Connecticut

Connecticut [Context Data]

A. Context Statistics 1

General Child Population (Census Bureau) 2
  2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Total children under 18 years 794,966 784,050 773,848 762,837 753,294
Race/ethnicity (%) 3
Alaska Native / American Indian 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
Asian 4.5 4.7 4.8 4.9 5.0
Black 11.1 11.2 11.2 11.3 11.4
Native Hawaiian / Other Pacific Islander <.1 <.1 <.1 <.1 <.1
Hispanic (of any race) 21.0 21.6 22.2 22.8 23.4
White 59.5 58.6 57.8 56.9 56.1
Two or more races 3.5 3.6 3.7 3.8 3.8
Child population in poverty (%) 14.8 14.5 14.9 14.5 12.9
Child Welfare Summary 4 5
  2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Child maltreatment victims 8,151 7,287 7,651 6,970 7,803
Foster care entry rate 2.1 2.3 2.4 2.3 2.7
Children in foster care on 9/30 4,563 4,263 3,921 3,908 4,119
Children adopted 490 490 502 573 529
Caseworker Visits 6
  2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Children receiving monthly visits (%) 92 95 95 95 95
Numerator 44,611 41,225 40,746 40,746 41,732
Denominator 48,451 43,557 43,078 42,906 43,988
Children receiving visits in the home (%) 79 81 82 85 89
Numerator 35,058 33,526 33,513 34,531 36,991
Denominator 44,611 41,225 40,746 40,746 41,732

1 The source data for each table is indicated in parentheses for each section. A calendar year is the basis for data from the Census Bureau. Most of the other data on these pages are from the National Child Abuse and Neglect Data System (NCANDS) or the Adoption and Foster Care Analysis and Reporting System (AFCARS) and are based on the federal fiscal year, October 1 through September 30.  Back
2 The total child population and data on race/ethnicity represent estimates from the Census Bureau http://www.census.gov/popest/data/datasets.html . Child poverty data are from the Census Bureau's American Community Survey (ACS).  Back
3 For race/ethnicity tables, all races exclude children of Hispanic origin. The Child Welfare Outcomes Report Data Site http://cwoutcomes.acf.hhs.gov/data/overview provides alternative race/ethnicity breakdowns in which race and ethnicity are treated as two separate categories.  Back
4 A child victim is defined as a child for whom the state determined at least one maltreatment was substantiated or indicated. This includes a child who died of child abuse and neglect. This is a change from prior years when children with dispositions of alternative response victim were included as victims. The rate for foster care entry is per 1,000 children in the state population. Data on child maltreatment victims are from NCANDS. Data on foster care entry rate, children in foster care on 9/30, and children adopted are from AFCARS.  Back
5 Data that did not meet the quality standards for inclusion in the report are represented as DQ*. For additional information on the data quality thresholds for the Child Welfare Outcomes Report, please reference the data quality table available in the report and on the Child Welfare Outcomes data site.  Back
6 The reporting population subject to the caseworker visits requirements includes all children under age 18 for at least the first day of the FY (October 1) who have been in foster care for at least one full calendar month during the FY. All states have the option of using an approved sampling procedure for the caseworker visits reporting requirement.  Back

B. Child Maltreatment Data (National Child Abuse and Neglect Data System [NCANDS]) 7 8

Overview Maltreatment Information 9
  2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
  Number Rate Number Rate Number Rate Number Rate Number Rate
Children subject of an investigated report alleging child maltreatment 30,709 38.6 per 1,000 23,604 30.1 per 1,000 24,818 32.1 per 1,000 21,750 28.5 per 1,000 22,128 29.4 per 1,000
Total child maltreatment victims 8,151 10.3 per 1,000 7,287 9.3 per 1,000 7,651 9.9 per 1,000 6,970 9.1 per 1,000 7,803 10.4 per 1,000
Child Fatalities 6 0.8 per 100,000 5 0.6 per 100,000 13 1.7 per 100,000 11 1.4 per 100,000 6 0.8 per 100,000
Age of Child Victims (%)
  2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Under 1 year 12.4 12.0 12.3 12.6 13.7
1 year 6.6 7.5 6.7 6.6 7.0
2 years 6.6 6.4 6.4 6.3 6.2
3 years 5.9 5.9 5.8 5.8 5.9
4 years 6.5 5.8 6.1 5.6 5.3
5 years 6.0 5.7 6.4 5.8 5.7
6 years 5.4 5.9 5.4 6.0 6.3
7 years 5.5 5.6 5.2 5.2 5.5
8 years 5.3 5.1 5.2 5.4 5.6
9 years 4.6 5.1 4.8 4.9 4.9
10 years 4.9 4.4 4.8 4.8 4.7
11 years 4.4 4.7 4.5 4.4 4.3
12 years 4.5 4.7 4.4 4.8 4.5
13 years 5.4 4.1 4.8 4.8 4.3
14 years 4.6 5.1 4.8 4.5 4.5
15 years 4.7 4.8 4.9 5.2 4.5
16 years 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.5 3.9
17 years 2.3 2.7 2.6 2.5 2.6
18+ years 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 <.1
Missing data 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.4 0.4
Number 8,151 7,287 7,651 6,970 7,803
Race/Ethnicity of Child Victims (%)
  2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Alaska Native / American Indian 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1
Asian 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.9 0.6
Black 21.8 21.7 20.3 21.0 20.6
Native Hawaiian / Other Pacific Islander <.1 <.1 0.1 <.1 <.1
Hispanic (of any race) 31.1 30.4 31.6 32.3 36.1
White 38.3 38.8 38.2 36.8 34.1
Two or more races 4.9 5.0 5.0 5.2 5.7
Missing data 2.9 3.3 4.0 3.6 2.8
Number 8,151 7,287 7,651 6,970 7,803
Maltreatment Types of Child Victims (%) 10
  2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Emotional abuse 33.4 34.2 34.2 30.4 30.7
Medical neglect 2.6 4.1 4.0 3.5 3.1
Neglect 86.2 88.2 87.7 91.1 91.5
Physical abuse 6.2 6.6 6.3 6.9 6.9
Sexual abuse 5.6 5.7 5.5 5.7 4.8
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Other 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 <.1
Number 8,151 7,287 7,651 6,970 7,803
Time to Investigation (in hours) 11
  2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Mean 58.1 40.1 57.0 79.3 76.9
Median >24 but<48 <24 <24 <24 <24

7 The unique count of child victims counts a child only once regardless of the number of times he or she was found to be a victim during the reporting year.  Back
8 Data that did not meet the quality standards for inclusion in the report are represented as DQ*. For additional information on the data quality thresholds for the Child Welfare Outcomes Report, please reference the data quality table available in the report and on the Child Welfare Outcomes data site.  Back
9 The rates for Child Protective Services Responses and victims are per 1,000 children under age 18; for fatalities, the rate is per 100,000 children under age 18.  Back
10 These percentages are calculated against the number of unique victims. A child may have been the victim of more than one type of maltreatment, or the same type of maltreatment more than once. As a result, the total percentages both within and across maltreatment categories may exceed 100.  Back
11 Response time is defined as the time between the report of suspected maltreatment and the first face-to-face contact with the alleged victim or with another person who can provide information on the allegation.  Back

C. Characteristics of Children in Foster Care (Adoption and Foster Care Analysis and Reporting System [AFCARS] Foster Care File)

Overview Foster Care Information
  In Foster Care on 10/1 FY Entered Foster Care in FY Exited Foster Care in FY In Foster Care on 9/30 FY
  2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Total number 4,375 4,011 3,582 3,591 3,562 1,693 1,810 1,825 1,765 2,040 1,505 1,558 1,486 1,448 1,483 4,563 4,263 3,921 3,908 4,119
Median length of stay (months) 17.9 20.0 18.8 16.8 16.6 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 19.4 21.6 19.6 20.2 18.2 20.1 19.4 16.5 16.8 15.1
Age of Children in Foster Care (%)
  In Foster Care on 10/1 FY Entered Foster Care in FY Exited Foster Care in FY In Foster Care on 9/30 FY
  2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Under 1 year 5.9 5.9 5.5 6.4 7.0 22.7 17.9 21.5 21.2 23.5 4.5 3.8 5.7 5.7 6.3 5.6 5.1 6.0 6.5 7.5
1 year 6.6 6.9 7.7 7.7 7.4 6.7 7.9 7.2 8.2 8.1 8.6 9.7 9.0 11.3 10.2 6.6 6.8 7.1 6.6 8.3
2 years 5.3 6.4 6.4 6.7 7.2 6.2 6.1 5.6 6.6 6.2 8.8 8.9 9.8 10.4 11.2 6.1 5.9 6.4 6.5 6.2
3 years 5.1 4.5 5.5 5.3 5.4 4.4 4.3 5.6 6.0 5.5 6.8 8.0 7.9 8.0 7.6 4.5 5.1 5.1 5.3 5.7
4 years 4.2 4.4 3.9 4.7 4.9 5.3 3.6 4.3 4.6 4.4 7.0 6.5 5.3 5.9 6.1 4.2 3.5 4.5 4.8 4.4
5 years 3.9 3.9 3.8 3.9 4.5 4.1 3.7 4.0 4.8 5.0 4.7 5.6 5.1 5.2 5.9 4.0 3.5 3.8 4.5 4.1
6 years 3.3 3.5 3.4 3.7 3.9 2.7 3.3 3.6 4.5 4.4 3.7 4.5 4.3 4.7 5.7 3.3 3.2 3.2 3.8 4.2
7 years 2.9 2.9 3.2 3.6 3.5 2.7 3.0 3.6 4.2 4.5 3.3 4.5 4.3 5.1 4.0 2.9 2.9 3.5 3.4 4.0
8 years 2.5 2.7 2.3 2.9 3.3 2.5 2.4 2.9 3.1 3.9 3.7 4.0 3.3 3.8 4.4 2.7 2.4 2.7 3.4 3.5
9 years 3.2 2.5 2.4 2.7 3.1 2.3 2.3 3.0 2.9 3.6 2.9 3.2 2.4 3.5 3.4 2.4 2.3 2.8 2.8 3.4
10 years 3.0 2.7 2.3 2.5 2.6 3.0 2.7 3.0 3.2 3.1 2.7 2.8 2.4 2.8 3.5 2.8 2.1 2.4 2.5 3.0
11 years 3.0 3.3 3.0 2.6 2.9 2.7 2.8 3.2 2.7 3.4 3.3 3.0 3.0 3.3 2.6 3.1 2.8 2.6 2.5 3.0
12 years 3.6 3.1 3.4 3.3 3.0 2.8 3.4 3.1 3.4 3.1 3.0 3.3 2.5 2.3 2.4 2.9 3.1 3.2 2.7 3.2
13 years 4.7 3.8 3.8 4.1 4.0 4.8 4.1 4.5 3.8 3.1 3.7 2.4 2.4 3.0 2.6 3.5 3.5 3.9 3.8 3.4
14 years 6.3 5.8 4.9 4.9 4.9 6.3 7.2 5.8 4.5 4.4 3.9 3.1 3.3 2.8 2.9 5.6 4.6 4.6 4.5 4.3
15 years 7.4 7.6 7.8 6.2 5.7 8.0 9.0 6.5 6.1 4.7 4.6 5.3 4.3 3.0 2.5 7.3 7.6 5.9 5.8 5.3
16 years 8.3 8.3 9.2 9.0 7.5 7.9 8.6 6.1 5.8 4.9 6.3 4.2 4.3 3.7 4.9 8.0 9.2 8.8 7.3 6.0
17 years 9.9 9.1 8.5 9.3 8.5 4.7 7.3 6.1 4.1 4.2 5.2 3.8 5.0 4.1 4.7 9.0 9.4 9.5 9.1 7.1
18 years 5.1 5.8 6.1 4.8 5.4 0.1 0.5 <.1 0.2 <.1 7.8 7.1 9.4 6.1 4.6 7.4 7.8 6.0 7.0 6.4
19 years 3.2 3.4 4.0 3.1 3.2 0.0 0.0 <.1 <.1 0.0 2.3 2.3 2.9 2.0 1.6 3.9 4.3 3.5 3.3 3.9
20+ years 2.0 2.3 2.3 2.1 1.8 0.0 0.0 0.0 <.1 0.0 1.2 1.5 1.6 1.5 0.7 2.6 2.7 3.0 2.3 2.4
Missing data 0.6 1.0 0.4 0.6 0.5 0.0 <.1 0.2 0.0 0.0 1.9 2.4 2.0 1.7 2.2 1.6 2.0 1.5 1.6 1.0
Race/Ethnicity of Children in Foster Care (%) 12
  In Foster Care on 10/1 FY Entered Foster Care in FY Exited Foster Care in FY In Foster Care on 9/30 FY
  2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Alaska Native / American Indian <.1 <.1 <.1 0.1 0.2 0.0 <.1 0.2 0.3 <.1 <.1 0.0 <.1 <.1 0.1 <.1 <.1 0.1 0.2 0.2
Asian 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.1 0.5 0.2 0.3 0.6 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.3
Black 26.8 27.3 25.7 24.2 22.3 26.5 24.5 22.0 19.7 19.4 25.3 25.5 21.5 19.8 20.0 27.2 26.7 25.5 23.8 21.7
Native Hawaiian / Other Pacific Islander <.1 <.1 <.1 <.1 <.1 <.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 <.1 <.1 <.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 <.1 <.1 <.1 <.1 <.1
Hispanic (of any race) 32.7 32.6 33.8 35.1 36.3 33.3 34.4 35.6 36.7 38.4 32.7 32.7 33.3 35.1 39.0 32.9 33.3 34.8 35.8 36.3
White 32.8 32.7 33.1 32.6 32.7 33.7 34.4 33.7 35.5 33.7 35.2 34.0 37.9 37.3 33.0 32.3 32.9 31.5 32.2 33.1
Two or more races 7.0 6.7 6.3 6.5 6.8 5.7 4.9 6.1 5.7 6.7 6.0 7.1 5.8 6.1 5.9 6.8 5.7 6.4 6.2 7.1
Unknown 0.1 0.3 0.7 1.1 1.2 0.5 1.7 1.9 2.0 1.4 <.1 0.3 1.2 1.5 1.3 0.3 0.9 1.1 1.4 1.3
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

12 All races exclude children of Hispanic origin. The Child Welfare Outcomes Report Data Site http://cwoutcomes.acf.hhs.gov/data/overview provides alternative race/ethnicity breakdowns in which race and ethnicity are treated as two separate categories.  Back

D. Characteristics of Children "Waiting for Adoption" 13 14 (AFCARS Foster Care File) (AFCARS Foster Care File)

Children Waiting for Adoption
  2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Total waiting children 1,385 1,166 1,343 1,197 1,111
Number of waiting children whose parents' rights have been terminated 732 608 405 380 380

13 There is no federal definition for a child waiting to be adopted. The definition used in the tables on this page includes children and youth through age 17 who have a goal of adoption and/or whose parents' parental rights have been terminated. It excludes children 16 years old and older whose parents' parental rights have been terminated and who have a goal of emancipation. A state's own definition may differ from that used here.  Back
14 Data that did not meet the quality standards for inclusion in the report are represented as DQ*. For additional information on the data quality thresholds for the Child Welfare Outcomes Report, please reference the data quality table available in the report and on the Child Welfare Outcomes data site.  Back

Age of Children Waiting for Adoption (%) 15
  2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Under 1 year 5.3 5.1 9.5 7.5 5.2
1 year 10.6 10.8 12.8 10.9 12.0
2 years 11.1 10.1 10.3 10.8 8.9
3 years 7.1 9.7 7.0 8.0 8.6
4 years 7.4 5.7 7.2 6.2 6.1
5 years 6.4 6.6 5.2 6.3 5.8
6 years 5.8 5.4 5.4 5.3 5.4
7 years 4.8 5.4 5.3 5.0 5.0
8 years 4.4 3.7 4.1 4.4 4.3
9 years 3.4 4.5 3.6 3.7 3.8
10 years 4.8 3.3 3.4 3.2 3.6
11 years 4.5 4.6 3.3 3.8 3.4
12 years 3.7 4.3 4.7 3.7 4.1
13 years 3.9 3.6 4.4 4.8 5.0
14 years 4.8 3.8 4.1 4.9 5.6
15 years 3.6 4.9 3.4 4.7 5.7
16 years 3.8 4.2 2.8 3.7 4.3
17 years 4.5 4.4 3.4 3.0 3.3

15 Children older than 17 years fall outside of the definition used to identify waiting children and are therefore excluded from this table.  Back

Race/Ethnicity of Children Waiting for Adoption (%) 16
  2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Alaska Native / American Indian 0.0 0.0 <.1 <.1 <.1
Asian 0.4 0.2 0.4 0.4 0.4
Black 24.4 23.3 21.1 21.1 20.1
Native Hawaiian / Other Pacific Islander 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Hispanic (of any race) 31.8 33.2 33.4 35.3 35.2
White 35.3 35.5 36.0 34.6 33.0
Two or more races 7.9 7.3 7.2 6.7 8.9
Unknown 0.3 0.5 1.8 1.8 2.3
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

16 For race/ethnicity tables, all races exclude children of Hispanic origin. The Child Welfare Outcomes Report Data Site http://cwoutcomes.acf.hhs.gov/data/overview provides alternative race/ethnicity breakdowns in which race and ethnicity are treated as two separate categories.  Back

E. Characteristics of Children Adopted (AFCARS Adoption File) 17

Children Adopted
  2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Total children adopted 490 490 502 573 529
Age of Children Adopted (%)
  2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Under 1 year 12.4 9.8 9.4 8.9 7.2
1 year 12.7 12.7 11.0 11.0 12.1
2 years 16.5 12.2 14.3 15.5 19.8
3 years 10.8 11.8 10.6 12.4 11.3
4 years 9.0 9.4 7.8 8.0 7.0
5 years 6.3 7.3 7.6 6.8 6.2
6 years 3.7 4.1 4.2 6.5 6.6
7 years 5.7 5.1 7.2 7.5 3.2
8 years 3.9 4.7 4.4 4.2 3.6
9 years 4.1 3.1 3.6 3.8 3.6
10 years 2.7 3.9 2.8 3.5 3.2
11 years 2.7 4.3 4.8 2.3 2.6
12 years 2.2 3.1 4.0 1.6 1.7
13 years 2.4 2.4 1.6 2.4 2.8
14 years 1.0 1.4 2.2 1.2 2.3
15 years 1.4 2.2 2.0 1.2 1.5
16 years 0.4 1.4 1.8 1.6 2.5
17 years 1.8 0.8 1.0 0.9 2.3
18 years 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.3 0.4
19 years 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
20+ years 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Race/Ethnicity of Children Adopted (%)
  2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Alaska Native / American Indian 0.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Asian 2.7 2.0 0.2 0.2 0.4
Black 28.2 23.7 18.1 19.9 15.5
Native Hawaiian / Other Pacific Islander 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Hispanic (of any race) 27.6 30.2 35.1 24.8 33.8
White 39.2 36.5 38.4 45.5 40.5
Two or more races 1.4 6.9 6.0 6.3 7.8
Unknown 0.6 0.6 2.2 3.3 2.1
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

17 Data that did not meet the quality standards for inclusion in the report are represented as DQ*. For additional information on the data quality thresholds for the Child Welfare Outcomes Report, please reference the data quality table available in the report and on the Child Welfare Outcomes data site.  Back

Connecticut [Outcomes Data] 18

Reduce Recurrence of Child Abuse and/or Neglect (NCANDS)

Recurrence of Maltreatment Within 6 Months (%)
  2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Children without a recurrence 94.4 93.9 93.7 93.7 92.6
Children with one or more recurrences 5.6 6.1 6.3 6.3 7.4
Number 4,421 3,711 4,127 3,255 3,876

Reduce the Incidence of Child Abuse and/or Neglect in Foster Care (NCANDS and AFCARS Foster Care File)

2.1 Maltreatment in Foster Care (%)
  2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Children maltreated while in foster care 0.51 0.96 0.96 0.80 0.11
Children not maltreated while in foster care 99.49 99.04 99.04 99.20 99.89
Number 6,068 5,821 5,407 5,356 5,602

Increase Permanency for Children in Foster Care (AFCARS Foster Care File)

3.1 Exits of Children From Foster Care (%)
  2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Adoption 25.9 32.3 27.7 30.5 39.8
Guardianship 3.0 2.6 2.1 2.3 3.4
Reunification 47.8 39.2 42.3 36.2 42.6
Other 11.5 13.2 14.9 13.4 11.4
Missing data 11.8 12.7 13.0 17.6 2.8
Number 1,505 1,558 1,486 1,448 1,483
Exits of Children With a Diagnosed Disability (%)
  2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Adoption 15.7 20.3 15.3 22.9 38.7
Guardianship 1.4 0.7 2.1 1.0 1.4
Reunification 46.4 33.0 36.4 37.1 35.4
Other 31.4 39.1 36.0 26.8 23.6
Missing data 5.1 6.9 10.3 12.2 0.9
Number 293 276 242 205 212
Exits of Children Older than Age 12 at Entry Into Foster Care (%)
  2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Adoption 1.8 2.8 1.8 2.5 6.1
Guardianship 1.8 1.4 0.8 3.2 3.8
Reunification 68.2 52.2 55.8 46.1 53.8
Other 24.5 38.0 37.4 40.4 32.8
Missing data 3.6 5.6 4.3 7.9 3.4
Number 384 358 396 280 262
Exits to Emancipation (%)
  2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Children age 12 or younger at entry 45.8 30.5 31.3 42.0 53.2
Children older than 12 at entry 54.2 69.5 68.8 58.0 46.8
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Number 72 95 128 119 111
Exits by Race/Ethnicity (%)
  Alaska Native / American Indian Asian Black (non-Hispanic)
  2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Adoption 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 22.2 50.0 0.0 25.0 12.5 21.0 27.4 24.8 26.9 34.3
Guardianship 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.6 3.8 2.2 0.7 1.3
Reunification 100.0 0.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 66.7 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.1 40.7 45.8 37.8 47.1
Other 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 11.1 0.0 25.0 0.0 37.5 15.5 13.8 15.0 17.5 15.2
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 25.0 25.0 0.0 10.8 14.3 12.2 17.1 2.0
Number 1 0 1 1 2 9 4 4 4 8 381 398 319 286 297
Exits by Race/Ethnicity (%) 19
  Native Hawaiian/Other Pac. Is. Hispanic (of any race) White (non-Hispanic)
  2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Adoption 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 24.0 31.2 26.3 27.0 37.3 30.0 34.9 31.3 34.8 46.1
Guardianship 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 3.0 2.4 1.8 1.2 5.9 3.2 1.9 1.8 4.4 2.4
Reunification 100.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 48.8 39.5 43.0 42.5 43.2 44.9 38.5 39.4 30.0 39.0
Other 0.0 100.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 10.4 11.8 15.6 12.8 9.8 10.6 14.9 14.6 12.2 10.8
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 13.8 15.1 13.3 16.5 3.8 11.3 9.8 13.0 18.5 1.6
Number 1 1 0 0 0 492 509 495 508 579 530 530 563 540 490
Exits by Race/Ethnicity (%)
  Unable to Determine Two or More Races Missing Data
  2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Adoption 0.0 40.0 16.7 33.3 52.6 34.4 41.4 27.9 35.2 39.8 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Guardianship 0.0 0.0 0.0 4.8 5.3 3.3 2.7 5.8 1.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Reunification 100.0 20.0 66.7 23.8 42.1 46.7 36.9 38.4 34.1 42.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Other 0.0 40.0 11.1 4.8 0.0 6.7 8.1 12.8 13.6 12.5 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Missing data 0.0 0.0 5.6 33.3 0.0 8.9 10.8 15.1 15.9 5.7 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Number 1 5 18 21 19 90 111 86 88 88 0 0 0 0 0

19 All races exclude children of Hispanic origin. The Child Welfare Outcomes Report Data Site http://cwoutcomes.acf.hhs.gov/data/overview provides alternative race/ethnicity breakdowns in which race and ethnicity are treated as two separate categories.  Back

Reduce Time to Reunification Without Increasing Reentry (AFCARS Foster Care File)

Time to Reunification (%)
  2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Less than 12 mos. 48.1 56.0 63.1 58.8 63.6
At least 12 mos., but less than 24 mos. 30.1 25.5 21.5 29.0 21.0
At least 24 mos., but less than 36 mos. 10.4 9.2 5.9 5.7 7.8
At least 36 mos., but less than 48 mos. 3.8 3.6 3.3 1.9 2.5
48 or more mos. 6.3 3.8 6.2 4.6 5.1
Missing data 1.4 2.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Number 720 611 629 524 632
Children Reentering Foster Care (%)
  2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Children entering care for the first time 84.6 83.1 83.5 87.5 87.4
Children reentering care within 12 mos. of a prior episode 5.1 5.8 5.5 3.6 4.1
Children reentering care more than 12 mos. after a prior episode 8.8 9.8 9.8 8.2 7.9
Missing data 1.5 1.3 1.3 0.7 0.6
Number 1,693 1,810 1,825 1,765 2,040

Reduce Time in Foster Care to Adoption (AFCARS Foster Care File)

Time to Adoption (%)
  2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Less than 12 mos. 4.6 2.6 4.1 2.0 5.6
At least 12 mos., but less than 24 mos. 30.3 25.2 30.6 31.3 36.8
At least 24 mos., but less than 36 mos. 32.6 41.2 33.0 35.1 35.9
At least 36 mos., but less than 48 mos. 16.2 16.7 18.7 19.5 10.2
48 or more mos. 16.4 14.3 13.6 12.0 11.5
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Number 390 503 412 441 590

Increase Placement Stability (AFCARS Foster Care File)

Number of Placements by Time in Care (%)
  In Care Less Than 12 Months In Care at Least 12 months but Less Than 24 months In Care for 24 Months or Longer Time in Care Missing or Out of Range
  2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Children with 2 or fewer placements 87.4 89.3 90.5 88.6 87.3 65.2 64.5 74.2 77.1 75.7 33.2 33.3 35.1 37.7 39.7 78.6 84.4 100.0 71.4 100.0
Children with 3 or more placements 8.6 9.2 9.5 11.4 12.7 28.0 26.7 25.8 22.9 24.3 62.0 61.7 64.9 62.3 60.3 14.3 9.4 0.0 28.6 0.0
Missing Placement setting counts 4.1 1.5 0.0 0.0 0.0 6.8 8.8 0.0 0.0 0.0 4.8 5.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 7.1 6.3 0.0 0.0 0.0
Total number 1,859 1,943 1,990 1,928 2,233 1,636 1,324 1,322 1,403 1,387 2,545 2,522 2,090 2,018 1,977 28 32 5 7 5

Reduce Placement of Young Children in Group Homes or Institutions (AFCARS Foster Care File)

Most Recent Placement Settings of Children Who Entered Care During the Fiscal Year and Were Age 12 or Younger at the Time of This Placement (%)
  2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Group homes 0.5 0.4 1.3 0.5 <.1
Institution 2.6 2.3 1.4 1.9 1.1
Other settings 96.8 97.3 97.3 97.6 98.9
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Number 1,137 1,141 1,281 1,317 1,594

18 Data that did not meet the quality standards for inclusion in the report are represented as DQ*. For additional information on the data quality thresholds for the Child Welfare Outcomes Report, please reference the data quality table available in the report and on the Child Welfare Outcomes data site.  Back