Florida

Florida [Context Data]

A. Context Statistics 1 2

General Child Population (Census Bureau) 3
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Total children under 18 years 4,163,633 4,204,867 4,226,134 4,233,967 4,250,732
Race/ethnicity (%) 4
Alaska Native / American Indian 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Asian 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.8
Black 20.4 20.3 20.2 20.1 20.0
Native Hawaiian / Other Pacific Islander <.1 <.1 <.1 <.1 <.1
Hispanic (of any race) 29.8 30.3 30.7 31.1 31.4
White 43.2 42.8 42.3 42.0 41.7
Two or more races 3.6 3.7 3.7 3.8 3.9
Child population in poverty (%) 21.0 20.3 19.7 17.7 16.5
Child Welfare Summary 5
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Child maltreatment victims 41,894 40,103 36,795 32,915 28,268
Foster care entry rate 4.2 4.0 3.8 3.7 3.2
Children in foster care on 9/30 23,809 24,641 24,404 24,563 23,516
Children adopted 3,573 3,831 4,455 4,714 4,534
Caseworker Visits 6
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Children receiving monthly visits (%) 97 97 96 96 96
Numerator 250,773 263,806 261,888 257,231 249,319
Denominator 257,833 272,042 271,687 268,857 259,803
Children receiving visits in the home (%) 98 99 99 100 98
Numerator 246,885 261,101 259,678 256,547 243,434
Denominator 250,773 263,806 261,888 257,231 249,319

1 The source data for each table is indicated in parentheses for each section. A calendar year is the basis for data from the Census Bureau. Most of the other data on these pages are from the National Child Abuse and Neglect Data System (NCANDS) or the Adoption and Foster Care Analysis and Reporting System (AFCARS) and are based on the federal fiscal year, October 1 through September 30.  Back
2 Data that did not meet the quality standards for inclusion in the report are represented as DQ*. Incomplete data excluded from inclusion in the report are represented as --. For additional information on the data quality thresholds for the Child Welfare Outcomes Report, please reference the full report or the Child Welfare Outcomes data site.  Back
3 The total child population and data on race/ethnicity represent estimates from the Census Bureau https://www.census.gov/data/tables.html . Child poverty data are from the Census Bureau's American Community Survey (ACS). Due to the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, the 2020 poverty estimates are not available on data.census.gov. The 2020 poverty estimates are considered experimental and can be found on the ACS Experimental Data webpage: https://www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/data/experimental-data.html.  Back
4 For race/ethnicity tables, all races exclude children of Hispanic origin. The Child Welfare Outcomes Report data site http://cwoutcomes.acf.hhs.gov/cwodatasite provides alternative race/ethnicity breakdowns in which race and ethnicity are treated as two separate categories.  Back
5 A child victim is defined as a child for whom the state determined at least one maltreatment was substantiated or indicated. This includes a child who died of child abuse and neglect. This is a change from prior years when children with dispositions of alternative response victim were included as victims. The rate for foster care entry is per 1,000 children in the state population. Data on child maltreatment victims are from NCANDS. Data on foster care entry rate, children in foster care on 9/30, and children adopted are from AFCARS.  Back
6 The reporting population subject to the caseworker visits requirements includes all children under age 18 for at least the first day of the FY (October 1) who have been in foster care for at least one full calendar month during the FY. All states have the option of using an approved sampling procedure for the caseworker visits reporting requirement.  Back

B. Child Maltreatment Data (National Child Abuse and Neglect Data System [NCANDS]) 7

Overview Maltreatment Information 8
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
  Number Rate Number Rate Number Rate Number Rate Number Rate
Children subject of an investigated report alleging child maltreatment 287,951 69.2 per 1,000 296,250 70.5 per 1,000 292,518 69.2 per 1,000 285,141 67.3 per 1,000 251,149 59.1 per 1,000
Total child maltreatment victims 41,894 10.1 per 1,000 40,103 9.5 per 1,000 36,795 8.7 per 1,000 32,915 7.8 per 1,000 28,268 6.7 per 1,000
Child Fatalities 110 2.6 per 100,000 101 2.4 per 100,000 111 2.6 per 100,000 114 2.7 per 100,000 101 2.4 per 100,000
Age of Child Victims (%)
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Under 1 year 14.8 15.7 16.1 15.6 15.9
1 year 8.3 8.2 8.1 7.6 8.0
2 years 7.6 7.7 7.4 7.2 7.2
3 years 7.1 6.8 6.9 7.0 6.9
4 years 6.3 6.3 6.3 6.2 6.1
5 years 6.0 5.9 5.9 5.8 6.3
6 years 6.1 5.6 5.6 5.6 5.3
7 years 5.6 5.4 5.1 5.0 5.3
8 years 5.2 5.3 4.8 4.6 4.7
9 years 4.7 4.8 4.9 4.9 4.4
10 years 4.2 4.3 4.7 4.6 4.4
11 years 3.8 3.8 4.3 4.4 4.2
12 years 3.7 3.7 3.7 4.2 4.2
13 years 3.6 3.5 3.6 3.9 4.0
14 years 3.6 3.6 3.5 3.8 3.8
15 years 3.5 3.4 3.4 3.8 3.7
16 years 3.0 3.3 3.0 3.1 3.1
17 years 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.5 2.1
18+ years <.1 <.1 <.1 0.0 0.0
Missing data 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.3
Number 41,894 40,103 36,795 32,915 28,268
Race/Ethnicity of Child Victims (%)
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Alaska Native / American Indian 0.1 0.1 0.1 <.1 0.2
Asian 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.4
Black 29.8 29.3 28.8 27.3 27.8
Native Hawaiian / Other Pacific Islander <.1 0.0 <.1 <.1 <.1
Hispanic (of any race) 18.0 17.5 17.5 18.7 17.7
White 43.2 43.7 43.7 43.9 44.4
Two or more races 4.6 4.9 5.2 5.2 5.3
Missing data 4.0 4.2 4.1 4.4 4.2
Number 41,894 40,103 36,795 32,915 28,268
Maltreatment Types of Child Victims (%) 9
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Emotional abuse 1.2 1.1 1.3 1.3 1.0
Medical neglect 2.6 3.0 3.2 3.3 3.4
Neglect 58.7 60.5 61.5 61.2 61.9
Physical abuse 8.8 8.2 8.5 8.7 8.5
Sexual abuse 6.5 7.1 7.9 9.1 8.4
Sex trafficking 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Other 47.5 46.3 43.7 43.1 42.8
Number 41,894 40,103 36,795 32,915 28,268
Time to Investigation (in hours) 10
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Mean 11.9 11.8 11.7 10.7 10.8
Median <24 <24 <24 <24 <24

7 The unique count of child victims counts a child only once regardless of the number of times he or she was found to be a victim during the reporting year.  Back
8 The rates for Child Protective Services responses and victims are per 1,000 children under age 18; for fatalities, the rate is per 100,000 children under age 18.  Back
9 These percentages are calculated against the number of unique victims. A child may have been the victim of more than one type of maltreatment, or the same type of maltreatment more than once. As a result, the total percentages both within and across maltreatment categories may exceed 100.  Back
10 Response time is defined as the time between the report of suspected maltreatment and the first face-to-face contact with the alleged victim or with another person who can provide information on the allegation.  Back

C. Characteristics of Children in Foster Care (Adoption and Foster Care Analysis and Reporting System [AFCARS] Foster Care File)

Overview Foster Care Information
  In Foster Care on 10/1 FY Entered Foster Care in FY Exited Foster Care in FY In Foster Care on 9/30 FY
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Total number 21,564 22,935 23,734 23,538 23,838 17,677 16,799 16,175 15,597 13,392 15,433 15,094 15,505 14,572 13,712 23,809 24,641 24,404 24,563 23,516
Median length of stay (months) 8.6 9.6 10.5 10.8 11.3 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 11.9 12.5 13.5 14.0 15.3 9.7 10.5 10.9 11.3 12.5
Age of Children in Foster Care (%)
  In Foster Care on 10/1 FY Entered Foster Care in FY Exited Foster Care in FY In Foster Care on 9/30 FY
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Under 1 year 9.1 8.9 9.0 9.0 8.5 19.1 20.1 20.3 20.1 21.6 4.6 4.8 4.8 4.8 4.1 8.8 8.8 8.9 8.5 8.4
1 year 10.7 10.9 10.2 10.7 9.9 8.8 8.4 9.2 7.9 8.5 10.0 9.8 9.4 9.8 9.3 10.8 10.1 10.6 9.9 10.0
2 years 8.8 9.3 9.7 9.6 9.1 7.5 8.1 7.9 7.3 7.6 9.2 10.1 10.0 10.4 10.3 9.2 9.6 9.4 9.0 8.9
3 years 7.8 7.7 8.5 8.1 7.8 6.9 7.2 6.9 6.4 6.6 8.6 8.0 9.0 9.2 8.5 7.6 8.4 8.1 7.7 7.5
4 years 6.6 6.9 7.2 7.4 6.7 6.0 6.0 6.4 5.7 5.7 7.5 7.4 7.9 7.9 7.6 6.8 7.1 7.3 6.6 6.5
5 years 6.0 5.6 5.8 6.4 6.2 5.7 5.4 5.8 5.2 5.5 6.6 6.6 6.4 7.0 7.1 5.6 5.8 6.3 6.2 6.0
6 years 5.8 5.4 5.0 5.6 5.3 5.3 5.2 5.1 5.0 4.9 5.3 5.0 5.4 6.2 5.9 5.7 5.4 5.5 5.2 5.4
7 years 5.3 5.0 4.9 5.0 4.9 5.2 4.7 4.8 4.4 4.9 5.8 5.3 4.6 5.0 5.4 5.2 5.1 5.2 4.9 4.9
8 years 5.0 5.2 4.7 4.4 4.7 4.9 4.8 4.3 4.0 4.0 5.2 5.2 5.1 4.7 4.9 5.3 4.8 4.5 4.8 4.6
9 years 4.3 4.6 4.7 4.4 4.1 4.2 4.2 4.5 4.0 3.7 5.0 5.1 5.1 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.7 4.3 4.1 4.1
10 years 4.0 4.0 4.2 4.4 4.2 3.7 3.9 4.0 3.8 3.7 4.2 4.5 4.4 4.2 4.4 3.9 4.1 4.3 4.1 3.7
11 years 3.2 3.9 3.7 4.1 4.2 3.6 3.4 3.6 3.7 3.5 3.9 3.8 3.8 4.1 4.3 3.9 3.7 4.0 4.2 3.8
12 years 3.5 3.2 3.6 3.5 3.8 3.3 3.4 3.2 3.4 3.6 3.3 3.5 3.6 3.7 3.8 3.2 3.6 3.5 3.7 3.9
13 years 3.1 3.4 3.2 3.5 3.5 3.4 3.1 3.0 3.2 3.5 2.8 3.0 3.0 3.2 3.7 3.5 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.7
14 years 3.6 3.4 3.4 3.2 3.5 3.3 3.4 3.0 2.9 3.0 3.0 3.0 2.7 2.7 3.1 3.4 3.5 3.3 3.5 3.5
15 years 4.3 3.9 3.6 3.7 3.5 3.5 3.2 3.1 3.4 3.4 3.1 3.0 2.9 2.6 2.5 3.9 3.6 3.7 3.5 3.7
16 years 4.3 4.5 4.0 3.7 3.9 3.2 3.3 3.0 2.8 3.0 2.9 3.0 2.7 2.6 2.7 4.5 3.9 3.7 3.9 3.9
17 years 4.6 4.2 4.6 3.2 3.5 2.3 2.2 1.9 1.9 1.9 3.0 2.8 2.7 2.4 2.5 4.1 4.5 3.9 3.7 4.0
18 years <.1 <.1 <.1 <.1 1.4 0.0 0.0 <.1 2.7 0.6 6.2 6.1 6.6 4.0 3.9 <.1 0.0 <.1 1.6 1.6
19 years 0.0 <.1 <.1 0.0 0.8 0.0 <.1 0.0 1.3 0.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.6 0.6 <.1 <.1 0.0 0.9 1.0
20+ years 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.8 0.2 0.0 0.0 <.1 0.2 0.4 0.0 <.1 0.0 0.5 0.7
Missing data <.1 <.1 <.1 <.1 <.1 <.1 <.1 0.0 <.1 <.1 <.1 <.1 <.1 0.3 0.6 <.1 <.1 0.0 <.1 <.1
Race/Ethnicity of Children in Foster Care (%)
  In Foster Care on 10/1 FY Entered Foster Care in FY Exited Foster Care in FY In Foster Care on 9/30 FY
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Alaska Native / American Indian 0.2 0.2 <.1 <.1 <.1 0.2 <.1 <.1 <.1 0.3 0.2 0.2 <.1 <.1 0.1 0.2 <.1 <.1 <.1 0.1
Asian 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.1
Black 33.8 31.0 30.5 29.8 29.7 29.5 29.2 28.8 28.9 27.1 33.5 30.0 29.7 29.0 28.9 30.8 30.3 29.9 29.7 28.7
Native Hawaiian / Other Pacific Islander <.1 <.1 <.1 <.1 <.1 <.1 <.1 <.1 <.1 <.1 <.1 <.1 <.1 <.1 <.1 <.1 <.1 <.1 <.1 <.1
Hispanic (of any race) 16.2 16.1 16.0 15.7 16.4 16.7 17.3 17.4 17.9 17.6 17.1 17.3 18.2 16.7 16.5 16.0 16.1 15.6 16.5 17.0
White 43.4 46.2 46.4 46.9 46.0 47.1 46.3 46.1 45.7 47.6 42.7 45.6 45.1 46.8 46.8 46.7 46.6 47.0 46.2 46.5
Two or more races 5.8 5.9 6.3 6.8 6.9 5.7 6.4 6.8 6.4 6.3 5.9 6.0 6.3 6.6 6.8 5.7 6.1 6.6 6.7 6.7
Unknown 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.4 0.6 0.5 0.6 1.0 0.3 0.5 0.3 0.6 0.6 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.8
Missing data <.1 0.0 <.1 <.1 <.1 <.1 <.1 <.1 <.1 <.1 <.1 <.1 <.1 <.1 <.1 <.1 <.1 <.1 <.1 <.1

D. Characteristics of Children "Waiting for Adoption" 11 (AFCARS Foster Care File)

Children Waiting for Adoption
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Total waiting children 6,870 7,977 9,144 9,283 9,073
Number of waiting children whose parents' rights have been terminated 4,270 4,819 5,727 5,850 5,150

11 There is no federal definition for a child waiting to be adopted. The definition used in the tables on this page includes children and youth through age 17 who have a goal of adoption and/or whose parents' parental rights have been terminated. It excludes children 16 years old and older whose parents' parental rights have been terminated and who have a goal of emancipation. A state's own definition may differ from that used here.  Back

Age of Children Waiting for Adoption (%) 12
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Under 1 year 4.1 4.0 4.4 3.9 3.9
1 year 11.3 9.9 10.3 10.2 10.4
2 years 9.7 10.7 10.3 10.0 9.8
3 years 8.0 8.8 8.8 8.7 8.3
4 years 6.7 7.6 7.6 7.3 6.9
5 years 5.7 6.0 6.5 6.9 6.5
6 years 5.4 5.7 5.7 5.7 5.7
7 years 5.5 5.4 5.5 5.2 5.4
8 years 5.1 4.9 5.1 5.2 4.8
9 years 4.7 5.0 4.4 4.3 4.7
10 years 4.1 4.3 4.6 4.5 4.0
11 years 4.2 3.8 4.5 4.5 4.5
12 years 3.5 4.1 3.7 4.2 4.5
13 years 4.4 3.4 4.0 3.9 4.2
14 years 4.0 4.0 3.7 4.3 4.2
15 years 4.9 4.2 4.2 4.1 4.8
16 years 5.5 4.1 3.8 4.3 4.1
17 years 3.2 3.9 2.9 2.7 3.4

12 Children older than 17 years fall outside of the definition used to identify waiting children and are therefore excluded from this table.  Back

Race/Ethnicity of Children Waiting for Adoption (%)
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Alaska Native / American Indian <.1 <.1 <.1 <.1 <.1
Asian 0.1 0.2 0.2 <.1 <.1
Black 31.1 29.9 29.7 27.7 27.6
Native Hawaiian / Other Pacific Islander <.1 <.1 <.1 <.1 <.1
Hispanic (of any race) 14.1 14.1 13.5 14.9 15.3
White 47.6 48.7 49.0 49.7 48.6
Two or more races 6.5 6.4 6.7 7.0 7.7
Unknown 0.3 0.6 0.8 0.5 0.7
Missing data <.1 0.0 <.1 <.1 0.0

E. Characteristics of Children Adopted (AFCARS Adoption File)

Children Adopted
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Total children adopted 3,573 3,831 4,455 4,714 4,534
Age of Children Adopted (%)
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Under 1 year 3.3 3.2 3.2 2.8 2.7
1 year 14.0 12.7 11.3 12.0 10.7
2 years 12.5 15.6 15.0 13.8 14.0
3 years 11.1 10.1 11.3 11.9 10.6
4 years 8.6 8.4 9.2 9.6 8.5
5 years 7.3 6.7 6.8 8.1 8.6
6 years 6.8 5.8 6.4 6.1 6.2
7 years 6.1 5.4 5.0 5.7 5.8
8 years 4.5 5.0 5.2 4.4 4.7
9 years 4.8 4.5 4.7 4.2 4.3
10 years 3.7 4.0 4.3 3.8 4.5
11 years 3.4 4.0 3.5 4.1 3.8
12 years 2.5 3.2 3.5 3.3 3.6
13 years 2.7 3.1 2.7 2.6 3.4
14 years 2.4 2.3 2.4 2.2 2.7
15 years 2.0 2.3 1.9 1.8 2.0
16 years 2.1 2.0 1.7 2.1 1.9
17 years 2.0 1.5 1.5 1.3 1.8
18 years 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2
19 years 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
20+ years 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Race/Ethnicity of Children Adopted (%)
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Alaska Native / American Indian <.1 <.1 <.1 <.1 0.0
Asian 0.2 <.1 0.2 0.2 0.2
Black 29.5 27.1 25.1 27.1 24.5
Native Hawaiian / Other Pacific Islander <.1 <.1 0.0 0.0 <.1
Hispanic (of any race) 13.9 13.9 14.3 13.2 13.7
White 48.6 51.5 52.8 51.8 53.9
Two or more races 7.5 7.0 7.1 7.1 7.3
Unknown 0.2 0.4 0.3 0.6 0.3
Missing data 0.0 <.1 0.0 0.0 <.1

Florida [Outcomes Data]

Reduce Recurrence of Child Abuse and/or Neglect (NCANDS)

Recurrence of Maltreatment Within 12 Months (%)
  2015-2016 2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019 2019-2020
Children without a recurrence 91.4 92.1 92.2 92.9 93.3
Children with one or more recurrences 8.6 7.9 7.8 7.1 6.7
Number 43,724 41,687 38,898 36,208 31,754

Reduce the Incidence of Child Abuse and/or Neglect in Foster Care (NCANDS and AFCARS Foster Care File)

2.1 Maltreatment in Foster Care (%)
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Children maltreated while in foster care 0.05 0.04 0.01 0.02 0.01
Children not maltreated while in foster care 99.95 99.96 99.99 99.98 99.99
Number 39,243 39,735 39,909 39,135 37,230

Increase Permanency for Children in Foster Care (AFCARS Foster Care File)

3.1 Exits of Children From Foster Care (%)
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Adoption 22.0 23.9 27.1 31.2 32.3
Guardianship 21.7 20.9 19.5 18.3 17.2
Reunification 49.0 48.0 46.0 44.5 43.8
Other 6.4 6.4 6.8 5.2 5.6
Missing data 0.9 0.8 0.6 0.8 1.1
Number 15,433 15,094 15,505 14,572 13,712
Exits of Children With a Diagnosed Disability (%)
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Adoption 32.2 36.3 42.0 47.7 47.4
Guardianship 17.3 17.7 14.9 11.4 11.3
Reunification 41.6 38.5 34.1 30.2 30.3
Other 8.6 7.4 8.7 10.4 10.8
Missing data 0.3 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2
Number 2,351 2,896 2,707 2,549 2,552
Exits of Children Older than Age 12 at Entry Into Foster Care (%)
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Adoption 7.8 8.1 7.9 10.0 10.9
Guardianship 22.3 23.6 23.0 24.4 22.3
Reunification 35.5 34.4 32.3 31.9 31.0
Other 33.5 33.3 36.3 33.4 35.3
Missing data 0.9 0.6 0.5 0.3 0.6
Number 2,616 2,495 2,496 2,049 1,990
Exits to Emancipation (%)
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Children age 12 or younger at entry 9.9 11.7 12.2 7.2 6.4
Children older than 12 at entry 90.1 88.3 87.8 92.8 93.6
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Number 963 931 1,026 734 747
Exits by Race/Ethnicity (%)
  Alaska Native / American Indian Asian Black (non-Hispanic)
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Adoption 6.1 3.1 6.7 15.4 0.0 20.0 2.8 32.1 33.3 24.2 19.5 21.7 23.2 29.1 27.7
Guardianship 48.5 43.8 40.0 23.1 14.3 6.7 16.7 3.6 6.7 18.2 22.5 20.8 19.7 18.8 18.4
Reunification 33.3 43.8 33.3 53.8 85.7 66.7 61.1 57.1 53.3 45.5 50.2 48.9 47.0 43.9 45.9
Other 9.1 6.3 6.7 0.0 0.0 6.7 13.9 7.1 3.3 12.1 7.3 8.3 9.7 7.7 7.3
Missing data 3.0 3.1 13.3 7.7 0.0 0.0 5.6 0.0 3.3 0.0 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.6
Number 33 32 15 13 14 30 36 28 30 33 5,172 4,531 4,611 4,223 3,961
Exits by Race/Ethnicity (%)
  Native Hawaiian/Other Pac. Is. Hispanic (of any race) White (non-Hispanic)
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Adoption 50.0 11.1 0.0 0.0 80.0 17.7 19.2 21.2 25.1 27.1 25.1 26.8 31.6 34.4 37.0
Guardianship 0.0 22.2 100.0 25.0 0.0 18.9 19.8 16.7 18.2 17.1 22.1 21.2 20.4 18.3 16.8
Reunification 50.0 55.6 0.0 50.0 0.0 55.6 54.1 54.4 50.8 49.3 45.7 45.5 41.9 42.1 40.3
Other 0.0 11.1 0.0 25.0 20.0 6.9 6.4 7.3 5.3 5.7 5.8 5.3 5.2 4.3 4.6
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.8 0.6 0.4 0.7 0.8 1.3 1.2 0.9 1.0 1.3
Number 2 9 1 4 5 2,646 2,614 2,816 2,434 2,268 6,585 6,885 6,998 6,819 6,411
Exits by Race/Ethnicity (%)
  Unable to Determine Two or More Races Missing Data
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Adoption 13.0 20.0 26.5 30.6 17.1 28.1 27.7 30.2 33.8 34.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Guardianship 22.2 15.0 22.4 10.6 13.4 20.8 22.9 20.1 17.5 15.4 25.0 0.0 0.0 14.3 42.9
Reunification 51.9 55.0 46.9 56.5 59.8 46.2 43.9 45.4 46.0 43.9 50.0 100.0 100.0 71.4 28.6
Other 7.4 10.0 2.0 2.4 6.1 4.2 4.8 3.5 1.7 5.0 25.0 0.0 0.0 14.3 0.0
Missing data 5.6 0.0 2.0 0.0 3.7 0.7 0.8 0.8 1.1 1.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 28.6
Number 54 80 49 85 82 907 905 980 957 931 4 2 7 7 7

Reduce Time to Reunification Without Increasing Reentry (AFCARS Foster Care File)

Time to Reunification (%)
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Less than 12 mos. 70.0 68.2 67.4 63.4 60.1
At least 12 mos., but less than 24 mos. 25.8 26.5 26.6 28.7 32.0
At least 24 mos., but less than 36 mos. 3.4 4.0 4.9 6.6 6.1
At least 36 mos., but less than 48 mos. 0.5 0.8 0.6 1.2 1.4
48 or more mos. 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.2 0.3
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Number 7,561 7,243 7,125 6,481 6,005
Children Reentering Foster Care (%)
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Children entering care for the first time 79.9 80.0 80.1 75.8 79.2
Children reentering care within 12 mos. of a prior episode 7.2 6.6 7.1 8.8 7.4
Children reentering care more than 12 mos. after a prior episode 12.6 13.0 12.6 14.8 12.9
Missing data 0.2 0.4 0.2 0.6 0.5
Number 17,677 16,799 16,175 15,597 13,392

Reduce Time in Foster Care to Adoption (AFCARS Foster Care File)

Time to Adoption (%)
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Less than 12 mos. 13.9 12.7 10.5 10.3 8.4
At least 12 mos., but less than 24 mos. 37.5 38.6 36.3 34.4 32.1
At least 24 mos., but less than 36 mos. 31.3 33.8 34.8 34.7 35.1
At least 36 mos., but less than 48 mos. 11.4 9.8 13.0 14.1 16.5
48 or more mos. 5.8 5.1 5.4 6.5 8.0
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Number 3,399 3,601 4,201 4,546 4,431

Increase Placement Stability (AFCARS Foster Care File)

Number of Placements by Time in Care (%)
  In Care Less Than 12 Months In Care at Least 12 months but Less Than 24 months In Care for 24 Months or Longer Time in Care Missing or Out of Range
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Children with 2 or fewer placements 83.2 82.2 81.3 81.7 84.5 68.2 66.8 65.2 64.8 65.9 39.0 41.5 42.9 43.3 40.5 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 98.4
Children with 3 or more placements 16.8 17.8 18.7 18.3 15.5 31.8 33.2 34.8 35.2 34.1 61.0 58.5 57.1 56.7 59.5 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.6
Missing Placement setting counts 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Total number 21,725 20,764 20,063 18,977 16,504 11,151 11,692 11,576 11,437 11,415 6,319 7,258 8,253 8,662 9,250 48 21 17 59 61

Reduce Placement of Young Children in Group Homes or Institutions (AFCARS Foster Care File)

Most Recent Placement Settings of Children Who Entered Care During the Fiscal Year and Were Age 12 or Younger at the Time of This Placement (%)
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Group homes 4.4 4.4 4.0 3.5 2.3
Institution 0.7 0.8 0.5 0.4 0.5
Other settings 94.9 94.8 95.5 96.2 97.3
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Number 14,848 14,192 13,840 12,562 11,198