Arkansas

Arkansas [Context Data]

A. Context Statistics 1 2

General Child Population (Census Bureau) 3
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Total children under 18 years 706,454 705,952 703,626 701,317 699,714
Race/ethnicity (%) 4
Alaska Native / American Indian 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7
Asian 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7
Black 18.0 18.0 17.9 17.8 17.8
Native Hawaiian / Other Pacific Islander 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6
Hispanic (of any race) 11.9 12.2 12.4 12.6 12.8
White 63.6 63.2 62.9 62.6 62.3
Two or more races 3.6 3.7 3.9 4.0 4.0
Child population in poverty (%) 23.8 22.5 24.7 22.1 20.8
Child Welfare Summary 5
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Child maltreatment victims 9,707 9,334 8,538 8,422 9,241
Foster care entry rate 5.8 5.4 4.4 4.4 4.4
Children in foster care on 9/30 4,880 4,776 4,234 4,127 4,280
Children adopted 758 971 1,001 984 777
Caseworker Visits 6
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Children receiving monthly visits (%) 79 79 85 90 88
Numerator 40,612 43,237 43,044 41,713 41,008
Denominator 51,141 54,789 50,380 46,302 46,632
Children receiving visits in the home (%) 91 91 94 95 96
Numerator 37,077 39,561 40,375 39,711 39,314
Denominator 40,612 43,237 43,044 41,713 41,008

1 The source data for each table is indicated in parentheses for each section. A calendar year is the basis for data from the Census Bureau. Most of the other data on these pages are from the National Child Abuse and Neglect Data System (NCANDS) or the Adoption and Foster Care Analysis and Reporting System (AFCARS) and are based on the federal fiscal year, October 1 through September 30.  Back
2 Data that did not meet the quality standards for inclusion in the report are represented as DQ*. Incomplete data excluded from inclusion in the report are represented as --. For additional information on the data quality thresholds for the Child Welfare Outcomes Report, please reference the full report or the Child Welfare Outcomes data site.  Back
3 The total child population and data on race/ethnicity represent estimates from the Census Bureau https://www.census.gov/data/tables.html . Child poverty data are from the Census Bureau's American Community Survey (ACS). Due to the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, the 2020 poverty estimates are not available on data.census.gov. The 2020 poverty estimates are considered experimental and can be found on the ACS Experimental Data webpage: https://www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/data/experimental-data.html.  Back
4 For race/ethnicity tables, all races exclude children of Hispanic origin. The Child Welfare Outcomes Report data site http://cwoutcomes.acf.hhs.gov/cwodatasite provides alternative race/ethnicity breakdowns in which race and ethnicity are treated as two separate categories.  Back
5 A child victim is defined as a child for whom the state determined at least one maltreatment was substantiated or indicated. This includes a child who died of child abuse and neglect. This is a change from prior years when children with dispositions of alternative response victim were included as victims. The rate for foster care entry is per 1,000 children in the state population. Data on child maltreatment victims are from NCANDS. Data on foster care entry rate, children in foster care on 9/30, and children adopted are from AFCARS.  Back
6 The reporting population subject to the caseworker visits requirements includes all children under age 18 for at least the first day of the FY (October 1) who have been in foster care for at least one full calendar month during the FY. All states have the option of using an approved sampling procedure for the caseworker visits reporting requirement.  Back

B. Child Maltreatment Data (National Child Abuse and Neglect Data System [NCANDS]) 7

Overview Maltreatment Information 8
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
  Number Rate Number Rate Number Rate Number Rate Number Rate
Children subject of an investigated report alleging child maltreatment 58,685 83.1 per 1,000 60,736 86.0 per 1,000 58,823 83.6 per 1,000 57,339 81.8 per 1,000 54,775 78.3 per 1,000
Total child maltreatment victims 9,707 13.7 per 1,000 9,334 13.2 per 1,000 8,538 12.1 per 1,000 8,422 12.0 per 1,000 9,241 13.2 per 1,000
Child Fatalities 42 5.9 per 100,000 37 5.2 per 100,000 44 6.3 per 100,000 35 5.0 per 100,000 30 4.3 per 100,000
Age of Child Victims (%)
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Under 1 year 17.9 20.6 21.7 21.5 22.0
1 year 6.4 6.1 5.9 6.2 5.6
2 years 5.9 5.9 6.0 6.3 5.8
3 years 5.3 6.1 5.5 5.8 5.3
4 years 5.1 5.7 5.0 5.5 6.0
5 years 5.7 5.3 5.0 5.0 5.6
6 years 6.0 5.3 4.8 4.5 4.8
7 years 5.2 4.5 4.2 4.7 4.4
8 years 5.3 4.5 4.3 4.2 4.6
9 years 4.7 4.3 4.5 3.8 3.9
10 years 4.0 4.2 4.2 4.5 4.0
11 years 3.7 3.7 4.1 4.0 3.9
12 years 4.5 3.8 4.1 3.9 4.1
13 years 4.1 3.9 4.4 4.1 4.5
14 years 4.8 4.8 5.0 4.4 4.2
15 years 4.6 4.4 4.0 4.3 4.1
16 years 3.6 3.5 3.7 3.6 3.5
17 years 2.3 2.5 2.8 2.7 2.7
18+ years 0.1 <.1 <.1 <.1 0.2
Missing data 0.6 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.7
Number 9,707 9,334 8,538 8,422 9,241
Race/Ethnicity of Child Victims (%)
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Alaska Native / American Indian 0.2 0.1 0.1 <.1 0.1
Asian 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2
Black 16.2 17.5 17.5 17.5 19.1
Native Hawaiian / Other Pacific Islander 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.2 0.2
Hispanic (of any race) 6.1 6.1 6.5 6.6 7.5
White 68.8 67.1 66.9 66.4 63.6
Two or more races 7.3 7.8 7.8 8.1 8.3
Missing data 0.8 0.8 0.6 0.9 1.0
Number 9,707 9,334 8,538 8,422 9,241
Maltreatment Types of Child Victims (%) 9
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Emotional abuse 1.2 1.7 1.3 1.1 2.0
Medical neglect 13.6 15.7 16.7 17.3 2.4
Neglect 59.9 56.7 49.7 54.1 72.4
Physical abuse 21.5 22.5 30.2 24.7 20.2
Sexual abuse 20.8 19.7 20.2 19.6 19.7
Sex trafficking 0.0 0.0 0.1 <.1 0.1
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Other <.1 <.1 0.0 <.1 0.3
Number 9,707 9,334 8,538 8,422 9,241
Time to Investigation (in hours) 10
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Mean 113.1 134.2 97.6 104.3 98.1
Median >24 but <48 >24 but <48 >24 but <48 >24 but <48 >24 but <48

7 The unique count of child victims counts a child only once regardless of the number of times he or she was found to be a victim during the reporting year.  Back
8 The rates for Child Protective Services responses and victims are per 1,000 children under age 18; for fatalities, the rate is per 100,000 children under age 18.  Back
9 These percentages are calculated against the number of unique victims. A child may have been the victim of more than one type of maltreatment, or the same type of maltreatment more than once. As a result, the total percentages both within and across maltreatment categories may exceed 100.  Back
10 Response time is defined as the time between the report of suspected maltreatment and the first face-to-face contact with the alleged victim or with another person who can provide information on the allegation.  Back

C. Characteristics of Children in Foster Care (Adoption and Foster Care Analysis and Reporting System [AFCARS] Foster Care File)

Overview Foster Care Information
  In Foster Care on 10/1 FY Entered Foster Care in FY Exited Foster Care in FY In Foster Care on 9/30 FY
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Total number 4,182 4,767 4,688 4,159 4,053 4,103 3,778 3,123 3,071 3,106 3,405 3,770 3,578 3,107 2,882 4,880 4,776 4,234 4,127 4,280
Median length of stay (months) 8.6 9.1 10.9 11.9 10.5 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 9.6 11.0 12.0 13.2 12.7 9.0 10.7 11.8 10.4 10.4
Age of Children in Foster Care (%)
  In Foster Care on 10/1 FY Entered Foster Care in FY Exited Foster Care in FY In Foster Care on 9/30 FY
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Under 1 year 9.0 9.4 9.2 8.2 8.2 19.0 20.6 19.5 18.6 19.2 6.1 6.9 6.0 5.5 5.3 9.6 9.3 8.3 8.2 8.7
1 year 9.8 9.8 10.0 9.5 9.6 7.9 8.9 8.5 8.5 8.4 9.9 11.1 12.4 10.8 10.5 9.7 9.9 9.5 9.6 9.2
2 years 7.7 8.3 8.1 7.9 7.5 7.6 6.9 7.2 7.8 7.9 9.1 9.8 9.0 10.1 9.0 8.2 8.2 7.9 7.4 8.3
3 years 6.7 6.9 6.6 6.4 6.5 6.8 6.3 5.8 7.4 6.2 7.6 7.6 7.6 7.6 8.0 7.0 6.7 6.4 6.6 6.1
4 years 6.7 5.6 5.8 5.5 6.1 5.4 6.2 6.2 6.2 7.0 7.3 6.7 6.8 6.9 6.5 5.6 5.8 5.6 6.1 6.9
5 years 5.7 5.9 5.4 5.4 5.5 5.6 4.9 5.3 5.6 5.6 5.9 6.0 5.9 5.7 5.7 5.9 5.4 5.4 5.7 5.4
6 years 5.0 5.2 4.9 4.6 4.6 5.4 4.7 4.5 4.6 5.3 5.5 4.9 5.7 5.2 6.0 5.2 4.9 4.6 4.6 5.4
7 years 5.5 5.2 4.8 4.4 4.1 4.9 4.2 4.3 3.9 4.8 5.3 4.9 4.7 4.3 4.6 5.1 4.9 4.4 4.2 4.6
8 years 4.8 5.4 5.0 4.3 4.2 5.0 4.5 3.8 4.0 4.1 4.6 4.8 4.1 4.3 3.8 5.5 4.9 4.3 4.2 4.3
9 years 4.5 4.6 5.0 5.3 4.1 4.5 4.4 4.4 3.7 4.2 5.0 4.7 4.6 3.5 4.2 4.7 5.0 5.2 4.1 4.3
10 years 4.3 4.3 4.4 4.6 5.1 3.6 4.3 4.0 4.4 3.4 3.8 4.7 4.4 4.6 4.3 4.3 4.4 4.6 5.1 3.6
11 years 3.9 4.0 4.4 4.1 4.9 3.3 4.0 3.7 4.2 3.5 3.2 3.6 4.1 4.1 3.9 3.9 4.4 4.1 4.9 4.5
12 years 3.9 3.9 4.4 4.5 4.7 3.5 3.6 3.6 3.9 3.4 3.9 3.6 3.3 2.9 4.3 3.9 4.3 4.5 4.7 4.7
13 years 4.2 3.7 3.8 5.0 5.0 3.7 3.3 3.8 3.5 3.7 3.3 3.3 3.0 3.5 3.5 3.8 3.8 4.9 5.0 4.5
14 years 3.9 4.3 4.1 4.2 4.8 3.7 3.9 4.1 3.4 4.0 4.1 3.1 3.0 3.9 3.7 4.3 4.1 4.3 4.7 4.9
15 years 4.7 4.0 4.8 5.0 4.1 3.9 3.5 3.7 3.4 3.3 3.1 2.6 3.0 3.1 3.1 4.0 4.9 4.9 4.1 4.8
16 years 4.9 4.5 4.7 5.7 5.4 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.8 3.3 3.7 2.9 3.1 3.6 3.2 4.5 4.6 5.8 5.4 4.5
17 years 4.6 5.0 4.6 5.3 5.5 3.0 2.4 3.8 2.9 2.5 2.7 2.4 2.8 2.8 2.7 5.0 4.6 5.3 5.6 5.3
18 years <.1 <.1 0.0 <.1 <.1 <.1 <.1 <.1 0.1 <.1 6.0 6.4 6.3 7.4 7.7 0.0 0.0 0.0 <.1 0.0
19 years 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 <.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 <.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
20+ years 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Race/Ethnicity of Children in Foster Care (%)
  In Foster Care on 10/1 FY Entered Foster Care in FY Exited Foster Care in FY In Foster Care on 9/30 FY
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Alaska Native / American Indian 0.3 0.4 0.1 <.1 <.1 0.3 <.1 <.1 <.1 <.1 0.2 0.3 <.1 <.1 <.1 0.4 0.1 <.1 <.1 <.1
Asian 0.1 0.1 <.1 <.1 <.1 0.2 <.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 <.1 0.2 <.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 <.1 <.1 <.1 <.1
Black 20.0 17.7 17.7 16.3 18.0 16.1 16.9 16.7 19.0 21.2 18.4 16.9 18.4 16.4 17.6 17.8 17.7 16.4 18.2 20.6
Native Hawaiian / Other Pacific Islander 0.2 0.1 <.1 0.3 0.3 0.1 0.4 0.5 0.3 0.4 0.2 0.4 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.1 <.1 0.3 0.3 0.3
Hispanic (of any race) 6.5 5.7 6.0 6.4 7.0 5.6 5.7 6.9 7.6 6.3 7.1 5.5 6.3 7.0 6.8 5.2 5.8 6.3 6.9 6.7
White 60.5 64.2 63.4 64.6 62.2 68.1 66.5 65.1 62.0 60.7 63.5 66.6 63.0 64.5 64.3 64.9 64.2 65.0 62.7 59.7
Two or more races 12.1 11.5 12.4 12.0 12.2 9.1 9.9 10.2 10.6 10.8 10.1 9.7 11.4 11.2 10.4 11.0 11.6 11.5 11.5 12.4
Unknown 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.2
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

D. Characteristics of Children "Waiting for Adoption" 11 (AFCARS Foster Care File)

Children Waiting for Adoption
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Total waiting children 1,198 1,330 1,351 1,182 1,142
Number of waiting children whose parents' rights have been terminated 795 795 809 787 656

11 There is no federal definition for a child waiting to be adopted. The definition used in the tables on this page includes children and youth through age 17 who have a goal of adoption and/or whose parents' parental rights have been terminated. It excludes children 16 years old and older whose parents' parental rights have been terminated and who have a goal of emancipation. A state's own definition may differ from that used here.  Back

Age of Children Waiting for Adoption (%) 12
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Under 1 year 2.5 3.4 2.5 2.5 1.8
1 year 7.8 9.4 7.5 7.4 7.4
2 years 7.3 7.6 6.4 5.5 6.5
3 years 5.3 5.5 5.8 5.4 4.7
4 years 6.2 4.9 4.2 4.0 5.5
5 years 5.8 4.9 5.8 4.1 4.2
6 years 5.7 5.7 4.4 4.7 5.0
7 years 5.2 5.0 5.0 5.1 4.0
8 years 5.8 5.0 5.1 5.0 4.4
9 years 5.4 5.7 7.0 4.7 4.7
10 years 6.3 5.8 6.1 7.1 4.9
11 years 6.1 6.5 5.3 6.3 7.0
12 years 5.4 5.5 7.0 7.5 6.1
13 years 5.3 5.6 6.4 7.8 7.7
14 years 6.5 5.6 6.0 6.6 7.8
15 years 5.5 7.5 5.8 6.1 7.4
16 years 5.0 4.5 6.4 6.1 6.3
17 years 2.8 2.0 3.0 4.1 4.6

12 Children older than 17 years fall outside of the definition used to identify waiting children and are therefore excluded from this table.  Back

Race/Ethnicity of Children Waiting for Adoption (%)
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Alaska Native / American Indian <.1 0.0 <.1 0.0 0.0
Asian 0.0 <.1 0.1 0.2 <.1
Black 18.2 18.1 16.9 16.8 18.6
Native Hawaiian / Other Pacific Islander 0.0 <.1 <.1 0.3 <.1
Hispanic (of any race) 6.8 6.7 7.0 7.4 6.5
White 60.6 61.8 62.5 62.6 60.4
Two or more races 14.2 13.0 13.0 12.7 14.1
Unknown 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.3
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

E. Characteristics of Children Adopted (AFCARS Adoption File)

Children Adopted
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Total children adopted 758 971 1,001 984 777
Age of Children Adopted (%)
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Under 1 year 3.3 2.5 2.8 2.5 2.7
1 year 15.4 16.1 16.9 14.9 15.4
2 years 15.8 14.7 14.7 13.4 11.2
3 years 12.1 11.3 8.9 7.9 9.9
4 years 9.8 7.7 8.3 8.2 6.7
5 years 9.2 7.4 6.7 6.7 5.3
6 years 4.6 5.4 5.7 6.2 6.0
7 years 4.9 6.3 4.8 4.1 5.4
8 years 3.6 4.8 4.8 5.7 4.0
9 years 3.4 4.5 4.2 3.6 4.1
10 years 2.6 4.4 5.0 4.8 5.1
11 years 3.0 2.9 4.0 4.7 4.2
12 years 1.8 3.4 3.1 2.6 5.4
13 years 2.8 2.5 2.0 3.4 4.2
14 years 2.1 1.8 2.7 4.0 3.1
15 years 2.6 0.9 1.7 3.0 2.2
16 years 1.6 2.2 1.9 2.3 2.3
17 years 1.1 1.1 1.5 1.6 2.3
18 years 0.0 0.1 0.3 0.2 0.1
19 years 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1
20+ years 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Race/Ethnicity of Children Adopted (%)
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Alaska Native / American Indian 0.3 0.8 <.1 0.5 0.0
Asian 0.4 0.4 0.2 0.2 0.4
Black 11.7 16.2 14.3 16.1 17.0
Native Hawaiian / Other Pacific Islander 0.3 0.1 0.3 0.0 0.6
Hispanic (of any race) 9.4 3.5 6.7 6.4 6.3
White 64.8 68.0 68.3 67.8 66.7
Two or more races 13.2 11.0 10.1 9.0 8.9
Unknown 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Arkansas [Outcomes Data]

Reduce Recurrence of Child Abuse and/or Neglect (NCANDS)

Recurrence of Maltreatment Within 12 Months (%)
  2015-2016 2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019 2019-2020
Children without a recurrence 92.5 93.0 94.5 93.2 92.9
Children with one or more recurrences 7.5 7.0 5.5 6.8 7.1
Number 9,459 9,443 8,891 8,430 8,541

Reduce the Incidence of Child Abuse and/or Neglect in Foster Care (NCANDS and AFCARS Foster Care File)

2.1 Maltreatment in Foster Care (%)
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Children maltreated while in foster care 0.18 0.23 0.13 0.15 0.21
Children not maltreated while in foster care 99.82 99.77 99.87 99.85 99.79
Number 8,285 8,545 7,811 7,230 7,159

Increase Permanency for Children in Foster Care (AFCARS Foster Care File)

3.1 Exits of Children From Foster Care (%)
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Adoption 21.9 24.7 27.3 31.2 26.7
Guardianship 1.9 1.9 2.0 3.5 4.4
Reunification 69.2 66.5 63.1 57.6 60.3
Other 6.8 6.8 6.5 7.7 8.5
Missing data 0.1 <.1 1.1 0.0 0.1
Number 3,405 3,770 3,578 3,107 2,882
Exits of Children With a Diagnosed Disability (%)
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Adoption 23.1 28.3 30.2 35.4 30.8
Guardianship 1.6 1.9 1.6 3.8 4.7
Reunification 69.1 63.5 61.5 53.3 55.9
Other 6.2 6.3 6.0 7.6 8.5
Missing data 0.0 <.1 0.7 0.0 0.1
Number 2,075 2,796 2,942 2,559 2,372
Exits of Children Older than Age 12 at Entry Into Foster Care (%)
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Adoption 3.7 4.5 6.4 7.2 6.6
Guardianship 2.9 2.2 4.9 5.4 3.6
Reunification 66.2 60.7 57.5 52.1 52.3
Other 27.2 32.5 30.1 35.3 37.5
Missing data 0.0 0.0 1.0 0.0 0.0
Number 618 624 607 553 501
Exits to Emancipation (%)
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Children age 12 or younger at entry 17.3 16.3 17.4 16.4 19.3
Children older than 12 at entry 82.7 83.8 82.6 83.6 80.7
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Number 202 240 219 232 228
Exits by Race/Ethnicity (%)
  Alaska Native / American Indian Asian Black (non-Hispanic)
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Adoption 37.5 30.8 33.3 33.3 0.0 0.0 28.6 33.3 20.0 0.0 15.5 20.7 19.5 26.5 22.3
Guardianship 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 14.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.3 3.4 3.3 2.4 6.3
Reunification 50.0 61.5 66.7 66.7 100.0 50.0 57.1 33.3 80.0 80.0 75.2 65.8 66.7 59.9 62.3
Other 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 50.0 0.0 33.3 0.0 20.0 8.0 10.0 10.0 11.2 9.1
Missing data 12.5 7.7 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.5 0.0 0.0
Number 8 13 3 3 2 2 7 3 5 5 626 638 657 509 507
Exits by Race/Ethnicity (%)
  Native Hawaiian/Other Pac. Is. Hispanic (of any race) White (non-Hispanic)
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Adoption 0.0 6.7 14.3 11.1 50.0 26.9 24.6 29.2 32.4 27.6 22.3 25.2 28.9 32.2 27.4
Guardianship 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.1 1.0 2.2 0.9 4.1 2.0 1.6 1.6 4.1 3.9
Reunification 100.0 80.0 85.7 88.9 40.0 64.5 69.1 61.9 59.3 56.1 69.5 67.3 62.4 56.9 60.3
Other 0.0 13.3 0.0 0.0 10.0 5.4 5.3 3.1 7.4 12.2 6.3 5.9 5.9 6.8 8.4
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.2 0.0 3.5 0.0 0.0 0.0 <.1 1.2 0.0 0.0
Number 6 15 7 9 10 242 207 226 216 196 2,161 2,511 2,255 2,005 1,853
Exits by Race/Ethnicity (%)
  Unable to Determine Two or More Races Missing Data
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Adoption 17.6 21.4 11.1 33.3 11.1 28.3 29.3 31.1 32.2 29.7 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Guardianship 11.8 0.0 0.0 0.0 11.1 2.3 1.1 2.2 3.7 4.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Reunification 70.6 78.6 83.3 58.3 77.8 60.1 60.5 60.6 55.7 59.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Other 0.0 0.0 5.6 8.3 0.0 9.0 9.0 5.9 8.3 6.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.3 0.0 0.2 0.0 1.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Number 17 14 18 12 9 343 365 409 348 300 0 0 0 0 0

Reduce Time to Reunification Without Increasing Reentry (AFCARS Foster Care File)

Time to Reunification (%)
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Less than 12 mos. 78.1 74.8 70.2 71.3 71.3
At least 12 mos., but less than 24 mos. 19.1 22.6 26.1 25.4 25.5
At least 24 mos., but less than 36 mos. 2.3 2.0 2.9 2.9 2.5
At least 36 mos., but less than 48 mos. 0.2 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.5
48 or more mos. 0.3 0.3 0.5 0.2 0.2
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Number 2,357 2,508 2,258 1,789 1,738
Children Reentering Foster Care (%)
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Children entering care for the first time 84.6 85.5 84.2 83.9 85.4
Children reentering care within 12 mos. of a prior episode 5.7 6.0 6.5 5.6 5.4
Children reentering care more than 12 mos. after a prior episode 9.6 8.4 9.3 10.4 9.1
Missing data <.1 <.1 0.0 <.1 <.1
Number 4,103 3,778 3,123 3,071 3,106

Reduce Time in Foster Care to Adoption (AFCARS Foster Care File)

Time to Adoption (%)
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Less than 12 mos. 8.6 6.1 5.9 6.0 6.0
At least 12 mos., but less than 24 mos. 44.8 50.5 47.3 39.0 42.1
At least 24 mos., but less than 36 mos. 32.3 30.3 32.4 37.0 27.8
At least 36 mos., but less than 48 mos. 7.8 8.0 8.9 10.5 13.5
48 or more mos. 6.6 5.0 5.4 7.5 10.6
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Number 746 932 978 970 770

Increase Placement Stability (AFCARS Foster Care File)

Number of Placements by Time in Care (%)
  In Care Less Than 12 Months In Care at Least 12 months but Less Than 24 months In Care for 24 Months or Longer Time in Care Missing or Out of Range
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Children with 2 or fewer placements 72.1 74.1 77.3 76.6 75.6 49.3 47.1 51.2 53.3 55.0 21.4 23.6 19.7 18.6 18.1 91.7 66.7 85.7 72.7 93.8
Children with 3 or more placements 27.9 25.9 22.6 23.4 24.3 50.6 52.8 48.8 46.7 45.0 78.6 76.4 80.3 81.3 81.8 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Missing Placement setting counts <.1 <.1 <.1 <.1 0.1 <.1 <.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 <.1 <.1 <.1 8.3 33.3 14.3 27.3 6.3
Total number 4,894 4,645 3,930 3,723 3,741 2,035 2,385 2,236 1,875 2,007 1,344 1,512 1,638 1,621 1,395 12 3 7 11 16

Reduce Placement of Young Children in Group Homes or Institutions (AFCARS Foster Care File)

Most Recent Placement Settings of Children Who Entered Care During the Fiscal Year and Were Age 12 or Younger at the Time of This Placement (%)
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Group homes 3.5 3.8 4.2 1.9 1.2
Institution 8.7 5.0 3.8 2.9 1.8
Other settings 87.8 91.2 92.0 95.2 97.1
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Number 3,360 3,136 2,509 2,521 2,559