Alabama

Alabama [Context Data]

A. Context Statistics 1 2

General Child Population (Census Bureau) 3
  2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Total children under 18 years 1,105,760 1,102,602 1,099,327 1,095,235 1,089,840
Race/ethnicity (%) 4
Alaska Native / American Indian 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
Asian 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.5
Black 29.5 29.4 29.2 29.2 29.1
Native Hawaiian / Other Pacific Islander <.1 <.1 <.1 <.1 <.1
Hispanic (of any race) 6.9 7.1 7.4 7.6 7.9
White 58.8 58.5 58.2 58.0 57.7
Two or more races 2.9 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.3
Child population in poverty (%) 27.7 26.6 24.5 24.6 23.8
Child Welfare Summary 5
  2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Child maltreatment victims 8,697 8,466 10,157 10,847 12,158
Foster care entry rate 2.9 3.3 3.4 3.7 3.7
Children in foster care on 9/30 4,526 4,745 5,053 5,631 5,930
Children adopted 544 512 503 504 712
Caseworker Visits 6
  2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Children receiving monthly visits (%) 96 96 94 95 97
Numerator 2,761 49,154 52,852 57,847 63,545
Denominator 2,871 51,421 55,929 60,719 65,721
Children receiving visits in the home (%) 99 99 99 99 100
Numerator 2,730 48,747 52,511 57,517 63,239
Denominator 2,761 49,154 52,852 57,847 63,545

1 The source data for each table is indicated in parentheses for each section. A calendar year is the basis for data from the Census Bureau. Most of the other data on these pages are from the National Child Abuse and Neglect Data System (NCANDS) or the Adoption and Foster Care Analysis and Reporting System (AFCARS) and are based on the federal fiscal year, October 1 through September 30.  Back
2 Data that did not meet the quality standards for inclusion in the report are represented as DQ*. Incomplete data excluded from inclusion in the report are represented as --. For additional information on the data quality thresholds for the Child Welfare Outcomes Report, please reference the full report or the Child Welfare Outcomes data site.  Back
3 The total child population and data on race/ethnicity represent estimates from the Census Bureau https://www.census.gov/data/tables.html . Child poverty data are from the Census Bureau's American Community Survey (ACS).  Back
4 For race/ethnicity tables, all races exclude children of Hispanic origin. The Child Welfare Outcomes Report data site http://cwoutcomes.acf.hhs.gov/cwodatasite provides alternative race/ethnicity breakdowns in which race and ethnicity are treated as two separate categories.  Back
5 A child victim is defined as a child for whom the state determined at least one maltreatment was substantiated or indicated. This includes a child who died of child abuse and neglect. This is a change from prior years when children with dispositions of alternative response victim were included as victims. The rate for foster care entry is per 1,000 children in the state population. Data on child maltreatment victims are from NCANDS. Data on foster care entry rate, children in foster care on 9/30, and children adopted are from AFCARS.  Back
6 The reporting population subject to the caseworker visits requirements includes all children under age 18 for at least the first day of the FY (October 1) who have been in foster care for at least one full calendar month during the FY. All states have the option of using an approved sampling procedure for the caseworker visits reporting requirement.  Back

B. Child Maltreatment Data (National Child Abuse and Neglect Data System [NCANDS]) 7

Overview Maltreatment Information 8
  2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
  Number Rate Number Rate Number Rate Number Rate Number Rate
Children subject of an investigated report alleging child maltreatment 29,342 26.5 per 1,000 30,647 27.8 per 1,000 36,776 33.5 per 1,000 38,871 35.5 per 1,000 38,634 35.4 per 1,000
Total child maltreatment victims 8,697 7.9 per 1,000 8,466 7.7 per 1,000 10,157 9.2 per 1,000 10,847 9.9 per 1,000 12,158 11.2 per 1,000
Child Fatalities 17 1.5 per 100,000 13 1.2 per 100,000 26 2.4 per 100,000 28 2.6 per 100,000 43 4.0 per 100,000
Age of Child Victims (%)
  2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Under 1 year 14.1 14.6 15.5 15.9 16.7
1 year 6.9 6.3 6.9 6.9 6.7
2 years 6.2 6.4 6.7 6.6 6.5
3 years 5.9 6.2 5.9 6.3 6.0
4 years 6.2 6.0 5.8 5.6 5.4
5 years 6.1 5.7 5.5 5.4 5.5
6 years 5.5 5.8 5.3 5.2 5.2
7 years 5.2 5.4 5.8 5.2 4.8
8 years 5.0 5.0 5.2 5.0 5.1
9 years 4.4 4.4 4.7 4.9 4.7
10 years 4.0 4.1 4.1 4.3 4.4
11 years 4.1 3.8 4.0 3.8 4.4
12 years 3.8 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.3
13 years 5.5 4.4 4.4 4.2 4.3
14 years 5.3 5.8 5.1 5.3 5.0
15 years 5.7 5.8 5.1 4.9 4.8
16 years 3.4 3.5 3.4 3.7 3.5
17 years 2.3 2.3 2.2 2.5 2.3
18+ years 0.0 <.1 0.0 0.0 0.0
Missing data 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.5
Number 8,697 8,466 10,157 10,847 12,158
Race/Ethnicity of Child Victims (%)
  2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Alaska Native / American Indian <.1 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1
Asian 0.1 <.1 0.2 0.1 0.1
Black 28.5 30.5 27.4 26.6 28.6
Native Hawaiian / Other Pacific Islander <.1 <.1 0.1 0.0 0.1
Hispanic (of any race) 3.9 3.8 4.3 4.5 3.8
White 63.5 64.3 63.2 64.3 62.8
Two or more races 0.0 0.0 3.4 3.3 3.2
Missing data 3.9 1.1 1.3 1.1 1.2
Number 8,697 8,466 10,157 10,847 12,158
Maltreatment Types of Child Victims (%) 9
  2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Emotional abuse 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.3
Medical neglect 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.6
Neglect 40.7 39.4 41.0 43.9 42.9
Physical abuse 47.9 52.9 54.1 53.6 53.3
Sexual abuse 20.5 17.5 15.6 14.9 16.6
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Other 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Number 8,697 8,466 10,157 10,847 12,158
Time to Investigation (in hours) 10
  2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Mean 47.0 13.3 64.5 58.2 53.3
Median >24 but<48 <24 >24 but<48 <24 <24

7 The unique count of child victims counts a child only once regardless of the number of times he or she was found to be a victim during the reporting year.  Back
8 The rates for Child Protective Services responses and victims are per 1,000 children under age 18; for fatalities, the rate is per 100,000 children under age 18.  Back
9 These percentages are calculated against the number of unique victims. A child may have been the victim of more than one type of maltreatment, or the same type of maltreatment more than once. As a result, the total percentages both within and across maltreatment categories may exceed 100.  Back
10 Response time is defined as the time between the report of suspected maltreatment and the first face-to-face contact with the alleged victim or with another person who can provide information on the allegation.  Back

C. Characteristics of Children in Foster Care (Adoption and Foster Care Analysis and Reporting System [AFCARS] Foster Care File)

Overview Foster Care Information
  In Foster Care on 10/1 FY Entered Foster Care in FY Exited Foster Care in FY In Foster Care on 9/30 FY
  2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Total number 4,328 4,384 4,609 4,916 5,450 3,192 3,605 3,772 4,095 4,062 2,994 3,244 3,329 3,382 3,582 4,526 4,745 5,053 5,631 5,930
Median length of stay (months) 12.8 12.5 11.5 11.8 11.1 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 11.1 9.5 9.9 10.3 11.9 12.4 11.3 11.8 11.0 11.9
Age of Children in Foster Care (%)
  In Foster Care on 10/1 FY Entered Foster Care in FY Exited Foster Care in FY In Foster Care on 9/30 FY
  2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Under 1 year 6.7 7.3 6.6 7.8 8.4 16.9 16.1 17.3 19.2 18.9 6.1 6.9 6.3 6.7 6.6 7.2 6.7 7.7 8.4 8.0
1 year 7.6 7.3 7.9 7.2 8.2 7.9 7.1 7.3 7.2 7.0 8.8 8.1 8.6 8.3 8.8 7.3 7.8 7.2 8.2 8.6
2 years 6.7 6.4 6.6 6.5 6.3 6.5 6.7 6.7 5.7 7.2 7.6 7.3 7.8 8.0 8.3 6.5 6.7 6.5 6.3 6.7
3 years 5.4 5.8 5.9 5.9 5.5 5.7 6.7 5.6 6.1 6.2 7.1 7.3 7.0 6.9 6.6 5.8 6.0 6.0 5.5 5.9
4 years 5.2 4.9 5.0 5.3 5.4 5.4 6.2 5.8 5.8 6.1 6.1 7.2 6.3 6.3 6.4 4.9 5.1 5.4 5.5 5.7
5 years 5.5 4.9 4.9 4.9 5.1 5.5 5.2 5.2 4.9 5.9 5.9 5.1 5.5 5.2 5.7 4.9 4.9 4.9 5.1 5.3
6 years 4.6 4.9 4.6 4.5 4.7 5.1 5.5 4.9 5.0 4.7 5.6 6.3 5.2 5.7 4.7 5.0 4.6 4.4 4.7 4.8
7 years 4.3 4.5 4.9 4.5 4.4 4.6 5.9 5.3 5.2 5.0 4.7 5.1 5.2 4.8 5.9 4.4 4.9 4.6 4.3 4.5
8 years 4.5 4.6 4.6 4.9 4.6 5.4 4.5 5.0 4.7 4.5 4.9 4.8 5.8 4.9 4.6 4.5 4.6 4.8 4.6 4.4
9 years 3.9 4.6 4.3 4.4 5.1 3.9 4.1 4.3 4.5 4.0 4.2 4.6 4.2 4.3 4.7 4.7 4.3 4.4 5.1 4.2
10 years 4.1 3.7 4.3 4.5 4.2 4.0 3.7 4.3 4.0 4.2 4.2 4.2 4.1 4.4 4.1 3.7 4.3 4.4 4.2 5.1
11 years 3.3 3.9 3.9 3.9 4.1 4.0 3.4 3.5 3.5 3.9 3.7 3.0 4.1 3.6 3.8 3.9 3.8 3.9 4.0 4.2
12 years 4.2 3.7 3.9 4.2 4.4 3.3 3.0 4.0 4.4 3.7 3.1 3.0 2.9 3.3 3.4 3.7 3.9 4.2 4.3 3.9
13 years 4.4 4.2 4.2 4.3 5.1 3.5 4.1 3.5 4.1 3.7 3.3 2.9 3.3 3.4 3.7 4.1 4.2 4.4 5.0 4.5
14 years 5.6 5.0 4.9 5.1 4.8 4.4 4.9 4.4 4.3 3.9 4.0 3.2 3.0 3.5 3.5 5.0 5.0 5.0 4.8 5.3
15 years 6.3 6.3 5.9 5.7 5.5 5.3 5.2 4.3 4.4 4.2 3.6 3.9 3.1 3.4 3.5 6.3 5.9 5.8 5.5 4.9
16 years 7.1 7.5 7.2 6.6 6.1 5.8 4.5 4.9 4.3 4.1 3.8 3.9 3.8 3.5 3.5 7.2 7.2 6.5 6.1 5.8
17 years 8.1 7.8 7.5 7.5 6.1 2.8 3.1 3.4 2.5 2.9 3.8 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.0 7.6 7.2 7.4 6.1 6.2
18 years 1.8 1.6 1.6 1.4 1.5 <.1 <.1 <.1 <.1 <.1 8.4 8.4 9.0 8.8 8.2 1.9 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.2
19 years 0.6 0.8 0.7 0.5 0.4 <.1 <.1 <.1 0.0 0.0 1.0 0.9 0.6 0.9 0.8 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.5 0.6
20+ years 0.0 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 <.1 0.0 0.1 0.2 0.4 0.5 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.1 0.2
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.4 0.3 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Race/Ethnicity of Children in Foster Care (%)
  In Foster Care on 10/1 FY Entered Foster Care in FY Exited Foster Care in FY In Foster Care on 9/30 FY
  2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Alaska Native / American Indian 0.1 <.1 <.1 <.1 0.1 0.0 <.1 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.1 <.1 0.2 <.1 0.2 <.1 <.1 <.1 0.1 0.2
Asian <.1 <.1 0.2 0.1 <.1 0.0 0.3 0.1 <.1 0.3 0.0 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.3 <.1 0.2 0.1 <.1 0.1
Black 35.8 33.6 33.3 32.5 33.0 29.8 30.7 29.1 31.1 31.5 33.0 30.1 29.6 29.4 28.2 33.5 33.8 32.7 33.3 34.9
Native Hawaiian / Other Pacific Islander 0.0 <.1 <.1 <.1 <.1 <.1 0.1 0.1 <.1 <.1 0.0 <.1 0.1 <.1 <.1 <.1 <.1 <.1 <.1 <.1
Hispanic (of any race) 5.6 5.3 5.1 5.0 5.3 5.1 4.9 5.4 5.3 3.9 5.3 5.4 5.7 4.8 4.8 5.5 4.9 5.0 5.3 4.6
White 49.1 53.1 54.5 55.6 56.1 59.1 59.0 59.3 59.0 58.7 54.3 57.7 58.5 59.3 60.7 52.7 54.5 55.4 55.9 55.1
Two or more races 9.1 7.6 6.7 6.4 5.1 5.4 4.7 5.1 3.8 4.5 6.7 6.4 5.4 5.9 5.2 8.1 6.3 6.4 4.8 4.7
Unknown 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.3 0.2 0.5 0.3 0.7 0.5 0.9 0.5 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.6 0.2 0.2 0.4 0.4 0.5
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

D. Characteristics of Children "Waiting for Adoption" 11 (AFCARS Foster Care File)

Children Waiting for Adoption
  2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Total waiting children 1,044 1,020 1,075 1,268 1,346
Number of waiting children whose parents' rights have been terminated 573 461 421 533 514

11 There is no federal definition for a child waiting to be adopted. The definition used in the tables on this page includes children and youth through age 17 who have a goal of adoption and/or whose parents' parental rights have been terminated. It excludes children 16 years old and older whose parents' parental rights have been terminated and who have a goal of emancipation. A state's own definition may differ from that used here.  Back

Age of Children Waiting for Adoption (%) 12
  2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Under 1 year 2.9 1.7 3.1 3.9 3.3
1 year 6.8 7.7 6.9 8.6 10.5
2 years 6.3 6.5 8.6 6.3 6.9
3 years 7.3 6.7 6.8 5.8 6.8
4 years 5.7 5.3 6.6 6.5 4.7
5 years 6.6 6.5 5.0 5.8 5.5
6 years 6.5 5.5 5.4 4.8 5.5
7 years 4.9 5.7 5.4 4.7 4.9
8 years 5.8 5.0 5.1 5.4 4.5
9 years 5.5 7.4 5.7 5.6 4.3
10 years 4.7 5.7 5.9 6.1 6.6
11 years 6.1 5.0 5.5 5.5 5.6
12 years 5.6 6.7 4.2 5.9 5.3
13 years 5.3 6.1 6.8 6.2 5.6
14 years 6.2 5.0 6.4 5.8 6.8
15 years 5.7 6.3 6.0 6.4 5.4
16 years 4.9 3.3 3.9 4.1 5.1
17 years 3.4 4.1 2.8 2.7 2.7

12 Children older than 17 years fall outside of the definition used to identify waiting children and are therefore excluded from this table.  Back

Race/Ethnicity of Children Waiting for Adoption (%)
  2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Alaska Native / American Indian 0.0 <.1 0.0 0.0 0.0
Asian 0.2 <.1 0.2 0.2 <.1
Black 30.5 28.1 26.0 27.1 29.2
Native Hawaiian / Other Pacific Islander 0.0 0.0 0.0 <.1 <.1
Hispanic (of any race) 8.0 7.1 7.5 6.8 5.2
White 52.6 57.6 59.3 59.1 61.1
Two or more races 8.7 6.9 7.0 6.5 4.2
Unknown 0.0 <.1 <.1 0.2 0.1
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

E. Characteristics of Children Adopted (AFCARS Adoption File)

Children Adopted
  2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Total children adopted 544 512 503 504 712
Age of Children Adopted (%)
  2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Under 1 year 2.0 1.8 1.6 2.8 1.1
1 year 11.2 13.3 10.7 11.5 13.8
2 years 12.5 9.8 13.3 15.1 10.8
3 years 9.6 10.4 9.7 10.1 10.7
4 years 8.8 8.4 9.0 10.9 8.2
5 years 7.4 6.8 7.6 7.9 6.5
6 years 6.8 8.6 7.2 6.6 4.9
7 years 4.2 4.7 6.2 4.4 4.9
8 years 5.9 6.5 4.8 3.8 6.2
9 years 5.0 3.1 5.6 5.6 5.2
10 years 4.6 5.1 4.0 5.2 4.6
11 years 3.7 3.9 4.6 3.4 4.6
12 years 3.3 2.7 2.8 2.8 3.4
13 years 4.2 2.7 3.2 2.2 3.2
14 years 3.3 3.5 2.8 3.0 4.1
15 years 3.1 2.5 1.4 2.0 2.3
16 years 1.8 2.7 1.8 1.4 2.1
17 years 1.5 1.2 1.8 0.8 2.1
18 years 0.7 2.0 1.6 0.8 1.0
19 years 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.0 0.1
20+ years 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.3
Race/Ethnicity of Children Adopted (%)
  2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Alaska Native / American Indian 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.0 0.0
Asian 0.0 0.4 0.0 0.0 0.1
Black 27.6 24.2 24.3 18.3 21.1
Native Hawaiian / Other Pacific Islander 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Hispanic (of any race) 5.5 6.5 6.8 4.0 4.9
White 57.2 60.4 60.4 69.8 63.9
Two or more races 9.6 8.6 8.4 7.9 9.8
Unknown 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Alabama [Outcomes Data]

Reduce Recurrence of Child Abuse and/or Neglect (NCANDS)

Recurrence of Maltreatment Within 6 Months (%)
  2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Children without a recurrence 98.3 98.5 97.8 97.8 97.6
Children with one or more recurrences 1.7 1.5 2.2 2.2 2.4
Number 3,757 3,837 4,715 4,901 5,179

Reduce the Incidence of Child Abuse and/or Neglect in Foster Care (NCANDS and AFCARS Foster Care File)

2.1 Maltreatment in Foster Care (%)
  2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Children maltreated while in foster care 0.17 0.06 0.11 0.30 0.17
Children not maltreated while in foster care 99.83 99.94 99.89 99.70 99.83
Number 7,520 7,989 8,381 9,012 9,512

Increase Permanency for Children in Foster Care (AFCARS Foster Care File)

3.1 Exits of Children From Foster Care (%)
  2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Adoption 18.3 15.9 15.3 15.0 19.9
Guardianship 0.6 0.5 0.8 0.9 1.5
Reunification 68.4 72.1 71.3 71.4 68.0
Other 12.0 11.4 12.5 12.6 10.3
Missing data 0.8 <.1 <.1 0.1 0.3
Number 2,994 3,244 3,329 3,382 3,582
Exits of Children With a Diagnosed Disability (%)
  2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Adoption 42.8 35.7 33.1 31.9 35.4
Guardianship 0.6 0.9 0.3 0.6 2.5
Reunification 31.6 33.6 40.5 35.5 31.6
Other 24.9 29.5 26.0 31.3 30.2
Missing data 0.0 0.3 0.0 0.6 0.3
Number 313 339 311 335 367
Exits of Children Older than Age 12 at Entry Into Foster Care (%)
  2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Adoption 2.4 2.8 2.2 2.2 4.0
Guardianship 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.7
Reunification 58.8 58.8 57.8 53.7 54.2
Other 38.1 38.1 40.0 43.8 40.9
Missing data 0.6 0.1 0.0 0.3 0.1
Number 622 678 670 738 694
Exits to Emancipation (%)
  2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Children age 12 or younger at entry 25.1 25.7 27.5 18.6 18.0
Children older than 12 at entry 74.9 74.3 72.5 81.4 82.0
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Number 283 304 331 355 317
Exits by Race/Ethnicity (%)
  Alaska Native / American Indian Asian Black (non-Hispanic)
  2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Adoption 0.0 0.0 16.7 0.0 0.0 0.0 50.0 0.0 0.0 9.1 14.6 12.7 12.5 9.3 15.0
Guardianship 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.9 0.9 1.2 1.6 2.3
Reunification 66.7 0.0 83.3 100.0 85.7 0.0 50.0 100.0 75.0 90.9 69.5 70.8 70.1 73.8 67.5
Other 33.3 100.0 0.0 0.0 14.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 25.0 0.0 14.3 15.6 16.1 15.1 14.9
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.7 0.0 0.1 0.2 0.4
Number 3 1 6 2 7 0 4 7 4 11 988 975 986 995 1,010
Exits by Race/Ethnicity (%)
  Native Hawaiian/Other Pac. Is. Hispanic (of any race) White (non-Hispanic)
  2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Adoption 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 19.6 18.8 19.0 12.3 19.1 19.4 16.7 15.9 17.7 21.1
Guardianship 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.6 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.6 0.4 0.3 0.6 0.6 1.3
Reunification 0.0 50.0 100.0 0.0 100.0 69.6 74.4 75.1 75.3 70.5 68.7 73.3 72.5 70.5 68.7
Other 0.0 50.0 0.0 100.0 0.0 8.2 6.3 5.8 12.3 9.2 10.9 9.6 11.0 11.1 8.7
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.9 0.6 0.0 0.0 0.6 0.6 0.1 0.0 <.1 0.2
Number 0 2 4 1 2 158 176 189 162 173 1,627 1,871 1,949 2,005 2,173
Exits by Race/Ethnicity (%)
  Unable to Determine Two or More Races Missing Data
  2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Adoption 6.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 10.0 27.2 21.4 21.8 20.1 37.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Guardianship 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.5 0.5 2.2 0.0 0.5 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Reunification 62.5 100.0 88.9 92.9 90.0 59.9 65.5 58.7 64.3 55.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Other 25.0 0.0 11.1 7.1 0.0 10.4 12.6 17.3 15.1 7.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Missing data 6.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.0 0.0 0.0 0.5 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Number 16 9 9 14 20 202 206 179 199 186 0 0 0 0 0

Reduce Time to Reunification Without Increasing Reentry (AFCARS Foster Care File)

Time to Reunification (%)
  2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Less than 12 mos. 72.1 73.9 73.2 72.0 69.2
At least 12 mos., but less than 24 mos. 21.4 18.3 19.2 20.8 22.9
At least 24 mos., but less than 36 mos. 3.6 4.3 4.8 5.2 5.0
At least 36 mos., but less than 48 mos. 2.1 1.9 2.0 1.3 2.1
48 or more mos. 0.8 1.5 0.8 0.7 0.7
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.0 <.1 0.0
Number 2,047 2,339 2,375 2,415 2,436
Children Reentering Foster Care (%)
  2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Children entering care for the first time 83.2 83.0 85.0 84.1 84.1
Children reentering care within 12 mos. of a prior episode 8.4 7.1 6.8 6.9 6.7
Children reentering care more than 12 mos. after a prior episode 8.3 9.4 7.9 8.5 8.9
Missing data <.1 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.3
Number 3,192 3,605 3,772 4,095 4,062

Reduce Time in Foster Care to Adoption (AFCARS Foster Care File)

Time to Adoption (%)
  2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Less than 12 mos. 5.3 3.7 4.3 5.3 3.8
At least 12 mos., but less than 24 mos. 25.2 31.4 31.4 36.5 35.3
At least 24 mos., but less than 36 mos. 28.0 33.7 30.6 34.3 30.4
At least 36 mos., but less than 48 mos. 21.0 15.7 17.9 12.8 18.1
48 or more mos. 20.5 15.3 15.7 11.0 12.5
Missing data 0.0 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0
Number 547 516 509 507 714

Increase Placement Stability (AFCARS Foster Care File)

Number of Placements by Time in Care (%)
  In Care Less Than 12 Months In Care at Least 12 months but Less Than 24 months In Care for 24 Months or Longer Time in Care Missing or Out of Range
  2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Children with 2 or fewer placements 81.0 79.5 78.8 76.9 78.3 58.6 56.0 54.0 52.2 55.4 32.7 27.5 27.7 31.7 32.0 100.0 90.0 94.4 75.0 80.0
Children with 3 or more placements 18.2 19.8 20.0 21.7 20.4 41.2 43.8 45.9 47.5 44.4 67.3 72.4 72.2 68.3 68.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 12.5 20.0
Missing Placement setting counts 0.9 0.6 1.2 1.4 1.3 0.2 0.2 <.1 0.3 0.2 0.0 <.1 <.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 10.0 5.6 12.5 0.0
Total number 3,826 4,298 4,430 4,849 4,780 1,702 1,722 2,005 2,119 2,511 1,983 1,959 1,928 2,036 2,216 9 10 18 8 5

Reduce Placement of Young Children in Group Homes or Institutions (AFCARS Foster Care File)

Most Recent Placement Settings of Children Who Entered Care During the Fiscal Year and Were Age 12 or Younger at the Time of This Placement (%)
  2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Group homes 2.2 3.3 2.9 3.0 2.4
Institution 1.8 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.0
Other settings 95.9 94.7 94.6 94.2 95.0
Missing data <.1 <.1 0.4 0.6 0.6
Number 2,477 2,808 2,978 3,255 3,271