Colorado

Colorado [Context Data]

A. Context Statistics 1 2

General Child Population (Census Bureau) 3
  2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Total children under 18 years 1,257,335 1,262,977 1,263,102 1,263,756 1,259,519
Race/ethnicity (%) 4
Alaska Native / American Indian 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6
Asian 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.1 3.1
Black 4.3 4.3 4.3 4.4 4.4
Native Hawaiian / Other Pacific Islander 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2
Hispanic (of any race) 31.1 31.2 31.3 31.4 31.5
White 56.8 56.6 56.4 56.1 55.9
Two or more races 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.3 4.4
Child population in poverty (%) 14.7 13.4 12.0 11.9 10.9
Child Welfare Summary 5
  2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Child maltreatment victims 10,100 11,226 11,578 11,879 12,246
Foster care entry rate 3.9 4.2 4.1 3.8 3.5
Children in foster care on 9/30 5,644 5,733 5,704 5,542 5,340
Children adopted 820 839 948 910 919
Caseworker Visits 6
  2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Children receiving monthly visits (%) 95 95 95 95 95
Numerator 48,605 50,127 52,001 50,078 47,828
Denominator 51,064 52,637 54,488 52,716 50,237
Children receiving visits in the home (%) 86 85 85 85 85
Numerator 42,035 42,630 44,218 42,347 40,527
Denominator 48,605 50,127 52,001 50,078 47,828

1 The source data for each table is indicated in parentheses for each section. A calendar year is the basis for data from the Census Bureau. Most of the other data on these pages are from the National Child Abuse and Neglect Data System (NCANDS) or the Adoption and Foster Care Analysis and Reporting System (AFCARS) and are based on the federal fiscal year, October 1 through September 30.  Back
2 Data that did not meet the quality standards for inclusion in the report are represented as DQ*. Incomplete data excluded from inclusion in the report are represented as --. For additional information on the data quality thresholds for the Child Welfare Outcomes Report, please reference the full report or the Child Welfare Outcomes data site.  Back
3 The total child population and data on race/ethnicity represent estimates from the Census Bureau https://www.census.gov/data/tables.html . Child poverty data are from the Census Bureau's American Community Survey (ACS).  Back
4 For race/ethnicity tables, all races exclude children of Hispanic origin. The Child Welfare Outcomes Report data site http://cwoutcomes.acf.hhs.gov/cwodatasite provides alternative race/ethnicity breakdowns in which race and ethnicity are treated as two separate categories.  Back
5 A child victim is defined as a child for whom the state determined at least one maltreatment was substantiated or indicated. This includes a child who died of child abuse and neglect. This is a change from prior years when children with dispositions of alternative response victim were included as victims. The rate for foster care entry is per 1,000 children in the state population. Data on child maltreatment victims are from NCANDS. Data on foster care entry rate, children in foster care on 9/30, and children adopted are from AFCARS.  Back
6 The reporting population subject to the caseworker visits requirements includes all children under age 18 for at least the first day of the FY (October 1) who have been in foster care for at least one full calendar month during the FY. All states have the option of using an approved sampling procedure for the caseworker visits reporting requirement.  Back

B. Child Maltreatment Data (National Child Abuse and Neglect Data System [NCANDS]) 7

Overview Maltreatment Information 8
  2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
  Number Rate Number Rate Number Rate Number Rate Number Rate
Children subject of an investigated report alleging child maltreatment 38,376 30.5 per 1,000 42,441 33.6 per 1,000 43,558 34.5 per 1,000 44,698 35.4 per 1,000 45,849 36.4 per 1,000
Total child maltreatment victims 10,100 8.0 per 1,000 11,226 8.9 per 1,000 11,578 9.2 per 1,000 11,879 9.4 per 1,000 12,246 9.7 per 1,000
Child Fatalities 19 1.5 per 100,000 37 2.9 per 100,000 35 2.8 per 100,000 40 3.2 per 100,000 25 2.0 per 100,000
Age of Child Victims (%)
  2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Under 1 year 15.1 14.5 15.4 15.5 14.5
1 year 6.3 7.0 6.5 6.5 6.5
2 years 6.8 6.8 6.5 6.5 6.4
3 years 5.8 6.0 5.7 6.1 5.9
4 years 5.9 6.6 6.1 5.6 6.1
5 years 6.1 5.7 5.6 5.6 5.2
6 years 6.3 6.0 6.1 5.3 5.5
7 years 5.8 6.3 5.5 5.3 5.4
8 years 5.9 5.7 5.5 5.4 5.3
9 years 5.4 5.2 5.1 5.6 5.4
10 years 4.7 4.6 4.8 5.4 5.5
11 years 4.2 4.4 4.8 4.8 5.1
12 years 4.7 4.0 4.4 4.6 4.8
13 years 4.6 4.2 4.7 4.8 4.5
14 years 3.8 3.8 4.4 4.0 4.2
15 years 3.8 3.7 3.7 3.7 3.9
16 years 2.8 3.1 3.0 3.1 3.1
17 years 1.7 2.1 2.0 2.0 2.1
18+ years <.1 0.1 <.1 0.2 0.4
Missing data 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1
Number 10,100 11,226 11,578 11,879 12,246
Race/Ethnicity of Child Victims (%)
  2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Alaska Native / American Indian 0.5 0.7 0.6 0.8 0.7
Asian 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.9
Black 8.7 8.9 9.1 9.6 10.1
Native Hawaiian / Other Pacific Islander 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.5
Hispanic (of any race) 37.5 37.1 36.9 38.0 38.6
White 46.2 46.3 47.3 44.8 42.6
Two or more races 4.4 4.6 4.1 4.6 4.2
Missing data 1.9 1.5 1.1 1.1 2.5
Number 10,100 11,226 11,578 11,879 12,246
Maltreatment Types of Child Victims (%) 9
  2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Emotional abuse 3.2 2.9 2.3 2.0 2.2
Medical neglect 1.6 1.7 1.6 1.8 1.3
Neglect 84.0 85.4 86.7 88.1 88.7
Physical abuse 11.6 11.7 11.5 10.7 10.2
Sexual abuse 10.1 9.6 9.3 8.7 9.7
Sex trafficking 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Missing data 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2
Other 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Number 10,100 11,226 11,578 11,879 12,246
Time to Investigation (in hours) 10
  2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Mean 16.6 16.0 13.9 12.6 38.2
Median <24 <24 <24 <24 >24 but<48

7 The unique count of child victims counts a child only once regardless of the number of times he or she was found to be a victim during the reporting year.  Back
8 The rates for Child Protective Services responses and victims are per 1,000 children under age 18; for fatalities, the rate is per 100,000 children under age 18.  Back
9 These percentages are calculated against the number of unique victims. A child may have been the victim of more than one type of maltreatment, or the same type of maltreatment more than once. As a result, the total percentages both within and across maltreatment categories may exceed 100.  Back
10 Response time is defined as the time between the report of suspected maltreatment and the first face-to-face contact with the alleged victim or with another person who can provide information on the allegation.  Back

C. Characteristics of Children in Foster Care (Adoption and Foster Care Analysis and Reporting System [AFCARS] Foster Care File)

Overview Foster Care Information
  In Foster Care on 10/1 FY Entered Foster Care in FY Exited Foster Care in FY In Foster Care on 9/30 FY
  2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Total number 5,523 5,351 5,443 5,498 5,322 4,926 5,277 5,134 4,785 4,420 4,805 4,897 4,873 4,741 4,402 5,644 5,733 5,704 5,542 5,340
Median length of stay (months) 11.0 10.3 10.3 10.3 11.8 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 9.0 8.0 8.5 8.0 9.3 9.9 9.9 9.8 11.2 10.9
Age of Children in Foster Care (%)
  In Foster Care on 10/1 FY Entered Foster Care in FY Exited Foster Care in FY In Foster Care on 9/30 FY
  2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Under 1 year 6.5 7.0 7.7 8.2 7.8 14.1 14.6 16.1 16.9 16.8 5.0 5.9 6.7 7.3 6.8 6.9 7.5 8.1 7.7 7.8
1 year 6.6 7.5 7.3 8.0 8.1 6.4 6.8 6.7 6.4 6.9 8.1 8.3 8.7 8.5 9.0 7.1 7.1 7.6 7.9 7.8
2 years 5.5 5.2 5.9 6.2 6.6 5.5 5.7 5.8 5.9 5.7 6.8 6.6 7.1 7.4 7.3 5.0 5.8 5.9 6.3 6.3
3 years 4.7 4.6 5.0 5.1 5.4 4.8 5.2 5.1 5.2 4.7 5.6 5.7 5.7 6.4 5.9 4.6 5.0 5.0 5.3 5.6
4 years 4.1 4.5 3.9 4.4 4.1 4.7 4.5 4.5 4.3 5.3 5.2 5.4 5.0 5.0 5.4 4.3 3.9 4.2 3.9 4.7
5 years 4.2 3.6 4.7 3.8 4.2 3.8 4.2 3.8 4.6 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.6 4.9 4.4 3.6 4.4 3.8 4.2 3.9
6 years 3.7 4.1 3.4 3.9 3.7 4.6 3.9 4.1 3.6 4.2 4.6 4.3 3.9 4.3 4.1 3.9 3.3 3.8 3.6 3.8
7 years 3.7 4.0 3.8 3.7 3.8 4.1 4.0 4.0 3.8 3.8 4.5 4.5 4.3 4.0 3.7 4.0 3.8 3.6 3.7 3.9
8 years 3.5 3.2 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.9 3.4 3.6 3.9 3.8 4.1 4.1 4.0 3.7 3.5 3.1 3.6 3.4 3.4 3.7
9 years 3.2 3.3 3.1 3.6 3.6 3.5 3.8 3.6 3.1 3.8 3.9 3.5 3.5 3.4 3.9 3.4 3.0 3.5 3.6 3.6
10 years 2.8 2.8 3.3 3.5 3.6 2.8 3.0 3.4 3.7 3.8 2.9 3.2 3.3 3.5 3.4 2.7 3.2 3.5 3.6 3.6
11 years 3.0 3.0 3.2 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.5 3.1 3.3 3.6 3.0 3.1 2.9 3.8 3.5 3.0 3.2 3.2 3.2 3.8
12 years 2.7 3.0 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.7 3.5 3.4 3.4 3.8 2.8 3.0 3.3 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.4
13 years 3.5 3.8 3.8 3.5 3.7 4.2 4.2 4.3 3.8 3.9 2.7 3.3 3.7 3.0 3.2 3.9 3.9 3.7 3.6 4.0
14 years 4.4 4.6 4.3 4.2 4.3 5.6 5.2 5.4 5.2 4.7 3.7 3.7 3.7 3.5 3.8 4.9 4.5 4.6 4.6 4.2
15 years 5.6 6.0 6.1 5.7 5.3 7.7 7.7 6.9 6.5 6.4 4.6 5.4 4.9 5.1 4.8 6.4 6.6 6.2 5.7 5.3
16 years 8.1 8.0 7.3 7.5 6.9 8.4 8.0 7.7 7.5 6.9 6.1 6.1 5.7 5.6 5.2 8.6 7.8 8.0 7.5 6.8
17 years 9.7 9.5 9.2 8.4 8.2 7.7 7.4 7.0 6.7 6.4 6.3 6.8 6.6 5.9 5.8 9.7 9.3 8.6 8.2 7.8
18 years 8.2 6.6 6.5 5.8 6.1 1.0 0.8 1.1 1.4 1.2 8.1 6.6 6.7 6.5 6.9 6.4 6.4 5.8 6.0 5.5
19 years 4.2 3.9 3.0 3.2 3.4 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.5 0.3 4.4 3.6 3.3 3.4 3.6 3.8 2.9 3.2 3.4 3.1
20+ years 1.9 1.5 1.4 1.1 1.3 <.1 <.1 <.1 <.1 0.1 2.4 1.9 1.6 1.2 1.7 1.5 1.4 1.1 1.3 1.3
Missing data <.1 <.1 <.1 <.1 <.1 0.0 <.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.9 0.7 0.8 0.7 1.1 <.1 <.1 <.1 <.1 <.1
Race/Ethnicity of Children in Foster Care (%)
  In Foster Care on 10/1 FY Entered Foster Care in FY Exited Foster Care in FY In Foster Care on 9/30 FY
  2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Alaska Native / American Indian 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.9 0.9 0.5 0.6 0.9 0.8 1.0 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.9 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.7 0.7
Asian 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.6 0.4 0.6 0.7 0.2 0.4 0.4 0.7 0.8 0.4 0.6 0.5 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.4 0.3
Black 11.7 11.2 10.9 11.1 10.7 10.0 10.3 10.1 10.1 10.1 10.3 10.3 9.5 10.3 9.9 11.4 11.1 11.3 10.8 10.8
Native Hawaiian / Other Pacific Islander 0.1 <.1 <.1 <.1 <.1 0.1 <.1 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.1 <.1 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 <.1 <.1 <.1 0.1
Hispanic (of any race) 38.2 38.9 38.8 39.0 37.9 39.3 38.4 38.1 37.7 38.1 38.9 38.2 38.5 38.9 39.8 38.6 39.0 38.5 38.0 36.5
White 43.0 42.8 42.6 42.1 43.5 43.4 42.6 44.4 44.4 43.8 43.7 43.3 44.7 42.9 43.1 42.7 42.2 42.5 43.5 44.1
Two or more races 5.1 4.9 5.2 5.7 5.6 4.9 6.1 5.2 5.5 5.3 4.9 5.8 4.8 5.8 4.7 5.0 5.2 5.6 5.5 6.1
Unknown 0.3 0.8 1.0 0.9 0.9 0.8 1.3 1.2 0.9 1.4 0.3 1.0 1.2 0.8 0.9 0.8 1.1 1.0 1.1 1.3
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

D. Characteristics of Children "Waiting for Adoption" 11 (AFCARS Foster Care File)

Children Waiting for Adoption
  2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Total waiting children 926 1,038 953 997 1,007
Number of waiting children whose parents' rights have been terminated 531 568 514 499 516

11 There is no federal definition for a child waiting to be adopted. The definition used in the tables on this page includes children and youth through age 17 who have a goal of adoption and/or whose parents' parental rights have been terminated. It excludes children 16 years old and older whose parents' parental rights have been terminated and who have a goal of emancipation. A state's own definition may differ from that used here.  Back

Age of Children Waiting for Adoption (%) 12
  2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Under 1 year 1.7 2.9 3.3 1.9 1.7
1 year 13.0 14.1 11.8 12.4 11.6
2 years 9.4 9.3 9.5 11.4 11.2
3 years 7.1 7.5 7.5 8.6 9.1
4 years 7.7 5.7 5.4 5.3 7.0
5 years 5.0 7.2 4.8 5.3 5.8
6 years 5.6 5.5 6.0 5.5 4.8
7 years 5.0 5.2 5.5 5.7 4.8
8 years 4.2 5.2 4.9 4.8 5.5
9 years 4.8 3.8 6.0 5.9 4.5
10 years 3.7 4.6 3.9 6.5 5.2
11 years 5.4 4.3 5.0 2.8 5.6
12 years 4.3 4.5 4.8 4.9 4.0
13 years 4.4 4.0 4.9 3.9 4.0
14 years 3.7 3.9 4.7 4.0 4.3
15 years 6.2 3.7 4.9 4.3 3.8
16 years 5.9 4.4 3.1 3.7 3.7
17 years 3.0 4.1 4.0 2.8 3.8

12 Children older than 17 years fall outside of the definition used to identify waiting children and are therefore excluded from this table.  Back

Race/Ethnicity of Children Waiting for Adoption (%)
  2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Alaska Native / American Indian 0.3 0.6 0.2 0.6 0.5
Asian 0.3 0.3 0.6 0.6 0.5
Black 9.7 7.6 10.0 8.9 8.0
Native Hawaiian / Other Pacific Islander 0.1 <.1 0.1 0.1 <.1
Hispanic (of any race) 35.5 42.5 38.3 38.2 36.1
White 48.3 41.8 42.0 43.5 46.9
Two or more races 5.2 6.3 7.5 6.4 6.6
Unknown 0.5 0.9 1.4 1.6 1.3
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

E. Characteristics of Children Adopted (AFCARS Adoption File)

Children Adopted
  2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Total children adopted 820 839 948 910 919
Age of Children Adopted (%)
  2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Under 1 year 0.6 1.5 1.9 2.3 1.6
1 year 17.9 17.6 20.0 16.3 17.7
2 years 16.2 18.1 15.8 16.5 15.8
3 years 10.5 11.2 10.9 11.8 12.6
4 years 9.8 9.4 8.4 8.8 8.4
5 years 6.5 6.4 6.1 5.8 5.7
6 years 7.0 5.5 6.5 5.7 6.7
7 years 5.9 6.4 5.1 6.7 5.7
8 years 4.6 5.4 5.4 4.1 4.6
9 years 4.9 4.1 3.8 5.1 4.2
10 years 3.8 3.8 3.8 3.2 3.9
11 years 3.3 2.7 2.6 4.0 2.9
12 years 2.4 2.1 2.4 2.3 2.9
13 years 1.3 1.3 1.8 2.3 2.1
14 years 1.8 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.7
15 years 1.3 1.2 1.7 1.4 1.8
16 years 1.1 0.7 1.7 1.4 0.7
17 years 1.0 0.7 0.5 0.8 0.5
18 years 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.3
19 years 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
20+ years 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Race/Ethnicity of Children Adopted (%)
  2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Alaska Native / American Indian 0.9 0.7 1.1 0.2 1.3
Asian 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.5 0.5
Black 7.4 7.0 5.7 7.6 6.9
Native Hawaiian / Other Pacific Islander 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.3
Hispanic (of any race) 38.5 36.4 40.4 37.1 36.7
White 46.2 48.5 48.0 46.0 48.0
Two or more races 6.3 6.8 4.1 7.7 5.8
Unknown 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.7 0.4
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1

Colorado [Outcomes Data]

Reduce Recurrence of Child Abuse and/or Neglect (NCANDS)

Recurrence of Maltreatment Within 6 Months (%)
  2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Children without a recurrence 95.0 94.0 93.7 94.4 94.0
Children with one or more recurrences 5.0 6.0 6.3 5.6 6.0
Number 5,034 5,541 5,695 6,157 6,167

Reduce the Incidence of Child Abuse and/or Neglect in Foster Care (NCANDS and AFCARS Foster Care File)

2.1 Maltreatment in Foster Care (%)
  2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Children maltreated while in foster care 0.56 0.58 0.49 0.47 0.46
Children not maltreated while in foster care 99.44 99.42 99.51 99.53 99.54
Number 10,449 10,630 10,577 10,283 9,742

Increase Permanency for Children in Foster Care (AFCARS Foster Care File)

3.1 Exits of Children From Foster Care (%)
  2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Adoption 14.1 14.5 15.0 15.3 16.7
Guardianship 6.9 5.9 6.7 7.1 6.6
Reunification 61.8 61.9 62.6 61.4 58.6
Other 10.4 8.6 7.9 7.6 8.3
Missing data 6.8 9.1 7.8 8.6 9.8
Number 4,805 4,898 4,873 4,741 4,402
Exits of Children With a Diagnosed Disability (%)
  2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Adoption 17.4 27.8 -- -- --
Guardianship 3.2 3.3 -- -- --
Reunification 35.6 32.2 -- -- --
Other 35.2 24.4 -- -- --
Missing data 8.5 12.2 -- -- --
Number 247 90 -- -- --
Exits of Children Older than Age 12 at Entry Into Foster Care (%)
  2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Adoption 1.1 0.6 0.9 1.2 1.2
Guardianship 4.1 3.7 4.5 5.2 3.6
Reunification 54.2 58.6 57.3 54.0 51.5
Other 23.9 19.3 19.8 21.5 21.4
Missing data 16.7 17.8 17.5 18.1 22.2
Number 1,667 1,658 1,583 1,445 1,386
Exits to Emancipation (%)
  2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Children age 12 or younger at entry 20.7 18.1 13.9 14.2 13.0
Children older than 12 at entry 79.3 81.9 86.1 85.8 87.0
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Number 323 226 231 225 223
Exits by Race/Ethnicity (%)
  Alaska Native / American Indian Asian Black (non-Hispanic)
  2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Adoption 14.9 17.9 15.2 6.7 30.0 8.6 7.5 14.3 17.9 20.8 8.7 9.7 10.3 12.0 12.4
Guardianship 4.3 3.6 0.0 10.0 2.5 0.0 5.0 9.5 3.6 4.2 5.9 2.4 4.3 5.9 6.6
Reunification 66.0 42.9 57.6 80.0 37.5 62.9 65.0 28.6 53.6 37.5 63.6 62.1 62.2 56.5 52.2
Other 6.4 14.3 15.2 3.3 25.0 22.9 12.5 42.9 14.3 33.3 11.1 12.1 12.5 14.7 16.7
Missing data 8.5 21.4 12.1 0.0 5.0 5.7 10.0 4.8 10.7 4.2 10.7 13.7 10.8 10.8 12.1
Number 47 28 33 30 40 35 40 21 28 24 495 504 465 490 437
Exits by Race/Ethnicity (%)
  Native Hawaiian/Other Pac. Is. Hispanic (of any race) White (non-Hispanic)
  2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Adoption 0.0 0.0 10.0 14.3 20.0 13.8 13.5 16.0 15.4 15.4 15.3 16.5 15.4 15.7 18.2
Guardianship 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 8.8 7.3 7.9 9.7 7.7 5.6 5.9 6.2 5.2 5.6
Reunification 85.7 25.0 90.0 71.4 80.0 61.3 61.0 60.8 59.5 59.2 61.8 62.2 64.0 63.9 59.9
Other 14.3 75.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 8.9 7.5 7.0 6.7 7.1 11.5 8.4 7.3 6.9 7.0
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.0 14.3 0.0 7.2 10.6 8.3 8.8 10.6 5.8 6.9 7.0 8.3 9.2
Number 7 4 10 7 5 1,868 1,871 1,875 1,842 1,754 2,102 2,119 2,179 2,032 1,897
Exits by Race/Ethnicity (%)
  Unable to Determine Two or More Races Missing Data
  2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Adoption 6.7 4.2 6.9 10.8 7.7 19.1 18.0 14.2 19.3 21.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Guardianship 0.0 6.3 12.1 2.7 7.7 8.1 2.1 5.6 6.5 7.8 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Reunification 86.7 75.0 63.8 81.1 84.6 57.6 64.1 67.7 60.4 55.8 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Other 0.0 6.3 15.5 5.4 0.0 9.7 9.9 5.2 6.9 7.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Missing data 6.7 8.3 1.7 0.0 0.0 5.5 6.0 7.3 6.9 7.8 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Number 15 48 58 37 39 236 284 232 275 206 0 0 0 0 0

Reduce Time to Reunification Without Increasing Reentry (AFCARS Foster Care File)

Time to Reunification (%)
  2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Less than 12 mos. 79.9 82.4 81.5 82.5 79.3
At least 12 mos., but less than 24 mos. 15.8 13.8 14.5 13.4 16.1
At least 24 mos., but less than 36 mos. 2.6 2.3 2.6 3.0 3.3
At least 36 mos., but less than 48 mos. 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.8
48 or more mos. 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.6 0.6
Missing data 0.0 <.1 <.1 0.0 0.0
Number 2,969 3,031 3,052 2,912 2,579
Children Reentering Foster Care (%)
  2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Children entering care for the first time 71.3 73.5 73.6 72.7 73.6
Children reentering care within 12 mos. of a prior episode 15.0 14.1 14.8 15.5 14.4
Children reentering care more than 12 mos. after a prior episode 13.1 11.9 11.0 11.1 11.6
Missing data 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.7 0.4
Number 4,926 5,277 5,134 4,785 4,420

Reduce Time in Foster Care to Adoption (AFCARS Foster Care File)

Time to Adoption (%)
  2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Less than 12 mos. 6.5 4.8 6.3 5.9 6.3
At least 12 mos., but less than 24 mos. 46.5 47.3 50.3 41.3 38.8
At least 24 mos., but less than 36 mos. 34.1 32.3 26.4 38.4 34.7
At least 36 mos., but less than 48 mos. 7.1 9.0 11.2 10.0 15.4
48 or more mos. 5.9 6.6 5.8 4.4 4.9
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Number 678 712 730 727 735

Increase Placement Stability (AFCARS Foster Care File)

Number of Placements by Time in Care (%)
  In Care Less Than 12 Months In Care at Least 12 months but Less Than 24 months In Care for 24 Months or Longer Time in Care Missing or Out of Range
  2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Children with 2 or fewer placements 84.2 83.8 83.2 82.1 82.9 52.8 52.2 51.6 51.3 52.3 25.2 27.2 26.5 27.2 27.6 79.2 87.0 50.0 66.7 100.0
Children with 3 or more placements 12.3 12.3 13.0 13.6 13.8 35.6 36.3 36.1 37.9 35.9 62.9 58.8 59.1 59.1 57.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Missing Placement setting counts 3.6 4.0 3.8 4.2 3.3 11.7 11.5 12.3 10.8 11.8 11.9 14.0 14.3 13.7 15.4 20.8 13.0 50.0 33.3 0.0
Total number 5,933 6,220 6,198 5,774 5,314 2,410 2,477 2,481 2,536 2,304 2,082 1,910 1,896 1,970 2,115 24 23 2 3 9

Reduce Placement of Young Children in Group Homes or Institutions (AFCARS Foster Care File)

Most Recent Placement Settings of Children Who Entered Care During the Fiscal Year and Were Age 12 or Younger at the Time of This Placement (%)
  2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Group homes 0.9 0.8 0.6 0.6 0.4
Institution 3.1 3.2 3.1 1.9 1.6
Other settings 96.0 95.8 95.7 91.7 91.0
Missing data 0.0 0.1 0.6 5.8 7.0
Number 3,136 3,438 3,394 3,186 3,055