Georgia

Georgia [Context Data]

A. Context Statistics 1 2

General Child Population (Census Bureau) 3
  2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Total children under 18 years 2,487,702 2,497,162 2,507,956 2,510,274 2,505,751
Race/ethnicity (%) 4
Alaska Native / American Indian 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Asian 3.6 3.7 3.8 3.9 4.0
Black 33.5 33.5 33.5 33.5 33.6
Native Hawaiian / Other Pacific Islander <.1 <.1 <.1 <.1 <.1
Hispanic (of any race) 13.8 14.1 14.4 14.6 14.9
White 45.5 45.0 44.5 44.1 43.6
Two or more races 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.6 3.7
Child population in poverty (%) 26.3 24.5 22.9 21.0 20.5
Child Welfare Summary 5
  2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Child maltreatment victims 22,163 26,952 21,635 10,319 11,090
Foster care entry rate 3.0 3.4 3.4 3.1 3.2
Children in foster care on 9/30 9,005 10,935 12,381 13,146 13,793
Children adopted 887 912 1,121 1,401 1,469
Caseworker Visits 6
  2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Children receiving monthly visits (%) 94 97 97 98 98
Numerator 87,483 109,357 131,344 142,369 154,742
Denominator 93,241 112,630 135,399 145,460 158,205
Children receiving visits in the home (%) 91 88 84 83 82
Numerator 79,458 96,184 110,714 118,415 126,671
Denominator 87,483 109,357 131,344 142,369 154,742

1 The source data for each table is indicated in parentheses for each section. A calendar year is the basis for data from the Census Bureau. Most of the other data on these pages are from the National Child Abuse and Neglect Data System (NCANDS) or the Adoption and Foster Care Analysis and Reporting System (AFCARS) and are based on the federal fiscal year, October 1 through September 30.  Back
2 Data that did not meet the quality standards for inclusion in the report are represented as DQ*. Incomplete data excluded from inclusion in the report are represented as --. For additional information on the data quality thresholds for the Child Welfare Outcomes Report, please reference the full report or the Child Welfare Outcomes data site.  Back
3 The total child population and data on race/ethnicity represent estimates from the Census Bureau https://www.census.gov/data/tables.html . Child poverty data are from the Census Bureau's American Community Survey (ACS).  Back
4 For race/ethnicity tables, all races exclude children of Hispanic origin. The Child Welfare Outcomes Report data site http://cwoutcomes.acf.hhs.gov/cwodatasite provides alternative race/ethnicity breakdowns in which race and ethnicity are treated as two separate categories.  Back
5 A child victim is defined as a child for whom the state determined at least one maltreatment was substantiated or indicated. This includes a child who died of child abuse and neglect. This is a change from prior years when children with dispositions of alternative response victim were included as victims. The rate for foster care entry is per 1,000 children in the state population. Data on child maltreatment victims are from NCANDS. Data on foster care entry rate, children in foster care on 9/30, and children adopted are from AFCARS.  Back
6 The reporting population subject to the caseworker visits requirements includes all children under age 18 for at least the first day of the FY (October 1) who have been in foster care for at least one full calendar month during the FY. All states have the option of using an approved sampling procedure for the caseworker visits reporting requirement.  Back

B. Child Maltreatment Data (National Child Abuse and Neglect Data System [NCANDS]) 7

Overview Maltreatment Information 8
  2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
  Number Rate Number Rate Number Rate Number Rate Number Rate
Children subject of an investigated report alleging child maltreatment 137,222 55.2 per 1,000 163,134 65.3 per 1,000 169,328 67.5 per 1,000 164,405 65.5 per 1,000 164,064 65.5 per 1,000
Total child maltreatment victims 22,163 8.9 per 1,000 26,952 10.8 per 1,000 21,635 8.6 per 1,000 10,319 4.1 per 1,000 11,090 4.4 per 1,000
Child Fatalities 102 4.1 per 100,000 113 4.5 per 100,000 97 3.9 per 100,000 94 3.7 per 100,000 86 3.4 per 100,000
Age of Child Victims (%)
  2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Under 1 year 12.5 11.6 12.9 18.5 21.8
1 year 6.5 6.3 6.5 6.9 6.4
2 years 6.5 6.0 6.3 6.5 5.9
3 years 6.2 5.8 5.8 5.9 5.4
4 years 6.2 5.8 5.7 5.9 5.4
5 years 6.4 6.5 6.0 6.1 5.3
6 years 6.6 6.6 6.4 5.8 5.5
7 years 6.3 6.3 6.4 5.8 5.1
8 years 5.6 6.1 5.8 5.3 5.8
9 years 5.2 5.2 5.4 5.0 4.7
10 years 4.6 4.8 5.1 4.9 4.7
11 years 4.4 4.6 4.4 4.1 4.2
12 years 4.4 4.4 4.1 3.7 3.7
13 years 4.4 4.2 4.2 3.7 4.0
14 years 4.5 4.6 4.3 3.7 3.9
15 years 4.2 4.6 4.5 3.5 3.6
16 years 3.5 4.0 3.8 3.0 2.7
17 years 1.8 2.1 2.1 1.5 1.6
18+ years <.1 <.1 0.0 <.1 <.1
Missing data 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.1 <.1
Number 22,163 26,952 21,635 10,319 11,090
Race/Ethnicity of Child Victims (%)
  2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Alaska Native / American Indian <.1 <.1 0.0 0.1 0.0
Asian 0.5 0.5 0.3 0.4 0.4
Black 39.4 40.0 37.5 35.1 39.5
Native Hawaiian / Other Pacific Islander <.1 <.1 0.0 0.0 0.0
Hispanic (of any race) 7.2 7.2 7.0 6.2 6.4
White 48.3 47.2 49.8 51.0 47.0
Two or more races 3.6 4.0 4.3 5.9 4.6
Missing data 0.9 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.9
Number 22,163 26,952 21,635 10,319 11,090
Maltreatment Types of Child Victims (%) 9
  2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Emotional abuse 26.6 21.9 21.0 15.3 19.6
Medical neglect 4.3 3.3 2.3 2.4 2.4
Neglect 73.5 78.3 79.4 79.0 73.9
Physical abuse 10.2 10.9 10.4 10.1 11.4
Sexual abuse 3.0 3.5 4.1 5.9 7.0
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Other 0.0 <.1 0.0 0.0 0.0
Number 22,163 26,952 21,635 10,319 11,090
Time to Investigation (in hours) 10
  2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Mean 163.9 85.1 47.9 39.8 23.4
Median <24 <24 <24 <24 <24

7 The unique count of child victims counts a child only once regardless of the number of times he or she was found to be a victim during the reporting year.  Back
8 The rates for Child Protective Services responses and victims are per 1,000 children under age 18; for fatalities, the rate is per 100,000 children under age 18.  Back
9 These percentages are calculated against the number of unique victims. A child may have been the victim of more than one type of maltreatment, or the same type of maltreatment more than once. As a result, the total percentages both within and across maltreatment categories may exceed 100.  Back
10 Response time is defined as the time between the report of suspected maltreatment and the first face-to-face contact with the alleged victim or with another person who can provide information on the allegation.  Back

C. Characteristics of Children in Foster Care (Adoption and Foster Care Analysis and Reporting System [AFCARS] Foster Care File)

Overview Foster Care Information
  In Foster Care on 10/1 FY Entered Foster Care in FY Exited Foster Care in FY In Foster Care on 9/30 FY
  2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Total number 7,492 8,866 10,761 12,216 12,968 7,519 8,581 8,551 7,821 8,082 6,006 6,512 6,930 6,891 7,257 9,005 10,935 12,381 13,146 13,793
Median length of stay (months) 11.7 10.5 11.0 12.5 13.8 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 9.3 9.0 10.1 14.0 14.5 10.4 10.8 12.5 13.7 14.1
Age of Children in Foster Care (%)
  In Foster Care on 10/1 FY Entered Foster Care in FY Exited Foster Care in FY In Foster Care on 9/30 FY
  2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Under 1 year 7.2 6.9 7.0 6.8 6.4 15.4 15.4 16.9 17.2 18.2 6.3 5.5 5.3 4.2 4.3 6.9 7.0 6.9 6.4 6.6
1 year 8.5 8.5 8.6 8.7 8.7 7.3 7.8 7.6 8.1 7.7 7.4 7.3 7.4 7.6 7.0 8.4 8.6 8.7 8.7 8.4
2 years 7.4 7.5 7.6 8.2 8.4 6.2 6.4 7.0 7.2 6.6 7.5 7.6 7.1 8.8 8.1 7.5 7.6 8.2 8.3 8.4
3 years 6.2 6.6 7.1 7.0 7.1 5.8 5.7 6.0 6.0 6.1 6.4 6.1 7.2 7.1 7.0 6.7 7.1 7.0 7.1 7.4
4 years 6.4 5.9 6.1 6.6 6.6 5.3 5.3 5.1 5.6 5.3 5.9 5.6 5.7 6.1 6.9 5.8 6.1 6.6 6.6 6.5
5 years 5.6 5.9 5.8 5.6 6.1 5.5 5.0 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.8 4.7 5.7 6.1 6.3 5.9 5.8 5.6 6.1 5.7
6 years 5.6 5.5 5.6 5.3 5.2 5.3 5.2 4.9 4.7 5.1 5.5 5.9 5.1 5.3 5.0 5.5 5.5 5.3 5.2 5.9
7 years 4.9 5.5 5.5 5.4 5.3 5.4 5.3 4.9 4.9 4.5 5.2 5.3 5.5 4.9 4.8 5.5 5.5 5.3 5.4 5.2
8 years 4.2 4.9 5.4 5.1 4.9 4.4 4.4 4.3 4.5 4.4 4.5 4.8 4.9 4.9 4.8 4.8 5.4 5.0 4.9 5.1
9 years 4.4 4.1 4.5 4.8 4.9 4.2 4.0 4.2 4.2 4.1 4.6 4.0 4.6 4.6 4.3 4.0 4.5 4.8 4.8 4.7
10 years 3.8 4.1 3.9 4.3 4.6 3.8 4.0 3.8 4.1 3.8 3.8 4.1 4.3 4.2 4.3 4.1 3.9 4.3 4.6 4.7
11 years 3.7 3.7 4.0 3.8 4.3 3.4 3.8 3.7 3.3 4.2 3.7 3.7 3.8 3.5 4.4 3.7 4.0 3.8 4.3 4.3
12 years 3.9 3.9 4.1 4.0 4.0 4.3 3.8 3.6 3.6 3.5 3.5 3.6 3.3 3.3 3.8 3.9 4.0 4.0 4.0 4.2
13 years 4.1 4.6 4.0 4.1 4.0 4.2 4.2 4.3 4.1 4.4 3.5 3.8 3.8 3.4 3.7 4.7 4.0 4.1 4.0 4.0
14 years 5.2 4.6 4.7 4.5 4.3 5.4 5.1 5.0 4.3 4.1 4.4 4.4 4.3 4.0 3.7 4.6 4.8 4.5 4.3 4.2
15 years 5.8 5.8 4.9 5.3 4.7 5.8 5.7 5.5 5.2 5.1 5.1 5.3 4.5 5.0 4.5 5.8 5.0 5.3 4.8 4.6
16 years 6.9 5.9 6.1 5.3 5.5 5.6 5.8 5.6 4.9 5.0 5.3 5.6 5.7 4.5 4.6 6.1 6.1 5.3 5.5 5.0
17 years 6.2 6.1 5.1 5.3 5.1 2.7 2.9 2.5 2.7 2.5 5.8 4.9 7.0 9.0 5.9 6.0 5.1 5.3 5.1 5.2
18 years 0.0 <.1 <.1 <.1 <.1 <.1 0.0 <.1 <.1 0.0 5.7 7.7 4.8 3.6 6.6 0.0 <.1 0.0 0.0 <.1
19 years 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
20+ years 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Race/Ethnicity of Children in Foster Care (%)
  In Foster Care on 10/1 FY Entered Foster Care in FY Exited Foster Care in FY In Foster Care on 9/30 FY
  2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Alaska Native / American Indian <.1 <.1 <.1 <.1 <.1 <.1 <.1 <.1 <.1 <.1 0.1 <.1 <.1 0.1 <.1 <.1 <.1 <.1 <.1 <.1
Asian 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.2 0.2 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
Black 42.6 41.6 41.2 39.7 39.3 43.9 42.7 38.5 37.0 37.1 45.7 43.4 40.2 37.8 36.7 41.5 41.4 39.9 39.1 39.4
Native Hawaiian / Other Pacific Islander <.1 0.0 <.1 <.1 <.1 0.0 <.1 <.1 <.1 <.1 <.1 0.0 <.1 <.1 <.1 0.0 <.1 <.1 <.1 <.1
Hispanic (of any race) 7.4 7.0 6.6 6.2 6.3 7.2 7.0 6.2 7.2 6.4 8.0 8.0 7.1 7.2 7.1 6.8 6.4 6.0 6.2 6.0
White 44.3 45.3 46.2 47.6 47.4 43.3 44.7 48.9 48.8 49.2 40.9 42.9 46.8 48.7 49.3 45.8 46.3 47.7 47.7 47.5
Two or more races 5.4 5.7 5.6 6.0 6.4 5.0 5.0 5.7 6.0 6.1 4.9 5.2 5.4 5.4 6.0 5.4 5.5 5.8 6.3 6.5
Unknown <.1 <.1 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.4 0.5 0.8 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.5 0.1 0.1 0.3 0.3 0.3
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

D. Characteristics of Children "Waiting for Adoption" 11 (AFCARS Foster Care File)

Children Waiting for Adoption
  2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Total waiting children 1,983 2,544 2,998 3,404 3,633
Number of waiting children whose parents' rights have been terminated 1,171 1,056 1,001 1,876 1,900

11 There is no federal definition for a child waiting to be adopted. The definition used in the tables on this page includes children and youth through age 17 who have a goal of adoption and/or whose parents' parental rights have been terminated. It excludes children 16 years old and older whose parents' parental rights have been terminated and who have a goal of emancipation. A state's own definition may differ from that used here.  Back

Age of Children Waiting for Adoption (%) 12
  2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Under 1 year 3.8 3.7 3.4 1.8 2.9
1 year 8.8 7.7 7.1 7.0 6.2
2 years 8.5 8.4 8.7 7.8 8.0
3 years 7.5 7.9 7.4 8.0 7.3
4 years 6.0 6.5 6.7 7.4 7.2
5 years 5.1 6.2 6.6 6.8 6.5
6 years 6.0 6.1 6.1 5.8 6.1
7 years 5.5 6.3 5.7 5.8 5.4
8 years 5.5 5.5 6.0 5.8 6.1
9 years 4.2 5.1 5.8 5.8 5.3
10 years 4.5 4.5 4.8 5.4 5.7
11 years 4.3 5.1 4.5 5.4 5.1
12 years 4.0 4.2 5.3 4.8 5.5
13 years 6.5 4.3 4.6 5.4 4.8
14 years 4.8 6.2 4.6 4.6 5.1
15 years 5.9 4.0 5.8 4.7 4.6
16 years 5.0 4.8 3.5 4.8 4.3
17 years 4.1 3.3 3.3 2.8 3.9

12 Children older than 17 years fall outside of the definition used to identify waiting children and are therefore excluded from this table.  Back

Race/Ethnicity of Children Waiting for Adoption (%)
  2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Alaska Native / American Indian 0.0 0.0 <.1 0.0 <.1
Asian 0.3 0.4 0.2 0.2 0.4
Black 40.1 39.0 37.8 38.8 39.3
Native Hawaiian / Other Pacific Islander 0.0 0.0 <.1 <.1 <.1
Hispanic (of any race) 7.4 7.3 7.0 5.5 5.5
White 46.2 47.3 49.2 49.6 48.1
Two or more races 5.8 5.9 5.4 5.8 6.5
Unknown 0.2 <.1 0.1 <.1 0.1
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

E. Characteristics of Children Adopted (AFCARS Adoption File)

Children Adopted
  2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Total children adopted 887 912 1,121 1,401 1,469
Age of Children Adopted (%)
  2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Under 1 year 1.6 1.2 1.5 0.8 0.7
1 year 11.8 9.8 9.6 9.7 8.6
2 years 13.6 15.7 13.9 13.9 13.1
3 years 13.8 11.5 12.5 10.4 11.0
4 years 8.7 8.8 10.3 9.6 10.7
5 years 9.7 5.5 9.1 10.5 8.9
6 years 5.2 9.3 6.6 7.2 6.1
7 years 6.8 6.3 7.4 6.6 6.0
8 years 3.5 6.6 5.6 5.6 5.6
9 years 5.0 5.7 4.2 5.1 5.5
10 years 3.3 3.6 4.1 4.7 4.6
11 years 4.1 3.8 3.0 3.0 4.6
12 years 3.2 2.7 3.2 3.4 3.8
13 years 2.1 2.1 2.6 3.0 2.5
14 years 2.0 2.0 2.1 2.0 2.2
15 years 1.9 2.1 1.6 1.9 2.2
16 years 2.1 1.4 1.3 1.4 1.6
17 years 1.5 2.0 1.0 0.8 2.0
18 years 0.2 0.0 0.4 0.3 0.3
19 years 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
20+ years 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Race/Ethnicity of Children Adopted (%)
  2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Alaska Native / American Indian 0.0 0.1 <.1 <.1 0.0
Asian 0.0 0.1 0.3 0.3 0.1
Black 32.1 30.6 29.1 26.6 26.0
Native Hawaiian / Other Pacific Islander 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Hispanic (of any race) 8.2 8.0 8.0 7.2 6.0
White 50.5 53.3 54.7 58.1 59.0
Two or more races 9.1 7.9 7.9 7.6 8.8
Unknown 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Georgia [Outcomes Data]

Reduce Recurrence of Child Abuse and/or Neglect (NCANDS)

Recurrence of Maltreatment Within 6 Months (%)
  2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Children without a recurrence 95.1 95.5 95.3 97.8 97.1
Children with one or more recurrences 4.9 4.5 4.7 2.2 2.9
Number 11,268 13,104 12,863 4,511 5,618

Reduce the Incidence of Child Abuse and/or Neglect in Foster Care (NCANDS and AFCARS Foster Care File)

2.1 Maltreatment in Foster Care (%)
  2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Children maltreated while in foster care 1.03 DQ* DQ* 0.40 0.19
Children not maltreated while in foster care 98.97 DQ* DQ* 99.60 99.81
Number 15,011 DQ* DQ* 20,037 21,050

Increase Permanency for Children in Foster Care (AFCARS Foster Care File)

3.1 Exits of Children From Foster Care (%)
  2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Adoption 14.0 13.0 14.9 17.9 17.8
Guardianship 10.6 8.5 5.7 6.7 7.2
Reunification 64.9 67.6 68.4 64.3 63.8
Other 10.4 10.9 11.0 11.1 11.2
Missing data 0.2 <.1 <.1 0.0 0.0
Number 6,006 6,512 6,931 6,891 7,257
Exits of Children With a Diagnosed Disability (%)
  2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Adoption 18.7 21.9 26.2 29.3 31.1
Guardianship 12.1 9.1 5.0 6.9 7.0
Reunification 49.1 45.5 45.9 40.5 38.6
Other 20.0 23.5 22.6 23.2 23.3
Missing data <.1 0.0 0.2 0.0 0.0
Number 1,100 1,146 1,132 985 966
Exits of Children Older than Age 12 at Entry Into Foster Care (%)
  2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Adoption 1.3 1.5 1.5 1.2 2.1
Guardianship 8.4 8.6 7.1 9.6 8.9
Reunification 60.4 59.9 58.6 53.1 50.3
Other 29.7 30.0 32.8 36.1 38.7
Missing data 0.3 <.1 0.0 0.0 0.0
Number 1,539 1,765 1,747 1,639 1,686
Exits to Emancipation (%)
  2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Children age 12 or younger at entry 13.2 13.4 10.9 11.9 8.6
Children older than 12 at entry 86.8 86.6 89.1 88.1 91.4
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Number 446 521 534 598 640
Exits by Race/Ethnicity (%)
  Alaska Native / American Indian Asian Black (non-Hispanic)
  2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Adoption 0.0 25.0 50.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 4.2 9.5 11.5 0.0 9.7 9.4 10.8 13.1 13.0
Guardianship 14.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 18.2 8.3 4.8 7.7 0.0 10.3 9.5 6.6 7.1 7.7
Reunification 85.7 75.0 0.0 100.0 100.0 63.6 79.2 85.7 76.9 94.4 68.9 68.7 69.5 65.4 65.1
Other 0.0 0.0 50.0 0.0 0.0 18.2 8.3 0.0 3.8 5.6 10.9 12.5 13.0 14.4 14.2
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0
Number 7 4 2 9 2 11 24 21 26 18 2,746 2,823 2,787 2,606 2,664
Exits by Race/Ethnicity (%)
  Native Hawaiian/Other Pac. Is. Hispanic (of any race) White (non-Hispanic)
  2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Adoption 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 15.1 12.5 18.0 19.2 15.1 17.2 16.0 17.4 21.1 20.8
Guardianship 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 8.9 3.4 2.7 5.4 4.2 11.1 8.8 5.5 6.8 7.6
Reunification 100.0 0.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 64.9 74.5 70.8 64.9 66.2 61.3 65.3 67.3 63.0 62.7
Other 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 11.0 9.6 8.6 10.5 14.5 10.1 9.9 9.8 9.1 8.9
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2 <.1 0.0 0.0 0.0
Number 1 0 2 1 2 482 522 490 496 518 2,454 2,793 3,242 3,358 3,581
Exits by Race/Ethnicity (%)
  Unable to Determine Two or More Races Missing Data
  2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Adoption 0.0 0.0 0.0 10.0 2.7 26.3 20.2 21.0 22.7 27.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Guardianship 12.5 0.0 6.7 10.0 10.8 10.4 5.9 4.6 5.6 4.8 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Reunification 87.5 100.0 86.7 75.0 81.1 55.6 65.6 64.2 64.0 59.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Other 0.0 0.0 6.7 5.0 5.4 7.7 8.3 10.2 7.7 8.5 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Number 8 9 15 20 37 297 337 372 375 435 0 0 0 0 0

Reduce Time to Reunification Without Increasing Reentry (AFCARS Foster Care File)

Time to Reunification (%)
  2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Less than 12 mos. 75.7 75.3 69.4 59.1 58.0
At least 12 mos., but less than 24 mos. 18.6 18.2 22.5 30.1 26.4
At least 24 mos., but less than 36 mos. 4.3 4.8 6.0 7.2 11.3
At least 36 mos., but less than 48 mos. 0.8 1.2 1.3 2.2 2.9
48 or more mos. 0.6 0.5 0.8 1.4 1.4
Missing data 0.1 <.1 0.0 0.0 <.1
Number 3,896 4,404 4,738 4,428 4,633
Children Reentering Foster Care (%)
  2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Children entering care for the first time 84.4 84.4 85.4 85.5 85.0
Children reentering care within 12 mos. of a prior episode 6.5 6.8 6.5 6.3 6.2
Children reentering care more than 12 mos. after a prior episode 9.1 8.5 8.1 8.0 8.8
Missing data <.1 0.3 <.1 0.1 <.1
Number 7,519 8,581 8,551 7,821 8,082

Reduce Time in Foster Care to Adoption (AFCARS Foster Care File)

Time to Adoption (%)
  2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Less than 12 mos. 2.5 2.2 2.6 2.8 1.6
At least 12 mos., but less than 24 mos. 29.5 26.4 25.3 22.3 19.8
At least 24 mos., but less than 36 mos. 40.1 38.7 38.2 38.2 39.3
At least 36 mos., but less than 48 mos. 18.5 21.1 19.8 20.2 23.9
48 or more mos. 9.4 11.6 14.1 16.5 15.4
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Number 840 845 1,035 1,234 1,289

Increase Placement Stability (AFCARS Foster Care File)

Number of Placements by Time in Care (%)
  In Care Less Than 12 Months In Care at Least 12 months but Less Than 24 months In Care for 24 Months or Longer Time in Care Missing or Out of Range
  2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Children with 2 or fewer placements 79.0 75.8 81.5 81.5 82.2 53.7 51.7 56.8 61.2 63.5 32.5 32.9 35.7 36.8 38.3 97.6 90.5 100.0 91.7 100.0
Children with 3 or more placements 20.0 22.5 18.0 18.3 17.6 46.2 48.3 43.2 38.7 36.5 67.5 67.1 64.3 63.2 61.7 0.0 0.0 0.0 8.3 0.0
Missing Placement setting counts 1.0 1.6 0.5 0.2 0.2 <.1 <.1 0.0 0.2 <.1 0.0 0.0 <.1 <.1 0.0 2.4 9.5 0.0 0.0 0.0
Total number 8,456 9,706 9,829 8,980 9,189 3,499 4,210 5,112 5,607 5,514 3,014 3,489 4,342 5,438 6,340 42 42 29 12 7

Reduce Placement of Young Children in Group Homes or Institutions (AFCARS Foster Care File)

Most Recent Placement Settings of Children Who Entered Care During the Fiscal Year and Were Age 12 or Younger at the Time of This Placement (%)
  2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Group homes 0.4 0.6 0.4 0.2 0.4
Institution 3.5 3.8 2.8 2.4 1.8
Other settings 96.1 95.6 96.8 97.4 97.9
Missing data <.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Number 5,691 6,436 6,532 6,131 6,332