therefore excluded from this table.  Back

Race/Ethnicity of Children Waiting for Adoption (%)
  2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Alaska Native / American Indian 1.6 1.0 0.8 0.9 1.4
Asian 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.5 0.5
Black 1.4 1.0 1.4 1.7 3.1
Native Hawaiian / Other Pacific Islander 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Hispanic (of any race) 16.5 16.6 18.9 17.6 6.1
White 63.7 65.9 64.7 67.1 74.3
Two or more races 6.7 5.6 6.0 5.7 6.8
Unknown 9.8 9.5 7.8 6.5 7.8
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.0 0.0

E. Characteristics of Children Adopted (AFCARS Adoption File)

Children Adopted
  2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Total children adopted 214 295 328 399 456
Age of Children Adopted (%)
  2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Under 1 year 0.5 1.7 0.3 0.3 0.7
1 year 9.3 12.2 9.5 7.0 11.2
2 years 17.3 21.0 14.3 20.6 17.5
3 years 14.5 13.6 18.3 14.3 16.0
4 years 9.8 10.2 11.9 8.5 10.3
5 years 8.4 8.1 7.6 11.3 9.0
6 years 9.3 7.1 7.6 6.8 5.7
7 years 7.5 5.1 8.8 6.0 5.9
8 years 5.6 6.4 6.4 5.3 5.0
9 years 2.8 4.4 4.6 4.5 2.6
10 years 3.3 3.1 3.0 2.5 5.3
11 years 1.4 3.1 1.2 3.5 2.9
12 years 1.9 1.4 0.6 2.8 2.4
13 years 4.2 1.0 0.9 0.8 2.2
14 years 3.3 0.7 1.2 2.8 0.9
15 years 0.0 0.7 0.9 1.0 0.4
16 years 0.5 0.0 2.1 0.5 0.9
17 years 0.5 0.3 0.3 1.8 0.4
18 years 0.0 0.0 0.3 0.0 0.7
19 years 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
20+ years 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Race/Ethnicity of Children Adopted (%)
  2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Alaska Native / American Indian 1.9 0.7 0.3 0.3 0.7
Asian 0.5 0.0 0.0 0.3 0.0
Black 0.5 1.7 1.2 1.0 1.1
Native Hawaiian / Other Pacific Islander 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Hispanic (of any race) 19.2 23.1 26.2 26.8 14.7
White 58.4 59.3 55.5 60.7 70.4
Two or more races 7.5 4.1 4.9 5.0 4.6
Unknown 12.1 11.2 11.9 6.0 8.6
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Maine [Outcomes Data]

Reduce Recurrence of Child Abuse and/or Neglect (NCANDS)

Recurrence of Maltreatment Within 6 Months (%)
  2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Children without a recurrence 93.7 93.9 95.3 95.5 94.7
Children with one or more recurrences 6.3 6.1 4.7 4.5 5.3
Number 1,934 1,974 1,886 1,791 1,666

Reduce the Incidence of Child Abuse and/or Neglect in Foster Care (NCANDS and AFCARS Foster Care File)

2.1 Maltreatment in Foster Care (%)
  2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Children maltreated while in foster care 0.49 0.30 0.40 0.69 0.57
Children not maltreated while in foster care 99.51 99.70 99.60 99.31 99.43
Number 2,453 2,652 2,763 2,758 2,651

Increase Permanency for Children in Foster Care (AFCARS Foster Care File)

3.1 Exits of Children From Foster Care (%)
  2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Adoption 27.8 36.7 36.5 43.4 42.6
Guardianship 8.1 8.8 7.9 7.3 6.7
Reunification 52.3 46.2 46.9 41.4 44.3
Other 11.4 8.4 8.8 7.8 6.3
Missing data 0.5 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0
Number 666 788 890 921 1,067
Exits of Children With a Diagnosed Disability (%)
  2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Adoption 31.5 34.6 36.5 35.1 40.3
Guardianship 9.4 7.2 10.2 9.7 10.2
Reunification 28.7 29.4 26.3 30.5 30.6
Other 29.8 28.8 26.9 24.0 18.8
Missing data 0.6 0.0 0.0 0.6 0.0
Number 181 153 167 154 186
Exits of Children Older than Age 12 at Entry Into Foster Care (%)
  2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Adoption 1.9 1.0 8.7 6.5 5.3
Guardianship 14.3 18.4 11.3 12.9 19.5
Reunification 34.3 38.8 33.9 32.3 38.9
Other 49.5 41.8 46.1 48.4 36.3
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Number 105 98 115 93 113
Exits to Emancipation (%)
  2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Children age 12 or younger at entry 29.7 35.5 30.3 34.8 33.9
Children older than 12 at entry 70.3 64.5 69.7 65.2 66.1
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Number 74 62 76 69 62
Exits by Race/Ethnicity (%)
  Alaska Native / American Indian Asian Black (non-Hispanic)
  2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Adoption 18.2 50.0 20.0 0.0 28.6 33.3 0.0 0.0 100.0 0.0 7.1 22.7 23.5 27.3 27.8
Guardianship 18.2 50.0 20.0 40.0 28.6 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 27.8
Reunification 54.5 0.0 60.0 40.0 42.9 33.3 0.0 100.0 0.0 0.0 85.7 59.1 70.6 54.5 38.9
Other 9.1 0.0 0.0 20.0 0.0 33.3 100.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 7.1 18.2 5.9 18.2 5.6
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Number 11 4 5 5 7 3 1 1 1 0 14 22 17 11 18
Exits by Race/Ethnicity (%)
  Native Hawaiian/Other Pac. Is. Hispanic (of any race) White (non-Hispanic)
  2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Adoption 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 28.2 42.4 43.1 53.0 45.2 28.2 35.6 34.3 42.6 42.7
Guardianship 0.0 100.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 10.3 6.0 5.6 7.0 4.1 7.7 9.5 9.3 7.2 6.5
Reunification 100.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 100.0 51.3 47.0 47.2 37.0 46.6 50.4 45.5 45.5 41.6 43.9
Other 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 9.4 4.6 4.1 3.0 4.1 13.2 9.5 10.8 8.6 6.8
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.9 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.5 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Number 1 2 0 0 1 117 151 197 200 146 401 486 527 582 749
Exits by Race/Ethnicity (%)
  Unable to Determine Two or More Races Missing Data
  2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Adoption 30.1 40.7 48.8 34.3 43.8 31.0 32.4 25.0 37.5 41.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Guardianship 9.6 6.2 7.5 7.1 4.5 4.8 13.5 5.0 6.3 10.7 0.0 0.0 0.0 25.0 0.0
Reunification 56.2 48.1 38.8 51.4 50.6 50.0 48.6 56.7 37.5 33.9 100.0 50.0 100.0 75.0 100.0
Other 4.1 4.9 5.0 7.1 1.1 14.3 5.4 13.3 16.7 14.3 0.0 50.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Number 73 81 80 70 89 42 37 60 48 56 4 4 3 4 1

Reduce Time to Reunification Without Increasing Reentry (AFCARS Foster Care File)

Time to Reunification (%)
  2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Less than 12 mos. 60.9 53.0 47.0 40.2 43.1
At least 12 mos., but less than 24 mos. 32.8 38.7 41.7 45.9 44.4
At least 24 mos., but less than 36 mos. 4.0 7.1 8.9 11.5 11.0
At least 36 mos., but less than 48 mos. 1.4 0.5 2.4 1.6 0.4
48 or more mos. 0.9 0.5 0.0 0.8 1.1
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Number 348 364 417 381 473
Children Reentering Foster Care (%)
  2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Children entering care for the first time 89.6 88.4 89.5 86.7 88.4
Children reentering care within 12 mos. of a prior episode 2.6 4.8 3.8 3.8 3.0
Children reentering care more than 12 mos. after a prior episode 7.3 6.4 6.4 9.4 8.2
Missing data 0.5 0.3 0.3 0.1 0.4
Number 962 916 902 916 820

Reduce Time in Foster Care to Adoption (AFCARS Foster Care File)

Time to Adoption (%)
  2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Less than 12 mos. 0.5 4.2 1.2 1.0 1.8
At least 12 mos., but less than 24 mos. 36.2 34.3 25.2 21.8 28.6
At least 24 mos., but less than 36 mos. 31.9 43.6 46.2 46.0 43.3
At least 36 mos., but less than 48 mos. 22.7 12.1 23.1 21.8 19.1
48 or more mos. 8.6 5.9 4.3 9.5 7.3
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Number 185 289 325 400 455

Increase Placement Stability (AFCARS Foster Care File)

Number of Placements by Time in Care (%)
  In Care Less Than 12 Months In Care at Least 12 months but Less Than 24 months In Care for 24 Months or Longer Time in Care Missing or Out of Range
  2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Children with 2 or fewer placements 87.5 89.2 89.9 89.9 91.0 74.8 76.9 79.6 80.0 80.0 36.2 44.2 52.4 52.8 52.6 0.0 83.3 100.0 100.0 0.0
Children with 3 or more placements 11.5 10.6 9.4 8.8 8.4 25.2 23.0 20.4 20.0 19.8 63.8 55.8 47.6 47.2 47.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Missing Placement setting counts 0.9 0.2 0.8 1.3 0.5 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 16.7 0.0 0.0 0.0
Total number 1,068 1,015 1,005 982 949 783 875 857 872 862 602 756 899 899 840 0 6 2 5 0

Reduce Placement of Young Children in Group Homes or Institutions (AFCARS Foster Care File)

Most Recent Placement Settings of Children Who Entered Care During the Fiscal Year and Were Age 12 or Younger at the Time of This Placement (%)
  2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Group homes 0.5 1.1 0.5 0.7 0.5
Institution 0.4 0.4 0.2 0.4 0.5
Other settings 98.9 98.3 99.0 97.5 98.4
Missing data 0.2 0.2 0.2 1.4 0.5
Number 852 809 802 831 728