Hawaii

Hawaii [Context Data]

A. Context Statistics

General Child Population (Census Bureau)
  2010 2011 2012 2013
Total children under 18 years 303,829 305,631 306,644 308,276
Race/ethnicity (%)
Alaska Native / American Indian 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Asian 26.0 25.4 25.0 24.7
Black 1.5 1.7 1.9 2.0
Native Hawaiian / Other Pacific Islander 12.4 12.2 12.0 11.7
Hispanic (of any race) 15.1 15.8 16.5 16.9
White 13.2 13.5 13.7 13.9
Two or more races 31.7 31.2 30.7 30.5
Child population in poverty (%) 13.9 17.0 17.1 13.3
Child Welfare Summary
  2010 2011 2012 2013
Child maltreatment victims 1,744 1,346 1,398 1,324
Foster care entry rate 3.2 3.2 3.4 3.2
Children in foster care on 9/30 1,227 1,117 1,101 1,089
Children adopted 216 198 187 160
Caseworker Visits
  2010 2011 2012 2013
Children receiving monthly visits (%) N/A N/A 78 82
Numerator N/A N/A 1,928 2,009
Denominator N/A N/A 2,459 2,450
Children receiving visits in the home (%) N/A N/A 63 69
Numerator N/A N/A 1,206 1,391
Denominator N/A N/A 1,928 2,009

B. Child Maltreatment Data (National Child Abuse and Neglect Data System [NCANDS])

Overview Maltreatment Information
  2010 2011 2012 2013
  Number Rate Number Rate Number Rate Number Rate
Children subject of an investigated report alleging child maltreatment 4,782 15.7 per 1,000 3,329 10.9 per 1,000 3,800 12.4 per 1,000 3,788 12.3 per 1,000
Total child maltreatment victims 1,744 5.7 per 1,000 1,346 4.4 per 1,000 1,398 4.6 per 1,000 1,324 4.3 per 1,000
Child Fatalities 2 0.7 per 100,000 2 0.7 per 100,000 3 1.0 per 100,000 5 1.6 per 100,000
Age of Child Victims (%)
  2010 2011 2012 2013
Under 1 year 13.2 15.8 14.9 17.7
1 year 6.8 7.2 7.4 7.4
2 years 6.7 6.5 6.3 6.7
3 years 6.6 7.2 7.3 5.5
4 years 7.0 6.8 5.9 6.2
5 years 5.0 6.9 7.0 6.4
6 years 5.4 6.2 5.6 5.5
7 years 4.8 4.2 5.3 4.8
8 years 5.4 3.0 4.5 4.6
9 years 4.8 3.7 4.0 3.9
10 years 4.8 3.7 3.7 4.8
11 years 4.1 3.8 3.8 3.9
12 years 4.0 4.2 4.6 4.6
13 years 4.8 4.2 5.7 4.3
14 years 4.5 5.3 3.6 3.2
15 years 4.2 4.1 3.7 3.2
16 years 3.7 4.0 3.5 4.0
17 years 3.7 2.8 2.9 2.3
18+ years <.1 0.0 0.0 0.0
Missing data 0.2 0.5 0.3 0.8
Number 1,744 1,346 1,398 1,324
Race/Ethnicity of Child Victims (%)
  2010 2011 2012 2013
Alaska Native / American Indian 0.3 <.1 <.1 0.5
Asian 9.4 9.4 10.8 10.5
Black 1.1 2.1 1.6 2.5
Native Hawaiian / Other Pacific Islander 18.8 17.8 17.7 17.0
Hispanic (of any race) 3.1 1.9 2.6 3.2
White 11.0 11.0 14.7 13.0
Two or more races 40.7 43.3 45.2 47.5
Missing data 15.6 14.4 7.2 5.8
Number 1,744 1,346 1,398 1,324
Maltreatment Types of Child Victims (%)
  2010 2011 2012 2013
Emotional abuse 0.5 0.9 0.6 0.8
Medical neglect 1.3 1.2 1.1 1.5
Neglect 12.0 16.9 14.9 15.6
Physical abuse 11.6 13.6 13.9 11.7
Sexual abuse 5.2 6.5 5.9 5.3
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Other 96.3 86.4 80.4 80.7
Number 1,744 1,346 1,398 1,324
Time to Investigation (in hours)
  2010 2011 2012 2013
Mean 137.0 149.8 171.0 120.4
Median >48 but<72 >48 but<72 >48 but<72 >48 but<72

C. Characteristics of Children in Foster Care (Adoption and Foster Care Analysis and Reporting System [AFCARS] Foster Care File)

Overview Foster Care Information
  In Foster Care on 10/1 FY Entered Foster Care in FY Exited Foster Care in FY In Foster Care on 9/30 FY
  2010 2011 2012 2013 2010 2011 2012 2013 2010 2011 2012 2013 2010 2011 2012 2013
Total number 1,447 1,219 1,112 1,051 983 991 1,057 991 1,203 1,093 1,068 953 1,227 1,117 1,101 1,089
Median length of stay (months) 13.1 15.1 14.7 11.9 N/A N/A N/A N/A 8.1 6.4 7.1 5.7 15.3 15.2 11.7 12.4
Age of Children in Foster Care (%)
  In Foster Care on 10/1 FY Entered Foster Care in FY Exited Foster Care in FY In Foster Care on 9/30 FY
  2010 2011 2012 2013 2010 2011 2012 2013 2010 2011 2012 2013 2010 2011 2012 2013
Under 1 year 7.0 4.8 7.4 6.1 14.5 15.0 14.8 18.2 4.7 4.9 5.8 5.4 4.6 7.3 6.0 9.4
1 year 7.2 9.4 7.5 9.3 5.9 6.0 5.3 8.0 6.9 5.9 5.9 6.7 9.5 7.2 9.2 8.6
2 years 7.1 7.0 8.1 6.9 6.0 5.5 5.6 5.4 6.9 8.2 7.9 6.4 7.1 8.1 6.9 9.3
3 years 6.9 5.7 5.3 6.4 6.5 7.1 6.9 5.3 6.8 5.8 5.7 5.6 6.0 5.3 6.4 6.5
4 years 5.4 6.6 6.8 6.0 5.2 5.9 5.2 5.4 5.9 6.3 4.8 6.7 6.5 6.9 6.4 5.5
5 years 5.8 5.3 5.4 7.8 5.2 5.5 7.7 6.2 5.6 5.5 6.3 6.3 5.5 5.6 7.7 5.9
6 years 4.2 5.1 4.8 5.5 4.2 5.8 4.9 6.1 5.1 5.4 5.2 6.7 5.1 4.9 5.6 6.7
7 years 4.6 3.8 6.6 5.5 5.4 5.0 4.8 4.4 5.7 4.1 5.7 6.3 3.8 6.7 5.7 4.4
8 years 4.8 4.5 4.2 4.9 4.7 3.9 4.1 4.6 4.6 3.8 4.6 5.5 4.6 4.3 5.0 4.8
9 years 4.1 4.7 4.8 3.6 3.8 3.8 3.9 3.4 4.1 4.6 4.3 4.4 4.6 4.6 4.1 4.4
10 years 4.0 4.7 3.1 4.1 4.1 3.3 3.6 4.0 3.6 4.8 3.8 4.3 4.3 3.5 4.0 3.2
11 years 3.3 3.8 3.9 3.4 3.4 3.9 3.9 3.9 3.4 3.7 4.1 4.1 3.7 3.8 3.4 3.7
12 years 4.6 3.7 4.4 4.2 4.9 3.7 4.2 4.1 4.2 3.8 3.8 5.0 3.9 4.2 4.0 3.2
13 years 4.1 4.6 3.1 5.1 5.7 4.6 6.2 4.1 5.2 4.9 4.8 3.1 4.7 3.3 4.9 4.2
14 years 5.0 4.6 5.8 4.3 6.1 6.0 4.6 4.3 4.7 4.1 4.6 4.8 4.7 5.6 4.4 5.1
15 years 6.5 6.2 5.6 5.5 5.2 5.8 4.6 4.0 4.4 5.6 4.8 5.0 6.0 5.5 5.4 3.9
16 years 6.8 7.5 6.2 5.2 5.1 4.6 5.6 4.9 4.7 5.5 5.9 4.0 7.4 6.1 5.3 5.1
17 years 8.5 8.0 7.1 6.1 4.3 4.4 4.2 3.2 4.2 4.1 4.6 3.6 7.7 7.1 5.6 6.1
18 years 0.0 <.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 9.6 8.9 7.4 6.0 0.2 0.0 0.0 <.1
19 years 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 <.1 0.0 0.0
20+ years 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Race/Ethnicity of Children in Foster Care (%)
  In Foster Care on 10/1 FY Entered Foster Care in FY Exited Foster Care in FY In Foster Care on 9/30 FY
  2010 2011 2012 2013 2010 2011 2012 2013 2010 2011 2012 2013 2010 2011 2012 2013
Alaska Native / American Indian <.1 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.6 0.3 0.0 0.4 0.2 0.4 <.1 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.4
Asian 9.1 9.9 10.7 9.8 10.9 11.1 10.9 9.4 9.5 10.7 11.6 10.6 10.1 10.2 10.0 8.7
Black 1.2 1.5 1.3 0.5 2.1 2.0 0.9 2.5 1.9 2.2 2.0 1.5 1.3 1.3 0.3 1.5
Native Hawaiian / Other Pacific Islander 19.8 18.8 17.6 23.7 19.8 18.3 23.2 16.6 20.6 19.1 17.7 22.2 19.1 18.0 22.9 18.5
Hispanic (of any race) 6.2 5.1 4.0 3.0 2.3 3.3 3.5 3.2 4.1 4.8 3.9 2.9 5.2 3.8 3.5 3.3
White 9.4 8.7 7.8 9.9 14.4 13.6 14.7 15.6 14.1 13.5 12.5 14.3 8.8 8.3 9.8 11.3
Two or more races 53.3 55.0 57.4 52.4 46.2 49.0 44.0 49.6 46.6 47.4 50.1 46.7 54.1 57.2 51.6 54.9
Unknown 0.9 0.7 1.0 0.4 2.2 2.3 2.8 2.5 1.9 1.9 2.1 1.5 1.0 0.9 1.7 1.4
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

D. Characteristics of Children "Waiting for Adoption" (AFCARS Foster Care File)

Children Waiting for Adoption
  2010 2011 2012 2013
Total waiting children 350 298 232 161
Number of waiting children whose parents' rights have been terminated 314 272 205 138
Age of Children Waiting for Adoption (%)
  2010 2011 2012 2013
Under 1 year 0.6 1.7 0.9 1.2
1 year 6.3 4.7 4.3 4.3
2 years 6.0 9.4 4.3 9.3
3 years 5.4 4.7 7.3 4.3
4 years 7.1 5.0 5.6 3.1
5 years 4.3 4.7 5.2 4.3
6 years 4.0 5.4 4.7 4.3
7 years 0.9 6.4 5.6 2.5
8 years 4.6 3.0 4.3 5.0
9 years 3.7 4.0 4.3 2.5
10 years 5.7 3.0 4.7 3.1
11 years 4.0 5.0 3.0 5.6
12 years 5.7 4.4 5.6 1.2
13 years 7.7 4.4 5.6 6.8
14 years 5.4 7.7 4.3 9.3
15 years 8.9 7.4 9.1 6.8
16 years 7.7 10.7 9.5 11.2
17 years 12.0 8.4 11.6 14.9
Race/Ethnicity of Children Waiting for Adoption (%)
  2010 2011 2012 2013
Alaska Native / American Indian 0.0 0.3 0.4 0.0
Asian 8.0 7.7 7.8 3.1
Black 1.4 1.3 0.0 0.6
Native Hawaiian / Other Pacific Islander 18.9 22.1 21.1 20.5
Hispanic (of any race) 9.4 7.0 4.3 3.7
White 8.0 4.4 4.3 5.6
Two or more races 53.4 56.4 61.6 66.5
Unknown 0.9 0.7 0.4 0.0
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

E. Characteristics of Children Adopted (AFCARS Adoption File)

Children Adopted
  2010 2011 2012 2013
Total children adopted 216 198 187 160
Age of Children Adopted (%)
  2010 2011 2012 2013
Under 1 year 1.4 2.5 2.1 1.9
1 year 6.9 10.1 10.2 6.3
2 years 16.7 17.2 23.5 15.0
3 years 13.4 7.6 10.2 8.1
4 years 9.7 9.6 5.9 13.1
5 years 6.0 7.1 8.6 8.1
6 years 6.9 5.6 6.4 6.3
7 years 6.0 3.0 8.0 8.8
8 years 6.9 3.5 3.7 5.6
9 years 6.9 7.1 4.3 5.0
10 years 3.2 7.1 3.7 4.4
11 years 1.9 3.0 2.7 3.1
12 years 2.8 5.1 1.6 4.4
13 years 2.8 4.5 1.6 1.3
14 years 2.3 3.0 0.5 1.9
15 years 3.2 0.5 1.6 2.5
16 years 0.9 3.0 2.7 1.9
17 years 0.9 0.0 1.6 1.9
18 years 0.9 0.5 1.1 0.0
19 years 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
20+ years 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Race/Ethnicity of Children Adopted (%)
  2010 2011 2012 2013
Alaska Native / American Indian 0.5 0.0 0.0 0.6
Asian 6.9 11.1 10.2 6.3
Black 0.5 1.0 1.1 0.0
Native Hawaiian / Other Pacific Islander 19.0 15.2 17.6 21.3
Hispanic (of any race) 9.3 9.6 4.8 1.9
White 7.9 8.1 4.8 5.0
Two or more races 55.6 53.0 61.5 65.0
Unknown 0.5 2.0 0.0 0.0
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Hawaii [Outcomes Data]

Reduce Recurrence of Child Abuse and/or Neglect (NCANDS)

Recurrence of Maltreatment Within 6 Months (%)
  2010 2011 2012 2013
Children without a recurrence 97.6 97.6 98.1 98.9
Children with one or more recurrences 2.4 2.4 1.9 1.1
Number 1,018 674 727 647

Reduce the Incidence of Child Abuse and/or Neglect in Foster Care (NCANDS and AFCARS Foster Care File)

2.1 Maltreatment in Foster Care (%)
  2010 2011 2012 2013
Children maltreated while in foster care 0.74 0.59 0.14 0.34
Children not maltreated while in foster care 99.26 99.41 99.86 99.66
Number 2,430 2,210 2,169 2,042

Increase Permanency for Children in Foster Care (AFCARS Foster Care File)

3.1 Exits of Children From Foster Care (%)
  2010 2011 2012 2013
Adoption 17.1 19.3 16.6 16.5
Guardianship 7.4 6.8 8.5 8.9
Reunification 64.3 63.9 65.8 66.1
Other 11.0 9.8 8.5 8.0
Missing data 0.2 0.3 0.6 0.5
Number 1,203 1,093 1,068 953
Exits of Children With a Diagnosed Disability (%)
  2010 2011 2012 2013
Adoption 33.5 32.2 28.4 35.6
Guardianship 13.7 9.6 8.1 13.9
Reunification 32.6 40.9 45.2 36.1
Other 20.3 17.0 17.3 13.9
Missing data 0.0 0.4 1.0 0.5
Number 227 230 197 202
Exits of Children Older than Age 12 at Entry Into Foster Care (%)
  2010 2011 2012 2013
Adoption 1.7 2.2 1.8 2.9
Guardianship 8.5 5.0 8.2 11.2
Reunification 61.4 66.3 67.1 61.2
Other 28.1 26.2 21.8 22.8
Missing data 0.3 0.4 1.1 1.9
Number 295 279 280 206
Exits to Emancipation (%)
  2010 2011 2012 2013
Children age 12 or younger at entry 32.8 26.3 28.6 30.9
Children older than 12 at entry 67.2 73.7 71.4 69.1
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Number 116 95 77 55
Exits by Race/Ethnicity (%)
  Alaska Native / American Indian Asian Black (non-Hispanic)
  2010 2011 2012 2013 2010 2011 2012 2013 2010 2011 2012 2013
Adoption 50.0 0.0 0.0 33.3 12.3 21.4 14.5 11.9 4.3 12.5 9.5 0.0
Guardianship 0.0 0.0 0.0 33.3 9.6 6.0 5.6 8.9 8.7 4.2 0.0 0.0
Reunification 50.0 75.0 100.0 33.3 64.9 64.1 68.5 70.3 82.6 62.5 76.2 92.9
Other 0.0 25.0 0.0 0.0 12.3 8.5 11.3 8.9 4.3 20.8 14.3 7.1
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.9 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Number 2 4 1 3 114 117 124 101 23 24 21 14
Exits by Race/Ethnicity (%)
  Native Hawaiian/Other Pac. Is. Hispanic (of any race) White (non-Hispanic)
  2010 2011 2012 2013 2010 2011 2012 2013 2010 2011 2012 2013
Adoption 15.7 11.5 16.4 15.6 38.8 36.5 21.4 10.7 9.4 10.8 6.7 5.9
Guardianship 6.9 8.6 11.1 7.5 12.2 11.5 7.1 10.7 10.0 4.7 1.5 7.4
Reunification 64.5 64.1 64.0 66.0 32.7 46.2 54.8 71.4 69.4 75.7 82.1 80.1
Other 12.9 15.3 7.9 10.4 14.3 5.8 14.3 7.1 11.2 8.1 9.7 5.9
Missing data 0.0 0.5 0.5 0.5 2.0 0.0 2.4 0.0 0.0 0.7 0.0 0.7
Number 248 209 189 212 49 52 42 28 170 148 134 136
Exits by Race/Ethnicity (%)
  Unable to Determine Two or More Races Missing Data
  2010 2011 2012 2013 2010 2011 2012 2013 2010 2011 2012 2013
Adoption 4.3 19.0 0.0 0.0 20.5 23.2 20.2 22.5 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Guardianship 0.0 4.8 4.5 7.1 6.4 6.6 10.7 10.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Reunification 82.6 76.2 90.9 85.7 63.3 61.6 61.1 59.3 84.6 0.0 0.0 0.0
Other 13.0 0.0 4.5 7.1 9.6 8.5 7.3 7.4 15.4 0.0 0.0 0.0
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.2 0.7 0.7 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Number 23 21 22 14 561 518 535 445 13 0 0 0

Reduce Time to Reunification Without Increasing Reentry (AFCARS Foster Care File)

Time to Reunification (%)
  2010 2011 2012 2013
Less than 12 mos. 82.1 84.1 80.5 83.7
At least 12 mos., but less than 24 mos. 12.3 11.2 14.2 12.7
At least 24 mos., but less than 36 mos. 4.4 3.3 4.4 3.0
At least 36 mos., but less than 48 mos. 0.8 0.6 0.6 0.3
48 or more mos. 0.4 0.9 0.3 0.3
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Number 773 698 703 630
Children Reentering Foster Care (%)
  2010 2011 2012 2013
Children entering care for the first time 77.1 78.2 75.8 77.7
Children reentering care within 12 mos. of a prior episode 8.5 7.3 8.9 10.7
Children reentering care more than 12 mos. after a prior episode 14.0 13.6 15.3 11.5
Missing data 0.3 0.9 0.0 0.1
Number 983 991 1,057 991

Reduce Time in Foster Care to Adoption (AFCARS Foster Care File)

Time to Adoption (%)
  2010 2011 2012 2013
Less than 12 mos. 5.8 9.0 4.5 8.3
At least 12 mos., but less than 24 mos. 28.2 29.9 20.3 30.6
At least 24 mos., but less than 36 mos. 25.7 37.0 45.2 31.2
At least 36 mos., but less than 48 mos. 18.9 12.3 16.4 20.4
48 or more mos. 21.4 11.8 13.6 9.6
Missing data 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Number 206 211 177 157

Increase Placement Stability (AFCARS Foster Care File)

Number of Placements by Time in Care (%)
  In Care Less Than 12 Months In Care at Least 12 months but Less Than 24 months In Care for 24 Months or Longer Time in Care Missing or Out of Range
  2010 2011 2012 2013 2010 2011 2012 2013 2010 2011 2012 2013 2010 2011 2012 2013
Total number 89.4 91.7 88.8 90.3 69.6 69.1 71.5 73.2 36.4 43.0 46.0 44.4 0.0 100.0 0.0 0.0
Total number 9.3 7.5 9.9 8.5 29.7 30.9 28.5 26.8 63.6 57.0 54.0 55.6 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Total number 1.3 0.8 1.3 1.2 0.7 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Total number 1,183 1,115 1,187 1,112 585 492 445 473 662 602 537 457 0 1 0 0

Reduce Placement of Young Children in Group Homes or Institutions (AFCARS Foster Care File)

Most Recent Placement Settings of Children Who Entered Care During the Fiscal Year and Were Age 12 or Younger at the Time of This Placement (%)
  2010 2011 2012 2013
Group homes 6.0 7.4 6.8 7.9
Institution 2.8 2.7 1.0 1.3
Other settings 90.3 88.9 90.5 89.7
Missing data 1.0 0.9 1.6 1.1
Number 721 739 789 783

Composite and Individual Measures Established for the Federal Child and Family Services Review

Composite One: Timeliness and Permanency of Reunification
  2010 2011 2012 2013
Composite Score 127.3 138.1 133.8 134.6
C1.1: Of all children discharged from foster care to reunification during the year who had been in care for 8 days or longer, what percentage were reunified in less than 12 months from the date of the latest removal from home? (Includes trial home visit a 75.8 74.5 71.3 74.6
C1.2: Of all children discharged from foster care to reunification during the year who had been in care for 8 days or longer, what was the median length of stay (in months) from the date of the latest removal from home until the date of discharge to reuni 5.8 4.5 4.2 3.7
C1.3: Of all children who entered foster care for the first time in the 6-month period just prior to the year shown, and who remained in care for 8 days or longer, what percentage were discharged from foster care to reunification in less than 12 months fr 45.6 52.1 46.6 48.3
C1.4: Of all children discharged from foster care to reunification in the 12-month period prior to the year shown, what percentage reentered care in less than 12 months from the date of discharge? 13.4 9.7 11.7 11.8
Composite Two: Timeliness of Adoptions
  2010 2011 2012 2013
Composite Score 130.6 151.6 142.9 138.4
C2.1: Of all children discharged from foster care to a finalized adoption during the year, what percentage were discharged in less than 24 months from the date of the latest removal from home? 34.0 38.9 24.9 38.9
C2.2: Of all children discharged from foster care to a finalized adoption during the year, what was the median length of stay in care (in months) from the date of latest removal from the home to the date of discharge to adoption? 31.2 27.6 29.0 26.8
C2.3: Of all children in foster care on the first day of the year who were in care for 17 continuous months or longer (and who, by the last day of the year, were not discharged from foster care with a discharge reason of reunification, living with relativ 27.7 30.8 31.8 31.0
C2.4: Of all children in foster care on the first day of the year who were in care for 17 continuous months or longer, and who were not legally free for adoption prior to that day (i.e., there was not a parental rights termination date reported to AFCARS 19.8 25.3 23.3 17.9
C2.5: Of all children who became legally free for adoption in the 12-month period prior to the year shown (i.e., there was a parental rights termination date reported to AFCARS for both mother and father), what percentage were discharged from foster care 57.9 68.1 68.6 58.0
Composite Three: Achieving Permanency for Children in Foster Care for Long Periods of Time
  2010 2011 2012 2013
Composite Score 121.6 124.3 135.9 130.0
C3.1: Of all children in foster care for 24 months or longer on the first day of the year, what percentage were discharged to a permanent home prior to their 18th birthday and by the end of the year? 36.6 36.8 40.8 40.5
C3.2: Of all children discharged from foster care during the year, and who were legally free for adoption at the time of discharge (i.e., there was a parental rights termination date reported to AFCARS for both mother and father), what percentage were dis 83.9 85.1 89.7 85.9
C3.3: Of all children who, during the year shown, either (1) were discharged from foster care prior to age 18 with a discharge reason of emancipation, or (2) reached their 18th birthday while in foster care, what percentage were in foster care for 3 years 47.9 44.9 41.8 53.3
Composite Four: Placement Stability While in Foster Care
  2010 2011 2012 2013
Composite Score 102.7 106.7 107.1 108.8
C4.1: Of all children served in foster care during the year who were in care for at least 8 days but less than 12 months, what percentage had two or fewer placement settings? 88.6 90.0 87.3 89.1
C4.2: Of all children served in foster care during the year who were in care for at least 12 months, what percentage had two or fewer placement settings? 69.8 68.9 71.3 73.2
C4.3: Of all children served in foster care during the year who were in care for at least 24 months, what percentage had two or fewer placement settings? 36.4 43.1 46.0 44.4